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Documents authored by Mogk, Ragnar


Document
LoRe: A Programming Model for Verifiably Safe Local-First Software (Extended Abstract)

Authors: Julian Haas, Ragnar Mogk, Elena Yanakieva, Annette Bieniusa, and Mira Mezini

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 263, 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023)


Abstract
Local-first software manages and processes private data locally while still enabling collaboration between multiple parties connected via partially unreliable networks. Such software typically involves interactions with users and the execution environment (the outside world). The unpredictability of such interactions paired with their decentralized nature make reasoning about the correctness of local-first software a challenging endeavor. Yet, existing solutions to develop local-first software do not provide support for automated safety guarantees and instead expect developers to reason about concurrent interactions in an environment with unreliable network conditions. We propose LoRe, a programming model and compiler that automatically verifies developer-supplied safety properties for local-first applications. LoRe combines the declarative data flow of reactive programming with static analysis and verification techniques to precisely determine concurrent interactions that violate safety invariants and to selectively employ strong consistency through coordination where required. We propose a formalized proof principle and demonstrate how to automate the process in a prototype implementation that outputs verified executable code. Our evaluation shows that LoRe simplifies the development of safe local-first software when compared to state-of-the-art approaches and that verification times are acceptable.

Cite as

Julian Haas, Ragnar Mogk, Elena Yanakieva, Annette Bieniusa, and Mira Mezini. LoRe: A Programming Model for Verifiably Safe Local-First Software (Extended Abstract). In 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 263, pp. 12:1-12:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{haas_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2023.12,
  author =	{Haas, Julian and Mogk, Ragnar and Yanakieva, Elena and Bieniusa, Annette and Mezini, Mira},
  title =	{{LoRe: A Programming Model for Verifiably Safe Local-First Software (Extended Abstract)}},
  booktitle =	{37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-281-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{263},
  editor =	{Ali, Karim and Salvaneschi, Guido},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2023.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182056},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2023.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Local-First Software, Reactive Programming, Invariants, Consistency, Automated Verification}
}
Document
Algebraic Replicated Data Types: Programming Secure Local-First Software

Authors: Christian Kuessner, Ragnar Mogk, Anna-Katharina Wickert, and Mira Mezini

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 263, 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023)


Abstract
This paper is about programming support for local-first applications that manage private data locally, but still synchronize data between multiple devices. Typical use cases are synchronizing settings and data, and collaboration between multiple users. Such applications must preserve the privacy and integrity of the user’s data without impeding or interrupting the user’s normal workflow - even when the device is offline or has a flaky network connection. From the programming perspective, availability along with privacy and security concerns pose significant challenges, for which developers have to learn and use specialized solutions such as conflict-free replicated data types (CRDTs) or APIs for centralized data stores. This work relieves developers from this complexity by enabling the direct and automatic use of algebraic data types - which developers already use to express the business logic of the application - for synchronization and collaboration. Moreover, we use this approach to provide end-to-end encryption and authentication between multiple replicas (using a shared secret), that is suitable for a coordination-free setting. Overall, our approach combines all the following advantages: it (1) allows developers to design custom data types, (2) provides data privacy and integrity when using untrusted intermediaries, (3) is coordination free, (4) guarantees eventual consistency by construction (i.e., independent of developer errors), (5) does not cause indefinite growth of metadata, (6) has sufficiently efficient implementations for the local-first setting.

Cite as

Christian Kuessner, Ragnar Mogk, Anna-Katharina Wickert, and Mira Mezini. Algebraic Replicated Data Types: Programming Secure Local-First Software. In 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 263, pp. 14:1-14:33, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{kuessner_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2023.14,
  author =	{Kuessner, Christian and Mogk, Ragnar and Wickert, Anna-Katharina and Mezini, Mira},
  title =	{{Algebraic Replicated Data Types: Programming Secure Local-First Software}},
  booktitle =	{37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:33},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-281-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{263},
  editor =	{Ali, Karim and Salvaneschi, Guido},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2023.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182076},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2023.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: local-first, data privacy, coordination freedom, CRDTs, AEAD}
}
Document
Artifact
LoRe: A Programming Model for Verifiably Safe Local-First Software (Artifact)

Authors: Julian Haas, Ragnar Mogk, Elena Yanakieva, Annette Bieniusa, and Mira Mezini

Published in: DARTS, Volume 9, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023)


Abstract
Local-first software manages and processes private data locally while still enabling collaboration between multiple parties connected via partially unreliable networks. Such software typically involves interactions with users and the execution environment (the outside world). The unpredictability of such interactions paired with their decentralized nature make reasoning about the correctness of local-first software a challenging endeavor. Yet, existing solutions to develop local-first software do not provide support for automated safety guarantees and instead expect developers to reason about concurrent interactions in an environment with unreliable network conditions. We propose LoRe, a programming model and compiler that automatically verifies developer-supplied safety properties for local-first applications. LoRe combines the declarative data flow of reactive programming with static analysis and verification techniques to precisely determine concurrent interactions that violate safety invariants and to selectively employ strong consistency through coordination where required. We propose a formalized proof principle and demonstrate how to automate the process in a prototype implementation that outputs verified executable code. Our evaluation shows that LoRe simplifies the development of safe local-first software when compared to state-of-the-art approaches and that verification times are acceptable.

Cite as

Julian Haas, Ragnar Mogk, Elena Yanakieva, Annette Bieniusa, and Mira Mezini. LoRe: A Programming Model for Verifiably Safe Local-First Software (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 9, Issue 2, pp. 11:1-11:2, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@Article{haas_et_al:DARTS.9.2.11,
  author =	{Haas, Julian and Mogk, Ragnar and Yanakieva, Elena and Bieniusa, Annette and Mezini, Mira},
  title =	{{LoRe: A Programming Model for Verifiably Safe Local-First Software (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{11:1--11:2},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{9},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{Haas, Julian and Mogk, Ragnar and Yanakieva, Elena and Bieniusa, Annette and Mezini, Mira},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.9.2.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182510},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.9.2.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Local-First Software, Reactive Programming, Invariants, Consistency, Automated Verification}
}
Document
Artifact
Algebraic Replicated Data Types: Programming Secure Local-First Software (Artifact)

Authors: Christian Kuessner, Ragnar Mogk, Anna-Katharina Wickert, and Mira Mezini

Published in: DARTS, Volume 9, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023)


Abstract
This work is about programming support for local-first applications that manage private data locally, but still synchronize data between multiple devices. Typical use cases are synchronizing settings and data, and collaboration between multiple users. Such applications must preserve the privacy and integrity of the user’s data without impeding or interrupting the user’s normal workflow - even when the device is offline or has a flaky network connection. From the programming perspective, availability along with privacy and security concerns pose significant challenges, for which developers have to learn and use specialized solutions such as conflict-free replicated data types (CRDTs) or APIs for centralized data stores. This work relieves developers from this complexity by enabling the direct and automatic use of algebraic data types - which developers already use to express the business logic of the application - for synchronization and collaboration. Moreover, we use this approach to provide end-to-end encryption and authentication between multiple replicas (using a shared secret) that is suitable for a coordination-free setting. This artifact demonstrates the approach in the context of a realistic case study. It shows that an implementation of the approach can handle realistic workloads, that the size of the data types does not grow indefinitely, and that it is feasible to always enable encryption for the intended scenario.

Cite as

Christian Kuessner, Ragnar Mogk, Anna-Katharina Wickert, and Mira Mezini. Algebraic Replicated Data Types: Programming Secure Local-First Software (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 37th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2023). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 9, Issue 2, pp. 26:1-26:4, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@Article{kuessner_et_al:DARTS.9.2.26,
  author =	{Kuessner, Christian and Mogk, Ragnar and Wickert, Anna-Katharina and Mezini, Mira},
  title =	{{Algebraic Replicated Data Types: Programming Secure Local-First Software (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{26:1--26:4},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{9},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{Kuessner, Christian and Mogk, Ragnar and Wickert, Anna-Katharina and Mezini, Mira},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.9.2.26},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182668},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.9.2.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: local-first, data privacy, coordination freedom, CRDTs, AEAD}
}
Document
Fault-tolerant Distributed Reactive Programming

Authors: Ragnar Mogk, Lars Baumgärtner, Guido Salvaneschi, Bernd Freisleben, and Mira Mezini

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 109, 32nd European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2018)


Abstract
In this paper, we present a holistic approach to provide fault tolerance for distributed reactive programming. Our solution automatically stores and recovers program state to handle crashes, automatically updates and shares distributed parts of the state to provide eventual consistency, and handles errors in a fine-grained manner to allow precise manual control when necessary. By making use of the reactive programming paradigm, we provide these mechanisms without changing the behavior of existing programs and with reasonable performance, as indicated by our experimental evaluation.

Cite as

Ragnar Mogk, Lars Baumgärtner, Guido Salvaneschi, Bernd Freisleben, and Mira Mezini. Fault-tolerant Distributed Reactive Programming. In 32nd European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 109, pp. 1:1-1:26, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{mogk_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2018.1,
  author =	{Mogk, Ragnar and Baumg\"{a}rtner, Lars and Salvaneschi, Guido and Freisleben, Bernd and Mezini, Mira},
  title =	{{Fault-tolerant Distributed Reactive Programming}},
  booktitle =	{32nd European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2018)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:26},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-079-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{109},
  editor =	{Millstein, Todd},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2018.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-92064},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2018.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: reactive programming, distributed systems, CRDTs, snapshots, restoration, error handling, fault tolerance}
}
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