7 Search Results for "David, Liron"


Document
Inductive Continuity via Brouwer Trees

Authors: Liron Cohen, Bruno da Rocha Paiva, Vincent Rahli, and Ayberk Tosun

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 272, 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)


Abstract
Continuity is a key principle of intuitionistic logic that is generally accepted by constructivists but is inconsistent with classical logic. Most commonly, continuity states that a function from the Baire space to numbers, only needs approximations of the points in the Baire space to compute. More recently, another formulation of the continuity principle was put forward. It states that for any function F from the Baire space to numbers, there exists a (dialogue) tree that contains the values of F at its leaves and such that the modulus of F at each point of the Baire space is given by the length of the corresponding branch in the tree. In this paper we provide the first internalization of this "inductive" continuity principle within a computational setting. Concretely, we present a class of intuitionistic theories that validate this formulation of continuity thanks to computations that construct such dialogue trees internally to the theories using effectful computations. We further demonstrate that this inductive continuity principle implies other forms of continuity principles.

Cite as

Liron Cohen, Bruno da Rocha Paiva, Vincent Rahli, and Ayberk Tosun. Inductive Continuity via Brouwer Trees. In 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 272, pp. 37:1-37:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{cohen_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.37,
  author =	{Cohen, Liron and da Rocha Paiva, Bruno and Rahli, Vincent and Tosun, Ayberk},
  title =	{{Inductive Continuity via Brouwer Trees}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)},
  pages =	{37:1--37:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-292-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{272},
  editor =	{Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.37},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185718},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.37},
  annote =	{Keywords: Continuity, Dialogue trees, Stateful computations, Intuitionistic Logic, Extensional Type Theory, Constructive Type Theory, Realizability, Theorem proving, Agda}
}
Document
Resistance to Timing Attacks for Sampling and Privacy Preserving Schemes

Authors: Yoav Ben Dov, Liron David, Moni Naor, and Elad Tzalik

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 256, 4th Symposium on Foundations of Responsible Computing (FORC 2023)


Abstract
Side channel attacks, and in particular timing attacks, are a fundamental obstacle for secure implementation of algorithms and cryptographic protocols. These attacks and countermeasures have been widely researched for decades. We offer a new perspective on resistance to timing attacks. We focus on sampling algorithms and their application to differential privacy. We define sampling algorithms that do not reveal information about the sampled output through their running time. More specifically: (1) We characterize the distributions that can be sampled from in a "time oblivious" way, meaning that the running time does not leak any information about the output. We provide an optimal algorithm in terms of randomness used to sample for these distributions. We give an example of an efficient randomized algorithm 𝒜 such that there is no subexponential algorithm with the same output as 𝒜 that does not reveal information on the output or the input, therefore we show leaking information on either the input or the output is unavoidable. (2) We consider the impact of timing attacks on (pure) differential privacy mechanisms. It turns out that if the range of the mechanism is unbounded, such as counting, then any time oblivious pure DP mechanism must give a useless output with constant probability (the constant is mechanism dependent) and must have infinite expected running time. We show that up to this limitations it is possible to transform any pure DP mechanism into a time oblivious one.

Cite as

Yoav Ben Dov, Liron David, Moni Naor, and Elad Tzalik. Resistance to Timing Attacks for Sampling and Privacy Preserving Schemes. In 4th Symposium on Foundations of Responsible Computing (FORC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 256, pp. 11:1-11:23, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{bendov_et_al:LIPIcs.FORC.2023.11,
  author =	{Ben Dov, Yoav and David, Liron and Naor, Moni and Tzalik, Elad},
  title =	{{Resistance to Timing Attacks for Sampling and Privacy Preserving Schemes}},
  booktitle =	{4th Symposium on Foundations of Responsible Computing (FORC 2023)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-272-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{256},
  editor =	{Talwar, Kunal},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FORC.2023.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-179329},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FORC.2023.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Differential Privacy}
}
Document
Value-Oriented Legal Argumentation in Isabelle/HOL

Authors: Christoph Benzmüller and David Fuenmayor

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 193, 12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021)


Abstract
Literature in AI & Law contemplates argumentation in legal cases as an instance of theory construction. The task of a lawyer in a legal case is to construct a theory containing: (a) relevant generic facts about the world, (b) relevant legal rules such as precedents and statutes, and (c) contingent facts describing or interpreting the situation at hand. Lawyers then elaborate convincing arguments starting from these facts and rules, deriving into a positive decision in favour of their client, often employing sophisticated argumentation techniques involving such notions as burden of proof, stare decisis, legal balancing, etc. In this paper we exemplarily show how to harness Isabelle/HOL to model lawyer’s argumentation using value-oriented legal balancing, while drawing upon shallow embeddings of combinations of expressive modal logics in HOL. We highlight the essential role of model finders (Nitpick) and "hammers" (Sledgehammer) in assisting the task of legal theory construction and share some thoughts on the practicability of extending the catalogue of ITP applications towards legal informatics.

Cite as

Christoph Benzmüller and David Fuenmayor. Value-Oriented Legal Argumentation in Isabelle/HOL. In 12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 193, pp. 7:1-7:20, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{benzmuller_et_al:LIPIcs.ITP.2021.7,
  author =	{Benzm\"{u}ller, Christoph and Fuenmayor, David},
  title =	{{Value-Oriented Legal Argumentation in Isabelle/HOL}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-188-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{193},
  editor =	{Cohen, Liron and Kaliszyk, Cezary},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITP.2021.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139028},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITP.2021.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Higher order logic, preference logic, shallow embedding, legal reasoning}
}
Document
Verified Progress Tracking for Timely Dataflow

Authors: Matthias Brun, Sára Decova, Andrea Lattuada, and Dmitriy Traytel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 193, 12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021)


Abstract
Large-scale stream processing systems often follow the dataflow paradigm, which enforces a program structure that exposes a high degree of parallelism. The Timely Dataflow distributed system supports expressive cyclic dataflows for which it offers low-latency data- and pipeline-parallel stream processing. To achieve high expressiveness and performance, Timely Dataflow uses an intricate distributed protocol for tracking the computation’s progress. We modeled the progress tracking protocol as a combination of two independent transition systems in the Isabelle/HOL proof assistant. We specified and verified the safety of the two components and of the combined protocol. To this end, we identified abstract assumptions on dataflow programs that are sufficient for safety and were not previously formalized.

Cite as

Matthias Brun, Sára Decova, Andrea Lattuada, and Dmitriy Traytel. Verified Progress Tracking for Timely Dataflow. In 12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 193, pp. 10:1-10:20, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{brun_et_al:LIPIcs.ITP.2021.10,
  author =	{Brun, Matthias and Decova, S\'{a}ra and Lattuada, Andrea and Traytel, Dmitriy},
  title =	{{Verified Progress Tracking for Timely Dataflow}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-188-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{193},
  editor =	{Cohen, Liron and Kaliszyk, Cezary},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITP.2021.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139057},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITP.2021.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: safety, distributed systems, timely dataflow, Isabelle/HOL}
}
Document
Specifying Message Formats with Contiguity Types

Authors: Konrad Slind

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 193, 12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021)


Abstract
We introduce Contiguity Types, a formalism for network message formats, aimed especially at self-describing formats. Contiguity types provide an intermediate layer between programming language data structures and messages, offering a helpful setting from which to automatically generate decoders, filters, and message generators. The syntax and semantics of contiguity types are defined and used to prove the correctness of a matching algorithm which has the flavour of a parser generator. The matcher has been used to enforce semantic well-formedness conditions on complex message formats for an autonomous unmanned avionics system.

Cite as

Konrad Slind. Specifying Message Formats with Contiguity Types. In 12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 193, pp. 30:1-30:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{slind:LIPIcs.ITP.2021.30,
  author =	{Slind, Konrad},
  title =	{{Specifying Message Formats with Contiguity Types}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Interactive Theorem Proving (ITP 2021)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-188-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{193},
  editor =	{Cohen, Liron and Kaliszyk, Cezary},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITP.2021.30},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139252},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITP.2021.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: Logic, verification, formal language theory, message format languages}
}
Document
On the Robustness of Bucket Brigade Quantum RAM

Authors: Srinivasan Arunachalam, Vlad Gheorghiu, Tomas Jochym-O'Connor, Michele Mosca, and Priyaa Varshinee Srinivasan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 44, 10th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2015)


Abstract
We study the robustness of the bucket brigade quantum random access memory model introduced by Giovannetti, Lloyd, and Maccone [Phys. Rev. Lett., 2008]. Due to a result of Regev and Schiff [ICALP, 2008], we show that for a class of error models the error rate per gate in the bucket brigade quantum memory has to be of order o(2^{-n/2}) (where N=2^n is the size of the memory) whenever the memory is used as an oracle for the quantum searching problem. We conjecture that this is the case for any realistic error model that will be encountered in practice, and that for algorithms with super-polynomially many oracle queries the error rate must be super-polynomially small, which further motivates the need for quantum error correction. We introduce a circuit model for the quantum bucket brigade architecture and argue that quantum error correction for the circuit causes the quantum bucket brigade architecture to lose its primary advantage of a small number of "active" gates, since all components have to be actively error corrected.

Cite as

Srinivasan Arunachalam, Vlad Gheorghiu, Tomas Jochym-O'Connor, Michele Mosca, and Priyaa Varshinee Srinivasan. On the Robustness of Bucket Brigade Quantum RAM. In 10th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 44, pp. 226-244, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{arunachalam_et_al:LIPIcs.TQC.2015.226,
  author =	{Arunachalam, Srinivasan and Gheorghiu, Vlad and Jochym-O'Connor, Tomas and Mosca, Michele and Srinivasan, Priyaa Varshinee},
  title =	{{On the Robustness of Bucket Brigade Quantum RAM}},
  booktitle =	{10th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2015)},
  pages =	{226--244},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-96-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{44},
  editor =	{Beigi, Salman and K\"{o}nig, Robert},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2015.226},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-55594},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2015.226},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Memories, Quantum Error Correction}
}
Document
Upper Bounds on Quantum Query Complexity Inspired by the Elitzur-Vaidman Bomb Tester

Authors: Cedric Yen-Yu Lin and Han-Hsuan Lin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 33, 30th Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2015)


Abstract
Inspired by the Elitzur-Vaidman bomb testing problem [Elitzur/Vaidman 1993], we introduce a new query complexity model, which we call bomb query complexity B(f). We investigate its relationship with the usual quantum query complexity Q(f), and show that B(f)=Theta(Q(f)^2). This result gives a new method to upper bound the quantum query complexity: we give a method of finding bomb query algorithms from classical algorithms, which then provide nonconstructive upper bounds on Q(f)=Theta(sqrt(B(f))). We subsequently were able to give explicit quantum algorithms matching our upper bound method. We apply this method on the single-source shortest paths problem on unweighted graphs, obtaining an algorithm with O(n^(1.5)) quantum query complexity, improving the best known algorithm of O(n^(1.5) * sqrt(log(n))) [Furrow, 2008]. Applying this method to the maximum bipartite matching problem gives an O(n^(1.75)) algorithm, improving the best known trivial O(n^2) upper bound.

Cite as

Cedric Yen-Yu Lin and Han-Hsuan Lin. Upper Bounds on Quantum Query Complexity Inspired by the Elitzur-Vaidman Bomb Tester. In 30th Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 33, pp. 537-566, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{lin_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2015.537,
  author =	{Lin, Cedric Yen-Yu and Lin, Han-Hsuan},
  title =	{{Upper Bounds on Quantum Query Complexity Inspired by the Elitzur-Vaidman Bomb Tester}},
  booktitle =	{30th Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2015)},
  pages =	{537--566},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-81-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{33},
  editor =	{Zuckerman, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2015.537},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-50635},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2015.537},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum Algorithms, Query Complexity, Elitzur-Vaidman Bomb Tester, Adversary Method, Maximum Bipartite Matching}
}
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