10 Search Results for "Verbitsky, Oleg"


Document
Canonization of a Random Graph by Two Matrix-Vector Multiplications

Authors: Oleg Verbitsky and Maksim Zhukovskii

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
We show that a canonical labeling of a random n-vertex graph can be obtained by assigning to each vertex x the triple (w₁(x),w₂(x),w₃(x)), where w_k(x) is the number of walks of length k starting from x. This takes time 𝒪(n²), where n² is the input size, by using just two matrix-vector multiplications. The linear-time canonization of a random graph is the classical result of Babai, Erdős, and Selkow. For this purpose they use the well-known combinatorial color refinement procedure, and we make a comparative analysis of the two algorithmic approaches.

Cite as

Oleg Verbitsky and Maksim Zhukovskii. Canonization of a Random Graph by Two Matrix-Vector Multiplications. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 100:1-100:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{verbitsky_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.100,
  author =	{Verbitsky, Oleg and Zhukovskii, Maksim},
  title =	{{Canonization of a Random Graph by Two Matrix-Vector Multiplications}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{100:1--100:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.100},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187536},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.100},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Isomorphism, canonical labeling, random graphs, walk matrix, color refinement, linear time}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A Study of Weisfeiler-Leman Colorings on Planar Graphs

Authors: Sandra Kiefer and Daniel Neuen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)


Abstract
The Weisfeiler-Leman (WL) algorithm is a combinatorial procedure that computes colorings on graphs, which can often be used to detect their (non-)isomorphism. Particularly the 1- and 2-dimensional versions 1-WL and 2-WL have received much attention, due to their numerous links to other areas of computer science. Knowing the expressive power of a certain dimension of the algorithm usually amounts to understanding the computed colorings. An increase in the dimension leads to finer computed colorings and, thus, more graphs can be distinguished. For example, on the class of planar graphs, 3-WL solves the isomorphism problem. However, the expressive power of 2-WL on the class is poorly understood (and, in particular, it may even well be that it decides isomorphism). In this paper, we investigate the colorings computed by 2-WL on planar graphs. Towards this end, we analyze the graphs induced by edge color classes in the graph. Based on the obtained classification, we show that for every 3-connected planar graph, it holds that: a) after coloring all pairs with their 2-WL color, the graph has fixing number 1 with respect to 1-WL, or b) there is a 2-WL-definable matching that can be used to transform the graph into a smaller one, or c) 2-WL detects a connected subgraph that is essentially the graph of a Platonic or Archimedean solid, a prism, a cycle, or a bipartite graph K_{2,𝓁}. In particular, the graphs from case (a) are identified by 2-WL.

Cite as

Sandra Kiefer and Daniel Neuen. A Study of Weisfeiler-Leman Colorings on Planar Graphs. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 81:1-81:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{kiefer_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.81,
  author =	{Kiefer, Sandra and Neuen, Daniel},
  title =	{{A Study of Weisfeiler-Leman Colorings on Planar Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{81:1--81:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.81},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164228},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.81},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weisfeiler-Leman algorithm, planar graphs, edge-transitive graphs, fixing number}
}
Document
Identifiability of Graphs with Small Color Classes by the Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm

Authors: Frank Fuhlbrück, Johannes Köbler, and Oleg Verbitsky

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 154, 37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020)


Abstract
It is well known that the isomorphism problem for vertex-colored graphs with color multiplicity at most 3 is solvable by the classical 2-dimensional Weisfeiler-Leman algorithm (2-WL). On the other hand, the prominent Cai-Fürer-Immerman construction shows that even the multidimensional version of the algorithm does not suffice for graphs with color multiplicity 4. We give an efficient decision procedure that, given a graph G of color multiplicity 4, recognizes whether or not G is identifiable by 2-WL, that is, whether or not 2-WL distinguishes G from any non-isomorphic graph. In fact, we solve the more general problem of recognizing whether or not a given coherent configuration of maximum fiber size 4 is separable. This extends our recognition algorithm to directed graphs of color multiplicity 4 with colored edges. Our decision procedure is based on an explicit description of the class of graphs with color multiplicity 4 that are not identifiable by 2-WL. The Cai-Fürer-Immerman graphs of color multiplicity 4 distinctly appear here as a natural subclass, which demonstrates that the Cai-Fürer-Immerman construction is not ad hoc. Our classification reveals also other types of graphs that are hard for 2-WL. One of them arises from patterns known as (n₃)-configurations in incidence geometry.

Cite as

Frank Fuhlbrück, Johannes Köbler, and Oleg Verbitsky. Identifiability of Graphs with Small Color Classes by the Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm. In 37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 154, pp. 43:1-43:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{fuhlbruck_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2020.43,
  author =	{Fuhlbr\"{u}ck, Frank and K\"{o}bler, Johannes and Verbitsky, Oleg},
  title =	{{Identifiability of Graphs with Small Color Classes by the Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020)},
  pages =	{43:1--43:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-140-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{154},
  editor =	{Paul, Christophe and Bl\"{a}ser, Markus},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2020.43},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-119046},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2020.43},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Isomorphism, Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm, Cai-F\"{u}rer-Immerman Graphs, coherent Configurations}
}
Document
The Power of the Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm to Decompose Graphs

Authors: Sandra Kiefer and Daniel Neuen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 138, 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)


Abstract
The Weisfeiler-Leman procedure is a widely-used approach for graph isomorphism testing that works by iteratively computing an isomorphism-invariant coloring of vertex tuples. Meanwhile, a fundamental tool in structural graph theory, which is often exploited in approaches to tackle the graph isomorphism problem, is the decomposition into bi- and triconnected components. We prove that the 2-dimensional Weisfeiler-Leman algorithm implicitly computes the decomposition of a graph into its triconnected components. Thus, the dimension of the algorithm needed to distinguish two given graphs is at most the dimension required to distinguish the corresponding decompositions into 3-connected components (assuming dimension at least 2). This result implies that for k >= 2, the k-dimensional algorithm distinguishes k-separators, i.e., k-tuples of vertices that separate the graph, from other vertex k-tuples. As a byproduct, we also obtain insights about the connectivity of constituent graphs of association schemes. In an application of the results, we show the new upper bound of k on the Weisfeiler-Leman dimension of graphs of treewidth at most k. Using a construction by Cai, Fürer, and Immerman, we also provide a new lower bound that is asymptotically tight up to a factor of 2.

Cite as

Sandra Kiefer and Daniel Neuen. The Power of the Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm to Decompose Graphs. In 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 138, pp. 45:1-45:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{kiefer_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.45,
  author =	{Kiefer, Sandra and Neuen, Daniel},
  title =	{{The Power of the Weisfeiler-Leman Algorithm to Decompose Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)},
  pages =	{45:1--45:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-117-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{138},
  editor =	{Rossmanith, Peter and Heggernes, Pinar and Katoen, Joost-Pieter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.45},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-109893},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.45},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weisfeiler-Leman, separators, first-order logic, counting quantifiers}
}
Document
On the First-Order Complexity of Induced Subgraph Isomorphism

Authors: Oleg Verbitsky and Maksim Zhukovskii

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 82, 26th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2017)


Abstract
Given a graph F, let I(F) be the class of graphs containing F as an induced subgraph. Let W[F] denote the minimum k such that I(F) is definable in k-variable first-order logic. The recognition problem of I(F), known as Induced Subgraph Isomorphism (for the pattern graph F), is solvable in time O(n^{W[F]}). Motivated by this fact, we are interested in determining or estimating the value of W[F]. Using Olariu's characterization of paw-free graphs, we show that I(K_3+e) is definable by a first-order sentence of quantifier depth 3, where K_3+e denotes the paw graph. This provides an example of a graph F with W[F] strictly less than the number of vertices in F. On the other hand, we prove that W[F]=4 for all F on 4 vertices except the paw graph and its complement. If F is a graph on t vertices, we prove a general lower bound W[F]>(1/2-o(1))t, where the function in the little-o notation approaches 0 as t increases. This bound holds true even for a related parameter W^*[F], which is defined as the minimum k such that I(F) is definable in the k-variable infinitary logic. We show that W^*[F] can be strictly less than W[F]. Specifically, W^*[P_4]=3 for P_4 being the path graph on 4 vertices.

Cite as

Oleg Verbitsky and Maksim Zhukovskii. On the First-Order Complexity of Induced Subgraph Isomorphism. In 26th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 82, pp. 40:1-40:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{verbitsky_et_al:LIPIcs.CSL.2017.40,
  author =	{Verbitsky, Oleg and Zhukovskii, Maksim},
  title =	{{On the First-Order Complexity of Induced Subgraph Isomorphism}},
  booktitle =	{26th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2017)},
  pages =	{40:1--40:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-045-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{82},
  editor =	{Goranko, Valentin and Dam, Mads},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2017.40},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-76841},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2017.40},
  annote =	{Keywords: the induced subgraph isomorphism problem, descriptive and computational complexity, finite-variable first-order logic, quantifier depth and variable w}
}
Document
On Fortification of Projection Games

Authors: Amey Bhangale, Ramprasad Saptharishi, Girish Varma, and Rakesh Venkat

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 40, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015)


Abstract
A recent result of Moshkovitz [Moshkovitz14] presented an ingenious method to provide a completely elementary proof of the Parallel Repetition Theorem for certain projection games via a construction called fortification. However, the construction used in [Moshkovitz14] to fortify arbitrary label cover instances using an arbitrary extractor is insufficient to prove parallel repetition. In this paper, we provide a fix by using a stronger graph that we call fortifiers. Fortifiers are graphs that have both l_1 and l_2 guarantees on induced distributions from large subsets. We then show that an expander with sufficient spectral gap, or a bi-regular extractor with stronger parameters (the latter is also the construction used in an independent update [Moshkovitz15] of [Moshkovitz14] with an alternate argument), is a good fortifier. We also show that using a fortifier (in particular l_2 guarantees) is necessary for obtaining the robustness required for fortification.

Cite as

Amey Bhangale, Ramprasad Saptharishi, Girish Varma, and Rakesh Venkat. On Fortification of Projection Games. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 40, pp. 497-511, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{bhangale_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.497,
  author =	{Bhangale, Amey and Saptharishi, Ramprasad and Varma, Girish and Venkat, Rakesh},
  title =	{{On Fortification of Projection Games}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015)},
  pages =	{497--511},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-89-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{40},
  editor =	{Garg, Naveen and Jansen, Klaus and Rao, Anup and Rolim, Jos\'{e} D. P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.497},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-53204},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.497},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parallel Repetition, Fortification}
}
Document
Parallel Repetition for Entangled k-player Games via Fast Quantum Search

Authors: Kai-Min Chung, Xiaodi Wu, and Henry Yuen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 33, 30th Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2015)


Abstract
We present two parallel repetition theorems for the entangled value of multi-player, one-round free games (games where the inputs come from a product distribution). Our first theorem shows that for a k-player free game G with entangled value val^*(G) = 1 - epsilon, the n-fold repetition of G has entangled value val^*(G^(\otimes n)) at most (1 - epsilon^(3/2))^(Omega(n/sk^4)), where s is the answer length of any player. In contrast, the best known parallel repetition theorem for the classical value of two-player free games is val(G^(\otimes n)) <= (1 - epsilon^2)^(Omega(n/s)), due to Barak, et al. (RANDOM 2009). This suggests the possibility of a separation between the behavior of entangled and classical free games under parallel repetition. Our second theorem handles the broader class of free games G where the players can output (possibly entangled) quantum states. For such games, the repeated entangled value is upper bounded by (1 - epsilon^2)^(Omega(n/sk^2)). We also show that the dependence of the exponent on k is necessary: we exhibit a k-player free game G and n >= 1 such that val^*(G^(\otimes n)) >= val^*(G)^(n/k). Our analysis exploits the novel connection between communication protocols and quantum parallel repetition, first explored by Chailloux and Scarpa (ICALP 2014). We demonstrate that better communication protocols yield better parallel repetition theorems: in particular, our first theorem crucially uses a quantum search protocol by Aaronson and Ambainis, which gives a quadratic Grover speed-up for distributed search problems. Finally, our results apply to a broader class of games than were previously considered before; in particular, we obtain the first parallel repetition theorem for entangled games involving more than two players, and for games involving quantum outputs.

Cite as

Kai-Min Chung, Xiaodi Wu, and Henry Yuen. Parallel Repetition for Entangled k-player Games via Fast Quantum Search. In 30th Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 33, pp. 512-536, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{chung_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2015.512,
  author =	{Chung, Kai-Min and Wu, Xiaodi and Yuen, Henry},
  title =	{{Parallel Repetition for Entangled k-player Games via Fast Quantum Search}},
  booktitle =	{30th Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2015)},
  pages =	{512--536},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-81-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{33},
  editor =	{Zuckerman, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2015.512},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-50727},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2015.512},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parallel repetition, quantum entanglement, communication complexity}
}
Document
Towards an Isomorphism Dichotomy for Hereditary Graph Classes

Authors: Pascal Schweitzer

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 30, 32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015)


Abstract
In this paper we resolve the complexity of the isomorphism problem on all but finitely many of the graph classes characterized by two forbidden induced subgraphs. To this end we develop new techniques applicable for the structural and algorithmic analysis of graphs. First, we develop a methodology to show isomorphism completeness of the isomorphism problem on graph classes by providing a general framework unifying various reduction techniques. Second, we generalize the concept of the modular decomposition to colored graphs, allowing for non-standard decompositions. We show that, given a suitable decomposition functor, the graph isomorphism problem reduces to checking isomorphism of colored prime graphs. Third, we extend the techniques of bounded color valence and hypergraph isomorphism on hypergraphs of bounded color class size as follows. We say a colored graph has generalized color valence at most k if, after removing all vertices in color classes of size at most k, for each color class C every vertex has at most k neighbors in C or at most k non-neighbors in C. We show that isomorphism of graphs of bounded generalized color valence can be solved in polynomial time.

Cite as

Pascal Schweitzer. Towards an Isomorphism Dichotomy for Hereditary Graph Classes. In 32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 30, pp. 689-702, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{schweitzer:LIPIcs.STACS.2015.689,
  author =	{Schweitzer, Pascal},
  title =	{{Towards an Isomorphism Dichotomy for Hereditary Graph Classes}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2015)},
  pages =	{689--702},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-78-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{30},
  editor =	{Mayr, Ernst W. and Ollinger, Nicolas},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2015.689},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-49513},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2015.689},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph isomorphism, modular decomposition, bounded color valence, reductions, forbidden induced subgraphs}
}
Document
Bounds for the quantifier depth in finite-variable logics: Alternation hierarchy

Authors: Christoph Berkholz, Andreas Krebs, and Oleg Verbitsky

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 23, Computer Science Logic 2013 (CSL 2013)


Abstract
Given two structures G and H distinguishable in FO^k (first-order logic with k variables), let A^k(G,H) denote the minimum alternation depth of a FO^k formula distinguishing G from H. Let A^k(n) be the maximum value of A^k(G,H) over n-element structures. We prove the strictness of the quantifier alternation hierarchy of FO^2 in a strong quantitative form, namely A^2(n) >= n/8-2, which is tight up to a constant factor. For each k >= 2, it holds that A^k(n) > log_(k+1) n-2 even over colored trees, which is also tight up to a constant factor if k >= 3. For k >= 3 the last lower bound holds also over uncolored trees, while the alternation hierarchy of FO^2 collapses even over all uncolored graphs. We also show examples of colored graphs G and H on n vertices that can be distinguished in FO^2 much more succinctly if the alternation number is increased just by one: while in Sigma_i it is possible to distinguish G from H with bounded quantifier depth, in Pi_i this requires quantifier depth Omega(n2). The quadratic lower bound is best possible here because, if G and H can be distinguished in FO^k with i quantifier alternations, this can be done with quantifier depth n^(2k-2).

Cite as

Christoph Berkholz, Andreas Krebs, and Oleg Verbitsky. Bounds for the quantifier depth in finite-variable logics: Alternation hierarchy. In Computer Science Logic 2013 (CSL 2013). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 23, pp. 61-80, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)


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@InProceedings{berkholz_et_al:LIPIcs.CSL.2013.61,
  author =	{Berkholz, Christoph and Krebs, Andreas and Verbitsky, Oleg},
  title =	{{Bounds for the quantifier depth in finite-variable logics: Alternation hierarchy}},
  booktitle =	{Computer Science Logic 2013 (CSL 2013)},
  pages =	{61--80},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-60-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2013},
  volume =	{23},
  editor =	{Ronchi Della Rocca, Simona},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2013.61},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-41907},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2013.61},
  annote =	{Keywords: Alternation hierarchy, finite-variable logic}
}
Document
Solving the Canonical Representation and Star System Problems for Proper Circular-Arc Graphs in Logspace

Authors: Johannes Köbler, Sebastian Kuhnert, and Oleg Verbitsky

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 18, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)


Abstract
We present a logspace algorithm that constructs a canonical intersection model for a given proper circular-arc graph, where canonical means that isomorphic graphs receive identical models. This implies that the recognition and the isomorphism problems for these graphs are solvable in logspace. For the broader class of concave-round graphs, which still possess (not necessarily proper) circular-arc models, we show that a canonical circular-arc model can also be constructed in logspace. As a building block for these results, we design a logspace algorithm for computing canonical circular-arc models of circular-arc hypergraphs; this important class of hypergraphs corresponds to matrices with the circular ones property. Furthermore, we consider the Star System Problem that consists in reconstructing a graph from its closed neighborhood hypergraph. We show that this problem is solvable in logarithmic space for the classes of proper circular-arc, concave-round, and co-convex graphs.

Cite as

Johannes Köbler, Sebastian Kuhnert, and Oleg Verbitsky. Solving the Canonical Representation and Star System Problems for Proper Circular-Arc Graphs in Logspace. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 18, pp. 387-399, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)


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@InProceedings{kobler_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.387,
  author =	{K\"{o}bler, Johannes and Kuhnert, Sebastian and Verbitsky, Oleg},
  title =	{{Solving the Canonical Representation and Star System Problems for Proper Circular-Arc Graphs in Logspace}},
  booktitle =	{IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)},
  pages =	{387--399},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-47-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2012},
  volume =	{18},
  editor =	{D'Souza, Deepak and Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar and Telikepalli, Kavitha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.387},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-38757},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.387},
  annote =	{Keywords: Proper circular-arc graphs, graph isomorphism, canonization, circular ones property, logspace complexity}
}
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