3 Search Results for "Westerholt, René"


Document
Benchmarking Regression Models Under Spatial Heterogeneity

Authors: Nina Wiedemann, Henry Martin, and René Westerholt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 277, 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)


Abstract
Machine learning methods have recently found much application on spatial data, for example in weather forecasting, traffic prediction, and soil analysis. At the same time, methods from spatial statistics were developed over the past decades to explicitly account for spatial structuring in analytical and inference tasks. In the light of this duality of having both types of methods available, we explore the following question: Under what circumstances are local, spatially-explicit models preferable over machine learning models that do not incorporate spatial structure explicitly in their specification? Local models are typically used to capture spatial non-stationarity. Thus, we study the effect of strength and type of spatial heterogeneity, which may originate from non-stationarity of a process itself or from heterogeneous noise, on the performance of different linear and non-linear, local and global machine learning and regression models. The results suggest that it is necessary to assess the performance of linear local models on an independent hold-out dataset, since models may overfit under certain conditions. We further show that local models are advantageous in settings with small sample size and high degrees of spatial heterogeneity. Our findings allow deriving model selection criteria, which are validated in benchmarking experiments on five well-known spatial datasets.

Cite as

Nina Wiedemann, Henry Martin, and René Westerholt. Benchmarking Regression Models Under Spatial Heterogeneity. In 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 277, pp. 11:1-11:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{wiedemann_et_al:LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.11,
  author =	{Wiedemann, Nina and Martin, Henry and Westerholt, Ren\'{e}},
  title =	{{Benchmarking Regression Models Under Spatial Heterogeneity}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-288-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{277},
  editor =	{Beecham, Roger and Long, Jed A. and Smith, Dianna and Zhao, Qunshan and Wise, Sarah},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-189064},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: spatial machine learning, spatial non-stationarity, Geographically Weighted Regression, local models, geostatistics}
}
Document
Estimation of Moran’s I in the Context of Uncertain Mobile Sensor Measurements

Authors: Dominik Bucher, Henry Martin, David Jonietz, Martin Raubal, and René Westerholt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 177, 11th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2021) - Part I (2020)


Abstract
Measures of spatial autocorrelation like Moran’s I do not take into account information about the reliability of observations. In a context of mobile sensors, however, this is an important aspect to consider. Mobile sensors record data asynchronously and capture different contexts, which leads to considerable heterogeneity. In this paper we propose two different ways to integrate the reliability of observations with Moran’s I. These proposals are tested in the light of two case studies, one based on real temperatures and movement data and the other using synthetic data. The results show that the way reliability information is incorporated into the Moran’s I estimates has a strong impact on how the measure responds to volatile available information. It is shown that absolute reliability information is much less powerful in addressing the problem of differing contexts than relative concepts that give more weight to more reliable observations, regardless of the general degree of uncertainty. The results presented are seen as an important stimulus for the discourse on spatial autocorrelation measures in the light of uncertainties.

Cite as

Dominik Bucher, Henry Martin, David Jonietz, Martin Raubal, and René Westerholt. Estimation of Moran’s I in the Context of Uncertain Mobile Sensor Measurements. In 11th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2021) - Part I. Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 177, pp. 2:1-2:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{bucher_et_al:LIPIcs.GIScience.2021.I.2,
  author =	{Bucher, Dominik and Martin, Henry and Jonietz, David and Raubal, Martin and Westerholt, Ren\'{e}},
  title =	{{Estimation of Moran’s I in the Context of Uncertain Mobile Sensor Measurements}},
  booktitle =	{11th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2021) - Part I},
  pages =	{2:1--2:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-166-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{177},
  editor =	{Janowicz, Krzysztof and Verstegen, Judith A.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2021.I.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-130375},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2021.I.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: mobile sensors, Moran’s I, uncertainty, probabilistic forecasting}
}
Document
Short Paper
Towards the Statistical Analysis and Visualization of Places (Short Paper)

Authors: René Westerholt, Mathias Gröbe, Alexander Zipf, and Dirk Burghardt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 114, 10th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2018)


Abstract
The concept of place recently gains momentum in GIScience. In some fields like human geography, spatial cognition or information theory, this topic already has a longer scholarly tradition. This is however not yet completely the case with statistical spatial analysis and cartography. Despite that, taking full advantage of the plethora of user-generated information that we have available these days requires mature place-based statistical and visualization concepts. This paper contributes to these developments: We integrate existing place definitions into an understanding of places as a system of interlinked, constituent characteristics. Based on this, challenges and first promising conceptual ideas are discussed from statistical and visualization viewpoints.

Cite as

René Westerholt, Mathias Gröbe, Alexander Zipf, and Dirk Burghardt. Towards the Statistical Analysis and Visualization of Places (Short Paper). In 10th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 114, pp. 63:1-63:7, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{westerholt_et_al:LIPIcs.GISCIENCE.2018.63,
  author =	{Westerholt, Ren\'{e} and Gr\"{o}be, Mathias and Zipf, Alexander and Burghardt, Dirk},
  title =	{{Towards the Statistical Analysis and Visualization of Places}},
  booktitle =	{10th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2018)},
  pages =	{63:1--63:7},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-083-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{114},
  editor =	{Winter, Stephan and Griffin, Amy and Sester, Monika},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.GISCIENCE.2018.63},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-93914},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.GISCIENCE.2018.63},
  annote =	{Keywords: Platial Analysis, Visualization, Statistics, Geosocial Media}
}
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