2 Search Results for "Libeskind-Hadas, Ran"


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Lower Bounds for Matroid Optimization Problems with a Linear Constraint

Authors: Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study a family of matroid optimization problems with a linear constraint (MOL). In these problems, we seek a subset of elements which optimizes (i.e., maximizes or minimizes) a linear objective function subject to (i) a matroid independent set, or a matroid basis constraint, (ii) additional linear constraint. A notable member in this family is budgeted matroid independent set (BM), which can be viewed as classic 0/1-Knapsack with a matroid constraint. While special cases of BM, such as knapsack with cardinality constraint and multiple-choice knapsack, admit a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme (Fully PTAS), the best known result for BM on a general matroid is an Efficient PTAS. Prior to this work, the existence of a Fully PTAS for BM, and more generally, for any problem in the family of MOL problems, has been open. In this paper, we answer this question negatively by showing that none of the (non-trivial) problems in this family admits a Fully PTAS. This resolves the complexity status of several well studied problems. Our main result is obtained by showing first that exact weight matroid basis (EMB) does not admit a pseudo-polynomial time algorithm. This distinguishes EMB from the special cases of k-subset sum and EMB on a linear matroid, which are solvable in pseudo-polynomial time. We then obtain unconditional hardness results for the family of MOL problems in the oracle model (even if randomization is allowed), and show that the same results hold when the matroids are encoded as part of the input, assuming P ≠ NP. For the hardness proof of EMB, we introduce the Π-matroid family. This intricate subclass of matroids, which exploits the interaction between a weight function and the matroid constraint, may find use in tackling other matroid optimization problems.

Cite as

Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai. Lower Bounds for Matroid Optimization Problems with a Linear Constraint. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 56:1-56:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{doronarad_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.56,
  author =	{Doron-Arad, Ilan and Kulik, Ariel and Shachnai, Hadas},
  title =	{{Lower Bounds for Matroid Optimization Problems with a Linear Constraint}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{56:1--56:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.56},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201990},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.56},
  annote =	{Keywords: matroid optimization, budgeted problems, knapsack, approximation schemes}
}
Document
The Most Parsimonious Reconciliation Problem in the Presence of Incomplete Lineage Sorting and Hybridization Is NP-Hard

Authors: Matthew LeMay, Yi-Chieh Wu, and Ran Libeskind-Hadas

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 201, 21st International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2021)


Abstract
The maximum parsimony phylogenetic reconciliation problem seeks to explain incongruity between a gene phylogeny and a species phylogeny with respect to a set of evolutionary events. While the reconciliation problem is well-studied for species and gene trees subject to events such as duplication, transfer, loss, and deep coalescence, recent work has examined species phylogenies that incorporate hybridization and are thus represented by networks rather than trees. In this paper, we show that the problem of computing a maximum parsimony reconciliation for a gene tree and species network is NP-hard even when only considering deep coalescence. This result suggests that future work on maximum parsimony reconciliation for species networks should explore approximation algorithms and heuristics.

Cite as

Matthew LeMay, Yi-Chieh Wu, and Ran Libeskind-Hadas. The Most Parsimonious Reconciliation Problem in the Presence of Incomplete Lineage Sorting and Hybridization Is NP-Hard. In 21st International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 201, pp. 1:1-1:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{lemay_et_al:LIPIcs.WABI.2021.1,
  author =	{LeMay, Matthew and Wu, Yi-Chieh and Libeskind-Hadas, Ran},
  title =	{{The Most Parsimonious Reconciliation Problem in the Presence of Incomplete Lineage Sorting and Hybridization Is NP-Hard}},
  booktitle =	{21st International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2021)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:10},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-200-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{201},
  editor =	{Carbone, Alessandra and El-Kebir, Mohammed},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2021.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-143546},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2021.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: phylogenetics, reconciliation, deep coalescence, hybridization, NP-hardness}
}
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