6 Search Results for "Xue, Jingling"


Document
Artifact
Qilin: A New Framework for Supporting Fine-Grained Context-Sensitivity in Java Pointer Analysis (Artifact)

Authors: Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, and Jingling Xue

Published in: DARTS, Volume 8, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 36th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2022)


Abstract
Existing whole-program context-sensitive pointer analysis frameworks for Java, which were open-sourced over one decade ago, were designed and implemented to support only method-level context-sensitivity (where all the variables/objects in a method are qualified by a common context abstraction representing a context under which the method is analyzed). We introduce Qilin as a generalized (modern) alternative, which will be open-sourced soon on GitHub, to support the current research trend on exploring fine-grained context-sensitivity (including variable-level context-sensitivity where different variables/objects in a method can be analyzed under different context abstractions at the variable level), precisely, efficiently, and modularly. To meet these four design goals, Qilin is developed as an imperative framework (implemented in Java) consisting of a fine-grained pointer analysis kernel with parameterized context-sensitivity that supports on-the-fly call graph construction and exception analysis, solved iteratively based on a new carefully-crafted incremental worklist-based constraint solver, on top of its handlers for complex Java features. We have evaluated Qilin extensively using a set of 12 representative Java programs (popularly used in the literature). For method-level context-sensitive analyses, we compare Qilin with Doop (a declarative framework that defines the state-of-the-art), Qilin yields logically the same precision but more efficiently (e.g., 2.4x faster for four typical baselines considered, on average). For fine-grained context-sensitive analyses (which are not currently supported by open-source Java pointer analysis frameworks such as Doop), we show that Qilin allows seven recent approaches to be instantiated effectively in our parameterized framework, requiring additionally only an average of 50 LOC each.

Cite as

Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, and Jingling Xue. Qilin: A New Framework for Supporting Fine-Grained Context-Sensitivity in Java Pointer Analysis (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 36th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2022). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 8, Issue 2, pp. 6:1-6:3, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@Article{he_et_al:DARTS.8.2.6,
  author =	{He, Dongjie and Lu, Jingbo and Xue, Jingling},
  title =	{{Qilin: A New Framework for Supporting Fine-Grained Context-Sensitivity in Java Pointer Analysis (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{6:1--6:3},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{8},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{He, Dongjie and Lu, Jingbo and Xue, Jingling},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.8.2.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-162040},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.8.2.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Pointer Analysis, Fine-Grained Context Sensitivity}
}
Document
Qilin: A New Framework For Supporting Fine-Grained Context-Sensitivity in Java Pointer Analysis

Authors: Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, and Jingling Xue

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 222, 36th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2022)


Abstract
Existing whole-program context-sensitive pointer analysis frameworks for Java, which were open-sourced over one decade ago, were designed and implemented to support only method-level context-sensitivity (where all the variables/objects in a method are qualified by a common context abstraction representing a context under which the method is analyzed). We introduce Qilin as a generalized (modern) alternative, which has been open-sourced on GitHub, to support the current research trend on exploring fine-grained context-sensitivity (including variable-level context-sensitivity where different variables/objects in a method can be analyzed under different context abstractions at the variable level), precisely, efficiently, and modularly. To meet these four design goals, Qilin is developed as an imperative framework (implemented in Java) consisting of a fine-grained pointer analysis kernel with parameterized context-sensitivity that supports on-the-fly call graph construction and exception analysis, solved iteratively based on a new carefully-crafted incremental worklist-based constraint solver, on top of its handlers for complex Java features. We have evaluated Qilin extensively using a set of 12 representative Java programs (popularly used in the literature). For method-level context-sensitive analyses, we compare Qilin with Doop (a declarative framework that defines the state-of-the-art), Qilin yields logically the same precision but more efficiently (e.g., 2.4x faster for four typical baselines considered, on average). For fine-grained context-sensitive analyses (which are not currently supported by open-source Java pointer analysis frameworks such as Doop), we show that Qilin allows seven recent approaches to be instantiated effectively in our parameterized framework, requiring additionally only an average of 50 LOC each.

Cite as

Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, and Jingling Xue. Qilin: A New Framework For Supporting Fine-Grained Context-Sensitivity in Java Pointer Analysis. In 36th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 222, pp. 30:1-30:29, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{he_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2022.30,
  author =	{He, Dongjie and Lu, Jingbo and Xue, Jingling},
  title =	{{Qilin: A New Framework For Supporting Fine-Grained Context-Sensitivity in Java Pointer Analysis}},
  booktitle =	{36th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2022)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:29},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-225-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{222},
  editor =	{Ali, Karim and Vitek, Jan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2022.30},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-162581},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2022.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: Pointer Analysis, Fine-Grained Context Sensitivity}
}
Document
Artifact
Accelerating Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis by Exploiting Object Containment and Reachability (Artifact)

Authors: Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, Yaoqing Gao, and Jingling Xue

Published in: DARTS, Volume 7, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)


Abstract
Object-sensitive pointer analysis for an object-oriented program can be accelerated if context-sensitivity can be selectively applied to some precision-critical variables/objects in the program. Existing pre-analyses, which are performed to make such selections, either preserve precision but achieve limited speedups by reasoning about all the possible value flows in the program conservatively or achieve greater speedups but sacrifice precision (often unduly) by examining only some but not all the value flows in the program heuristically. In this paper, we introduce a new approach, named Turner, that represents a sweet spot between the two existing ones, as it is designed to enable object-sensitive pointer analysis to run significantly faster than the former approach and achieve significantly better precision than the latter approach. Turner is simple, lightweight yet effective due to two novel aspects in its design. First, we exploit a key observation that some precision-uncritical objects can be approximated based on the object-containment relationship pre-established (by applying Andersen’s analysis). This approximation introduces a small degree yet the only source of imprecision into Turner. Second, leveraging this initial approximation, we introduce a simple DFA to reason about object reachability for a method intra-procedurally from its entry to its exit along all the possible value flows established by its statements to finalize its precision-critical variables/objects identified. We have validated Turner with an implementation in Soot against the state of the art using a set of 12 popular Java benchmarks and applications.

Cite as

Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, Yaoqing Gao, and Jingling Xue. Accelerating Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis by Exploiting Object Containment and Reachability (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 7, Issue 2, pp. 12:1-12:3, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@Article{he_et_al:DARTS.7.2.12,
  author =	{He, Dongjie and Lu, Jingbo and Gao, Yaoqing and Xue, Jingling},
  title =	{{Accelerating Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis by Exploiting Object Containment and Reachability (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{12:1--12:3},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{7},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{He, Dongjie and Lu, Jingbo and Gao, Yaoqing and Xue, Jingling},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.7.2.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140363},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.7.2.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis, CFL Reachability, Object Containment}
}
Document
Accelerating Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis by Exploiting Object Containment and Reachability

Authors: Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, Yaoqing Gao, and Jingling Xue

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 194, 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)


Abstract
Object-sensitive pointer analysis for an object-oriented program can be accelerated if context-sensitivity can be selectively applied to some precision-critical variables/objects in the program. Existing pre-analyses, which are performed to make such selections, either preserve precision but achieve limited speedups by reasoning about all the possible value flows in the program conservatively or achieve greater speedups but sacrifice precision (often unduly) by examining only some but not all the value flows in the program heuristically. In this paper, we introduce a new approach, named Turner, that represents a sweet spot between the two existing ones, as it is designed to enable object-sensitive pointer analysis to run significantly faster than the former approach and achieve significantly better precision than the latter approach. Turner is simple, lightweight yet effective due to two novel aspects in its design. First, we exploit a key observation that some precision-uncritical objects can be approximated based on the object-containment relationship pre-established (by applying Andersen’s analysis). This approximation introduces a small degree yet the only source of imprecision into Turner. Second, leveraging this initial approximation, we introduce a simple DFA to reason about object reachability for a method intra-procedurally from its entry to its exit along all the possible value flows established by its statements to finalize its precision-critical variables/objects identified. We have validated Turner with an implementation in Soot against the state of the art using a set of 12 popular Java benchmarks and applications.

Cite as

Dongjie He, Jingbo Lu, Yaoqing Gao, and Jingling Xue. Accelerating Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis by Exploiting Object Containment and Reachability. In 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 194, pp. 16:1-16:31, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{he_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.16,
  author =	{He, Dongjie and Lu, Jingbo and Gao, Yaoqing and Xue, Jingling},
  title =	{{Accelerating Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis by Exploiting Object Containment and Reachability}},
  booktitle =	{35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:31},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-190-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{194},
  editor =	{M{\o}ller, Anders and Sridharan, Manu},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140592},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: Object-Sensitive Pointer Analysis, CFL Reachability, Object Containment}
}
Document
Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria

Authors: Yue Li, Tian Tan, Yifei Zhang, and Jingling Xue

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 56, 30th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2016)


Abstract
Protocol and typestate analyses often report some sequences of statements ending at a program point P that needs to be scrutinized, since P may be erroneous or imprecisely analyzed. Program slicing focuses only on the behavior at P by computing a slice of the program affecting the values at P. In this paper, we propose to restrict our attention to the subset of that behavior at P affected by one or several statement sequences, called a sequential criterion (SC). By leveraging the ordering information in a SC, e.g., the temporal order in a few valid/invalid API method invocation sequences, we introduce a new technique, program tailoring, to compute a tailored program that comprises the statements in all possible execution paths passing through at least one sequence in SC in the given order. With a prototyping implementation, Tailor, we show why tailoring is practically useful by conducting two case studies on seven large real-world Java applications. For program debugging and understanding, Tailor can complement program slicing by removing SC-irrelevant statements. For program analysis, Tailor can enable a pointer analysis, which is unscalable to a program, to perform a more focused and therefore potentially scalable analysis to its specific parts containing hard language features such as reflection.

Cite as

Yue Li, Tian Tan, Yifei Zhang, and Jingling Xue. Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria. In 30th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 56, pp. 15:1-15:27, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{li_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2016.15,
  author =	{Li, Yue and Tan, Tian and Zhang, Yifei and Xue, Jingling},
  title =	{{Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria}},
  booktitle =	{30th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2016)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:27},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-014-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{56},
  editor =	{Krishnamurthi, Shriram and Lerner, Benjamin S.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2016.15},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-61092},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2016.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Program Slicing, Program Analysis, API Protocol Analysis}
}
Document
Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria (Artifact)

Authors: Tian Tan, Yue Li, Yifei Zhang, and Jingling Xue

Published in: DARTS, Volume 2, Issue 1, Special Issue of the 30th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2016)


Abstract
Protocol and typestate analyses often report some sequences of statements ending at a program point P that needs to be scrutinized, since P may be erroneous or imprecisely analyzed. Program slicing focuses only on the behavior at P by computing a slice of the program affecting the values at P. In our companion paper "Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria", we propose to focus on the subset of that behavior at P affected by one or several statement sequences, called a sequential criterion (SC). By leveraging the ordering information in a SC, e.g., the temporal order in a few valid/invalid API method invocation sequences, we introduce a new technique, program tailoring, to compute a tailored program that comprises the statements in all possible execution paths passing through at least one sequence in SC in the given order. This artifact is based on TAILOR, a prototyping implementation of program tailoring, to evaluate the usefulness of TAILOR in practice. The provided package is designed to support repeatability of all the experiments of our companion paper. Specifically, it allows users to reproduce the results for all the three research questions addressed in the evaluation section of our companion paper. In addition, an extensive set of extra results, which are not described in the companion paper, are also included, in order to help users better understand this work.

Cite as

Tian Tan, Yue Li, Yifei Zhang, and Jingling Xue. Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 30th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2016). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 8:1-8:3, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@Article{tan_et_al:DARTS.2.1.8,
  author =	{Tan, Tian and Li, Yue and Zhang, Yifei and Xue, Jingling},
  title =	{{Program Tailoring: Slicing by Sequential Criteria (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{8:1--8:3},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{2},
  number =	{1},
  editor =	{Tan, Tian and Li, Yue and Zhang, Yifei and Xue, Jingling},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.2.1.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-61298},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.2.1.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Program Slicing, Program Analysis, API Protocol Specification}
}
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