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Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051



Publication Details

  • published at: 2008-05-06
  • Publisher: Schloss-Dagstuhl - Leibniz Zentrum für Informatik

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Document
08051 Abstracts Collection – Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms

Authors: Dirk V. Arnold, Anne Auger, Carsten Witt, and Jonathan E. Rowe


Abstract
From Jan. 27, 2008 to Feb. 1, 2008, the Dagstuhl Seminar 08051 ``Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms'' was held in the International Conference and Research Center (IBFI), Schloss Dagstuhl. During the seminar, several participants presented their current research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section describes the seminar topics and goals in general. Links to extended abstracts or full papers are provided, if available.

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Dirk V. Arnold, Anne Auger, Carsten Witt, and Jonathan E. Rowe. 08051 Abstracts Collection – Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. In Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051, pp. 1-15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{arnold_et_al:DagSemProc.08051.1,
  author =	{Arnold, Dirk V. and Auger, Anne and Witt, Carsten and Rowe, Jonathan E.},
  title =	{{08051 Abstracts Collection – Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms},
  pages =	{1--15},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8051},
  editor =	{Dirk V. Arnold and Anne Auger and Jonathan E. Rowe and Carsten Witt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-15242},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Evolutionary Computation, Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms}
}
Document
08051 Executive Summary – Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms

Authors: Dirk V. Arnold, Anne Auger, Jonathan E. Rowe, and Carsten Witt


Abstract
The 2008 Dagstuhl Seminar "Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms" was the fifth in a firmly established series of biannual events. In the week from Jan. 27, 2008 to Feb. 1, 2008, 47 researchers from nine countries discussed their recent work and trends in evolutionary computation.

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Dirk V. Arnold, Anne Auger, Jonathan E. Rowe, and Carsten Witt. 08051 Executive Summary – Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. In Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051, pp. 1-5, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{arnold_et_al:DagSemProc.08051.2,
  author =	{Arnold, Dirk V. and Auger, Anne and Rowe, Jonathan E. and Witt, Carsten},
  title =	{{08051 Executive Summary – Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms},
  pages =	{1--5},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8051},
  editor =	{Dirk V. Arnold and Anne Auger and Jonathan E. Rowe and Carsten Witt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-14812},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Evolutionary Algorithms, Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms}
}
Document
A Comparison of GAs Penalizing Infeasible Solutions and Repairing Infeasible Solutions on the 0-1 Knapsack Problem

Authors: Jun He, Yuren Zhou, and Xin Yao


Abstract
Constraints exist in almost every optimization problem. Different constraint handling techniques have been incorporated with genetic algorithms (GAs), however most of current studies are based on computer experiments. An example is Michalewicz's comparison among GAs using different constraint handling techniques on the 0-1 knapsack problem. The following phenomena are observed in experiments: 1) the penalty method needs more generations to find a feasible solution to the restrictive capacity knapsack than the repair method; 2) the penalty method can find better solutions to the average capacity knapsack. Such observations need a theoretical explanation. This paper aims at providing a theoretical analysis of Michalewicz's experiments. The main result of the paper is that GAs using the repair method are more efficient than GAs using the penalty method on both restrictive capacity and average capacity knapsack problems. This result of the average capacity is a little different from Michalewicz's experimental results. So a supplemental experiment is implemented to support the theoretical claim. The results confirm the general principle pointed out by Coello: a better constraint-handling approach should tend to exploit specific domain knowledge.

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Jun He, Yuren Zhou, and Xin Yao. A Comparison of GAs Penalizing Infeasible Solutions and Repairing Infeasible Solutions on the 0-1 Knapsack Problem. In Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051, pp. 1-39, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{he_et_al:DagSemProc.08051.3,
  author =	{He, Jun and Zhou, Yuren and Yao, Xin},
  title =	{{A Comparison of GAs Penalizing Infeasible Solutions and Repairing Infeasible Solutions on the 0-1 Knapsack Problem}},
  booktitle =	{Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms},
  pages =	{1--39},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8051},
  editor =	{Dirk V. Arnold and Anne Auger and Jonathan E. Rowe and Carsten Witt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-14822},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Genetic Algorithms, Constrained Optimization, Knapsack Problem, Computation Time, Performance Analysis}
}
Document
Evaluating Stationary Distribution of the Binary GA Markov Chain in Special Cases

Authors: Boris S. Mitavskiy and Chris Cannings


Abstract
The evolutionary algorithm stochastic process is well-known to be Markovian. These have been under investigation in much of the theoretical evolutionary computing research. When mutation rate is positive, the Markov chain modeling an evolutionary algorithm is irreducible and, therefore, has a unique stationary distribution, yet, rather little is known about the stationary distribution. On the other hand, knowing the stationary distribution may provide some information about the expected times to hit optimum, assessment of the biases due to recombination and is of importance in population genetics to assess what's called a ``genetic load" (see the introduction for more details). In this talk I will show how the quotient construction method can be exploited to derive rather explicit bounds on the ratios of the stationary distribution values of various subsets of the state space. In fact, some of the bounds obtained in the current work are expressed in terms of the parameters involved in all the three main stages of an evolutionary algorithm: namely selection, recombination and mutation. I will also discuss the newest developments which may allow for further improvements of the bounds

Cite as

Boris S. Mitavskiy and Chris Cannings. Evaluating Stationary Distribution of the Binary GA Markov Chain in Special Cases. In Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{mitavskiy_et_al:DagSemProc.08051.4,
  author =	{Mitavskiy, Boris S. and Cannings, Chris},
  title =	{{Evaluating Stationary Distribution of the Binary GA Markov Chain in Special Cases}},
  booktitle =	{Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8051},
  editor =	{Dirk V. Arnold and Anne Auger and Jonathan E. Rowe and Carsten Witt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-14845},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Genetic algorithms, Markov chains, stationary distribution, lumping quotient}
}
Document
N-gram GP: Early results and half-baked ideas

Authors: Nicholas Freitag McPhee and Riccardo Poli


Abstract
In this talk I present N-gram GP, a system for evolving linear GP programs using an EDA style system to update the probabilities of different 3-grams (triplets) of instructions. I then pick apart some of the evolved programs in an effort to better understand the properties of this approach and identify ways that it might be extended. Doing so reveals that there are frequently cases where the system needs two triples of the form ABC and ABD to solve the problem, but can only choose between them probabilistically in the EDA phase. I present the entirely untested idea of creating a new pseudo-instruction that is a duplicate of a key instruction. This could potentially allow the system to learn, for example, that AB is always followed by C, while AB' is always followed by D.

Cite as

Nicholas Freitag McPhee and Riccardo Poli. N-gram GP: Early results and half-baked ideas. In Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051, pp. 1-3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{mcphee_et_al:DagSemProc.08051.5,
  author =	{McPhee, Nicholas Freitag and Poli, Riccardo},
  title =	{{N-gram GP: Early results and half-baked ideas}},
  booktitle =	{Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms},
  pages =	{1--3},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8051},
  editor =	{Dirk V. Arnold and Anne Auger and Jonathan E. Rowe and Carsten Witt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-14838},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Genetic programming, estimation of distribution algorithms, linear GP, machine learning}
}
Document
Runtime Analysis of Binary PSO

Authors: Dirk Sudholt and Carsten Witt


Abstract
We investigate the runtime of the Binary Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm introduced by Kennedy and Eberhart (1997). The Binary PSO maintains a global best solution and a swarm of particles. Each particle consists of a current position, an own best position and a velocity vector used in a probabilistic process to update the particle's position. We present lower bounds for a broad class of implementations with swarms of polynomial size. To prove upper bounds, we transfer a fitness-level argument well-established for evolutionary algorithms (EAs) to PSO. This method is then applied to estimate the expected runtime on the class of unimodal functions. A simple variant of the Binary PSO is considered in more detail. The1-PSO only maintains one particle, hence own best and global best solutions coincide. Despite its simplicity, the 1-PSO is surprisingly efficient. A detailed analysis for the function Onemax shows that the 1-PSO is competitive to EAs.

Cite as

Dirk Sudholt and Carsten Witt. Runtime Analysis of Binary PSO. In Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8051, pp. 1-22, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{sudholt_et_al:DagSemProc.08051.6,
  author =	{Sudholt, Dirk and Witt, Carsten},
  title =	{{Runtime Analysis of Binary PSO}},
  booktitle =	{Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms},
  pages =	{1--22},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8051},
  editor =	{Dirk V. Arnold and Anne Auger and Jonathan E. Rowe and Carsten Witt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-14800},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08051.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Particle swarm optimization, runtime analysis}
}

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