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Documents authored by Kwon, O-joung


Document
Unified Almost Linear Kernels for Generalized Covering and Packing Problems on Nowhere Dense Classes

Authors: Jungho Ahn, Jinha Kim, and O-joung Kwon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)


Abstract
Let ℱ be a family of graphs, and let p,r be nonnegative integers. For a graph G and an integer k, the (p,r,ℱ)-Covering problem asks whether there is a set D ⊆ V(G) of size at most k such that if the p-th power of G has an induced subgraph isomorphic to a graph in ℱ, then it is at distance at most r from D. The (p,r,ℱ)-Packing problem asks whether G^p has k induced subgraphs H₁,…,H_k such that each H_i is isomorphic to a graph in ℱ, and for i,j ∈ {1,…,k}, the distance between V(H_i) and V(H_j) in G is larger than r. We show that for every fixed nonnegative integers p,r and every fixed nonempty finite family ℱ of connected graphs, (p,r,ℱ)-Covering with p ≤ 2r+1 and (p,r,ℱ)-Packing with p ≤ 2⌊r/2⌋+1 admit almost linear kernels on every nowhere dense class of graphs, parameterized by the solution size k. As corollaries, we prove that Distance-r Vertex Cover, Distance-r Matching, ℱ-Free Vertex Deletion, and Induced-ℱ-Packing for any fixed finite family ℱ of connected graphs admit almost linear kernels on every nowhere dense class of graphs. Our results extend the results for Distance-r Dominating Set by Drange et al. (STACS 2016) and Eickmeyer et al. (ICALP 2017), and for Distance-r Independent Set by Pilipczuk and Siebertz (EJC 2021).

Cite as

Jungho Ahn, Jinha Kim, and O-joung Kwon. Unified Almost Linear Kernels for Generalized Covering and Packing Problems on Nowhere Dense Classes. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 5:1-5:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{ahn_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.5,
  author =	{Ahn, Jungho and Kim, Jinha and Kwon, O-joung},
  title =	{{Unified Almost Linear Kernels for Generalized Covering and Packing Problems on Nowhere Dense Classes}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-289-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{283},
  editor =	{Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193072},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: kernelization, independent set, dominating set, covering, packing}
}
Document
Classes of Intersection Digraphs with Good Algorithmic Properties

Authors: Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, and Jan Arne Telle

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 219, 39th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2022)


Abstract
While intersection graphs play a central role in the algorithmic analysis of hard problems on undirected graphs, the role of intersection digraphs in algorithms is much less understood. We present several contributions towards a better understanding of the algorithmic treatment of intersection digraphs. First, we introduce natural classes of intersection digraphs that generalize several classes studied in the literature. Second, we define the directed locally checkable vertex (DLCV) problems, which capture many well-studied problems on digraphs such as (Independent) Dominating Set, Kernel, and H-Homomorphism. Third, we give a new width measure of digraphs, bi-mim-width, and show that the DLCV problems are polynomial-time solvable when we are provided a decomposition of small bi-mim-width. Fourth, we show that several classes of intersection digraphs have bounded bi-mim-width, implying that we can solve all DLCV problems on these classes in polynomial time given an intersection representation of the input digraph. We identify reflexivity as a useful condition to obtain intersection digraph classes of bounded bi-mim-width, and therefore to obtain positive algorithmic results.

Cite as

Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, and Jan Arne Telle. Classes of Intersection Digraphs with Good Algorithmic Properties. In 39th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 219, pp. 38:1-38:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{jaffke_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2022.38,
  author =	{Jaffke, Lars and Kwon, O-joung and Telle, Jan Arne},
  title =	{{Classes of Intersection Digraphs with Good Algorithmic Properties}},
  booktitle =	{39th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2022)},
  pages =	{38:1--38:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-222-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{219},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Monmege, Benjamin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2022.38},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158480},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2022.38},
  annote =	{Keywords: intersection digraphs, H-digraphs, reflexive digraphs, directed domination, directed H-homomorphism}
}
Document
Obstructions for Matroids of Path-Width at most k and Graphs of Linear Rank-Width at most k

Authors: Mamadou Moustapha Kanté, Eun Jung Kim, O-joung Kwon, and Sang-il Oum

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 219, 39th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2022)


Abstract
Every minor-closed class of matroids of bounded branch-width can be characterized by a minimal list of excluded minors, but unlike graphs, this list could be infinite in general. However, for each fixed finite field F, the list contains only finitely many F-representable matroids, due to the well-quasi-ordering of F-representable matroids of bounded branch-width under taking matroid minors [J. F. Geelen, A. M. H. Gerards, and G. Whittle (2002)]. But this proof is non-constructive and does not provide any algorithm for computing these F-representable excluded minors in general. We consider the class of matroids of path-width at most k for fixed k. We prove that for a finite field F, every F-representable excluded minor for the class of matroids of path-width at most k has at most 2^{|𝔽|^{O(k²)}} elements. We can therefore compute, for any integer k and a fixed finite field F, the set of F-representable excluded minors for the class of matroids of path-width k, and this gives as a corollary a polynomial-time algorithm for checking whether the path-width of an F-represented matroid is at most k. We also prove that every excluded pivot-minor for the class of graphs having linear rank-width at most k has at most 2^{2^{O(k²)}} vertices, which also results in a similar algorithmic consequence for linear rank-width of graphs.

Cite as

Mamadou Moustapha Kanté, Eun Jung Kim, O-joung Kwon, and Sang-il Oum. Obstructions for Matroids of Path-Width at most k and Graphs of Linear Rank-Width at most k. In 39th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 219, pp. 40:1-40:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{kante_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2022.40,
  author =	{Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha and Kim, Eun Jung and Kwon, O-joung and Oum, Sang-il},
  title =	{{Obstructions for Matroids of Path-Width at most k and Graphs of Linear Rank-Width at most k}},
  booktitle =	{39th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2022)},
  pages =	{40:1--40:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-222-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{219},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Monmege, Benjamin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2022.40},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158507},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2022.40},
  annote =	{Keywords: path-width, matroid, linear rank-width, graph, forbidden minor, vertex-minor, pivot-minor}
}
Document
A Unifying Framework for Characterizing and Computing Width Measures

Authors: Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Lars Jaffke, and O-joung Kwon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 215, 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)


Abstract
Algorithms for computing or approximating optimal decompositions for decompositional parameters such as treewidth or clique-width have so far traditionally been tailored to specific width parameters. Moreover, for mim-width, no efficient algorithms for computing good decompositions were known, even under highly restrictive parameterizations. In this work we identify ℱ-branchwidth as a class of generic decompositional parameters that can capture mim-width, treewidth, clique-width as well as other measures. We show that while there is an infinite number of ℱ-branchwidth parameters, only a handful of these are asymptotically distinct. We then develop fixed-parameter and kernelization algorithms (under several structural parameterizations) that can approximate every possible ℱ-branchwidth, providing a unifying parameterized framework that can efficiently obtain near-optimal tree-decompositions, k-expressions, as well as optimal mim-width decompositions.

Cite as

Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Lars Jaffke, and O-joung Kwon. A Unifying Framework for Characterizing and Computing Width Measures. In 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 215, pp. 63:1-63:23, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{eiben_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.63,
  author =	{Eiben, Eduard and Ganian, Robert and Hamm, Thekla and Jaffke, Lars and Kwon, O-joung},
  title =	{{A Unifying Framework for Characterizing and Computing Width Measures}},
  booktitle =	{13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)},
  pages =	{63:1--63:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-217-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{215},
  editor =	{Braverman, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.63},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156592},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.63},
  annote =	{Keywords: branchwidth, parameterized algorithms, mim-width, treewidth, clique-width}
}
Document
Close Relatives of Feedback Vertex Set Without Single-Exponential Algorithms Parameterized by Treewidth

Authors: Benjamin Bergougnoux, Édouard Bonnet, Nick Brettell, and O-joung Kwon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 180, 15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020)


Abstract
The Cut & Count technique and the rank-based approach have lead to single-exponential FPT algorithms parameterized by treewidth, that is, running in time 2^𝒪(tw)n^𝒪(1), for Feedback Vertex Set and connected versions of the classical graph problems (such as Vertex Cover and Dominating Set). We show that Subset Feedback Vertex Set, Subset Odd Cycle Transversal, Restricted Edge-Subset Feedback Edge Set, Node Multiway Cut, and Multiway Cut are unlikely to have such running times. More precisely, we match algorithms running in time 2^𝒪(tw log tw)n^𝒪(1) with tight lower bounds under the Exponential Time Hypothesis, ruling out 2^o(tw log tw)n^𝒪(1), where n is the number of vertices and tw is the treewidth of the input graph. Our algorithms extend to the weighted case, while our lower bounds also hold for the larger parameter pathwidth and do not require weights. We also show that, in contrast to Odd Cycle Transversal, there is no 2^o(tw log tw)n^𝒪(1)-time algorithm for Even Cycle Transversal.

Cite as

Benjamin Bergougnoux, Édouard Bonnet, Nick Brettell, and O-joung Kwon. Close Relatives of Feedback Vertex Set Without Single-Exponential Algorithms Parameterized by Treewidth. In 15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 180, pp. 3:1-3:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{bergougnoux_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2020.3,
  author =	{Bergougnoux, Benjamin and Bonnet, \'{E}douard and Brettell, Nick and Kwon, O-joung},
  title =	{{Close Relatives of Feedback Vertex Set Without Single-Exponential Algorithms Parameterized by Treewidth}},
  booktitle =	{15th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2020)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-172-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{180},
  editor =	{Cao, Yixin and Pilipczuk, Marcin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2020.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133066},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2020.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Subset Feedback Vertex Set, Multiway Cut, Parameterized Algorithms, Treewidth, Graph Modification, Vertex Deletion Problems}
}
Document
A Polynomial Kernel for 3-Leaf Power Deletion

Authors: Jungho Ahn, Eduard Eiben, O-joung Kwon, and Sang-il Oum

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)


Abstract
For a non-negative integer 𝓁, a graph G is an 𝓁-leaf power of a tree T if V(G) is equal to the set of leaves of T, and distinct vertices v and w of G are adjacent if and only if the distance between v and w in T is at most 𝓁. Given a graph G, 3-Leaf Power Deletion asks whether there is a set S ⊆ V(G) of size at most k such that G\S is a 3-leaf power of some treeT. We provide a polynomial kernel for this problem. More specifically, we present a polynomial-time algorithm for an input instance (G,k) to output an equivalent instance (G',k') such that k'≤ k and G' has at most O(k^14) vertices.

Cite as

Jungho Ahn, Eduard Eiben, O-joung Kwon, and Sang-il Oum. A Polynomial Kernel for 3-Leaf Power Deletion. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 5:1-5:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{ahn_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.5,
  author =	{Ahn, Jungho and Eiben, Eduard and Kwon, O-joung and Oum, Sang-il},
  title =	{{A Polynomial Kernel for 3-Leaf Power Deletion}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-159-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{170},
  editor =	{Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126763},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: 𝓁-leaf power, parameterized algorithms, kernelization}
}
Document
Measuring what Matters: A Hybrid Approach to Dynamic Programming with Treewidth

Authors: Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, and O-joung Kwon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 138, 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)


Abstract
We develop a framework for applying treewidth-based dynamic programming on graphs with "hybrid structure", i.e., with parts that may not have small treewidth but instead possess other structural properties. Informally, this is achieved by defining a refinement of treewidth which only considers parts of the graph that do not belong to a pre-specified tractable graph class. Our approach allows us to not only generalize existing fixed-parameter algorithms exploiting treewidth, but also fixed-parameter algorithms which use the size of a modulator as their parameter. As the flagship application of our framework, we obtain a parameter that combines treewidth and rank-width to obtain fixed-parameter algorithms for Chromatic Number, Hamiltonian Cycle, and Max-Cut.

Cite as

Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, and O-joung Kwon. Measuring what Matters: A Hybrid Approach to Dynamic Programming with Treewidth. In 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 138, pp. 42:1-42:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{eiben_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.42,
  author =	{Eiben, Eduard and Ganian, Robert and Hamm, Thekla and Kwon, O-joung},
  title =	{{Measuring what Matters: A Hybrid Approach to Dynamic Programming with Treewidth}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)},
  pages =	{42:1--42:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-117-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{138},
  editor =	{Rossmanith, Peter and Heggernes, Pinar and Katoen, Joost-Pieter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.42},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-109867},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.42},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parameterized complexity, treewidth, rank-width, fixed-parameter algorithms}
}
Document
Lean Tree-Cut Decompositions: Obstructions and Algorithms

Authors: Archontia C. Giannopoulou, O-joung Kwon, Jean-Florent Raymond, and Dimitrios M. Thilikos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 126, 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)


Abstract
The notion of tree-cut width has been introduced by Wollan in [The structure of graphs not admitting a fixed immersion, Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B, 110:47 - 66, 2015]. It is defined via tree-cut decompositions, which are tree-like decompositions that highlight small (edge) cuts in a graph. In that sense, tree-cut decompositions can be seen as an edge-version of tree-decompositions and have algorithmic applications on problems that remain intractable on graphs of bounded treewidth. In this paper, we prove that every graph admits an optimal tree-cut decomposition that satisfies a certain Menger-like condition similar to that of the lean tree decompositions of Thomas [A Menger-like property of tree-width: The finite case, Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B, 48(1):67 - 76, 1990]. This allows us to give, for every k in N, an upper-bound on the number immersion-minimal graphs of tree-cut width k. Our results imply the constructive existence of a linear FPT-algorithm for tree-cut width.

Cite as

Archontia C. Giannopoulou, O-joung Kwon, Jean-Florent Raymond, and Dimitrios M. Thilikos. Lean Tree-Cut Decompositions: Obstructions and Algorithms. In 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 126, pp. 32:1-32:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{giannopoulou_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2019.32,
  author =	{Giannopoulou, Archontia C. and Kwon, O-joung and Raymond, Jean-Florent and Thilikos, Dimitrios M.},
  title =	{{Lean Tree-Cut Decompositions: Obstructions and Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)},
  pages =	{32:1--32:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-100-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{126},
  editor =	{Niedermeier, Rolf and Paul, Christophe},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.32},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-102716},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.32},
  annote =	{Keywords: tree-cut width, lean decompositions, immersions, obstructions, parameterized algorithms}
}
Document
Generalized Distance Domination Problems and Their Complexity on Graphs of Bounded mim-width

Authors: Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, Torstein J. F. Strømme, and Jan Arne Telle

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 115, 13th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2018)


Abstract
We generalize the family of (sigma, rho)-problems and locally checkable vertex partition problems to their distance versions, which naturally captures well-known problems such as distance-r dominating set and distance-r independent set. We show that these distance problems are XP parameterized by the structural parameter mim-width, and hence polynomial on graph classes where mim-width is bounded and quickly computable, such as k-trapezoid graphs, Dilworth k-graphs, (circular) permutation graphs, interval graphs and their complements, convex graphs and their complements, k-polygon graphs, circular arc graphs, complements of d-degenerate graphs, and H-graphs if given an H-representation. To supplement these findings, we show that many classes of (distance) (sigma, rho)-problems are W[1]-hard parameterized by mim-width + solution size.

Cite as

Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, Torstein J. F. Strømme, and Jan Arne Telle. Generalized Distance Domination Problems and Their Complexity on Graphs of Bounded mim-width. In 13th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 115, pp. 6:1-6:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{jaffke_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2018.6,
  author =	{Jaffke, Lars and Kwon, O-joung and Str{\o}mme, Torstein J. F. and Telle, Jan Arne},
  title =	{{Generalized Distance Domination Problems and Their Complexity on Graphs of Bounded mim-width}},
  booktitle =	{13th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2018)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-084-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{115},
  editor =	{Paul, Christophe and Pilipczuk, Michal},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2018.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-102074},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2018.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Width Parameters, Graph Classes, Distance Domination Problems, Parameterized Complexity}
}
Document
Generalized Feedback Vertex Set Problems on Bounded-Treewidth Graphs: Chordality Is the Key to Single-Exponential Parameterized Algorithms

Authors: Édouard Bonnet, Nick Brettell, O-joung Kwon, and Dániel Marx

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 89, 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)


Abstract
It has long been known that Feedback Vertex Set can be solved in time 2^O(w log w)n^O(1) on graphs of treewidth w, but it was only recently that this running time was improved to 2^O(w)n^O(1), that is, to single-exponential parameterized by treewidth. We investigate which generalizations of Feedback Vertex Set can be solved in a similar running time. Formally, for a class of graphs P, Bounded P-Block Vertex Deletion asks, given a graph G on n vertices and positive integers k and d, whether G contains a set S of at most k vertices such that each block of G-S has at most d vertices and is in P. Assuming that P is recognizable in polynomial time and satisfies a certain natural hereditary condition, we give a sharp characterization of when single-exponential parameterized algorithms are possible for fixed values of d: - if P consists only of chordal graphs, then the problem can be solved in time 2^O(wd^2) n^{O}(1), - if P contains a graph with an induced cycle of length ell>= 4, then the problem is not solvable in time 2^{o(w log w)} n^O(1)} even for fixed d=ell, unless the ETH fails. We also study a similar problem, called Bounded P-Component Vertex Deletion, where the target graphs have connected components of small size instead of having blocks of small size, and present analogous results.

Cite as

Édouard Bonnet, Nick Brettell, O-joung Kwon, and Dániel Marx. Generalized Feedback Vertex Set Problems on Bounded-Treewidth Graphs: Chordality Is the Key to Single-Exponential Parameterized Algorithms. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 7:1-7:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{bonnet_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.7,
  author =	{Bonnet, \'{E}douard and Brettell, Nick and Kwon, O-joung and Marx, D\'{a}niel},
  title =	{{Generalized Feedback Vertex Set Problems on Bounded-Treewidth Graphs: Chordality Is the Key to Single-Exponential Parameterized Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-051-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{89},
  editor =	{Lokshtanov, Daniel and Nishimura, Naomi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85653},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: fixed-parameter tractable algorithms, treewidth, feedback vertex set}
}
Document
Polynomial-Time Algorithms for the Longest Induced Path and Induced Disjoint Paths Problems on Graphs of Bounded Mim-Width

Authors: Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, and Jan Arne Telle

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 89, 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)


Abstract
We give the first polynomial-time algorithms on graphs of bounded maximum induced matching width (mim-width) for problems that are not locally checkable. In particular, we give n^O(w)-time algorithms on graphs of mim-width at most w, when given a decomposition, for the following problems: Longest Induced Path, Induced Disjoint Paths and H-Induced Topological Minor for fixed H. Our results imply that the following graph classes have polynomial-time algorithms for these three problems: Interval and Bi-Interval graphs, Circular Arc, Per- mutation and Circular Permutation graphs, Convex graphs, k-Trapezoid, Circular k-Trapezoid, k-Polygon, Dilworth-k and Co-k-Degenerate graphs for fixed k.

Cite as

Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, and Jan Arne Telle. Polynomial-Time Algorithms for the Longest Induced Path and Induced Disjoint Paths Problems on Graphs of Bounded Mim-Width. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 21:1-21:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{jaffke_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.21,
  author =	{Jaffke, Lars and Kwon, O-joung and Telle, Jan Arne},
  title =	{{Polynomial-Time Algorithms for the Longest Induced Path and Induced Disjoint Paths Problems on Graphs of Bounded Mim-Width}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)},
  pages =	{21:1--21:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-051-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{89},
  editor =	{Lokshtanov, Daniel and Nishimura, Naomi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.21},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85643},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.21},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph width parameters, dynamic programming, graph classes, induced paths, induced topological minors}
}
Document
A Unified Polynomial-Time Algorithm for Feedback Vertex Set on Graphs of Bounded Mim-Width

Authors: Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, and Jan Arne Telle

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 96, 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)


Abstract
We give a first polynomial-time algorithm for (Weighted) Feedback Vertex Set on graphs of bounded maximum induced matching width (mim-width). Explicitly, given a branch decomposition of mim-width w, we give an n^{O(w)}-time algorithm that solves Feedback Vertex Set. This provides a unified algorithm for many well-known classes, such as Interval graphs and Permutation graphs, and furthermore, it gives the first polynomial-time algorithms for other classes of bounded mim-width, such as Circular Permutation and Circular k-Trapezoid graphs for fixed k. In all these classes the decomposition is computable in polynomial time, as shown by Belmonte and Vatshelle [Theor. Comput. Sci. 2013]. We show that powers of graphs of tree-width w-1 or path-width w and powers of graphs of clique-width w have mim-width at most w. These results extensively provide new classes of bounded mim-width. We prove a slight strengthening of the first statement which implies that, surprisingly, Leaf Power graphs which are of importance in the field of phylogenetic studies have mim-width at most 1. Given a tree decomposition of width w-1, a path decomposition of width w, or a clique-width w-expression of a graph G, one can for any value of k find a mim-width decomposition of its k-power in polynomial time, and apply our algorithm to solve Feedback Vertex Set on the k-power in time n^{O(w)}. In contrast to Feedback Vertex Set, we show that Hamiltonian Cycle is NP-complete even on graphs of linear mim-width 1, which further hints at the expressive power of the mim-width parameter.

Cite as

Lars Jaffke, O-joung Kwon, and Jan Arne Telle. A Unified Polynomial-Time Algorithm for Feedback Vertex Set on Graphs of Bounded Mim-Width. In 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 96, pp. 42:1-42:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{jaffke_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2018.42,
  author =	{Jaffke, Lars and Kwon, O-joung and Telle, Jan Arne},
  title =	{{A Unified Polynomial-Time Algorithm for Feedback Vertex Set on Graphs of Bounded Mim-Width}},
  booktitle =	{35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)},
  pages =	{42:1--42:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-062-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{96},
  editor =	{Niedermeier, Rolf and Vall\'{e}e, Brigitte},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.42},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85348},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.42},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph width parameters, graph classes, feedback vertex set, leaf powers}
}
Document
Neighborhood Complexity and Kernelization for Nowhere Dense Classes of Graphs

Authors: Kord Eickmeyer, Archontia C. Giannopoulou, Stephan Kreutzer, O-joung Kwon, Michal Pilipczuk, Roman Rabinovich, and Sebastian Siebertz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 80, 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)


Abstract
We prove that whenever G is a graph from a nowhere dense graph class C, and A is a subset of vertices of G, then the number of subsets of A that are realized as intersections of A with r-neighborhoods of vertices of G is at most f(r,eps)|A|^(1+eps), where r is any positive integer, eps is any positive real, and f is a function that depends only on the class C. This yields a characterization of nowhere dense classes of graphs in terms of neighborhood complexity, which answers a question posed by [Reidl et al., CoRR, 2016]. As an algorithmic application of the above result, we show that for every fixed integer r, the parameterized Distance-r Dominating Set problem admits an almost linear kernel on any nowhere dense graph class. This proves a conjecture posed by [Drange et al., STACS 2016], and shows that the limit of parameterized tractability of Distance-r Dominating Set on subgraph-closed graph classes lies exactly on the boundary between nowhere denseness and somewhere denseness.

Cite as

Kord Eickmeyer, Archontia C. Giannopoulou, Stephan Kreutzer, O-joung Kwon, Michal Pilipczuk, Roman Rabinovich, and Sebastian Siebertz. Neighborhood Complexity and Kernelization for Nowhere Dense Classes of Graphs. In 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 80, pp. 63:1-63:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{eickmeyer_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.63,
  author =	{Eickmeyer, Kord and Giannopoulou, Archontia C. and Kreutzer, Stephan and Kwon, O-joung and Pilipczuk, Michal and Rabinovich, Roman and Siebertz, Sebastian},
  title =	{{Neighborhood Complexity and Kernelization for Nowhere Dense Classes of Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)},
  pages =	{63:1--63:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-041-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{80},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Indyk, Piotr and Kuhn, Fabian and Muscholl, Anca},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.63},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74288},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.63},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Structure Theory, Nowhere Dense Graphs, Parameterized Complexity, Kernelization, Dominating Set}
}
Document
A Single-Exponential Fixed-Parameter Algorithm for Distance-Hereditary Vertex Deletion

Authors: Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, and O-joung Kwon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 58, 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)


Abstract
Vertex deletion problems ask whether it is possible to delete at most k vertices from a graph so that the resulting graph belongs to a specified graph class. Over the past years, the parameterized complexity of vertex deletion to a plethora of graph classes has been systematically researched. Here we present the first single-exponential fixed-parameter algorithm for vertex deletion to distance-hereditary graphs, a well-studied graph class which is particularly important in the context of vertex deletion due to its connection to the graph parameter rank-width. We complement our result with matching asymptotic lower bounds based on the exponential time hypothesis.

Cite as

Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, and O-joung Kwon. A Single-Exponential Fixed-Parameter Algorithm for Distance-Hereditary Vertex Deletion. In 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 58, pp. 34:1-34:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{eiben_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.34,
  author =	{Eiben, Eduard and Ganian, Robert and Kwon, O-joung},
  title =	{{A Single-Exponential Fixed-Parameter Algorithm for Distance-Hereditary Vertex Deletion}},
  booktitle =	{41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-016-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{58},
  editor =	{Faliszewski, Piotr and Muscholl, Anca and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-64483},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: distance-hereditary graphs, fixed-parameter algorithms, rank-width}
}
Document
An FPT Algorithm and a Polynomial Kernel for Linear Rankwidth-1 Vertex Deletion

Authors: Mamadou Moustapha Kanté, Eun Jung Kim, O-joung Kwon, and Christophe Paul

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 43, 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015)


Abstract
Linear rankwidth is a linearized variant of rankwidth, introduced by Oum and Seymour [Approximating clique-width and branch-width. J. Combin. Theory Ser. B, 96(4):514-528, 2006.], and it is similar to pathwidth, which is the linearized variant of treewidth. Motivated from the results on graph modification problems into graphs of bounded treewidth or pathwidth, we investigate a graph modification problem into the class of graphs having linear rankwidth at most one, called the Linear Rankwidth-1 Vertex Deletion (shortly, LRW1-Vertex Deletion). In this problem, given an n-vertex graph G and a positive integer k, we want to decide whether there is a set of at most k vertices whose removal turns G into a graph of linear rankwidth at most one and if one exists, find such a vertex set. While the meta-theorem of Courcelle, Makowsky, and Rotics implies thatLRW1-Vertex Deletion can be solved in time f(k) * n^3 for some function f, it is not clear whether this problem allows a runtime with a modest exponential function. We establish that LRW1-Vertex Deletion can be solved in time 8^k * n^{O(1)}. The major obstacle to this end is how to handle a long induced cycle as an obstruction. To fix this issue, we define the necklace graphs and investigate their structural properties. We also show that the LRW1-Vertex Deletion has a polynomial kernel.

Cite as

Mamadou Moustapha Kanté, Eun Jung Kim, O-joung Kwon, and Christophe Paul. An FPT Algorithm and a Polynomial Kernel for Linear Rankwidth-1 Vertex Deletion. In 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 43, pp. 138-150, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{kante_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.138,
  author =	{Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha and Kim, Eun Jung and Kwon, O-joung and Paul, Christophe},
  title =	{{An FPT Algorithm and a Polynomial Kernel for Linear Rankwidth-1 Vertex Deletion}},
  booktitle =	{10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015)},
  pages =	{138--150},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-92-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{43},
  editor =	{Husfeldt, Thore and Kanj, Iyad},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.138},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-55788},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.138},
  annote =	{Keywords: (linear) rankwidth, distance-hereditary graphs, thread graphs, parameterized complexity, kernelization}
}
Document
A Polynomial Kernel for Block Graph Deletion

Authors: Eun Jung Kim and O-joung Kwon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 43, 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015)


Abstract
In the Block Graph Deletion problem, we are given a graph G on n vertices and a positive integer k, and the objective is to check whether it is possible to delete at most k vertices from G to make it a block graph, i.e., a graph in which each block is a clique. In this paper, we obtain a kernel with O(k^{6}) vertices for the Block Graph Deletion problem. This is a first step to investigate polynomial kernels for deletion problems into non-trivial classes of graphs of bounded rank-width, but unbounded tree-width. Our result also implies that Chordal Vertex Deletion admits a polynomial-size kernel on diamond-free graphs. For the kernelization and its analysis, we introduce the notion of 'complete degree' of a vertex. We believe that the underlying idea can be potentially applied to other problems. We also prove that the Block Graph Deletion problem can be solved in time 10^{k} * n^{O(1)}.

Cite as

Eun Jung Kim and O-joung Kwon. A Polynomial Kernel for Block Graph Deletion. In 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 43, pp. 270-281, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{kim_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.270,
  author =	{Kim, Eun Jung and Kwon, O-joung},
  title =	{{A Polynomial Kernel for Block Graph Deletion}},
  booktitle =	{10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015)},
  pages =	{270--281},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-92-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{43},
  editor =	{Husfeldt, Thore and Kanj, Iyad},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.270},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-55893},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2015.270},
  annote =	{Keywords: block graph, polynomial kernel, single-exponential FPT algorithm}
}
Document
Excluded vertex-minors for graphs of linear rank-width at most k.

Authors: Jisu Jeong, O-joung Kwon, and Sang-il Oum

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 20, 30th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2013)


Abstract
Linear rank-width is a graph width parameter, which is a variation of rank-width by restricting its tree to a caterpillar. As a corollary of known theorems, for each k, there is a finite set \mathcal{O}_k of graphs such that a graph G has linear rank-width at most k if and only if no vertex-minor of G is isomorphic to a graph in \mathcal{O}_k. However, no attempts have been made to bound the number of graphs in \mathcal{O}_k for k >= 2. We construct, for each k, 2^{\Omega(3^k)} pairwise locally non-equivalent graphs that are excluded vertex-minors for graphs of linear rank-width at most k. Therefore the number of graphs in \mathcal{O}_k is at least double exponential.

Cite as

Jisu Jeong, O-joung Kwon, and Sang-il Oum. Excluded vertex-minors for graphs of linear rank-width at most k.. In 30th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2013). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 20, pp. 221-232, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)


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@InProceedings{jeong_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2013.221,
  author =	{Jeong, Jisu and Kwon, O-joung and Oum, Sang-il},
  title =	{{Excluded vertex-minors for graphs of linear rank-width at most k.}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2013)},
  pages =	{221--232},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-50-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2013},
  volume =	{20},
  editor =	{Portier, Natacha and Wilke, Thomas},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2013.221},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-39369},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2013.221},
  annote =	{Keywords: rank-width, linear rank-width, vertex-minor, well-quasi-ordering}
}
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