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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)

A beer digraph G is a real-valued weighted directed graph where some of the vertices have beer stores. A beer path from a vertex u to a vertex v in G is a path in G from u to v that visits at least one beer store.
In this paper we consider the online shortest beer path query in beer digraphs with bounded treewidth t. Assume that a tree decomposition of treewidth t on a beer digraph with n vertices is given. We show that after O(t³n) time preprocessing on the beer digraph, (i) a beer distance query can be answered in O(t³α(n)) time, where α(n) is the inverse Ackermann function, and (ii) a shortest beer path can be reported in O(t³α(n)L) time, where L is the number of edges on the path. In the process we show an improved O(t³α(n)L) time shortest path query algorithm, compared with the currently best O(t⁴α(n)L) time algorithm [Chaudhuri & Zaroliagis, 2000].
We also consider queries in a dynamic setting where the weight of an edge in G can change over time. We show two data structures. Assume t is constant and let β be any constant in (0,1). The first data structure uses O(n) preprocessing time, answers a beer distance query in O(α(n)) time and reports a shortest beer path in O(α(n) L) time. It can be updated in O(n^β) time after an edge weight change. The second data structure has O(n) preprocessing time, answers a beer distance query in O(log n) time, reports a shortest beer path in O(log n + L) time, and can be updated in O(log n) time after an edge weight change.

Joachim Gudmundsson and Yuan Sha. Shortest Beer Path Queries in Digraphs with Bounded Treewidth. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 35:1-35:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

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@InProceedings{gudmundsson_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.35, author = {Gudmundsson, Joachim and Sha, Yuan}, title = {{Shortest Beer Path Queries in Digraphs with Bounded Treewidth}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)}, pages = {35:1--35:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-289-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {283}, editor = {Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.35}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193379}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.35}, annote = {Keywords: Graph algorithms, Shortest Path, Data structures, Bounded treewidth} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)

Spanner construction is a well-studied problem and Delaunay triangulations are among the most popular spanners. Tight bounds are known if the Delaunay triangulation is constructed using an equilateral triangle, a square, or a regular hexagon. However, all other shapes have remained elusive. In this paper we extend the restricted class of spanners for which tight bounds are known. We prove that Delaunay triangulations constructed using rectangles with aspect ratio A have spanning ratio at most √2 √{1+A² + A √{A²+1}}, which matches the known lower bound.

André van Renssen, Yuan Sha, Yucheng Sun, and Sampson Wong. The Tight Spanning Ratio of the Rectangle Delaunay Triangulation. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 99:1-99:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

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@InProceedings{vanrenssen_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.99, author = {van Renssen, Andr\'{e} and Sha, Yuan and Sun, Yucheng and Wong, Sampson}, title = {{The Tight Spanning Ratio of the Rectangle Delaunay Triangulation}}, booktitle = {31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)}, pages = {99:1--99:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-295-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {274}, editor = {G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.99}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187523}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.99}, annote = {Keywords: Spanners, Delaunay Triangulation, Spanning Ratio} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 212, 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)

We study the problem of augmenting a metric graph by adding k edges while minimizing the radius of the augmented graph. We give a simple 3-approximation algorithm and show that there is no polynomial-time (5/3-ε)-approximation algorithm, for any ε > 0, unless P = NP.
We also give two exact algorithms for the special case when the input graph is a tree, one of which is generalized to handle metric graphs with bounded treewidth.

Joachim Gudmundsson, Yuan Sha, and Fan Yao. Augmenting Graphs to Minimize the Radius. In 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 212, pp. 45:1-45:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{gudmundsson_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.45, author = {Gudmundsson, Joachim and Sha, Yuan and Yao, Fan}, title = {{Augmenting Graphs to Minimize the Radius}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)}, pages = {45:1--45:20}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-214-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {212}, editor = {Ahn, Hee-Kap and Sadakane, Kunihiko}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.45}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154785}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.45}, annote = {Keywords: graph augmentation, radius, approximation algorithm} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 181, 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)

In 2012 Driemel et al. [Anne Driemel et al., 2012] introduced the concept of c-packed curves as a realistic input model. In the case when c is a constant they gave a near linear time (1+ε)-approximation algorithm for computing the Fréchet distance between two c-packed polygonal curves. Since then a number of papers have used the model.
In this paper we consider the problem of computing the smallest c for which a given polygonal curve in ℝ^d is c-packed. We present two approximation algorithms. The first algorithm is a 2-approximation algorithm and runs in O(dn² log n) time. In the case d = 2 we develop a faster algorithm that returns a (6+ε)-approximation and runs in O((n/ε³)^{4/3} polylog (n/ε))) time.
We also implemented the first algorithm and computed the approximate packedness-value for 16 sets of real-world trajectories. The experiments indicate that the notion of c-packedness is a useful realistic input model for many curves and trajectories.

Joachim Gudmundsson, Yuan Sha, and Sampson Wong. Approximating the Packedness of Polygonal Curves. In 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 181, pp. 9:1-9:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{gudmundsson_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.9, author = {Gudmundsson, Joachim and Sha, Yuan and Wong, Sampson}, title = {{Approximating the Packedness of Polygonal Curves}}, booktitle = {31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)}, pages = {9:1--9:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-173-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {181}, editor = {Cao, Yixin and Cheng, Siu-Wing and Li, Minming}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.9}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133530}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.9}, annote = {Keywords: Computational geometry, trajectories, realistic input models} }

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