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Documents authored by Jabal Ameli, Afrouz


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A 4/3 Approximation for 2-Vertex-Connectivity

Authors: Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Fabrizio Grandoni, and Afrouz Jabal Ameli

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
The 2-Vertex-Connected Spanning Subgraph problem (2VCSS) is among the most basic NP-hard (Survivable) Network Design problems: we are given an (unweighted) undirected graph G. Our goal is to find a subgraph S of G with the minimum number of edges which is 2-vertex-connected, namely S remains connected after the deletion of an arbitrary node. 2VCSS is well-studied in terms of approximation algorithms, and the current best (polynomial-time) approximation factor is 10/7 by Heeger and Vygen [SIDMA'17] (improving on earlier results by Khuller and Vishkin [STOC'92] and Garg, Vempala and Singla [SODA'93]). Here we present an improved 4/3 approximation. Our main technical ingredient is an approximation preserving reduction to a conveniently structured subset of instances which are "almost" 3-vertex-connected. The latter reduction might be helpful in future work.

Cite as

Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Fabrizio Grandoni, and Afrouz Jabal Ameli. A 4/3 Approximation for 2-Vertex-Connectivity. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 29:1-29:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{boschcalvo_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.29,
  author =	{Bosch-Calvo, Miguel and Grandoni, Fabrizio and Jabal Ameli, Afrouz},
  title =	{{A 4/3 Approximation for 2-Vertex-Connectivity}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{29:1--29:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.29},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-180813},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.29},
  annote =	{Keywords: Algorithm, Network Design, Vertex-Connectivity, Approximation}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Finding Almost Tight Witness Trees

Authors: Dylan Hyatt-Denesik, Afrouz Jabal Ameli, and Laura Sanità

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
This paper addresses a graph optimization problem, called the Witness Tree problem, which seeks a spanning tree of a graph minimizing a certain non-linear objective function. This problem is of interest because it plays a crucial role in the analysis of the best approximation algorithms for two fundamental network design problems: Steiner Tree and Node-Tree Augmentation. We will show how a wiser choice of witness trees leads to an improved approximation for Node-Tree Augmentation, and for Steiner Tree in special classes of graphs.

Cite as

Dylan Hyatt-Denesik, Afrouz Jabal Ameli, and Laura Sanità. Finding Almost Tight Witness Trees. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 79:1-79:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{hyattdenesik_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.79,
  author =	{Hyatt-Denesik, Dylan and Jabal Ameli, Afrouz and Sanit\`{a}, Laura},
  title =	{{Finding Almost Tight Witness Trees}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{79:1--79:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.79},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181314},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.79},
  annote =	{Keywords: Algorithms, Network Design, Approximation}
}
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