Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Watt, Conrad; Maksimovic, Petar; Krishnaswami, Neelakantan R.; Gardner, Philippa https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108011
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A Program Logic for First-Order Encapsulated WebAssembly

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Abstract

We introduce Wasm Logic, a sound program logic for first-order, encapsulated WebAssembly. We design a novel assertion syntax, tailored to WebAssembly's stack-based semantics and the strong guarantees given by WebAssembly's type system, and show how to adapt the standard separation logic triple and proof rules in a principled way to capture WebAssembly's uncommon structured control flow. Using Wasm Logic, we specify and verify a simple WebAssembly B-tree library, giving abstract specifications independent of the underlying implementation. We mechanise Wasm Logic and its soundness proof in full in Isabelle/HOL. As part of the soundness proof, we formalise and fully mechanise a novel, big-step semantics of WebAssembly, which we prove equivalent, up to transitive closure, to the original WebAssembly small-step semantics. Wasm Logic is the first program logic for WebAssembly, and represents a first step towards the creation of static analysis tools for WebAssembly.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{watt_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:10801,
  author =	{Conrad Watt and Petar Maksimovic and Neelakantan R. Krishnaswami and Philippa Gardner},
  title =	{{A Program Logic for First-Order Encapsulated WebAssembly}},
  booktitle =	{33rd European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2019)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:30},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-111-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{134},
  editor =	{Alastair F. Donaldson},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10801},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108011},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2019.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: WebAssembly, program logic, separation logic, soundness, mechanisation}
}

Keywords: WebAssembly, program logic, separation logic, soundness, mechanisation
Seminar: 33rd European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2019)
Issue date: 2019
Date of publication: 10.07.2019


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