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Documents authored by Doron-Arad, Ilan


Document
Budgeted Matroid Maximization: a Parameterized Viewpoint

Authors: Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 285, 18th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2023)


Abstract
We study budgeted variants of well known maximization problems with multiple matroid constraints. Given an 𝓁-matchoid ℳ on a ground set E, a profit function p:E → ℝ_{≥ 0}, a cost function c:E → ℝ_{≥ 0}, and a budget B ∈ ℝ_{≥ 0}, the goal is to find in the 𝓁-matchoid a feasible set S of maximum profit p(S) subject to the budget constraint, i.e., c(S) ≤ B. The budgeted 𝓁-matchoid (BM) problem includes as special cases budgeted 𝓁-dimensional matching and budgeted 𝓁-matroid intersection. A strong motivation for studying BM from parameterized viewpoint comes from the APX-hardness of unbudgeted 𝓁-dimensional matching (i.e., B = ∞) already for 𝓁 = 3. Nevertheless, while there are known FPT algorithms for the unbudgeted variants of the above problems, the budgeted variants are studied here for the first time through the lens of parameterized complexity. We show that BM parametrized by solution size is W[1]-hard, already with a degenerate single matroid constraint. Thus, an exact parameterized algorithm is unlikely to exist, motivating the study of FPT-approximation schemes (FPAS). Our main result is an FPAS for BM (implying an FPAS for 𝓁-dimensional matching and budgeted 𝓁-matroid intersection), relying on the notion of representative set - a small cardinality subset of elements which preserves the optimum up to a small factor. We also give a lower bound on the minimum possible size of a representative set which can be computed in polynomial time.

Cite as

Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai. Budgeted Matroid Maximization: a Parameterized Viewpoint. In 18th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 285, pp. 13:1-13:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{doronarad_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2023.13,
  author =	{Doron-Arad, Ilan and Kulik, Ariel and Shachnai, Hadas},
  title =	{{Budgeted Matroid Maximization: a Parameterized Viewpoint}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2023)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-305-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{285},
  editor =	{Misra, Neeldhara and Wahlstr\"{o}m, Magnus},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2023.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-194329},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2023.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: budgeted matching, budgeted matroid intersection, knapsack problems, FPT-approximation scheme}
}
Document
APPROX
An AFPTAS for Bin Packing with Partition Matroid via a New Method for LP Rounding

Authors: Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 275, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023)


Abstract
We consider the Bin Packing problem with a partition matroid constraint. The input is a set of items of sizes in [0,1], and a partition matroid over the items. The goal is to pack the items in a minimum number of unit-size bins, such that each bin forms an independent set in the matroid. This variant of classic Bin Packing has natural applications in secure storage on the Cloud, as well as in equitable scheduling and clustering with fairness constraints. Our main result is an asymptotic fully polynomial-time approximation scheme (AFPTAS) for Bin Packing with a partition matroid constraint. This scheme generalizes the known AFPTAS for Bin Packing with Cardinality Constraints and improves the existing asymptotic polynomial-time approximation scheme (APTAS) for Group Bin Packing, which are both special cases of Bin Packing with partition matroid. We derive the scheme via a new method for rounding a (fractional) solution for a configuration-LP. Our method uses this solution to obtain prototypes, in which items are interpreted as placeholders for other items, and applies fractional grouping to modify a fractional solution (prototype) into one having desired integrality properties.

Cite as

Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai. An AFPTAS for Bin Packing with Partition Matroid via a New Method for LP Rounding. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 275, pp. 22:1-22:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{doronarad_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.22,
  author =	{Doron-Arad, Ilan and Kulik, Ariel and Shachnai, Hadas},
  title =	{{An AFPTAS for Bin Packing with Partition Matroid via a New Method for LP Rounding}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2023)},
  pages =	{22:1--22:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-296-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{275},
  editor =	{Megow, Nicole and Smith, Adam},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.22},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-188470},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2023.22},
  annote =	{Keywords: bin packing, partition-matroid, AFPTAS, LP-rounding}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An EPTAS for Budgeted Matching and Budgeted Matroid Intersection via Representative Sets

Authors: Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
We study the budgeted versions of the well known matching and matroid intersection problems. While both problems admit a polynomial-time approximation scheme (PTAS) [Berger et al. (Math. Programming, 2011), Chekuri, Vondrák and Zenklusen (SODA 2011)], it has been an intriguing open question whether these problems admit a fully PTAS (FPTAS), or even an efficient PTAS (EPTAS). In this paper we answer the second part of this question affirmatively, by presenting an EPTAS for budgeted matching and budgeted matroid intersection. A main component of our scheme is a construction of representative sets for desired solutions, whose cardinality depends only on ε, the accuracy parameter. Thus, enumerating over solutions within a representative set leads to an EPTAS. This crucially distinguishes our algorithms from previous approaches, which rely on exhaustive enumeration over the solution set.

Cite as

Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai. An EPTAS for Budgeted Matching and Budgeted Matroid Intersection via Representative Sets. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 49:1-49:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{doronarad_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.49,
  author =	{Doron-Arad, Ilan and Kulik, Ariel and Shachnai, Hadas},
  title =	{{An EPTAS for Budgeted Matching and Budgeted Matroid Intersection via Representative Sets}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{49:1--49:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.49},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181018},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.49},
  annote =	{Keywords: budgeted matching, budgeted matroid intersection, efficient polynomial-time approximation scheme}
}
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