8 Search Results for "Vinyals, Marc"


Document
Proving Unsatisfiability with Hitting Formulas

Authors: Yuval Filmus, Edward A. Hirsch, Artur Riazanov, Alexander Smal, and Marc Vinyals

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 287, 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)


Abstract
A hitting formula is a set of Boolean clauses such that any two of the clauses cannot be simultaneously falsified. Hitting formulas have been studied in many different contexts at least since [Iwama, 1989] and, based on experimental evidence, Peitl and Szeider [Tomás Peitl and Stefan Szeider, 2022] conjectured that unsatisfiable hitting formulas are among the hardest for resolution. Using the fact that hitting formulas are easy to check for satisfiability we make them the foundation of a new static proof system {{rmHitting}}: a refutation of a CNF in {{rmHitting}} is an unsatisfiable hitting formula such that each of its clauses is a weakening of a clause of the refuted CNF. Comparing this system to resolution and other proof systems is equivalent to studying the hardness of hitting formulas. Our first result is that {{rmHitting}} is quasi-polynomially simulated by tree-like resolution, which means that hitting formulas cannot be exponentially hard for resolution and partially refutes the conjecture of Peitl and Szeider. We show that tree-like resolution and {{rmHitting}} are quasi-polynomially separated, while for resolution, this question remains open. For a system that is only quasi-polynomially stronger than tree-like resolution, {{rmHitting}} is surprisingly difficult to polynomially simulate in another proof system. Using the ideas of Raz-Shpilka’s polynomial identity testing for noncommutative circuits [Raz and Shpilka, 2005] we show that {{rmHitting}} is p-simulated by {{rmExtended {{rmFrege}}}}, but we conjecture that much more efficient simulations exist. As a byproduct, we show that a number of static (semi)algebraic systems are verifiable in deterministic polynomial time. We consider multiple extensions of {{rmHitting}}, and in particular a proof system {{{rmHitting}}(⊕)} related to the {{{rmRes}}(⊕)} proof system for which no superpolynomial-size lower bounds are known. {{{rmHitting}}(⊕)} p-simulates the tree-like version of {{{rmRes}}(⊕)} and is at least quasi-polynomially stronger. We show that formulas expressing the non-existence of perfect matchings in the graphs K_{n,n+2} are exponentially hard for {{{rmHitting}}(⊕)} via a reduction to the partition bound for communication complexity. See the full version of the paper for the proofs. They are omitted in this Extended Abstract.

Cite as

Yuval Filmus, Edward A. Hirsch, Artur Riazanov, Alexander Smal, and Marc Vinyals. Proving Unsatisfiability with Hitting Formulas. In 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 287, pp. 48:1-48:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{filmus_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.48,
  author =	{Filmus, Yuval and Hirsch, Edward A. and Riazanov, Artur and Smal, Alexander and Vinyals, Marc},
  title =	{{Proving Unsatisfiability with Hitting Formulas}},
  booktitle =	{15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)},
  pages =	{48:1--48:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-309-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{287},
  editor =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.48},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-195762},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.48},
  annote =	{Keywords: hitting formulas, polynomial identity testing, query complexity}
}
Document
Limits of CDCL Learning via Merge Resolution

Authors: Marc Vinyals, Chunxiao Li, Noah Fleming, Antonina Kolokolova, and Vijay Ganesh

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 271, 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)


Abstract
In their seminal work, Atserias et al. and independently Pipatsrisawat and Darwiche in 2009 showed that CDCL solvers can simulate resolution proofs with polynomial overhead. However, previous work does not address the tightness of the simulation, i.e., the question of how large this overhead needs to be. In this paper, we address this question by focusing on an important property of proofs generated by CDCL solvers that employ standard learning schemes, namely that the derivation of a learned clause has at least one inference where a literal appears in both premises (aka, a merge literal). Specifically, we show that proofs of this kind can simulate resolution proofs with at most a linear overhead, but there also exist formulas where such overhead is necessary or, more precisely, that there exist formulas with resolution proofs of linear length that require quadratic CDCL proofs.

Cite as

Marc Vinyals, Chunxiao Li, Noah Fleming, Antonina Kolokolova, and Vijay Ganesh. Limits of CDCL Learning via Merge Resolution. In 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 271, pp. 27:1-27:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{vinyals_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2023.27,
  author =	{Vinyals, Marc and Li, Chunxiao and Fleming, Noah and Kolokolova, Antonina and Ganesh, Vijay},
  title =	{{Limits of CDCL Learning via Merge Resolution}},
  booktitle =	{26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)},
  pages =	{27:1--27:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-286-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{271},
  editor =	{Mahajan, Meena and Slivovsky, Friedrich},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.27},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-184894},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.27},
  annote =	{Keywords: proof complexity, resolution, merge resolution, CDCL, learning scheme}
}
Document
Extended Abstract
Complexity Measures on the Symmetric Group and Beyond (Extended Abstract)

Authors: Neta Dafni, Yuval Filmus, Noam Lifshitz, Nathan Lindzey, and Marc Vinyals

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 185, 12th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2021)


Abstract
We extend the definitions of complexity measures of functions to domains such as the symmetric group. The complexity measures we consider include degree, approximate degree, decision tree complexity, sensitivity, block sensitivity, and a few others. We show that these complexity measures are polynomially related for the symmetric group and for many other domains. To show that all measures but sensitivity are polynomially related, we generalize classical arguments of Nisan and others. To add sensitivity to the mix, we reduce to Huang’s sensitivity theorem using "pseudo-characters", which witness the degree of a function. Using similar ideas, we extend the characterization of Boolean degree 1 functions on the symmetric group due to Ellis, Friedgut and Pilpel to the perfect matching scheme. As another application of our ideas, we simplify the characterization of maximum-size t-intersecting families in the symmetric group and the perfect matching scheme.

Cite as

Neta Dafni, Yuval Filmus, Noam Lifshitz, Nathan Lindzey, and Marc Vinyals. Complexity Measures on the Symmetric Group and Beyond (Extended Abstract). In 12th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 185, pp. 87:1-87:5, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{dafni_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2021.87,
  author =	{Dafni, Neta and Filmus, Yuval and Lifshitz, Noam and Lindzey, Nathan and Vinyals, Marc},
  title =	{{Complexity Measures on the Symmetric Group and Beyond}},
  booktitle =	{12th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2021)},
  pages =	{87:1--87:5},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-177-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{185},
  editor =	{Lee, James R.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2021.87},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-136267},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2021.87},
  annote =	{Keywords: Computational Complexity Theory, Analysis of Boolean Functions, Complexity Measures, Extremal Combinatorics}
}
Document
Sum of Squares Bounds for the Ordering Principle

Authors: Aaron Potechin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 169, 35th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2020)


Abstract
In this paper, we analyze the sum of squares hierarchy (SOS) on the ordering principle on n elements (which has N = Θ(n²) variables). We prove that degree O(√nlog(n)) SOS can prove the ordering principle. We then show that this upper bound is essentially tight by proving that for any ε > 0, SOS requires degree Ω(n^(1/2 - ε)) to prove the ordering principle.

Cite as

Aaron Potechin. Sum of Squares Bounds for the Ordering Principle. In 35th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 169, pp. 38:1-38:37, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{potechin:LIPIcs.CCC.2020.38,
  author =	{Potechin, Aaron},
  title =	{{Sum of Squares Bounds for the Ordering Principle}},
  booktitle =	{35th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2020)},
  pages =	{38:1--38:37},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-156-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{169},
  editor =	{Saraf, Shubhangi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2020.38},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125900},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2020.38},
  annote =	{Keywords: sum of squares hierarchy, proof complexity, ordering principle}
}
Document
Equality Alone Does not Simulate Randomness

Authors: Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Shachar Lovett, and Marc Vinyals

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 137, 34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019)


Abstract
The canonical problem that gives an exponential separation between deterministic and randomized communication complexity in the classical two-party communication model is "Equality". In this work we show that even allowing access to an "Equality" oracle, deterministic protocols remain exponentially weaker than randomized ones. More precisely, we exhibit a total function on n bits with randomized one-sided communication complexity O(log n), but such that every deterministic protocol with access to "Equality" oracle needs Omega(n) cost to compute it. Additionally we exhibit a natural and strict infinite hierarchy within BPP, starting with the class P^{EQ} at its bottom.

Cite as

Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Shachar Lovett, and Marc Vinyals. Equality Alone Does not Simulate Randomness. In 34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 137, pp. 14:1-14:11, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{chattopadhyay_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2019.14,
  author =	{Chattopadhyay, Arkadev and Lovett, Shachar and Vinyals, Marc},
  title =	{{Equality Alone Does not Simulate Randomness}},
  booktitle =	{34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-116-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{137},
  editor =	{Shpilka, Amir},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2019.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108368},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2019.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Communication lower bound, derandomization}
}
Document
Nullstellensatz Size-Degree Trade-offs from Reversible Pebbling

Authors: Susanna F. de Rezende, Jakob Nordström, Or Meir, and Robert Robere

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 137, 34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019)


Abstract
We establish an exactly tight relation between reversible pebblings of graphs and Nullstellensatz refutations of pebbling formulas, showing that a graph G can be reversibly pebbled in time t and space s if and only if there is a Nullstellensatz refutation of the pebbling formula over G in size t+1 and degree s (independently of the field in which the Nullstellensatz refutation is made). We use this correspondence to prove a number of strong size-degree trade-offs for Nullstellensatz, which to the best of our knowledge are the first such results for this proof system.

Cite as

Susanna F. de Rezende, Jakob Nordström, Or Meir, and Robert Robere. Nullstellensatz Size-Degree Trade-offs from Reversible Pebbling. In 34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 137, pp. 18:1-18:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{derezende_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2019.18,
  author =	{de Rezende, Susanna F. and Nordstr\"{o}m, Jakob and Meir, Or and Robere, Robert},
  title =	{{Nullstellensatz Size-Degree Trade-offs from Reversible Pebbling}},
  booktitle =	{34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-116-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{137},
  editor =	{Shpilka, Amir},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2019.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108403},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2019.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: proof complexity, Nullstellensatz, pebble games, trade-offs, size, degree}
}
Document
Cumulative Space in Black-White Pebbling and Resolution

Authors: Joël Alwen, Susanna F. de Rezende, Jakob Nordström, and Marc Vinyals

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 67, 8th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2017)


Abstract
We study space complexity and time-space trade-offs with a focus not on peak memory usage but on overall memory consumption throughout the computation. Such a cumulative space measure was introduced for the computational model of parallel black pebbling by [Alwen and Serbinenko 2015] as a tool for obtaining results in cryptography. We consider instead the nondeterministic black-white pebble game and prove optimal cumulative space lower bounds and trade-offs, where in order to minimize pebbling time the space has to remain large during a significant fraction of the pebbling. We also initiate the study of cumulative space in proof complexity, an area where other space complexity measures have been extensively studied during the last 10-15 years. Using and extending the connection between proof complexity and pebble games in [Ben-Sasson and Nordström 2008, 2011], we obtain several strong cumulative space results for (even parallel versions of) the resolution proof system, and outline some possible future directions of study of this, in our opinion, natural and interesting space measure.

Cite as

Joël Alwen, Susanna F. de Rezende, Jakob Nordström, and Marc Vinyals. Cumulative Space in Black-White Pebbling and Resolution. In 8th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 67, pp. 38:1-38:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{alwen_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2017.38,
  author =	{Alwen, Jo\"{e}l and de Rezende, Susanna F. and Nordstr\"{o}m, Jakob and Vinyals, Marc},
  title =	{{Cumulative Space in Black-White Pebbling and Resolution}},
  booktitle =	{8th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2017)},
  pages =	{38:1--38:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-029-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{67},
  editor =	{Papadimitriou, Christos H.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2017.38},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-81918},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2017.38},
  annote =	{Keywords: pebble game, pebbling, proof complexity, space, cumulative space, clause space, resolution, parallel resolution}
}
Document
From Small Space to Small Width in Resolution

Authors: Yuval Filmus, Massimo Lauria, Mladen Miksa, Jakob Nordström, and Marc Vinyals

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 25, 31st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2014)


Abstract
In 2003, Atserias and Dalmau resolved a major open question about the resolution proof system by establishing that the space complexity of formulas is always an upper bound on the width needed to refute them. Their proof is beautiful but somewhat mysterious in that it relies heavily on tools from finite model theory. We give an alternative, completely elementary, proof that works by simple syntactic manipulations of resolution refutations. As a by-product, we develop a "black-box" technique for proving space lower bounds via a "static" complexity measure that works against any resolution refutation -- previous techniques have been inherently adaptive. We conclude by showing that the related question for polynomial calculus (i.e., whether space is an upper bound on degree) seems unlikely to be resolvable by similar methods.

Cite as

Yuval Filmus, Massimo Lauria, Mladen Miksa, Jakob Nordström, and Marc Vinyals. From Small Space to Small Width in Resolution. In 31st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2014). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 25, pp. 300-311, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)


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@InProceedings{filmus_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2014.300,
  author =	{Filmus, Yuval and Lauria, Massimo and Miksa, Mladen and Nordstr\"{o}m, Jakob and Vinyals, Marc},
  title =	{{From Small Space to Small Width in Resolution}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2014)},
  pages =	{300--311},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-65-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2014},
  volume =	{25},
  editor =	{Mayr, Ernst W. and Portier, Natacha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2014.300},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-44661},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2014.300},
  annote =	{Keywords: proof complexity, resolution, width, space, polynomial calculus, PCR}
}
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