12 Search Results for "Masařík, Tomáš"


Document
List Locally Surjective Homomorphisms in Hereditary Graph Classes

Authors: Pavel Dvořák, Tomáš Masařík, Jana Novotná, Monika Krawczyk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Aneta Żuk

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)


Abstract
A locally surjective homomorphism from a graph G to a graph H is an edge-preserving mapping from V(G) to V(H) that is surjective in the neighborhood of each vertex in G. In the list locally surjective homomorphism problem, denoted by LLSHom(H), the graph H is fixed and the instance consists of a graph G whose every vertex is equipped with a subset of V(H), called list. We ask for the existence of a locally surjective homomorphism from G to H, where every vertex of G is mapped to a vertex from its list. In this paper, we study the complexity of the LLSHom(H) problem in F-free graphs, i.e., graphs that exclude a fixed graph F as an induced subgraph. We aim to understand for which pairs (H,F) the problem can be solved in subexponential time. We show that for all graphs H, for which the problem is NP-hard in general graphs, it cannot be solved in subexponential time in F-free graphs for F being a bounded-degree forest, unless the ETH fails. The initial study reveals that a natural subfamily of bounded-degree forests F, that might lead to some tractability results, is the family 𝒮 consisting of forests whose every component has at most three leaves. In this case, we exhibit the following dichotomy theorem: besides the cases that are polynomial-time solvable in general graphs, the graphs H ∈ {P₃,C₄} are the only connected ones that allow for a subexponential-time algorithm in F-free graphs for every F ∈ 𝒮 (unless the ETH fails).

Cite as

Pavel Dvořák, Tomáš Masařík, Jana Novotná, Monika Krawczyk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Aneta Żuk. List Locally Surjective Homomorphisms in Hereditary Graph Classes. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 30:1-30:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{dvorak_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.30,
  author =	{Dvo\v{r}\'{a}k, Pavel and Masa\v{r}{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Novotn\'{a}, Jana and Krawczyk, Monika and Rz\k{a}\.{z}ewski, Pawe{\l} and \.{Z}uk, Aneta},
  title =	{{List Locally Surjective Homomorphisms in Hereditary Graph Classes}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-258-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{248},
  editor =	{Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.30},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173154},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: Homomorphism, Hereditary graphs, Subexponential-time algorithms}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Max Weight Independent Set in Graphs with No Long Claws: An Analog of the Gyárfás' Path Argument

Authors: Konrad Majewski, Tomáš Masařík, Jana Novotná, Karolina Okrasa, Marcin Pilipczuk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Marek Sokołowski

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)


Abstract
We revisit recent developments for the Maximum Weight Independent Set problem in graphs excluding a subdivided claw S_{t,t,t} as an induced subgraph [Chudnovsky, Pilipczuk, Pilipczuk, Thomassé, SODA 2020] and provide a subexponential-time algorithm with improved running time 2^𝒪(√nlog n) and a quasipolynomial-time approximation scheme with improved running time 2^𝒪(ε^{-1} log⁵ n). The Gyárfás' path argument, a powerful tool that is the main building block for many algorithms in P_t-free graphs, ensures that given an n-vertex P_t-free graph, in polynomial time we can find a set P of at most t-1 vertices, such that every connected component of G-N[P] has at most n/2 vertices. Our main technical contribution is an analog of this result for S_{t,t,t}-free graphs: given an n-vertex S_{t,t,t}-free graph, in polynomial time we can find a set P of 𝒪(t log n) vertices and an extended strip decomposition (an appropriate analog of the decomposition into connected components) of G-N[P] such that every particle (an appropriate analog of a connected component to recurse on) of the said extended strip decomposition has at most n/2 vertices.

Cite as

Konrad Majewski, Tomáš Masařík, Jana Novotná, Karolina Okrasa, Marcin Pilipczuk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Marek Sokołowski. Max Weight Independent Set in Graphs with No Long Claws: An Analog of the Gyárfás' Path Argument. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 93:1-93:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{majewski_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.93,
  author =	{Majewski, Konrad and Masa\v{r}{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Novotn\'{a}, Jana and Okrasa, Karolina and Pilipczuk, Marcin and Rz\k{a}\.{z}ewski, Pawe{\l} and Soko{\l}owski, Marek},
  title =	{{Max Weight Independent Set in Graphs with No Long Claws: An Analog of the Gy\'{a}rf\'{a}s' Path Argument}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{93:1--93:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.93},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164343},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.93},
  annote =	{Keywords: Max Independent Set, subdivided claw, QPTAS, subexponential-time algorithm}
}
Document
Approximation Algorithms for Steiner Tree Based on Star Contractions: A Unified View

Authors: Radek Hušek, Dušan Knop, and Tomáš Masařk

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 180, 15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020)


Abstract
In the Steiner Tree problem, we are given an edge-weighted undirected graph G = (V,E) and a set of terminals R ⊆ V. The task is to find a connected subgraph of G containing R and minimizing the sum of weights of its edges. Steiner Tree is well known to be NP-complete and is undoubtedly one of the most studied problems in (applied) computer science. We observe that many approximation algorithms for Steiner Tree follow a similar scheme (meta-algorithm) and perform (exhaustively) a similar routine which we call star contraction. Here, by a star contraction, we mean finding a star-like subgraph in (the metric closure of) the input graph minimizing the ratio of its weight to the number of contained terminals minus one; and contract. It is not hard to see that the well-known MST-approximation seeks the best star to contract among those containing two terminals only. Zelikovsky’s approximation algorithm follows a similar workflow, finding the best star among those containing three terminals. We perform an empirical study of star contractions with the relaxed condition on the number of terminals in each star contraction motivated by a recent result of Dvořák et al. [Parameterized Approximation Schemes for Steiner Trees with Small Number of Steiner Vertices, STACS 2018]. Furthermore, we propose two improvements of Zelikovsky’s 11/6-approximation algorithm and we empirically confirm that the quality of the solution returned by any of these is better than the one returned by the former algorithm. However, such an improvement is exchanged for a slower running time (up to a multiplicative factor of the number of terminals).

Cite as

Radek Hušek, Dušan Knop, and Tomáš Masařk. Approximation Algorithms for Steiner Tree Based on Star Contractions: A Unified View. In 15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 180, pp. 16:1-16:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{husek_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2020.16,
  author =	{Hu\v{s}ek, Radek and Knop, Du\v{s}an and Masa\v{r}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s}},
  title =	{{Approximation Algorithms for Steiner Tree Based on Star Contractions: A Unified View}},
  booktitle =	{15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-172-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{180},
  editor =	{Cao, Yixin and Pilipczuk, Marcin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2020.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133193},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2020.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: Steiner tree, approximation, star contractions, minimum spanning tree}
}
Document
Flexible List Colorings in Graphs with Special Degeneracy Conditions

Authors: Peter Bradshaw, Tomáš Masařk, and Ladislav Stacho

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 181, 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)


Abstract
For a given ε > 0, we say that a graph G is ε-flexibly k-choosable if the following holds: for any assignment L of lists of size k on V(G), if a preferred color is requested at any set R of vertices, then at least ε |R| of these requests are satisfied by some L-coloring. We consider flexible list colorings in several graph classes with certain degeneracy conditions. We characterize the graphs of maximum degree Δ that are ε-flexibly Δ-choosable for some ε = ε(Δ) > 0, which answers a question of Dvořák, Norin, and Postle [List coloring with requests, JGT 2019]. We also show that graphs of treewidth 2 are 1/3-flexibly 3-choosable, answering a question of Choi et al. [arXiv 2020], and we give conditions for list assignments by which graphs of treewidth k are 1/(k+1)-flexibly (k+1)-choosable. We show furthermore that graphs of treedepth k are 1/k-flexibly k-choosable. Finally, we introduce a notion of flexible degeneracy, which strengthens flexible choosability, and we show that apart from a well-understood class of exceptions, 3-connected non-regular graphs of maximum degree Δ are flexibly (Δ - 1)-degenerate.

Cite as

Peter Bradshaw, Tomáš Masařk, and Ladislav Stacho. Flexible List Colorings in Graphs with Special Degeneracy Conditions. In 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 181, pp. 31:1-31:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{bradshaw_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.31,
  author =	{Bradshaw, Peter and Masa\v{r}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Stacho, Ladislav},
  title =	{{Flexible List Colorings in Graphs with Special Degeneracy Conditions}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)},
  pages =	{31:1--31:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-173-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{181},
  editor =	{Cao, Yixin and Cheng, Siu-Wing and Li, Minming},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.31},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133750},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.31},
  annote =	{Keywords: Flexibility, List Coloring, Choosability, Degeneracy}
}
Document
U-Bubble Model for Mixed Unit Interval Graphs and Its Applications: The MaxCut Problem Revisited

Authors: Jan Kratochvíl, Tomáš Masařík, and Jana Novotná

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)


Abstract
Interval graphs, intersection graphs of segments on a real line (intervals), play a key role in the study of algorithms and special structural properties. Unit interval graphs, their proper subclass, where each interval has a unit length, has also been extensively studied. We study mixed unit interval graphs - a generalization of unit interval graphs where each interval has still a unit length, but intervals of more than one type (open, closed, semi-closed) are allowed. This small modification captures a much richer class of graphs. In particular, mixed unit interval graphs are not claw-free, compared to unit interval graphs. Heggernes, Meister, and Papadopoulos defined a representation of unit interval graphs called the bubble model which turned out to be useful in algorithm design. We extend this model to the class of mixed unit interval graphs and demonstrate the advantages of this generalized model by providing a subexponential-time algorithm for solving the MaxCut problem on mixed unit interval graphs. In addition, we derive a polynomial-time algorithm for certain subclasses of mixed unit interval graphs. We point out a substantial mistake in the proof of the polynomiality of the MaxCut problem on unit interval graphs by Boyaci, Ekim, and Shalom (2017). Hence, the time complexity of this problem on unit interval graphs remains open. We further provide a better algorithmic upper-bound on the clique-width of mixed unit interval graphs.

Cite as

Jan Kratochvíl, Tomáš Masařík, and Jana Novotná. U-Bubble Model for Mixed Unit Interval Graphs and Its Applications: The MaxCut Problem Revisited. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 57:1-57:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{kratochvil_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.57,
  author =	{Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan and Masa\v{r}{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Novotn\'{a}, Jana},
  title =	{{U-Bubble Model for Mixed Unit Interval Graphs and Its Applications: The MaxCut Problem Revisited}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)},
  pages =	{57:1--57:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-159-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{170},
  editor =	{Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.57},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-127247},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.57},
  annote =	{Keywords: Interval Graphs, Mixed Unit Interval Graphs, MaxCut Problem, Clique Width, Subexponential Algorithm, Bubble Model}
}
Document
Packing Directed Circuits Quarter-Integrally

Authors: Tomáš Masařík, Irene Muzi, Marcin Pilipczuk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Manuel Sorge

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 144, 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)


Abstract
The celebrated Erdős-Pósa theorem states that every undirected graph that does not admit a family of k vertex-disjoint cycles contains a feedback vertex set (a set of vertices hitting all cycles in the graph) of size O(k log k). After being known for long as Younger’s conjecture, a similar statement for directed graphs has been proven in 1996 by Reed, Robertson, Seymour, and Thomas. However, in their proof, the dependency of the size of the feedback vertex set on the size of vertex-disjoint cycle packing is not elementary. We show that if we compare the size of a minimum feedback vertex set in a directed graph with quarter-integral cycle packing number, we obtain a polynomial bound. More precisely, we show that if in a directed graph G there is no family of k cycles such that every vertex of G is in at most four of the cycles, then there exists a feedback vertex set in G of size O(k^4). On the way there we prove a more general result about quarter-integral packing of subgraphs of high directed treewidth: for every pair of positive integers a and b, if a directed graph G has directed treewidth Omega(a^6 b^8 log^2(ab)), then one can find in G a family of a subgraphs, each of directed treewidth at least b, such that every vertex of G is in at most four subgraphs.

Cite as

Tomáš Masařík, Irene Muzi, Marcin Pilipczuk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Manuel Sorge. Packing Directed Circuits Quarter-Integrally. In 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 144, pp. 72:1-72:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{masarik_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2019.72,
  author =	{Masa\v{r}{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Muzi, Irene and Pilipczuk, Marcin and Rz\k{a}\.{z}ewski, Pawe{\l} and Sorge, Manuel},
  title =	{{Packing Directed Circuits Quarter-Integrally}},
  booktitle =	{27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)},
  pages =	{72:1--72:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-124-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{144},
  editor =	{Bender, Michael A. and Svensson, Ola and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.72},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111938},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.72},
  annote =	{Keywords: Directed graphs, graph algorithms, linkage, Erd\H{o}s–P\'{o}sa property}
}
Document
Parameterized Complexity of Fair Vertex Evaluation Problems

Authors: Dušan Knop, Tomáš Masařík, and Tomáš Toufar

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 138, 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)


Abstract
A prototypical graph problem is centered around a graph-theoretic property for a set of vertices and a solution to it is a set of vertices for which the desired property holds. The task is to decide whether, in the given graph, there exists a solution of a certain quality, where we use size as a quality measure. In this work, we are changing the measure to the fair measure (cf. Lin and Sahni [Li-Shin Lin and Sartaj Sahni, 1989]). The fair measure of a set of vertices S is (at most) k if the number of neighbors in the set S of any vertex (in the input graph) does not exceed k. One possible way to study graph problems is by defining the property in a certain logic. For a given objective, an evaluation problem is to find a set (of vertices) that simultaneously minimizes the assumed measure and satisfies an appropriate formula. More formally, we study the {MSO} Fair Vertex Evaluation, where the graph-theoretic property is described by an {MSO} formula. In the presented paper we show that there is an FPT algorithm for the {MSO} Fair Vertex Evaluation problem for formulas with one free variable parameterized by the twin cover number of the input graph and the size of the formula. One may define an extended variant of {MSO} Fair Vertex Evaluation for formulas with l free variables; here we measure a maximum number of neighbors in each of the l sets. However, such variant is {W[1]}-hard for parameter l even on graphs with twin cover one. Furthermore, we study the Fair Vertex Cover (Fair VC) problem. Fair VC is among the simplest problems with respect to the demanded property (i.e., the rest forms an edgeless graph). On the negative side, Fair VC is {W[1]}-hard when parameterized by both treedepth and feedback vertex set of the input graph. On the positive side, we provide an FPT algorithm for the parameter modular width.

Cite as

Dušan Knop, Tomáš Masařík, and Tomáš Toufar. Parameterized Complexity of Fair Vertex Evaluation Problems. In 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 138, pp. 33:1-33:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{knop_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.33,
  author =	{Knop, Du\v{s}an and Masa\v{r}{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Toufar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}},
  title =	{{Parameterized Complexity of Fair Vertex Evaluation Problems}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)},
  pages =	{33:1--33:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-117-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{138},
  editor =	{Rossmanith, Peter and Heggernes, Pinar and Katoen, Joost-Pieter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.33},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-109775},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.33},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fair objective, metatheorem, fair vertex cover, twin cover, modular width}
}
Document
Colouring H-Free Graphs of Bounded Diameter

Authors: Barnaby Martin, Daniël Paulusma, and Siani Smith

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 138, 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)


Abstract
The Colouring problem is to decide if the vertices of a graph can be coloured with at most k colours for an integer k, such that no two adjacent vertices are coloured alike. A graph G is H-free if G does not contain H as an induced subgraph. It is known that Colouring is NP-complete for H-free graphs if H contains a cycle or claw, even for fixed k >= 3. We examine to what extent the situation may change if in addition the input graph has bounded diameter.

Cite as

Barnaby Martin, Daniël Paulusma, and Siani Smith. Colouring H-Free Graphs of Bounded Diameter. In 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 138, pp. 14:1-14:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{martin_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.14,
  author =	{Martin, Barnaby and Paulusma, Dani\"{e}l and Smith, Siani},
  title =	{{Colouring H-Free Graphs of Bounded Diameter}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-117-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{138},
  editor =	{Rossmanith, Peter and Heggernes, Pinar and Katoen, Joost-Pieter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-109584},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: vertex colouring, H-free graph, diameter}
}
Document
Colouring (P_r+P_s)-Free Graphs

Authors: Tereza Klimosová, Josef Malík, Tomás Masarík, Jana Novotná, Daniël Paulusma, and Veronika Slívová

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 123, 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)


Abstract
The k-Colouring problem is to decide if the vertices of a graph can be coloured with at most k colours for a fixed integer k such that no two adjacent vertices are coloured alike. If each vertex u must be assigned a colour from a prescribed list L(u) subseteq {1,...,k}, then we obtain the List k-Colouring problem. A graph G is H-free if G does not contain H as an induced subgraph. We continue an extensive study into the complexity of these two problems for H-free graphs. We prove that List 3-Colouring is polynomial-time solvable for (P_2+P_5)-free graphs and for (P_3+P_4)-free graphs. Combining our results with known results yields complete complexity classifications of 3-Colouring and List 3-Colouring on H-free graphs for all graphs H up to seven vertices. We also prove that 5-Colouring is NP-complete for (P_3+P_5)-free graphs.

Cite as

Tereza Klimosová, Josef Malík, Tomás Masarík, Jana Novotná, Daniël Paulusma, and Veronika Slívová. Colouring (P_r+P_s)-Free Graphs. In 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 123, pp. 5:1-5:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{klimosova_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.5,
  author =	{Klimosov\'{a}, Tereza and Mal{\'\i}k, Josef and Masar{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}s and Novotn\'{a}, Jana and Paulusma, Dani\"{e}l and Sl{\'\i}vov\'{a}, Veronika},
  title =	{{Colouring (P\underliner+P\underlines)-Free Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-094-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{123},
  editor =	{Hsu, Wen-Lian and Lee, Der-Tsai and Liao, Chung-Shou},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-99533},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: vertex colouring, H-free graph, linear forest}
}
Document
Parameterized Approximation Schemes for Steiner Trees with Small Number of Steiner Vertices

Authors: Pavel Dvorák, Andreas Emil Feldmann, Dušan Knop, Tomáš Masarík, Tomáš Toufar, and Pavel Veselý

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 96, 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)


Abstract
We study the Steiner Tree problem, in which a set of terminal vertices needs to be connected in the cheapest possible way in an edge-weighted graph. This problem has been extensively studied from the viewpoint of approximation and also parametrization. In particular, on one hand Steiner Tree is known to be APX-hard, and W[2]-hard on the other, if parameterized by the number of non-terminals (Steiner vertices) in the optimum solution. In contrast to this we give an efficient parameterized approximation scheme (EPAS), which circumvents both hardness results. Moreover, our methods imply the existence of a polynomial size approximate kernelization scheme (PSAKS) for the considered parameter. We further study the parameterized approximability of other variants of Steiner Tree, such as Directed Steiner Tree and Steiner Forest. For neither of these an EPAS is likely to exist for the studied parameter: for Steiner Forest an easy observation shows that the problem is APX-hard, even if the input graph contains no Steiner vertices. For Directed Steiner Tree we prove that computing a constant approximation for this parameter is W[1]-hard. Nevertheless, we show that an EPAS exists for Unweighted Directed Steiner Tree. Also we prove that there is an EPAS and a PSAKS for Steiner Forest if in addition to the number of Steiner vertices, the number of connected components of an optimal solution is considered to be a parameter.

Cite as

Pavel Dvorák, Andreas Emil Feldmann, Dušan Knop, Tomáš Masarík, Tomáš Toufar, and Pavel Veselý. Parameterized Approximation Schemes for Steiner Trees with Small Number of Steiner Vertices. In 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 96, pp. 26:1-26:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dvorak_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2018.26,
  author =	{Dvor\'{a}k, Pavel and Feldmann, Andreas Emil and Knop, Du\v{s}an and Masar{\'\i}k, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Toufar, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Vesel\'{y}, Pavel},
  title =	{{Parameterized Approximation Schemes for Steiner Trees with Small Number of Steiner Vertices}},
  booktitle =	{35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-062-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{96},
  editor =	{Niedermeier, Rolf and Vall\'{e}e, Brigitte},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.26},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85158},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: Steiner Tree, Steiner Forest, Approximation Algorithms, Parameterized Algorithms, Lossy Kernelization}
}
Document
Automatic C Compiler Generation from Architecture Description Language ISAC

Authors: Adam Husar, Miloslav Trmac, Jan Hranac, Tomas Hruska, and Karel Masarik

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 16, Sixth Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'10) -- Selected Papers (2011)


Abstract
This paper deals with retargetable compiler generation. After an introduction to application-specific instruction set processor design and a review of code generation in compiler backends, ISAC architecture description language is introduced. Automatic approach to instruction semantics extraction from ISAC models which result is usable for backend generation is presented. This approach was successfully tested on three models of MIPS, ARM and TI MSP430 architectures. Further backend generation process that uses extracted instruction is semantics presented. This process was currently tested on the MIPS architecture and some preliminary results are shown.

Cite as

Adam Husar, Miloslav Trmac, Jan Hranac, Tomas Hruska, and Karel Masarik. Automatic C Compiler Generation from Architecture Description Language ISAC. In Sixth Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'10) -- Selected Papers. Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 16, pp. 47-53, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{husar_et_al:OASIcs.MEMICS.2010.47,
  author =	{Husar, Adam and Trmac, Miloslav and Hranac, Jan and Hruska, Tomas and Masarik, Karel},
  title =	{{Automatic C Compiler Generation from Architecture Description Language ISAC}},
  booktitle =	{Sixth Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'10) -- Selected Papers},
  pages =	{47--53},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-22-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2011},
  volume =	{16},
  editor =	{Matyska, Ludek and Kozubek, Michal and Vojnar, Tomas and Zemcik, Pavel and Antos, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2010.47},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-30654},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2010.47},
  annote =	{Keywords: ISAC architecture, compiler generation}
}
Document
Instructor Selector Generation from Architecture Description

Authors: Miloslav Trmac, Adam Husar, Jan Hranac, Tomas Hruska, and Karel Masarik

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 16, Sixth Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'10) -- Selected Papers (2011)


Abstract
We describe an automated way to generate data for a practical LLVM instruction selector based on machine-generated description of the target architecture at register transfer level. The generated instruction selector can handle arbitrarily complex machine instructions with no internal control flow, and can automatically find and take advantage of arithmetic properties of an instructions, specialized pseudo-registers and special cases of immediate operands.

Cite as

Miloslav Trmac, Adam Husar, Jan Hranac, Tomas Hruska, and Karel Masarik. Instructor Selector Generation from Architecture Description. In Sixth Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'10) -- Selected Papers. Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 16, pp. 109-115, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)


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@InProceedings{trmac_et_al:OASIcs.MEMICS.2010.109,
  author =	{Trmac, Miloslav and Husar, Adam and Hranac, Jan and Hruska, Tomas and Masarik, Karel},
  title =	{{Instructor Selector Generation from Architecture Description}},
  booktitle =	{Sixth Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'10) -- Selected Papers},
  pages =	{109--115},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-22-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2011},
  volume =	{16},
  editor =	{Matyska, Ludek and Kozubek, Michal and Vojnar, Tomas and Zemcik, Pavel and Antos, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2010.109},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-30616},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2010.109},
  annote =	{Keywords: LLVM, instruction generator}
}
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