18 Search Results for "Clemente, Lorenzo"


Document
Positionality in Σ⁰₂ and a Completeness Result

Authors: Pierre Ohlmann and Michał Skrzypczak

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 289, 41st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2024)


Abstract
We study the existence of positional strategies for the protagonist in infinite duration games over arbitrary game graphs. We prove that prefix-independent objectives in Σ⁰₂ which are positional and admit a (strongly) neutral letter are exactly those that are recognised by history-deterministic monotone co-Büchi automata over countable ordinals. This generalises a criterion proposed by [Kopczyński, ICALP 2006] and gives an alternative proof of closure under union for these objectives, which was known from [Ohlmann, TheoretiCS 2023]. We then give two applications of our result. First, we prove that the mean-payoff objective is positional over arbitrary game graphs. Second, we establish the following completeness result: for any objective W which is prefix-independent, admits a (weakly) neutral letter, and is positional over finite game graphs, there is an objective W' which is equivalent to W over finite game graphs and positional over arbitrary game graphs.

Cite as

Pierre Ohlmann and Michał Skrzypczak. Positionality in Σ⁰₂ and a Completeness Result. In 41st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 289, pp. 54:1-54:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{ohlmann_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2024.54,
  author =	{Ohlmann, Pierre and Skrzypczak, Micha{\l}},
  title =	{{Positionality in \Sigma⁰₂ and a Completeness Result}},
  booktitle =	{41st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2024)},
  pages =	{54:1--54:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-311-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{289},
  editor =	{Beyersdorff, Olaf and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha and Kupferman, Orna and Lokshtanov, Daniel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2024.54},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-197643},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2024.54},
  annote =	{Keywords: infinite duration games, positionality, Borel class \Sigma⁰₂, history determinism}
}
Document
On Rational Recursive Sequences

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente, Maria Donten-Bury, Filip Mazowiecki, and Michał Pilipczuk

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
We study the class of rational recursive sequences (ratrec) over the rational numbers. A ratrec sequence is defined via a system of sequences using mutually recursive equations of depth 1, where the next values are computed as rational functions of the previous values. An alternative class is that of simple ratrec sequences, where one uses a single recursive equation, however of depth k: the next value is defined as a rational function of k previous values. We conjecture that the classes ratrec and simple ratrec coincide. The main contribution of this paper is a proof of a variant of this conjecture where the initial conditions are treated symbolically, using a formal variable per sequence, while the sequences themselves consist of rational functions over those variables. While the initial conjecture does not follow from this variant, we hope that the introduced algebraic techniques may eventually be helpful in resolving the problem. The class ratrec strictly generalises a well-known class of polynomial recursive sequences (polyrec). These are defined like ratrec, but using polynomial functions instead of rational ones. One can observe that if our conjecture is true and effective, then we can improve the complexities of the zeroness and the equivalence problems for polyrec sequences. Currently, the only known upper bound is Ackermanian, which follows from results on polynomial automata. We complement this observation by proving a PSPACE lower bound for both problems for polyrec. Our lower bound construction also implies that the Skolem problem is PSPACE-hard for the polyrec class.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente, Maria Donten-Bury, Filip Mazowiecki, and Michał Pilipczuk. On Rational Recursive Sequences. In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 24:1-24:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.24,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Donten-Bury, Maria and Mazowiecki, Filip and Pilipczuk, Micha{\l}},
  title =	{{On Rational Recursive Sequences}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{24:1--24:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.24},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176763},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.24},
  annote =	{Keywords: recursive sequences, polynomial automata, zeroness problem, equivalence problem}
}
Document
Language Inclusion for Boundedly-Ambiguous Vector Addition Systems Is Decidable

Authors: Wojciech Czerwiński and Piotr Hofman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 243, 33rd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2022)


Abstract
We consider the problems of language inclusion and language equivalence for Vector Addition Systems with States (VASSes) with the acceptance condition defined by the set of accepting states (and more generally by some upward-closed conditions). In general the problem of language equivalence is undecidable even for one-dimensional VASSes, thus to get decidability we investigate restricted subclasses. On one hand we show that the problem of language inclusion of a VASS in k-ambiguous VASS (for any natural k) is decidable and even in Ackermann. On the other hand we prove that the language equivalence problem is Ackermann-hard already for deterministic VASSes. These two results imply Ackermann-completeness for language inclusion and equivalence in several possible restrictions. Some of our techniques can be also applied in much broader generality in infinite-state systems, namely for some subclass of well-structured transition systems.

Cite as

Wojciech Czerwiński and Piotr Hofman. Language Inclusion for Boundedly-Ambiguous Vector Addition Systems Is Decidable. In 33rd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 243, pp. 16:1-16:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{czerwinski_et_al:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2022.16,
  author =	{Czerwi\'{n}ski, Wojciech and Hofman, Piotr},
  title =	{{Language Inclusion for Boundedly-Ambiguous Vector Addition Systems Is Decidable}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2022)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-246-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{243},
  editor =	{Klin, Bartek and Lasota, S{\l}awomir and Muscholl, Anca},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2022.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-170796},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2022.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: vector addition systems, language inclusion, language equivalence, determinism, unambiguity, bounded ambiguity, Petri nets, well-structured transition systems}
}
Document
Inclusion Testing of Büchi Automata Based on Well-Quasiorders

Authors: Kyveli Doveri, Pierre Ganty, Francesco Parolini, and Francesco Ranzato

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 203, 32nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2021)


Abstract
We introduce an algorithmic framework to decide whether inclusion holds between languages of infinite words over a finite alphabet. Our approach falls within the class of Ramsey-based methods and relies on a least fixpoint characterization of ω-languages leveraging ultimately periodic infinite words of type uv^ω, with u a finite prefix and v a finite period of an infinite word. We put forward an inclusion checking algorithm between Büchi automata, called BAInc, designed as a complete abstract interpretation using a pair of well-quasiorders on finite words. BAInc is quite simple: it consists of two least fixpoint computations (one for prefixes and the other for periods) manipulating finite sets (of pairs) of states compared by set inclusion, so that language inclusion holds when the sets (of pairs) of states of the fixpoints satisfy some basic conditions. We implemented BAInc in a tool called BAIT that we experimentally evaluated against the state-of-the-art. We gathered, in addition to existing benchmarks, a large number of new case studies stemming from program verification and word combinatorics, thereby significantly expanding both the scope and size of the available benchmark set. Our experimental results show that BAIT advances the state-of-the-art on an overwhelming majority of these benchmarks. Finally, we demonstrate the generality of our algorithmic framework by instantiating it to the inclusion problem of Büchi pushdown automata into Büchi automata.

Cite as

Kyveli Doveri, Pierre Ganty, Francesco Parolini, and Francesco Ranzato. Inclusion Testing of Büchi Automata Based on Well-Quasiorders. In 32nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 203, pp. 3:1-3:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{doveri_et_al:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2021.3,
  author =	{Doveri, Kyveli and Ganty, Pierre and Parolini, Francesco and Ranzato, Francesco},
  title =	{{Inclusion Testing of B\"{u}chi Automata Based on Well-Quasiorders}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2021)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-203-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{203},
  editor =	{Haddad, Serge and Varacca, Daniele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2021.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-143802},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2021.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: B\"{u}chi (Pushdown) Automata, \omega-Language Inclusion, Well-quasiorders}
}
Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
Deterministic and Game Separability for Regular Languages of Infinite Trees

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente and Michał Skrzypczak

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
We show that it is decidable whether two regular languages of infinite trees are separable by a deterministic language, resp., a game language. We consider two variants of separability, depending on whether the set of priorities of the separator is fixed, or not. In each case, we show that separability can be decided in EXPTIME, and that separating automata of exponential size suffice. We obtain our results by reducing to infinite duration games with ω-regular winning conditions and applying the finite-memory determinacy theorem of Büchi and Landweber.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente and Michał Skrzypczak. Deterministic and Game Separability for Regular Languages of Infinite Trees. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 126:1-126:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.126,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Skrzypczak, Micha{\l}},
  title =	{{Deterministic and Game Separability for Regular Languages of Infinite Trees}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{126:1--126:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.126},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141952},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.126},
  annote =	{Keywords: separation, infinite trees, regular languages, deterministic automata, game automata}
}
Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
New Techniques for Universality in Unambiguous Register Automata

Authors: Wojciech Czerwiński, Antoine Mottet, and Karin Quaas

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
Register automata are finite automata equipped with a finite set of registers ranging over the domain of some relational structure like (ℕ; =) or (ℚ; <). Register automata process words over the domain, and along a run of the automaton, the registers can store data from the input word for later comparisons. It is long known that the universality problem, i.e., the problem to decide whether a given register automaton accepts all words over the domain, is undecidable. Recently, we proved the problem to be decidable in 2-ExpSpace if the register automaton under study is over (ℕ; =) and unambiguous, i.e., every input word has at most one accepting run; this result was shortly after improved to 2-ExpTime by Barloy and Clemente. In this paper, we go one step further and prove that the problem is in ExpSpace, and in PSpace if the number of registers is fixed. Our proof is based on new techniques that additionally allow us to show that the problem is in PSpace for single-register automata over (ℚ; <). As a third technical contribution we prove that the problem is decidable (in ExpSpace) for a more expressive model of unambiguous register automata, where the registers can take values nondeterministically, if defined over (ℕ; =) and only one register is used.

Cite as

Wojciech Czerwiński, Antoine Mottet, and Karin Quaas. New Techniques for Universality in Unambiguous Register Automata. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 129:1-129:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{czerwinski_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.129,
  author =	{Czerwi\'{n}ski, Wojciech and Mottet, Antoine and Quaas, Karin},
  title =	{{New Techniques for Universality in Unambiguous Register Automata}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{129:1--129:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.129},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141983},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.129},
  annote =	{Keywords: Register Automata, Data Languages, Unambiguity, Unambiguous, Universality, Containment, Language Inclusion, Equivalence}
}
Document
Bidimensional Linear Recursive Sequences and Universality of Unambiguous Register Automata

Authors: Corentin Barloy and Lorenzo Clemente

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 187, 38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021)


Abstract
We study the universality and inclusion problems for register automata over equality data (A, =). We show that the universality L(B) = (Σ × A)^* and inclusion problems L(A) ⊆ L(B) B can be solved with 2-EXPTIME complexity when both automata are without guessing and B is unambiguous, improving on the currently best-known 2-EXPSPACE upper bound by Mottet and Quaas. When the number of registers of both automata is fixed, we obtain a lower EXPTIME complexity, also improving the EXPSPACE upper bound from Mottet and Quaas for fixed number of registers. We reduce inclusion to universality, and then we reduce universality to the problem of counting the number of orbits of runs of the automaton. We show that the orbit-counting function satisfies a system of bidimensional linear recursive equations with polynomial coefficients (linrec), which generalises analogous recurrences for the Stirling numbers of the second kind, and then we show that universality reduces to the zeroness problem for linrec sequences. While such a counting approach is classical and has successfully been applied to unambiguous finite automata and grammars over finite alphabets, its application to register automata over infinite alphabets is novel. We provide two algorithms to decide the zeroness problem for bidimensional linear recursive sequences arising from orbit-counting functions. Both algorithms rely on techniques from linear non-commutative algebra. The first algorithm performs variable elimination and has elementary complexity. The second algorithm is a refined version of the first one and it relies on the computation of the Hermite normal form of matrices over a skew polynomial field. The second algorithm yields an EXPTIME decision procedure for the zeroness problem of linrec sequences, which in turn yields the claimed bounds for the universality and inclusion problems of register automata.

Cite as

Corentin Barloy and Lorenzo Clemente. Bidimensional Linear Recursive Sequences and Universality of Unambiguous Register Automata. In 38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 187, pp. 8:1-8:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{barloy_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2021.8,
  author =	{Barloy, Corentin and Clemente, Lorenzo},
  title =	{{Bidimensional Linear Recursive Sequences and Universality of Unambiguous Register Automata}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-180-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{187},
  editor =	{Bl\"{a}ser, Markus and Monmege, Benjamin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2021.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-136533},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2021.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: unambiguous register automata, universality and inclusion problems, multi-dimensional linear recurrence sequences}
}
Document
Universality Problem for Unambiguous VASS

Authors: Wojciech Czerwiński, Diego Figueira, and Piotr Hofman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 171, 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020)


Abstract
We study languages of unambiguous VASS, that is, Vector Addition Systems with States, whose transitions read letters from a finite alphabet, and whose acceptance condition is defined by a set of final states (i.e., the coverability language). We show that the problem of universality for unambiguous VASS is ExpSpace-complete, in sheer contrast to Ackermann-completeness for arbitrary VASS, even in dimension 1. When the dimension d ∈ ℕ is fixed, the universality problem is PSpace-complete if d ≥ 2, and coNP-hard for 1-dimensional VASSes (also known as One Counter Nets).

Cite as

Wojciech Czerwiński, Diego Figueira, and Piotr Hofman. Universality Problem for Unambiguous VASS. In 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 171, pp. 36:1-36:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{czerwinski_et_al:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.36,
  author =	{Czerwi\'{n}ski, Wojciech and Figueira, Diego and Hofman, Piotr},
  title =	{{Universality Problem for Unambiguous VASS}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020)},
  pages =	{36:1--36:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-160-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{171},
  editor =	{Konnov, Igor and Kov\'{a}cs, Laura},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.36},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-128486},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.36},
  annote =	{Keywords: unambiguity, vector addition systems, universality problems}
}
Document
Determinisability of One-Clock Timed Automata

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente, Sławomir Lasota, and Radosław Piórkowski

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 171, 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020)


Abstract
The deterministic membership problem for timed automata asks whether the timed language recognised by a nondeterministic timed automaton can be recognised by a deterministic timed automaton. We show that the problem is decidable when the input automaton is a one-clock nondeterministic timed automaton without epsilon transitions and the number of clocks of the deterministic timed automaton is fixed. We show that the problem in all the other cases is undecidable, i.e., when either 1) the input nondeterministic timed automaton has two clocks or more, or 2) it uses epsilon transitions, or 3) the number of clocks of the output deterministic automaton is not fixed.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente, Sławomir Lasota, and Radosław Piórkowski. Determinisability of One-Clock Timed Automata. In 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 171, pp. 42:1-42:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.42,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Lasota, S{\l}awomir and Pi\'{o}rkowski, Rados{\l}aw},
  title =	{{Determinisability of One-Clock Timed Automata}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2020)},
  pages =	{42:1--42:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-160-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{171},
  editor =	{Konnov, Igor and Kov\'{a}cs, Laura},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.42},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-128542},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.42},
  annote =	{Keywords: Timed automata, determinisation, deterministic membership problem}
}
Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
Cost Automata, Safe Schemes, and Downward Closures

Authors: David Barozzini, Lorenzo Clemente, Thomas Colcombet, and Paweł Parys

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
Higher-order recursion schemes are an expressive formalism used to define languages of possibly infinite ranked trees. They extend regular and context-free grammars, and are equivalent to simply typed λY-calculus and collapsible pushdown automata. In this work we prove, under a syntactical constraint called safety, decidability of the model-checking problem for recursion schemes against properties defined by alternating B-automata, an extension of alternating parity automata for infinite trees with a boundedness acceptance condition. We then exploit this result to show how to compute downward closures of languages of finite trees recognized by safe recursion schemes.

Cite as

David Barozzini, Lorenzo Clemente, Thomas Colcombet, and Paweł Parys. Cost Automata, Safe Schemes, and Downward Closures. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 109:1-109:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{barozzini_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.109,
  author =	{Barozzini, David and Clemente, Lorenzo and Colcombet, Thomas and Parys, Pawe{\l}},
  title =	{{Cost Automata, Safe Schemes, and Downward Closures}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{109:1--109:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.109},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125169},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.109},
  annote =	{Keywords: Cost logics, cost automata, downward closures, higher-order recursion schemes, safe recursion schemes}
}
Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
Timed Games and Deterministic Separability

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente, Sławomir Lasota, and Radosław Piórkowski

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
We study a generalisation of Büchi-Landweber games to the timed setting. The winning condition is specified by a non-deterministic timed automaton with epsilon transitions and only Player I can elapse time. We show that for fixed number of clocks and maximal numerical constant available to Player II, it is decidable whether she has a winning timed controller using these resources. More interestingly, we also show that the problem remains decidable even when the maximal numerical constant is not specified in advance, which is an important technical novelty not present in previous literature on timed games. We complement these two decidability result by showing undecidability when the number of clocks available to Player II is not fixed. As an application of timed games, and our main motivation to study them, we show that they can be used to solve the deterministic separability problem for nondeterministic timed automata with epsilon transitions. This is a novel decision problem about timed automata which has not been studied before. We show that separability is decidable when the number of clocks of the separating automaton is fixed and the maximal constant is not. The problem whether separability is decidable without bounding the number of clocks of the separator remains an interesting open problem.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente, Sławomir Lasota, and Radosław Piórkowski. Timed Games and Deterministic Separability. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 121:1-121:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.121,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Lasota, S{\l}awomir and Pi\'{o}rkowski, Rados{\l}aw},
  title =	{{Timed Games and Deterministic Separability}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{121:1--121:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.121},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125282},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.121},
  annote =	{Keywords: Timed automata, separability problems, timed games}
}
Document
Regular Separability and Intersection Emptiness Are Independent Problems

Authors: Ramanathan S. Thinniyam and Georg Zetzsche

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 150, 39th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2019)


Abstract
The problem of regular separability asks, given two languages K and L, whether there exists a regular language S that includes K and is disjoint from L. This problem becomes interesting when the input languages K and L are drawn from language classes beyond the regular languages. For such classes, a mild and useful assumption is that they are full trios, i.e. closed under rational transductions. All the results on regular separability for full trios obtained so far exhibited a noteworthy correspondence with the intersection emptiness problem: In each case, regular separability is decidable if and only if intersection emptiness is decidable. This raises the question whether for full trios, regular separability can be reduced to intersection emptiness or vice-versa. We present counterexamples showing that neither of the two problems can be reduced to the other. More specifically, we describe full trios C_1, D_1, C_2, D_2 such that (i) intersection emptiness is decidable for C_1 and D_1, but regular separability is undecidable for C_1 and D_1 and (ii) regular separability is decidable for C_2 and D_2, but intersection emptiness is undecidable for C_2 and D_2.

Cite as

Ramanathan S. Thinniyam and Georg Zetzsche. Regular Separability and Intersection Emptiness Are Independent Problems. In 39th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 150, pp. 51:1-51:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{thinniyam_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2019.51,
  author =	{Thinniyam, Ramanathan S. and Zetzsche, Georg},
  title =	{{Regular Separability and Intersection Emptiness Are Independent Problems}},
  booktitle =	{39th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2019)},
  pages =	{51:1--51:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-131-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{150},
  editor =	{Chattopadhyay, Arkadev and Gastin, Paul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2019.51},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-116138},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2019.51},
  annote =	{Keywords: Regular separability, intersection emptiness, decidability}
}
Document
Timed Basic Parallel Processes

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente, Piotr Hofman, and Patrick Totzke

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 140, 30th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2019)


Abstract
Timed basic parallel processes (TBPP) extend communication-free Petri nets (aka. BPP or commutative context-free grammars) by a global notion of time. TBPP can be seen as an extension of timed automata (TA) with context-free branching rules, and as such may be used to model networks of independent timed automata with process creation. We show that the coverability and reachability problems (with unary encoded target multiplicities) are PSPACE-complete and EXPTIME-complete, respectively. For the special case of 1-clock TBPP, both are NP-complete and hence not more complex than for untimed BPP. This contrasts with known super-Ackermannian-completeness and undecidability results for general timed Petri nets. As a result of independent interest, and basis for our NP upper bounds, we show that the reachability relation of 1-clock TA can be expressed by a formula of polynomial size in the existential fragment of linear arithmetic, which improves on recent results from the literature.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente, Piotr Hofman, and Patrick Totzke. Timed Basic Parallel Processes. In 30th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 140, pp. 15:1-15:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2019.15,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Hofman, Piotr and Totzke, Patrick},
  title =	{{Timed Basic Parallel Processes}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2019)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-121-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{140},
  editor =	{Fokkink, Wan and van Glabbeek, Rob},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2019.15},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-109171},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2019.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Timed Automata, Petri Nets}
}
Document
Binary Reachability of Timed Pushdown Automata via Quantifier Elimination and Cyclic Order Atoms

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente and Slawomir Lasota

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 107, 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)


Abstract
We study an expressive model of timed pushdown automata extended with modular and fractional clock constraints. We show that the binary reachability relation is effectively expressible in hybrid linear arithmetic with a rational and an integer sort. This subsumes analogous expressibility results previously known for finite and pushdown timed automata with untimed stack. As key technical tools, we use quantifier elimination for a fragment of hybrid linear arithmetic and for cyclic order atoms, and a reduction to register pushdown automata over cyclic order atoms.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente and Slawomir Lasota. Binary Reachability of Timed Pushdown Automata via Quantifier Elimination and Cyclic Order Atoms. In 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 107, pp. 118:1-118:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.118,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Lasota, Slawomir},
  title =	{{Binary Reachability of Timed Pushdown Automata via Quantifier Elimination and Cyclic Order Atoms}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)},
  pages =	{118:1--118:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-076-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{107},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Kaklamanis, Christos and Marx, D\'{a}niel and Sannella, Donald},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.118},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-91228},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.118},
  annote =	{Keywords: timed automata, reachability relation, timed pushdown automata, linear arithmetic}
}
Document
Regular Separability of Parikh Automata

Authors: Lorenzo Clemente, Wojciech Czerwinski, Slawomir Lasota, and Charles Paperman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 80, 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)


Abstract
We investigate a subclass of languages recognized by vector addition systems, namely languages of nondeterministic Parikh automata. While the regularity problem (is the language of a given automaton regular?) is undecidable for this model, we surprisingly show decidability of the regular separability problem: given two Parikh automata, is there a regular language that contains one of them and is disjoint from the other? We supplement this result by proving undecidability of the same problem already for languages of visibly one counter automata.

Cite as

Lorenzo Clemente, Wojciech Czerwinski, Slawomir Lasota, and Charles Paperman. Regular Separability of Parikh Automata. In 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 80, pp. 117:1-117:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{clemente_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.117,
  author =	{Clemente, Lorenzo and Czerwinski, Wojciech and Lasota, Slawomir and Paperman, Charles},
  title =	{{Regular Separability of Parikh Automata}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)},
  pages =	{117:1--117:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-041-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{80},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Indyk, Piotr and Kuhn, Fabian and Muscholl, Anca},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.117},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74971},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.117},
  annote =	{Keywords: Regular separability problem, Parikh automata, integer vector addition systems, visible one counter automata, decidability, undecidability}
}
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