Search Results

Documents authored by Gramoli, Vincent


Document
Invited Talk
From Consensus Research to Redbelly Network Pty Ltd (Invited Talk)

Authors: Vincent Gramoli

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 286, 27th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2023)


Abstract
Designing and implementing correctly a blockchain system requires collaborations across places and research fields. Redbelly, a company across Australia, India and USA, illustrates well this idea. It started in 2005 at OPODIS, where we published the Reconfigurable Distributed Storage to replace distributed participants offering a service without disrupting its availability. This line of work [V. Gramoli et al., 2021] was instrumental to reconfigure blockchains without introducing hard forks. The research on the consensus problem we initiated at IRISA [V. Gramoli, 2022] led to rethinking PBFT-like algorithms for the context of blockchain by getting rid of the leader that can act as the bottleneck of large networks [V. Gramoli and Q. Tang, 2023]. Our work on security led to disclosing vulnerabilities in Ethereum [Parinya Ekparinya et al., 2020] and then motivated us to formally verify blockchain consensus [Nathalie Bertrand et al., 2022]. Our work at the frontier of economics [Michael Spain et al., 2019] led us to prevent front-running attacks [Pouriya Zarbafian and Vincent Gramoli, 2023] and to incentivize rational players to behave [Alejandro Ranchal-Pedrosa and Vincent Gramoli, 2022]. Our system work at Cornell and then at EPFL was foundational in experimenting blockchains across the globe [Vincent Gramoli et al., 2023]. Although not anticipated at the time, this series of work progressively led the University of Sydney and CSIRO, and later Redbelly Network Pty Ltd, to design the Redbelly Blockchain [Tyler Crain et al., 2021; Deepal Tennakoon et al., 2023], the platform of choice for compliant asset tokenisation.

Cite as

Vincent Gramoli. From Consensus Research to Redbelly Network Pty Ltd (Invited Talk). In 27th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 286, pp. 1:1-1:2, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gramoli:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2023.1,
  author =	{Gramoli, Vincent},
  title =	{{From Consensus Research to Redbelly Network Pty Ltd}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2023)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:2},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-308-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{286},
  editor =	{Bessani, Alysson and D\'{e}fago, Xavier and Nakamura, Junya and Wada, Koichi and Yamauchi, Yukiko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2023.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-194915},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2023.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Innovations, Commercialisation}
}
Document
Holistic Verification of Blockchain Consensus

Authors: Nathalie Bertrand, Vincent Gramoli, Igor Konnov, Marijana Lazić, Pierre Tholoniat, and Josef Widder

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 246, 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)


Abstract
Blockchain has recently attracted the attention of the industry due, in part, to its ability to automate asset transfers. It requires distributed participants to reach a consensus on a block despite the presence of malicious (a.k.a. Byzantine) participants. Malicious participants exploit regularly weaknesses of these blockchain consensus algorithms, with sometimes devastating consequences. In fact, these weaknesses are quite common and are well illustrated by the flaws in various blockchain consensus algorithms [Pierre Tholoniat and Vincent Gramoli, 2019]. Paradoxically, until now, no blockchain consensus has been holistically verified. In this paper, we remedy this paradox by model checking for the first time a blockchain consensus used in industry. We propose a holistic approach to verify the consensus algorithm of the Red Belly Blockchain [Tyler Crain et al., 2021], for any number n of processes and any number f < n/3 of Byzantine processes. We decompose directly the algorithm pseudocode in two parts - an inner broadcast algorithm and an outer decision algorithm - each modelled as a threshold automaton [Igor Konnov et al., 2017], and we formalize their expected properties in linear-time temporal logic. We then automatically check the inner broadcasting algorithm, under a carefully identified fairness assumption. For the verification of the outer algorithm, we simplify the model of the inner algorithm by relying on its proven properties. Doing so, we formally verify, for any parameter, not only the safety properties of the Red Belly Blockchain consensus but also its liveness in less than 70 seconds.

Cite as

Nathalie Bertrand, Vincent Gramoli, Igor Konnov, Marijana Lazić, Pierre Tholoniat, and Josef Widder. Holistic Verification of Blockchain Consensus. In 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 246, pp. 10:1-10:24, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bertrand_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2022.10,
  author =	{Bertrand, Nathalie and Gramoli, Vincent and Konnov, Igor and Lazi\'{c}, Marijana and Tholoniat, Pierre and Widder, Josef},
  title =	{{Holistic Verification of Blockchain Consensus}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-255-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{246},
  editor =	{Scheideler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172019},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Model checking, automata, logic, byzantine failure}
}
Document
Byzantine Consensus Is Θ(n²): The Dolev-Reischuk Bound Is Tight Even in Partial Synchrony!

Authors: Pierre Civit, Muhammad Ayaz Dzulfikar, Seth Gilbert, Vincent Gramoli, Rachid Guerraoui, Jovan Komatovic, and Manuel Vidigueira

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 246, 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)


Abstract
The Dolev-Reischuk bound says that any deterministic Byzantine consensus protocol has (at least) quadratic communication complexity in the worst case. While it has been shown that the bound is tight in synchronous environments, it is still unknown whether a consensus protocol with quadratic communication complexity can be obtained in partial synchrony. Until now, the most efficient known solutions for Byzantine consensus in partially synchronous settings had cubic communication complexity (e.g., HotStuff, binary DBFT). This paper closes the existing gap by introducing SQuad, a partially synchronous Byzantine consensus protocol with quadratic worst-case communication complexity. In addition, SQuad is optimally-resilient and achieves linear worst-case latency complexity. The key technical contribution underlying SQuad lies in the way we solve view synchronization, the problem of bringing all correct processes to the same view with a correct leader for sufficiently long. Concretely, we present RareSync, a view synchronization protocol with quadratic communication complexity and linear latency complexity, which we utilize in order to obtain SQuad.

Cite as

Pierre Civit, Muhammad Ayaz Dzulfikar, Seth Gilbert, Vincent Gramoli, Rachid Guerraoui, Jovan Komatovic, and Manuel Vidigueira. Byzantine Consensus Is Θ(n²): The Dolev-Reischuk Bound Is Tight Even in Partial Synchrony!. In 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 246, pp. 14:1-14:21, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{civit_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2022.14,
  author =	{Civit, Pierre and Dzulfikar, Muhammad Ayaz and Gilbert, Seth and Gramoli, Vincent and Guerraoui, Rachid and Komatovic, Jovan and Vidigueira, Manuel},
  title =	{{Byzantine Consensus Is \Theta(n²): The Dolev-Reischuk Bound Is Tight Even in Partial Synchrony!}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-255-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{246},
  editor =	{Scheideler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172059},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Optimal Byzantine consensus, Communication complexity, Latency complexity}
}
Document
Dynamic Blockchain Sharding

Authors: Deepal Tennakoon and Vincent Gramoli

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 101, 5th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2022 (FAB 2022)


Abstract
By supporting decentralized applications (DApps), modern blockchains have become the technology of choice for the Web3, a decentralized way for people to interact with each other. As the popularity of DApps is growing, the challenge is now to allocate shard or subnetwork resources to face the associated demand of individual DApps. Unfortunately, most sharding proposals are inherently static as they cannot be adjusted at runtime. Given that blockchains are expected to run for years without interruption, these proposals are insufficient to cope with the upcoming demand. In this paper, we present dynamic blockchain sharding, a new way to create and close shards on-demand, and adjust their size at runtime without requiring to hard fork (i.e., creating duplicated instances of the same blockchain). The novel idea is to reconfigure sharding through dedicated smart contract invocations: not only does it strengthen the security of the sharding reconfiguration, it also makes it inherently transparent as any other blockchain data. Similarly to classic sharding, our protocol relies on randomness to cope with shard-takeover attacks and on rotating nodes to cope with the bribery of a slowly-adaptive adversary. By contrast, however, our protocol is ideally suited for open networks as it does not require fully synchronous communications. To demonstrate its efficiency, we deploy it in 10 countries over 5 continents and demonstrate that its performance increases quasi-linearly with the number of shards as it reaches close to 14,000 TPS on only 8 shards.

Cite as

Deepal Tennakoon and Vincent Gramoli. Dynamic Blockchain Sharding. In 5th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2022 (FAB 2022). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 101, pp. 6:1-6:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{tennakoon_et_al:OASIcs.FAB.2022.6,
  author =	{Tennakoon, Deepal and Gramoli, Vincent},
  title =	{{Dynamic Blockchain Sharding}},
  booktitle =	{5th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2022 (FAB 2022)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:17},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-248-8},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{101},
  editor =	{Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara and Crooks, Natacha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.FAB.2022.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-162733},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.FAB.2022.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Reconfiguration, smart contract, transparency, shard}
}
Document
Complete Volume
OASIcs, Volume 97, Tokenomics 2021, Complete Volume

Authors: Vincent Gramoli, Hanna Halaburda, and Rafael Pass

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 97, 3rd International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2021)


Abstract
OASIcs, Volume 97, Tokenomics 2021, Complete Volume

Cite as

Vincent Gramoli, Hanna Halaburda, and Rafael Pass. OASIcs, Volume 97, Tokenomics 2021, Complete Volume. In 3rd International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2021). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 97, pp. 1-124, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{gramoli_et_al:OASIcs.Tokenomics.2021,
  title =	{{OASIcs, Volume 97, Tokenomics 2021, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{3rd International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2021)},
  pages =	{1--124},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-220-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{97},
  editor =	{Gramoli, Vincent and Halaburda, Hanna and Pass, Rafael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.Tokenomics.2021},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158965},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.Tokenomics.2021},
  annote =	{Keywords: OASIcs, Volume 97, Tokenomics 2021, Complete Volume}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Vincent Gramoli, Hanna Halaburda, and Rafael Pass

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 97, 3rd International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2021)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

Vincent Gramoli, Hanna Halaburda, and Rafael Pass. Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization. In 3rd International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2021). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 97, pp. 0:i-0:x, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gramoli_et_al:OASIcs.Tokenomics.2021.0,
  author =	{Gramoli, Vincent and Halaburda, Hanna and Pass, Rafael},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{3rd International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2021)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:x},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-220-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{97},
  editor =	{Gramoli, Vincent and Halaburda, Hanna and Pass, Rafael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.Tokenomics.2021.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158975},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.Tokenomics.2021.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Complete Volume
LIPIcs, Volume 217, OPODIS 2021, Complete Volume

Authors: Quentin Bramas, Vincent Gramoli, and Alessia Milani

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 217, 25th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2021)


Abstract
LIPIcs, Volume 217, OPODIS 2021, Complete Volume

Cite as

Quentin Bramas, Vincent Gramoli, and Alessia Milani. LIPIcs, Volume 217, OPODIS 2021, Complete Volume. In 25th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 217, pp. 1-580, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{bramas_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2021,
  title =	{{LIPIcs, Volume 217, OPODIS 2021, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2021)},
  pages =	{1--580},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-219-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{217},
  editor =	{Bramas, Quentin and Gramoli, Vincent and Milani, Alessia},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2021},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-157746},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2021},
  annote =	{Keywords: LIPIcs, Volume 217, OPODIS 2021, Complete Volume}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Quentin Bramas, Vincent Gramoli, and Alessia Milani

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 217, 25th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2021)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

Quentin Bramas, Vincent Gramoli, and Alessia Milani. Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization. In 25th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 217, pp. 0:i-0:xvi, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bramas_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2021.0,
  author =	{Bramas, Quentin and Gramoli, Vincent and Milani, Alessia},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2021)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:xvi},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-219-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{217},
  editor =	{Bramas, Quentin and Gramoli, Vincent and Milani, Alessia},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2021.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-157752},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2021.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: Ordered Reliable Broadcast and Fast Ordered Byzantine Consensus for Cryptocurrency

Authors: Pouriya Zarbafian and Vincent Gramoli

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 209, 35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021)


Abstract
The problem of transaction reordering in blockchains, also known as the blockchain anomaly [Christopher Natoli and Vincent Gramoli, 2016], can lead to fairness limitations [Kelkar et al., 2020] and front-running activities [Philip Daian et al., 2020] in cryptocurrency. To cope with this problem despite f < n/3 byzantine processes, Zhang et al. [Zhang et al., 2020] have introduced the ordering linearizability property ensuring that if two transactions or commands are perceived by all correct processes in the same order, then they are executed in this order. They proposed a generic distributed protocol that first orders commands and then runs a leader-based consensus protocol to agree on these orders, hence requiring at least 11 message delays. In this paper, we parallelize the ordering with the execution of the consensus to require only 6 message delays. For the ordering, we introduce the ordered reliable broadcast primitive suitable for broadcast-based cryptocurrencies (e.g., [Daniel Collins et al., 2020]). For the agreement, we build upon the DBFT leaderless consensus protocol [Tyler Crain et al., 2018] that was recently formally verified [Bertrand et al., 2021]. The combination is thus suitable to ensure ordering linearizability in consensus-based cryptocurrencies (e.g., [Tyler Crain et al., 2021]).

Cite as

Pouriya Zarbafian and Vincent Gramoli. Brief Announcement: Ordered Reliable Broadcast and Fast Ordered Byzantine Consensus for Cryptocurrency. In 35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 209, pp. 63:1-63:4, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{zarbafian_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2021.63,
  author =	{Zarbafian, Pouriya and Gramoli, Vincent},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Ordered Reliable Broadcast and Fast Ordered Byzantine Consensus for Cryptocurrency}},
  booktitle =	{35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021)},
  pages =	{63:1--63:4},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-210-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{209},
  editor =	{Gilbert, Seth},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2021.63},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-148655},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2021.63},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed algorithm, consensus, reliable broadcast, byzantine fault tolerance, linearizability, blockchain}
}
Document
Complete Volume
OASIcs, Volume 92, FAB 2021, Complete Volume

Authors: Vincent Gramoli and Mohammad Sadoghi

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 92, 4th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2021 (FAB 2021)


Abstract
OASIcs, Volume 92, FAB 2021, Complete Volume

Cite as

Vincent Gramoli and Mohammad Sadoghi. OASIcs, Volume 92, FAB 2021, Complete Volume. In 4th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2021 (FAB 2021). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 92, pp. 1-96, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{gramoli_et_al:OASIcs.FAB.2021,
  title =	{{OASIcs, Volume 92, FAB 2021, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{4th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2021 (FAB 2021)},
  pages =	{1--96},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-196-2},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{92},
  editor =	{Gramoli, Vincent and Sadoghi, Mohammad},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.FAB.2021},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139857},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.FAB.2021},
  annote =	{Keywords: OASIcs, Volume 92, FAB 2021, Complete Volume}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Vincent Gramoli and Mohammad Sadoghi

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 92, 4th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2021 (FAB 2021)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

Vincent Gramoli and Mohammad Sadoghi. Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization. In 4th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2021 (FAB 2021). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 92, pp. 0:i-0:viii, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gramoli_et_al:OASIcs.FAB.2021.0,
  author =	{Gramoli, Vincent and Sadoghi, Mohammad},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{4th International Symposium on Foundations and Applications of Blockchain 2021 (FAB 2021)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:viii},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-196-2},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{92},
  editor =	{Gramoli, Vincent and Sadoghi, Mohammad},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.FAB.2021.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139865},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.FAB.2021.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: Polygraph: Accountable Byzantine Agreement

Authors: Pierre Civit, Seth Gilbert, and Vincent Gramoli

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 179, 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)


Abstract
In this paper, we introduce Polygraph, the first accountable Byzantine consensus algorithm. If among n users f < n/3 are malicious then it ensures consensus, otherwise it eventually detects malicious users that cause disagreement. Polygraph is appealing for blockchains as it allows to totally order blocks in a chain whenever possible, hence avoiding double spending and, otherwise, to punish at least n/3 malicious users when a fork occurs. This problem is more difficult than it first appears. Blockchains typically run in open networks whose delays are hard to predict, hence one cannot build upon synchronous techniques [Andreas Haeberlen et al., 2007; Vitalik Buterin and Virgil Griffith, 2019]. One may exploit cryptographic evidence of PBFT-like consensus [Miguel Castro and Barbara Liskov, 2002], however detecting equivocation would be insufficient. We show that it is impossible without extra logs of at least Ω(n) rounds [Pierre Civit et al., 2019]. Each round of Polygraph exchanges O(n²) messages.

Cite as

Pierre Civit, Seth Gilbert, and Vincent Gramoli. Brief Announcement: Polygraph: Accountable Byzantine Agreement. In 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 179, pp. 45:1-45:3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{civit_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2020.45,
  author =	{Civit, Pierre and Gilbert, Seth and Gramoli, Vincent},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Polygraph: Accountable Byzantine Agreement}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)},
  pages =	{45:1--45:3},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-168-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{179},
  editor =	{Attiya, Hagit},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.45},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131236},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.45},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fault detection, cryptography, equivocation, consensus}
}
Document
The Impact of Ethereum Throughput and Fees on Transaction Latency During ICOs

Authors: Michael Spain, Sean Foley, and Vincent Gramoli

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 71, International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2019)


Abstract
The Ethereum blockchain has gained popularity for its ability to implement Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), whereby a buyer enters a market order agreement with a seller in order to purchase cryptographic tokens at an agreed price. The popularity of ICOs in 2017 has created an increasingly adversarial environment among potential buyers, who compete for what is often a fixed supply of tokens offered for a limited period of time. We study the impact of a series of ICOs in order to understand the relationship between transaction fees, throughput and latency in Ethereum. Our analysis considers the effects on both Ethereum’s service providers, known as miners, and users who issue transactions in the network. Our results show that while buyers incentivise miners generously to include their transactions during ICOs, the latency of these transactions is predominantly determined by the levels of supply and demand in the network.

Cite as

Michael Spain, Sean Foley, and Vincent Gramoli. The Impact of Ethereum Throughput and Fees on Transaction Latency During ICOs. In International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2019). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 71, pp. 9:1-9:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{spain_et_al:OASIcs.Tokenomics.2019.9,
  author =	{Spain, Michael and Foley, Sean and Gramoli, Vincent},
  title =	{{The Impact of Ethereum Throughput and Fees on Transaction Latency During ICOs}},
  booktitle =	{International Conference on Blockchain Economics, Security and Protocols (Tokenomics 2019)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:15},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-108-5},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{71},
  editor =	{Danos, Vincent and Herlihy, Maurice and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Prat, Julien and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.Tokenomics.2019.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-119735},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.Tokenomics.2019.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: ICO, Gas, Ethereum, Transaction Fee, Latency, Fairness}
}
Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail