2 Search Results for "Anagnostopoulos, Aris"


Document
Collaborative Procrastination

Authors: Aris Anagnostopoulos, Aristides Gionis, and Nikos Parotsidis

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 157, 10th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2021) (2020)


Abstract
The problem of inconsistent planning in decision making, which leads to undesirable effects such as procrastination, has been studied in the behavioral-economics literature, and more recently in the context of computational behavioral models. Individuals, however, do not function in isolation, and successful projects most often rely on team work. Team performance does not depend only on the skills of the individual team members, but also on other collective factors, such as team spirit and cohesion. It is not an uncommon situation (for instance, experienced by the authors while working on this paper) that a hard-working individual has the capacity to give a good example to her team-mates and motivate them to work harder. In this paper we adopt the model of Kleinberg and Oren (EC'14) on time-inconsistent planning, and extend it to account for the influence of procrastination within the members of a team. Our first contribution is to model collaborative work so that the relative progress of the team members, with respect to their respective subtasks, motivates (or discourages) them to work harder. We compare the total cost of completing a team project when the team members communicate with each other about their progress, with the corresponding cost when they work in isolation. Our main result is a tight bound on the ratio of these two costs, under mild assumptions. We also show that communication can either increase or decrease the total cost. We also consider the problem of assigning subtasks to team members, with the objective of minimizing the negative effects of collaborative procrastination. We show that whereas a simple problem of forming teams of two members can be solved in polynomial time, the problem of assigning n tasks to n agents is NP-hard.

Cite as

Aris Anagnostopoulos, Aristides Gionis, and Nikos Parotsidis. Collaborative Procrastination. In 10th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 157, pp. 2:1-2:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{anagnostopoulos_et_al:LIPIcs.FUN.2021.2,
  author =	{Anagnostopoulos, Aris and Gionis, Aristides and Parotsidis, Nikos},
  title =	{{Collaborative Procrastination}},
  booktitle =	{10th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2021)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-145-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{157},
  editor =	{Farach-Colton, Martin and Prencipe, Giuseppe and Uehara, Ryuhei},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FUN.2021.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-127634},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FUN.2021.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: time-inconsistent planning, computational behavioral science, collaborative work, collaborative environments}
}
Document
Track C: Foundations of Networks and Multi-Agent Systems: Models, Algorithms and Information Management
Stochastic Graph Exploration

Authors: Aris Anagnostopoulos, Ilan R. Cohen, Stefano Leonardi, and Jakub Łącki

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Exploring large-scale networks is a time consuming and expensive task which is usually operated in a complex and uncertain environment. A crucial aspect of network exploration is the development of suitable strategies that decide which nodes and edges to probe at each stage of the process. To model this process, we introduce the stochastic graph exploration problem. The input is an undirected graph G=(V,E) with a source vertex s, stochastic edge costs drawn from a distribution pi_e, e in E, and rewards on vertices of maximum value R. The goal is to find a set F of edges of total cost at most B such that the subgraph of G induced by F is connected, contains s, and maximizes the total reward. This problem generalizes the stochastic knapsack problem and other stochastic probing problems recently studied. Our focus is on the development of efficient nonadaptive strategies that are competitive against the optimal adaptive strategy. A major challenge is the fact that the problem has an Omega(n) adaptivity gap even on a tree of n vertices. This is in sharp contrast with O(1) adaptivity gap of the stochastic knapsack problem, which is a special case of our problem. We circumvent this negative result by showing that O(log nR) resource augmentation suffices to obtain O(1) approximation on trees and O(log nR) approximation on general graphs. To achieve this result, we reduce stochastic graph exploration to a memoryless process - the minesweeper problem - which assigns to every edge a probability that the process terminates when the edge is probed. For this problem, interesting in its own, we present an optimal polynomial time algorithm on trees and an O(log nR) approximation for general graphs. We study also the problem in which the maximum cost of an edge is a logarithmic fraction of the budget. We show that under this condition, there exist polynomial-time oblivious strategies that use 1+epsilon budget, whose adaptivity gaps on trees and general graphs are 1+epsilon and 8+epsilon, respectively. Finally, we provide additional results on the structure and the complexity of nonadaptive and adaptive strategies.

Cite as

Aris Anagnostopoulos, Ilan R. Cohen, Stefano Leonardi, and Jakub Łącki. Stochastic Graph Exploration. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 136:1-136:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{anagnostopoulos_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.136,
  author =	{Anagnostopoulos, Aris and Cohen, Ilan R. and Leonardi, Stefano and {\L}\k{a}cki, Jakub},
  title =	{{Stochastic Graph Exploration}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{136:1--136:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.136},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107122},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.136},
  annote =	{Keywords: stochastic optimization, graph exploration, approximation algorithms}
}
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