3 Search Results for "Li, Guangping"


Document
Transitions in Dynamic Point Labeling

Authors: Thomas Depian, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, and Jules Wulms

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 277, 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)


Abstract
The labeling of point features on a map is a well-studied topic. In a static setting, the goal is to find a non-overlapping label placement for (a subset of) point features. In a dynamic setting, the set of point features and their corresponding labels change, and the labeling has to adapt to such changes. To aid the user in tracking these changes, we can use morphs, here called transitions, to indicate how a labeling changes. Such transitions have not gained much attention yet, and we investigate different types of transitions for labelings of points, most notably consecutive transitions and simultaneous transitions. We give (tight) bounds on the number of overlaps that can occur during these transitions. When each label has a (non-negative) weight associated to it, and each overlap imposes a penalty proportional to the weight of the overlapping labels, we show that it is NP-complete to decide whether the penalty during a simultaneous transition has weight at most k. Finally, in a case study, we consider geotagged Twitter data on a map, by labeling points with rectangular labels showing tweets. We developed a prototype implementation to evaluate different transition styles in practice, measuring both number of overlaps and transition duration.

Cite as

Thomas Depian, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, and Jules Wulms. Transitions in Dynamic Point Labeling. In 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 277, pp. 2:1-2:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{depian_et_al:LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.2,
  author =	{Depian, Thomas and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Wulms, Jules},
  title =	{{Transitions in Dynamic Point Labeling}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-288-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{277},
  editor =	{Beecham, Roger and Long, Jed A. and Smith, Dianna and Zhao, Qunshan and Wise, Sarah},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-188971},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dynamic labels, Label overlaps, Morphs, NP-completeness, Case study}
}
Document
Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, Ignaz Rutter, and Hsiang-Yun Wu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 212, 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)


Abstract
We consider the problem of untangling a given (non-planar) straight-line circular drawing δ_G of an outerplanar graph G = (V,E) into a planar straight-line circular drawing by shifting a minimum number of vertices to a new position on the circle. For an outerplanar graph G, it is clear that such a crossing-free circular drawing always exists and we define the circular shifting number shift°(δ_G) as the minimum number of vertices that need to be shifted to resolve all crossings of δ_G. We show that the problem Circular Untangling, asking whether shift°(δ_G) ≤ K for a given integer K, is NP-complete. Based on this result we study Circular Untangling for almost-planar circular drawings, in which a single edge is involved in all the crossings. In this case we provide a tight upper bound shift°(δ_G) ≤ ⌊n/2⌋-1, where n is the number of vertices in G, and present a polynomial-time algorithm to compute the circular shifting number of almost-planar drawings.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, Ignaz Rutter, and Hsiang-Yun Wu. Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity. In 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 212, pp. 19:1-19:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Rutter, Ignaz and Wu, Hsiang-Yun},
  title =	{{Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-214-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{212},
  editor =	{Ahn, Hee-Kap and Sadakane, Kunihiko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154528},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph drawing, straight-line drawing, outerplanarity, NP-hardness, untangling}
}
Document
An Algorithmic Study of Fully Dynamic Independent Sets for Map Labeling

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, and Martin Nöllenburg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 173, 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020)


Abstract
Map labeling is a classical problem in cartography and geographic information systems (GIS) that asks to place labels for area, line, and point features, with the goal to select and place the maximum number of independent, i.e., overlap-free, labels. A practically interesting case is point labeling with axis-parallel rectangular labels of common size. In a fully dynamic setting, at each time step, either a new label appears or an existing label disappears. Then, the challenge is to maintain a maximum cardinality subset of pairwise independent labels with sub-linear update time. Motivated by this, we study the maximal independent set (MIS) and maximum independent set (Max-IS) problems on fully dynamic (insertion/deletion model) sets of axis-parallel rectangles of two types - (i) uniform height and width and (ii) uniform height and arbitrary width; both settings can be modeled as rectangle intersection graphs. We present the first deterministic algorithm for maintaining a MIS (and thus a 4-approximate Max-IS) of a dynamic set of uniform rectangles with amortized sub-logarithmic update time. This breaks the natural barrier of Ω(Δ) update time (where Δ is the maximum degree in the graph) for vertex updates presented by Assadi et al. (STOC 2018). We continue by investigating Max-IS and provide a series of deterministic dynamic approximation schemes. For uniform rectangles, we first give an algorithm that maintains a 4-approximate Max-IS with O(1) update time. In a subsequent algorithm, we establish the trade-off between approximation quality 2(1+1/k) and update time O(k²log n), for k ∈ ℕ. We conclude with an algorithm that maintains a 2-approximate Max-IS for dynamic sets of unit-height and arbitrary-width rectangles with O(ω log n) update time, where ω is the maximum size of an independent set of rectangles stabbed by any horizontal line. We have implemented our algorithms and report the results of an experimental comparison exploring the trade-off between solution quality and update time for synthetic and real-world map labeling instances.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, and Martin Nöllenburg. An Algorithmic Study of Fully Dynamic Independent Sets for Map Labeling. In 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 173, pp. 19:1-19:24, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2020.19,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin},
  title =	{{An Algorithmic Study of Fully Dynamic Independent Sets for Map Labeling}},
  booktitle =	{28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-162-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{173},
  editor =	{Grandoni, Fabrizio and Herman, Grzegorz and Sanders, Peter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-128856},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Independent Sets, Dynamic Algorithms, Rectangle Intersection Graphs, Approximation Algorithms, Experimental Evaluation}
}
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