2 Search Results for "Dasari, Dakshina"


Document
Memory Latency Distribution-Driven Regulation for Temporal Isolation in MPSoCs

Authors: Ahsan Saeed, Denis Hoornaert, Dakshina Dasari, Dirk Ziegenbein, Daniel Mueller-Gritschneder, Ulf Schlichtmann, Andreas Gerstlauer, and Renato Mancuso

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 262, 35th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2023)


Abstract
Temporal isolation is one of the most significant challenges that must be addressed before Multi-Processor Systems-on-Chip (MPSoCs) can be widely adopted in mixed-criticality systems with both time-sensitive real-time (RT) applications and performance-oriented non-real-time (NRT) applications. Specifically, the main memory subsystem is one of the most prevalent causes of interference, performance degradation and loss of isolation. Existing memory bandwidth regulation mechanisms use static, dynamic, or predictive DRAM bandwidth management techniques to restore the execution time of an application under contention as close as possible to the execution time in isolation. In this paper, we propose a novel distribution-driven regulation whose goal is to achieve a timeliness objective formulated as a constraint on the probability of meeting a certain target execution time for the RT applications. Using existing interconnect-level Performance Monitoring Units (PMU), we can observe the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) of the per-request memory latency. Regulation is then triggered to enforce first-order stochastical dominance with respect to a desired reference. Consequently, it is possible to enforce that the overall observed execution time random variable is dominated by the reference execution time. The mechanism requires no prior information of the contending application and treats the DRAM subsystem as a black box. We provide a full-stack implementation of our mechanism on a Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) platform (Xilinx Ultrascale+ MPSoC), evaluate it using real and synthetic benchmarks, experimentally validate that the timeliness objectives are met for the RT applications, and demonstrate that it is able to provide 2.2x more overall throughput for NRT applications compared to DRAM bandwidth management-based regulation approaches.

Cite as

Ahsan Saeed, Denis Hoornaert, Dakshina Dasari, Dirk Ziegenbein, Daniel Mueller-Gritschneder, Ulf Schlichtmann, Andreas Gerstlauer, and Renato Mancuso. Memory Latency Distribution-Driven Regulation for Temporal Isolation in MPSoCs. In 35th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 262, pp. 4:1-4:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{saeed_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2023.4,
  author =	{Saeed, Ahsan and Hoornaert, Denis and Dasari, Dakshina and Ziegenbein, Dirk and Mueller-Gritschneder, Daniel and Schlichtmann, Ulf and Gerstlauer, Andreas and Mancuso, Renato},
  title =	{{Memory Latency Distribution-Driven Regulation for Temporal Isolation in MPSoCs}},
  booktitle =	{35th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2023)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-280-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{262},
  editor =	{Papadopoulos, Alessandro V.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2023.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-180339},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2023.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: temporal isolation, memory latency, real-time system, multi-core}
}
Document
Communication Centric Design in Complex Automotive Embedded Systems

Authors: Arne Hamann, Dakshina Dasari, Simon Kramer, Michael Pressler, and Falk Wurst

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 76, 29th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2017)


Abstract
Automotive embedded applications like the engine management system are composed of multiple functional components that are tightly coupled via numerous communication dependencies and intensive data sharing, while also having real-time requirements. In order to cope with complexity, especially in multi-core settings, various communication mechanisms are used to ensure data consistency and temporal determinism along functional cause-effect chains. However, existing timing analysis methods generally only support very basic communication models that need to be extended to handle the analysis of industry grade problems which involve more complex communication semantics. In this work, we give an overview of communication semantics used in the automotive industry and the different constraints to be considered in the design process. We also propose a method for model transformation to increase the expressiveness of current timing analysis methods enabling them to work with more complex communication semantics. We demonstrate this transformation approach for concrete implementations of two communication semantics, namely, implicit and LET communication. We discuss the impact on end-to-end latencies and communication overheads based on a full blown engine management system.

Cite as

Arne Hamann, Dakshina Dasari, Simon Kramer, Michael Pressler, and Falk Wurst. Communication Centric Design in Complex Automotive Embedded Systems. In 29th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 76, pp. 10:1-10:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hamann_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2017.10,
  author =	{Hamann, Arne and Dasari, Dakshina and Kramer, Simon and Pressler, Michael and Wurst, Falk},
  title =	{{Communication Centric Design in Complex Automotive Embedded Systems}},
  booktitle =	{29th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2017)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-037-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{76},
  editor =	{Bertogna, Marko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2017.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-71624},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2017.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Communication semantics, logical execution time, implicit communication, automotive, embedded systems, scheduling simulation, Amalthea}
}
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