7 Search Results for "Chlamtác, Eden"


Document
APPROX
Approximating Red-Blue Set Cover and Minimum Monotone Satisfying Assignment

Authors: Eden Chlamtáč, Yury Makarychev, and Ali Vakilian

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 275, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023)


Abstract
We provide new approximation algorithms for the Red-Blue Set Cover and Circuit Minimum Monotone Satisfying Assignment (MMSA) problems. Our algorithm for Red-Blue Set Cover achieves Õ(m^{1/3})-approximation improving on the Õ(m^{1/2})-approximation due to Elkin and Peleg (where m is the number of sets). Our approximation algorithm for MMSA_t (for circuits of depth t) gives an Õ(N^{1-δ}) approximation for δ = 1/32^{3-⌈t/2⌉}, where N is the number of gates and variables. No non-trivial approximation algorithms for MMSA_t with t ≥ 4 were previously known. We complement these results with lower bounds for these problems: For Red-Blue Set Cover, we provide a nearly approximation preserving reduction from Min k-Union that gives an ̃Ω(m^{1/4 - ε}) hardness under the Dense-vs-Random conjecture, while for MMSA we sketch a proof that an SDP relaxation strengthened by Sherali-Adams has an integrality gap of N^{1-ε} where ε → 0 as the circuit depth t → ∞.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtáč, Yury Makarychev, and Ali Vakilian. Approximating Red-Blue Set Cover and Minimum Monotone Satisfying Assignment. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 275, pp. 11:1-11:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.11,
  author =	{Chlamt\'{a}\v{c}, Eden and Makarychev, Yury and Vakilian, Ali},
  title =	{{Approximating Red-Blue Set Cover and Minimum Monotone Satisfying Assignment}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-296-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{275},
  editor =	{Megow, Nicole and Smith, Adam},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-188366},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Red-Blue Set Cover Problem, Circuit Minimum Monotone Satisfying Assignment (MMSA) Problem, LP Rounding}
}
Document
APPROX
How to Cut a Ball Without Separating: Improved Approximations for Length Bounded Cut

Authors: Eden Chlamtáč and Petr Kolman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 176, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020)


Abstract
The Minimum Length Bounded Cut problem is a natural variant of Minimum Cut: given a graph, terminal nodes s,t and a parameter L, find a minimum cardinality set of nodes (other than s,t) whose removal ensures that the distance from s to t is greater than L. We focus on the approximability of the problem for bounded values of the parameter L. The problem is solvable in polynomial time for L ≤ 4 and NP-hard for L ≥ 5. The best known algorithms have approximation factor ⌈ (L-1)/2⌉. It is NP-hard to approximate the problem within a factor of 1.17175 and Unique Games hard to approximate it within Ω(L), for any L ≥ 5. Moreover, for L = 5 the problem is 4/3-ε Unique Games hard for any ε > 0. Our first result matches the hardness for L = 5 with a 4/3-approximation algorithm for this case, improving over the previous 2-approximation. For 6-bounded cuts we give a 7/4-approximation, improving over the previous best 3-approximation. More generally, we achieve approximation ratios that always outperform the previous ⌈ (L-1)/2⌉ guarantee for any (fixed) value of L, while for large values of L, we achieve a significantly better ((11/25)L+O(1))-approximation. All our algorithms apply in the weighted setting, in both directed and undirected graphs, as well as for edge-cuts, which easily reduce to the node-cut variant. Moreover, by rounding the natural linear programming relaxation, our algorithms also bound the corresponding bounded-length flow-cut gaps.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtáč and Petr Kolman. How to Cut a Ball Without Separating: Improved Approximations for Length Bounded Cut. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 176, pp. 41:1-41:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.41,
  author =	{Chlamt\'{a}\v{c}, Eden and Kolman, Petr},
  title =	{{How to Cut a Ball Without Separating: Improved Approximations for Length Bounded Cut}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020)},
  pages =	{41:1--41:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-164-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{176},
  editor =	{Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Meka, Raghu},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.41},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126446},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.41},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation Algorithms, Length Bounded Cuts, Cut-Flow Duality, Rounding of Linear Programms}
}
Document
APPROX
Approximating the Norms of Graph Spanners

Authors: Eden Chlamtáč, Michael Dinitz, and Thomas Robinson

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 145, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019)


Abstract
The l_p-norm of the degree vector was recently introduced by [Chlamtáč, Dinitz, Robinson ICALP '19] as a new cost metric for graph spanners, as it interpolates between two traditional notions of cost (the sparsity l_1 and the max degree l_infty) and is well-motivated from applications. We study this from an approximation algorithms point of view, analyzing old algorithms and designing new algorithms for this new context, as well as providing hardness results. Our main results are for the l_2-norm and stretch 3, where we give a tight analysis of the greedy algorithm and a new algorithm specifically tailored to this setting which gives an improved approximation ratio.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtáč, Michael Dinitz, and Thomas Robinson. Approximating the Norms of Graph Spanners. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 145, pp. 11:1-11:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.11,
  author =	{Chlamt\'{a}\v{c}, Eden and Dinitz, Michael and Robinson, Thomas},
  title =	{{Approximating the Norms of Graph Spanners}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-125-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{145},
  editor =	{Achlioptas, Dimitris and V\'{e}gh, L\'{a}szl\'{o} A.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-112261},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Spanners, Approximations}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
The Norms of Graph Spanners

Authors: Eden Chlamtáč, Michael Dinitz, and Thomas Robinson

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
A t-spanner of a graph G is a subgraph H in which all distances are preserved up to a multiplicative t factor. A classical result of Althöfer et al. is that for every integer k and every graph G, there is a (2k-1)-spanner of G with at most O(n^{1+1/k}) edges. But for some settings the more interesting notion is not the number of edges, but the degrees of the nodes. This spurred interest in and study of spanners with small maximum degree. However, this is not necessarily a robust enough objective: we would like spanners that not only have small maximum degree, but also have "few" nodes of "large" degree. To interpolate between these two extremes, in this paper we initiate the study of graph spanners with respect to the l_p-norm of their degree vector, thus simultaneously modeling the number of edges (the l_1-norm) and the maximum degree (the l_{infty}-norm). We give precise upper bounds for all ranges of p and stretch t: we prove that the greedy (2k-1)-spanner has l_p norm of at most max(O(n), O(n^{{k+p}/{kp}})), and that this bound is tight (assuming the Erdős girth conjecture). We also study universal lower bounds, allowing us to give "generic" guarantees on the approximation ratio of the greedy algorithm which generalize and interpolate between the known approximations for the l_1 and l_{infty} norm. Finally, we show that at least in some situations, the l_p norm behaves fundamentally differently from l_1 or l_{infty}: there are regimes (p=2 and stretch 3 in particular) where the greedy spanner has a provably superior approximation to the generic guarantee.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtáč, Michael Dinitz, and Thomas Robinson. The Norms of Graph Spanners. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 40:1-40:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.40,
  author =	{Chlamt\'{a}\v{c}, Eden and Dinitz, Michael and Robinson, Thomas},
  title =	{{The Norms of Graph Spanners}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{40:1--40:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.40},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-106163},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.40},
  annote =	{Keywords: spanners, approximations}
}
Document
Sherali-Adams Integrality Gaps Matching the Log-Density Threshold

Authors: Eden Chlamtác and Pasin Manurangsi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 116, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2018)


Abstract
The log-density method is a powerful algorithmic framework which in recent years has given rise to the best-known approximations for a variety of problems, including Densest-k-Subgraph and Small Set Bipartite Vertex Expansion. These approximations have been conjectured to be optimal based on various instantiations of a general conjecture: that it is hard to distinguish a fully random combinatorial structure from one which contains a similar planted sub-structure with the same "log-density". We bolster this conjecture by showing that in a random hypergraph with edge probability n^{-alpha}, Omega(log n) rounds of Sherali-Adams cannot rule out the existence of a k-subhypergraph with edge density k^{-alpha-o(1)}, for any k and alpha. This holds even when the bound on the objective function is lifted. This gives strong integrality gaps which exactly match the gap in the above distinguishing problems, as well as the best-known approximations, for Densest k-Subgraph, Smallest p-Edge Subgraph, their hypergraph extensions, and Small Set Bipartite Vertex Expansion (or equivalently, Minimum p-Union). Previously, such integrality gaps were known only for Densest k-Subgraph for one specific parameter setting.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtác and Pasin Manurangsi. Sherali-Adams Integrality Gaps Matching the Log-Density Threshold. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 116, pp. 10:1-10:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2018.10,
  author =	{Chlamt\'{a}c, Eden and Manurangsi, Pasin},
  title =	{{Sherali-Adams Integrality Gaps Matching the Log-Density Threshold}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2018)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-085-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{116},
  editor =	{Blais, Eric and Jansen, Klaus and D. P. Rolim, Jos\'{e} and Steurer, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2018.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-94142},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2018.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation algorithms, integrality gaps, lift-and-project, log-density, Densest k-Subgraph}
}
Document
The Densest k-Subhypergraph Problem

Authors: Eden Chlamtac, Michael Dinitz, Christian Konrad, Guy Kortsarz, and George Rabanca

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 60, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2016)


Abstract
The Densest k-Subgraph (DkS) problem, and its corresponding minimization problem Smallest p-Edge Subgraph (SpES), have come to play a central role in approximation algorithms. This is due both to their practical importance, and their usefulness as a tool for solving and establishing approximation bounds for other problems. These two problems are not well understood, and it is widely believed that they do not an admit a subpolynomial approximation ratio (although the best known hardness results do not rule this out). In this paper we generalize both DkS and SpES from graphs to hypergraphs. We consider the Densest k-Subhypergraph problem (given a hypergraph (V, E), find a subset W subseteq V of k vertices so as to maximize the number of hyperedges contained in W) and define the Minimum p-Union problem (given a hypergraph, choose p of the hyperedges so as to minimize the number of vertices in their union). We focus in particular on the case where all hyperedges have size 3, as this is the simplest non-graph setting. For this case we provide an O(n^{4(4-sqrt{3})/13 + epsilon}) <= O(n^{0.697831+epsilon})-approximation (for arbitrary constant epsilon > 0) for Densest k-Subhypergraph and an ~O(n^{2/5})-approximation for Minimum p-Union. We also give an O(sqrt{m})-approximation for Minimum p-Union in general hypergraphs. Finally, we examine the interesting special case of interval hypergraphs (instances where the vertices are a subset of the natural numbers and the hyperedges are intervals of the line) and prove that both problems admit an exact polynomial time solution on these instances.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtac, Michael Dinitz, Christian Konrad, Guy Kortsarz, and George Rabanca. The Densest k-Subhypergraph Problem. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 60, pp. 6:1-6:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2016.6,
  author =	{Chlamtac, Eden and Dinitz, Michael and Konrad, Christian and Kortsarz, Guy and Rabanca, George},
  title =	{{The Densest k-Subhypergraph Problem}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2016)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-018-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{60},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Mathieu, Claire and Rolim, Jos\'{e} D. P. and Umans, Chris},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2016.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-66298},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2016.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Hypergraphs, Approximation algorithms}
}
Document
Lowest Degree k-Spanner: Approximation and Hardness

Authors: Eden Chlamtác and Michael Dinitz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 28, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014)


Abstract
A k-spanner is a subgraph in which distances are approximately preserved, up to some given stretch factor k. We focus on the following problem: Given a graph and a value k, can we find a k-spanner that minimizes the maximum degree? While reasonably strong bounds are known for some spanner problems, they almost all involve minimizing the total number of edges. Switching the objective to the degree introduces significant new challenges, and currently the only known approximation bound is an O~(Delta^(3-2*sqrt(2)))-approximation for the special case when k = 2 [Chlamtac, Dinitz, Krauthgamer FOCS 2012] (where Delta is the maximum degree in the input graph). In this paper we give the first non-trivial algorithm and polynomial-factor hardness of approximation for the case of general k. Specifically, we give an LP-based O~(Delta^((1-1/k)^2) )-approximation and prove that it is hard to approximate the optimum to within Delta^Omega(1/k) when the graph is undirected, and to within Delta^Omega(1) when it is directed.

Cite as

Eden Chlamtác and Michael Dinitz. Lowest Degree k-Spanner: Approximation and Hardness. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 28, pp. 80-95, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)


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@InProceedings{chlamtac_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.80,
  author =	{Chlamt\'{a}c, Eden and Dinitz, Michael},
  title =	{{Lowest Degree k-Spanner: Approximation and Hardness}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014)},
  pages =	{80--95},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-74-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2014},
  volume =	{28},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Rolim, Jos\'{e} and Devanur, Nikhil R. and Moore, Cristopher},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.80},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-46894},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.80},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph spanners, approximation algorithms, hardness of approximation}
}
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