4 Search Results for "Zhong, Ziqian"


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths

Authors: Michal Dory, Sebastian Forster, Yasamin Nazari, and Tijn de Vos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We provide new tradeoffs between approximation and running time for the decremental all-pairs shortest paths (APSP) problem. For undirected graphs with m edges and n nodes undergoing edge deletions, we provide four new approximate decremental APSP algorithms, two for weighted and two for unweighted graphs. Our first result is (2+ε)-APSP with total update time Õ(m^{1/2}n^{3/2}) (when m = n^{1+c} for any constant 0 < c < 1). Prior to our work the fastest algorithm for weighted graphs with approximation at most 3 had total Õ(mn) update time for (1+ε)-APSP [Bernstein, SICOMP 2016]. Our second result is (2+ε, W_{u,v})-APSP with total update time Õ(nm^{3/4}), where the second term is an additive stretch with respect to W_{u,v}, the maximum weight on the shortest path from u to v. Our third result is (2+ε)-APSP for unweighted graphs in Õ(m^{7/4}) update time, which for sparse graphs (m = o(n^{8/7})) is the first subquadratic (2+ε)-approximation. Our last result for unweighted graphs is (1+ε, 2(k-1))-APSP, for k ≥ 2, with Õ(n^{2-1/k}m^{1/k}) total update time (when m = n^{1+c} for any constant c > 0). For comparison, in the special case of (1+ε, 2)-approximation, this improves over the state-of-the-art algorithm by [Henzinger, Krinninger, Nanongkai, SICOMP 2016] with total update time of Õ(n^{2.5}). All of our results are randomized, work against an oblivious adversary, and have constant query time.

Cite as

Michal Dory, Sebastian Forster, Yasamin Nazari, and Tijn de Vos. New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 58:1-58:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{dory_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58,
  author =	{Dory, Michal and Forster, Sebastian and Nazari, Yasamin and de Vos, Tijn},
  title =	{{New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{58:1--58:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202012},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: Decremental Shortest Path, All-Pairs Shortest Paths}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Minimizing Tardy Processing Time on a Single Machine in Near-Linear Time

Authors: Nick Fischer and Leo Wennmann

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In this work we revisit the elementary scheduling problem 1||∑ p_j U_j. The goal is to select, among n jobs with processing times and due dates, a subset of jobs with maximum total processing time that can be scheduled in sequence without violating their due dates. This problem is NP-hard, but a classical algorithm by Lawler and Moore from the 60s solves this problem in pseudo-polynomial time O(nP), where P is the total processing time of all jobs. With the aim to develop best-possible pseudo-polynomial-time algorithms, a recent wave of results has improved Lawler and Moore’s algorithm for 1||∑ p_j U_j: First to time Õ(P^{7/4}) [Bringmann, Fischer, Hermelin, Shabtay, Wellnitz; ICALP'20], then to time Õ(P^{5/3}) [Klein, Polak, Rohwedder; SODA'23], and finally to time Õ(P^{7/5}) [Schieber, Sitaraman; WADS'23]. It remained an exciting open question whether these works can be improved further. In this work we develop an algorithm in near-linear time Õ(P) for the 1||∑ p_j U_j problem. This running time not only significantly improves upon the previous results, but also matches conditional lower bounds based on the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis or the Set Cover Hypothesis and is therefore likely optimal (up to subpolynomial factors). Our new algorithm also extends to the case of m machines in time Õ(P^m). In contrast to the previous improvements, we take a different, more direct approach inspired by the recent reductions from Modular Subset Sum to dynamic string problems. We thereby arrive at a satisfyingly simple algorithm.

Cite as

Nick Fischer and Leo Wennmann. Minimizing Tardy Processing Time on a Single Machine in Near-Linear Time. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 64:1-64:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{fischer_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.64,
  author =	{Fischer, Nick and Wennmann, Leo},
  title =	{{Minimizing Tardy Processing Time on a Single Machine in Near-Linear Time}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{64:1--64:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.64},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202079},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.64},
  annote =	{Keywords: Scheduling, Fine-Grained Complexity, Dynamic Strings}
}
Document
New Lower Bounds and Upper Bounds for Listing Avoidable Vertices

Authors: Mingyang Deng, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, and Ziqian Zhong

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 241, 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)


Abstract
We consider the problem of listing all avoidable vertices in a given n vertex graph. A vertex is avoidable if every pair of its neighbors is connected by a path whose internal vertices are not neighbors of the vertex or the vertex itself. Recently, Papadopolous and Zisis showed that one can list all avoidable vertices in O(n^{ω+1}) time, where ω < 2.373 is the square matrix multiplication exponent, and conjectured that a faster algorithm is not possible. In this paper we show that under the 3-OV Hypothesis, and thus the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis, n^{3-o(1)} time is needed to list all avoidable vertices, and thus the current best algorithm is conditionally optimal if ω = 2. We then show that if ω > 2, one can obtain an improved algorithm that for the current value of ω runs in O(n^3.32) time. We also show that our conditional lower bound is actually higher and supercubic, under a natural High Dimensional 3-OV hypothesis, implying that for our current knowledge of rectangular matrix multiplication, the avoidable vertex listing problem likely requires Ω(n^3.25) time. We obtain further algorithmic improvements for sparse graphs and bounded degree graphs.

Cite as

Mingyang Deng, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, and Ziqian Zhong. New Lower Bounds and Upper Bounds for Listing Avoidable Vertices. In 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 241, pp. 41:1-41:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{deng_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.41,
  author =	{Deng, Mingyang and Vassilevska Williams, Virginia and Zhong, Ziqian},
  title =	{{New Lower Bounds and Upper Bounds for Listing Avoidable Vertices}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)},
  pages =	{41:1--41:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-256-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{241},
  editor =	{Szeider, Stefan and Ganian, Robert and Silva, Alexandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.41},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168392},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.41},
  annote =	{Keywords: Avoidable Vertex, Fine-Grained Complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
New Additive Approximations for Shortest Paths and Cycles

Authors: Mingyang Deng, Yael Kirkpatrick, Victor Rong, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, and Ziqian Zhong

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)


Abstract
This paper considers additive approximation algorithms for All-Pairs Shortest Paths (APSP) and Shortest Cycle in undirected unweighted graphs. The results are as follows: - We obtain the first +2-approximation algorithm for APSP in n-vertex graphs that improves upon Dor, Halperin and Zwick’s (SICOMP'00) Õ(n^{7/3}) time algorithm. The new algorithm runs in Õ(n^2.29) time and is obtained via a reduction to Min-Plus product of bounded difference matrices. - We obtain the first additive approximation scheme for Shortest Cycle, generalizing the approximation algorithms of Itai and Rodeh (SICOMP'78) and Roditty and Vassilevska W. (SODA'12). For every integer r ≥ 0, we give an Õ(n+n^{2+r}/m^r) time algorithm that returns a +(2r+1)-approximate shortest cycle in any n-vertex, m-edge graph.

Cite as

Mingyang Deng, Yael Kirkpatrick, Victor Rong, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, and Ziqian Zhong. New Additive Approximations for Shortest Paths and Cycles. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 50:1-50:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{deng_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.50,
  author =	{Deng, Mingyang and Kirkpatrick, Yael and Rong, Victor and Vassilevska Williams, Virginia and Zhong, Ziqian},
  title =	{{New Additive Approximations for Shortest Paths and Cycles}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{50:1--50:10},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.50},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-163919},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.50},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fine-grained Complexity, Additive Approximation}
}
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