Mulzer, Wolfgang ;
Willert, Max
Compact Routing in Unit Disk Graphs
Abstract
Let V ⊂ ℝ² be a set of n sites in the plane. The unit disk graph DG(V) of V is the graph with vertex set V where two sites v and w are adjacent if and only if their Euclidean distance is at most 1.
We develop a compact routing scheme ℛ for DG(V). The routing scheme ℛ preprocesses DG(V) by assigning a label 𝓁(v) to every site v in V. After that, for any two sites s and t, the scheme ℛ must be able to route a packet from s to t as follows: given the label of a current vertex r (initially, r = s), the label of the target vertex t, and additional information in the header of the packet, the scheme determines a neighbor r' of r. Then, the packet is forwarded to r', and the process continues until the packet reaches its desired target t. The resulting path between the source s and the target t is called the routing path of s and t. The stretch of the routing scheme is the maximum ratio of the total Euclidean length of the routing path and of the shortest path in DG(V), between any two sites s, t ∈ V.
We show that for any given ε > 0, we can construct a routing scheme for DG(V) with diameter D that achieves stretch 1+ε, has label size (1/ε)^{O(ε^(2))} log Dlog³n/log log n, and the header has at most O(log²n/log log n) bits. In the past, several routing schemes for unit disk graphs have been proposed. Our scheme achieves polylogarithmic label and header size, small stretch and does not use any neighborhood oracles.
BibTeX  Entry
@InProceedings{mulzer_et_al:LIPIcs:2020:13360,
author = {Wolfgang Mulzer and Max Willert},
title = {{Compact Routing in Unit Disk Graphs}},
booktitle = {31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)},
pages = {16:116:14},
series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
ISBN = {9783959771733},
ISSN = {18688969},
year = {2020},
volume = {181},
editor = {Yixin Cao and SiuWing Cheng and Minming Li},
publisher = {Schloss DagstuhlLeibnizZentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
address = {Dagstuhl, Germany},
URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/13360},
URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030drops133602},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.16},
annote = {Keywords: routing scheme, unit disk graph, separator}
}
04.12.2020
Keywords: 

routing scheme, unit disk graph, separator 
Seminar: 

31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)

Issue date: 

2020 
Date of publication: 

04.12.2020 