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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 292, 3rd Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2024)

We investigate the black hole search problem using a set of mobile agents in a dynamic torus. A black hole is defined as a dangerous stationary node that has the capability to destroy any number of incoming agents without leaving any trace of its existence. A torus of size n× m (3 ≤ n ≤ m) is a collection of n row rings and m column rings, and the dynamicity is such that each ring is considered to be 1-interval connected, i.e., in other words at most one edge can be missing from each ring at any round. The parameters which define the efficiency of any black hole search algorithm are: the number of agents and the number of rounds (or time) for termination. We consider two initial configurations of mobile agents: first, the agents are co-located, second, the agents are scattered. In each case, we establish lower and upper bounds on the number of agents and on the amount of time required to solve the black hole search problem.

Adri Bhattacharya, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Partha Sarathi Mandal. Black Hole Search in Dynamic Tori. In 3rd Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 292, pp. 6:1-6:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)

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@InProceedings{bhattacharya_et_al:LIPIcs.SAND.2024.6, author = {Bhattacharya, Adri and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Mandal, Partha Sarathi}, title = {{Black Hole Search in Dynamic Tori}}, booktitle = {3rd Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2024)}, pages = {6:1--6:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-315-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2024}, volume = {292}, editor = {Casteigts, Arnaud and Kuhn, Fabian}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAND.2024.6}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-198840}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SAND.2024.6}, annote = {Keywords: Black Hole Search, Time Varying Graphs, Dynamic Torus, Distributed Algorithms, Mobile Agents} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 244, 30th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2022)

The notions of edge-cuts and k-edge-connected components are fundamental in graph theory with numerous practical applications. Very recently, the first linear-time algorithms for computing all the 3-edge cuts and the 4-edge-connected components of a graph have been introduced. In this paper we present carefully engineered implementations of these algorithms and evaluate their efficiency in practice, by performing a thorough empirical study using both real-world graphs taken from a variety of application areas, as well as artificial graphs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimental study for these problems, which highlights the merits and weaknesses of each technique. Furthermore, we present an improved algorithm for computing the 4-edge-connected components of an undirected graph in linear time. The new algorithm uses only elementary data structures, and is implementable in the pointer machine model of computation.

Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Evangelos Kosinas. Computing the 4-Edge-Connected Components of a Graph: An Experimental Study. In 30th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 244, pp. 60:1-60:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2022.60, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Kosinas, Evangelos}, title = {{Computing the 4-Edge-Connected Components of a Graph: An Experimental Study}}, booktitle = {30th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2022)}, pages = {60:1--60:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-247-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {244}, editor = {Chechik, Shiri and Navarro, Gonzalo and Rotenberg, Eva and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2022.60}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-169988}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2022.60}, annote = {Keywords: Connectivity Cuts, Edge Connectivity, Graph Algorithms} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 204, 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)

We present the first linear-time algorithm that computes the 4-edge-connected components of an undirected graph. Hence, we also obtain the first linear-time algorithm for testing 4-edge connectivity. Our results are based on a linear-time algorithm that computes the 3-edge cuts of a 3-edge-connected graph G, and a linear-time procedure that, given the collection of all 3-edge cuts, partitions the vertices of G into the 4-edge-connected components.

Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Evangelos Kosinas. Computing the 4-Edge-Connected Components of a Graph in Linear Time. In 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 204, pp. 47:1-47:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2021.47, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Kosinas, Evangelos}, title = {{Computing the 4-Edge-Connected Components of a Graph in Linear Time}}, booktitle = {29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)}, pages = {47:1--47:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-204-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {204}, editor = {Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.47}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146286}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.47}, annote = {Keywords: Cuts, Edge Connectivity, Graph Algorithms} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 191, 32nd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2021)

We propose a new compressed representation for weighted de Bruijn graphs, which is based on the idea of delta-encoding the variations of k-mer abundances on a spanning branching of the graph. Our new data structure is likely to be of practical value: to give an idea, when combined with the compressed BOSS de Bruijn graph representation, it encodes the weighted de Bruijn graph of a 16x-covered DNA read-set (60M distinct k-mers, k = 28) within 4.15 bits per distinct k-mer and can answer abundance queries in about 60 microseconds on a standard machine. In contrast, state of the art tools declare a space usage of at least 30 bits per distinct k-mer for the same task, which is confirmed by our experiments. As a by-product of our new data structure, we exhibit efficient compressed data structures for answering partial sums on edge-weighted trees, which might be of independent interest.

Giuseppe F. Italiano, Nicola Prezza, Blerina Sinaimeri, and Rossano Venturini. Compressed Weighted de Bruijn Graphs. In 32nd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 191, pp. 16:1-16:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{italiano_et_al:LIPIcs.CPM.2021.16, author = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Prezza, Nicola and Sinaimeri, Blerina and Venturini, Rossano}, title = {{Compressed Weighted de Bruijn Graphs}}, booktitle = {32nd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2021)}, pages = {16:1--16:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-186-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {191}, editor = {Gawrychowski, Pawe{\l} and Starikovskaya, Tatiana}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2021.16}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139675}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2021.16}, annote = {Keywords: weighted de Bruijn graphs, k-mer annotation, compressed data structures, partial sums} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 190, 19th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2021)

We consider two problems regarding the computation of connectivity cuts in undirected graphs, namely identifying vertex-edge cut-pairs and identifying 2-edge cuts, and present an experimental study of efficient algorithms for their computation. In the first problem, we are given a biconnected graph G and our goal is to find all vertices v such that G⧵v is not 2-edge-connected, while in the second problem, we are given a 2-edge-connected graph G and our goal is to find all edges e such that G⧵e is not 2-edge-connected. These problems are motivated by the notion of twinless strong connectivity in directed graphs but are also of independent interest. Moreover, the computation of 2-edge cuts is a main step in algorithms that compute the 3-edge-connected components of a graph. In this paper, we present streamlined versions of two recent linear-time algorithms of Georgiadis and Kosinas that compute all vertex-edge cut-pairs and all 2-edge cuts, respectively. We compare the empirical performance of our vertex-edge cut-pairs algorithm with an alternative linear-time method that exploits the structure of the triconnected components of G. Also, we compare the empirical performance of our 2-edge cuts algorithm with the algorithm of Tsin, which was reported to be the fastest one among the previously existing for this problem. To that end, we conduct a thorough experimental study to highlight the merits and weaknesses of each technique.

Loukas Georgiadis, Konstantinos Giannis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Evangelos Kosinas. Computing Vertex-Edge Cut-Pairs and 2-Edge Cuts in Practice. In 19th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 190, pp. 20:1-20:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2021.20, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Giannis, Konstantinos and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Kosinas, Evangelos}, title = {{Computing Vertex-Edge Cut-Pairs and 2-Edge Cuts in Practice}}, booktitle = {19th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2021)}, pages = {20:1--20:19}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-185-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {190}, editor = {Coudert, David and Natale, Emanuele}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2021.20}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-137920}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2021.20}, annote = {Keywords: 2-Connectivity, Graph Algorithms, Split Components} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 144, 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)

We consider practical algorithms for maintaining the dominator tree and a low-high order in directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) subject to dynamic operations. Let G be a directed graph with a distinguished start vertex s. The dominator tree D of G is a tree rooted at s, such that a vertex v is an ancestor of a vertex w if and only if all paths from s to w in G include v. The dominator tree is a central tool in program optimization and code generation, and has many applications in other diverse areas including constraint programming, circuit testing, biology, and in algorithms for graph connectivity problems. A low-high order of G is a preorder of D that certifies the correctness of D, and has further applications in connectivity and path-determination problems.
We first provide a practical and carefully engineered version of a recent algorithm [ICALP 2017] for maintaining the dominator tree of a DAG through a sequence of edge deletions. The algorithm runs in O(mn) total time and O(m) space, where n is the number of vertices and m is the number of edges before any deletion. In addition, we present a new algorithm that maintains a low-high order of a DAG under edge deletions within the same bounds. Both results extend to the case of reducible graphs (a class that includes DAGs). Furthermore, we present a fully dynamic algorithm for maintaining the dominator tree of a DAG under an intermixed sequence of edge insertions and deletions. Although it does not maintain the O(mn) worst-case bound of the decremental algorithm, our experiments highlight that the fully dynamic algorithm performs very well in practice. Finally, we study the practical efficiency of all our algorithms by conducting an extensive experimental study on real-world and synthetic graphs.

Loukas Georgiadis, Konstantinos Giannis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Aikaterini Karanasiou, and Luigi Laura. Dynamic Dominators and Low-High Orders in DAGs. In 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 144, pp. 50:1-50:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2019.50, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Giannis, Konstantinos and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Karanasiou, Aikaterini and Laura, Luigi}, title = {{Dynamic Dominators and Low-High Orders in DAGs}}, booktitle = {27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)}, pages = {50:1--50:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-124-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {144}, editor = {Bender, Michael A. and Svensson, Ola and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.50}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111715}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.50}, annote = {Keywords: Connectivity, dominators, low-high orders} }

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Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)

The All-Pairs Min-Cut problem (aka All-Pairs Max-Flow) asks to compute a minimum s-t cut (or just its value) for all pairs of vertices s,t. We study this problem in directed graphs with unit edge/vertex capacities (corresponding to edge/vertex connectivity). Our focus is on the k-bounded case, where the algorithm has to find all pairs with min-cut value less than k, and report only those. The most basic case k=1 is the Transitive Closure (TC) problem, which can be solved in graphs with n vertices and m edges in time O(mn) combinatorially, and in time O(n^{omega}) where omega<2.38 is the matrix-multiplication exponent. These time bounds are conjectured to be optimal.
We present new algorithms and conditional lower bounds that advance the frontier for larger k, as follows:
- A randomized algorithm for vertex capacities that runs in time {O}((nk)^{omega}). This is only a factor k^omega away from the TC bound, and nearly matches it for all k=n^{o(1)}.
- Two deterministic algorithms for edge capacities (which is more general) that work in DAGs and further reports a minimum cut for each pair. The first algorithm is combinatorial (does not involve matrix multiplication) and runs in time {O}(2^{{O}(k^2)}* mn). The second algorithm can be faster on dense DAGs and runs in time {O}((k log n)^{4^{k+o(k)}}* n^{omega}). Previously, Georgiadis et al. [ICALP 2017], could match the TC bound (up to n^{o(1)} factors) only when k=2, and now our two algorithms match it for all k=o(sqrt{log n}) and k=o(log log n).
- The first super-cubic lower bound of n^{omega-1-o(1)} k^2 time under the 4-Clique conjecture, which holds even in the simplest case of DAGs with unit vertex capacities. It improves on the previous (SETH-based) lower bounds even in the unbounded setting k=n. For combinatorial algorithms, our reduction implies an n^{2-o(1)} k^2 conditional lower bound. Thus, we identify new settings where the complexity of the problem is (conditionally) higher than that of TC.
Our three sets of results are obtained via different techniques. The first one adapts the network coding method of Cheung, Lau, and Leung [SICOMP 2013] to vertex-capacitated digraphs. The second set exploits new insights on the structure of latest cuts together with suitable algebraic tools. The lower bounds arise from a novel reduction of a different structure than the SETH-based constructions.

Amir Abboud, Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Robert Krauthgamer, Nikos Parotsidis, Ohad Trabelsi, Przemysław Uznański, and Daniel Wolleb-Graf. Faster Algorithms for All-Pairs Bounded Min-Cuts. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 7:1-7:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

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@InProceedings{abboud_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.7, author = {Abboud, Amir and Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Krauthgamer, Robert and Parotsidis, Nikos and Trabelsi, Ohad and Uzna\'{n}ski, Przemys{\l}aw and Wolleb-Graf, Daniel}, title = {{Faster Algorithms for All-Pairs Bounded Min-Cuts}}, booktitle = {46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)}, pages = {7:1--7:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-109-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {132}, editor = {Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.7}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105833}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.7}, annote = {Keywords: All-pairs min-cut, k-reachability, network coding, Directed graphs, fine-grained complexity} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 126, 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)

In this paper we study the dynamic versions of two basic graph problems: Minimum Dominating Set and its variant Minimum Connected Dominating Set. For those two problems, we present algorithms that maintain a solution under edge insertions and edge deletions in time O(Delta * polylog n) per update, where Delta is the maximum vertex degree in the graph. In both cases, we achieve an approximation ratio of O(log n), which is optimal up to a constant factor (under the assumption that P != NP). Although those two problems have been widely studied in the static and in the distributed settings, to the best of our knowledge we are the first to present efficient algorithms in the dynamic setting.
As a further application of our approach, we also present an algorithm that maintains a Minimal Dominating Set in O(min(Delta, sqrt{m})) per update.

Niklas Hjuler, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Nikos Parotsidis, and David Saulpic. Dominating Sets and Connected Dominating Sets in Dynamic Graphs. In 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 126, pp. 35:1-35:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

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@InProceedings{hjuler_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2019.35, author = {Hjuler, Niklas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Parotsidis, Nikos and Saulpic, David}, title = {{Dominating Sets and Connected Dominating Sets in Dynamic Graphs}}, booktitle = {36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)}, pages = {35:1--35:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-100-9}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {126}, editor = {Niedermeier, Rolf and Paul, Christophe}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.35}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-102741}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.35}, annote = {Keywords: Dominating Set, Connected Dominating Set, Dynamic Graph Algorithms} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 112, 26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018)

We present a decremental data structure for maintaining the SPQR-tree of a planar graph subject to edge contractions and deletions. The update time, amortized over Omega(n) operations, is O(log^2 n). Via SPQR-trees, we give a decremental data structure for maintaining 3-vertex connectivity in planar graphs. It answers queries in O(1) time and processes edge deletions and contractions in O(log^2 n) amortized time. The previous best supported deletions and insertions in O(sqrt{n}) time.

Jacob Holm, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Adam Karczmarz, Jakub Lacki, and Eva Rotenberg. Decremental SPQR-trees for Planar Graphs. In 26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 112, pp. 46:1-46:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

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@InProceedings{holm_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2018.46, author = {Holm, Jacob and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Karczmarz, Adam and Lacki, Jakub and Rotenberg, Eva}, title = {{Decremental SPQR-trees for Planar Graphs}}, booktitle = {26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018)}, pages = {46:1--46:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-081-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {112}, editor = {Azar, Yossi and Bast, Hannah and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2018.46}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95091}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2018.46}, annote = {Keywords: Graph embeddings, data structures, graph algorithms, planar graphs, SPQR-trees, triconnectivity} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 87, 25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017)

We present a data structure that can maintain a simple planar graph under edge contractions in linear total time. The data structure supports adjacency queries and provides access to neighbor lists in O(1) time. Moreover, it can report all the arising self-loops and parallel edges.
By applying the data structure, we can achieve optimal running times for decremental bridge detection, 2-edge connectivity, maximal 3-edge connected components, and the problem of finding a unique perfect matching for a static planar graph. Furthermore, we improve the running times of algorithms for several planar graph problems, including decremental 2-vertex and 3-edge connectivity, and we show that using our data structure in a black-box manner, one obtains conceptually simple optimal algorithms for computing MST and 5-coloring in planar graphs.

Jacob Holm, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Adam Karczmarz, Jakub Lacki, Eva Rotenberg, and Piotr Sankowski. Contracting a Planar Graph Efficiently. In 25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 87, pp. 50:1-50:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)

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@InProceedings{holm_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2017.50, author = {Holm, Jacob and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Karczmarz, Adam and Lacki, Jakub and Rotenberg, Eva and Sankowski, Piotr}, title = {{Contracting a Planar Graph Efficiently}}, booktitle = {25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017)}, pages = {50:1--50:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-049-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2017}, volume = {87}, editor = {Pruhs, Kirk and Sohler, Christian}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2017.50}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-78755}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2017.50}, annote = {Keywords: planar graphs, algorithms, data structures, connectivity, coloring} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 75, 16th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2017)

Let G = (V, E) be a 2-vertex-connected directed graph with m edges and n vertices. We consider the problem of approximating the smallest 2-vertex connected spanning subgraph (2VCSS) of G, and provide new efficient algorithms for this problem based on a clever use of low-high orders. The best previously known algorithms were able to compute a 3/2-approximation in O(m n+n 2) time, or a 3-approximation faster in linear time. In this paper, we present a linear-time algorithm that achieves a better approximation ratio of 2, and another algorithm that matches the previous 3/2-approximation in O(m n + n 2 ) time. We conducted a thorough experimental evaluation of all the above algorithms on a variety of input graphs. The experimental results show that both our two new algorithms perform well in practice. In particular, in our experiments the new 3/2-approximation algorithm was always faster than the previous 3/2-approximation algorithm, while their two approximation ratios were close. On the other side, our new linear-time algorithm yielded consistently better approximation ratios than the previously known linear-time algorithm, at the price of a small overhead in the running time.

Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Aikaterini Karanasiou. Approximating the Smallest 2-Vertex-Connected Spanning Subgraph via Low-High Orders. In 16th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 75, pp. 9:1-9:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2017.9, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Karanasiou, Aikaterini}, title = {{Approximating the Smallest 2-Vertex-Connected Spanning Subgraph via Low-High Orders}}, booktitle = {16th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2017)}, pages = {9:1--9:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-036-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2017}, volume = {75}, editor = {Iliopoulos, Costas S. and Pissis, Solon P. and Puglisi, Simon J. and Raman, Rajeev}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2017.9}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-76299}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2017.9}, annote = {Keywords: 2-vertex connectivity, approximation algorithms, directed graphs} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 80, 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)

We introduce a new dynamic data structure for maintaining the strongly connected components (SCCs) of a directed graph (digraph) under edge deletions, so as to answer a rich repertoire of connectivity queries. Our main technical contribution is a decremental data structure that supports sensitivity queries of the form "are u and v strongly connected in the graph G \ w?", for any triple of vertices u, v, w, while G undergoes deletions of edges. Our data structure processes a sequence of edge deletions in a digraph with $n$ vertices in O(m n log n) total time and O(n^2 log n) space, where m is the number of edges before any deletion, and answers the above queries in constant time. We can leverage our data structure to obtain decremental data structures for many more types of queries within the same time and space complexity. For instance for edge-related queries, such as testing whether two query vertices u and v are strongly connected in G \ e, for some query edge e.
As another important application of our decremental data structure, we provide the first nontrivial algorithm for maintaining the dominator tree of a flow graph under edge deletions. We present an algorithm that processes a sequence of edge deletions in a flow graph in O(m n log n) total time and O(n^2 log n) space. For reducible flow graphs we provide an O(mn)-time and O(m + n)-space algorithm. We give a conditional lower bound that provides evidence that these running times may be tight up to subpolynomial factors.

Loukas Georgiadis, Thomas Dueholm Hansen, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Sebastian Krinninger, and Nikos Parotsidis. Decremental Data Structures for Connectivity and Dominators in Directed Graphs. In 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 80, pp. 42:1-42:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.42, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Dueholm Hansen, Thomas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Krinninger, Sebastian and Parotsidis, Nikos}, title = {{Decremental Data Structures for Connectivity and Dominators in Directed Graphs}}, booktitle = {44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)}, pages = {42:1--42:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-041-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2017}, volume = {80}, editor = {Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Indyk, Piotr and Kuhn, Fabian and Muscholl, Anca}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.42}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74455}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.42}, annote = {Keywords: dynamic graph algorithms, decremental algorithms, dominator tree, strong connectivity under failures} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 80, 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)

In the 2-reachability problem we are given a directed graph G and we wish to determine if there are two (edge or vertex) disjoint paths from u to v, for given pair of vertices u and v. In this paper, we present an algorithm that computes 2-reachability information for all pairs of vertices in O(n^w log n) time, where n is the number of vertices and w is the matrix multiplication exponent. Hence, we show that the running time of all-pairs 2-reachability is only within a log factor of transitive closure. Moreover, our algorithm produces a witness (i.e., a separating edge or a separating vertex) for all pair of vertices where 2-reachability does not hold. By processing these witnesses, we can compute all the edge- and vertex-dominator trees of G in O(n^2) additional time, which in turn enables us to answer various connectivity queries in O(1) time. For instance, we can test in constant time if there is a path from u to v avoiding an edge e, for any pair of query vertices u and v, and any query edge e, or if there is a path from u to v avoiding a vertex w, for any query vertices u, v, and w.

Loukas Georgiadis, Daniel Graf, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Nikos Parotsidis, and Przemyslaw Uznanski. All-Pairs 2-Reachability in O(n^w log n) Time. In 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 80, pp. 74:1-74:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.74, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Graf, Daniel and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Parotsidis, Nikos and Uznanski, Przemyslaw}, title = {{All-Pairs 2-Reachability in O(n^w log n) Time}}, booktitle = {44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)}, pages = {74:1--74:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-041-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2017}, volume = {80}, editor = {Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Indyk, Piotr and Kuhn, Fabian and Muscholl, Anca}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.74}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74510}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.74}, annote = {Keywords: 2-reachability, All Dominator Trees, Directed Graphs, Boolean Matrix Multiplication} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 55, 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)

We present an algorithm that can update the 2-edge-connected blocks of a directed graph with n vertices through a sequence of m edge insertions in a total of O(m*n) time. After each insertion, we can answer the following queries in asymptotically optimal time:
- Test in constant time if two query vertices v and w are 2-edge-connected. Moreover, if v and w are not 2-edge-connected, we can produce in constant time a “witness” of this property, by exhibiting an edge that is contained in all paths from v to w or in all paths from w to v.
- Report in O(n) time all the 2-edge-connected blocks of G.
This is the first dynamic algorithm for 2-connectivity problems on directed graphs, and it matches the best known bounds for simpler problems, such as incremental transitive closure.

Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Nikos Parotsidis. Incremental 2-Edge-Connectivity in Directed Graphs. In 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 55, pp. 49:1-49:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.49, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Parotsidis, Nikos}, title = {{Incremental 2-Edge-Connectivity in Directed Graphs}}, booktitle = {43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)}, pages = {49:1--49:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-013-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {55}, editor = {Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Mitzenmacher, Michael and Rabani, Yuval and Sangiorgi, Davide}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.49}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-63292}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.49}, annote = {Keywords: 2-edge connectivity on directed graphs; dynamic graph algorithms; incremental algorithms.} }

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Invited Talk

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 57, 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)

We survey some recent results on 2-edge and 2-vertex connectivity problems in directed graphs. Despite being complete analogs of the corresponding notions on undirected graphs, in digraphs 2-vertex and 2-edge connectivity have a much richer and more complicated structure. It is thus not surprising that 2-connectivity problems on directed graphs appear to be more difficult than on undirected graphs. For undirected graphs it has been known for over 40 years how to compute all bridges, articulation points, 2-edge- and 2-vertex-connected components in linear time, by simply using depth-first search. In the case of digraphs, however, the very same problems have been much more challenging and required the development of new tools and techniques.

Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, and Nikos Parotsidis. 2-Connectivity in Directed Graphs (Invited Talk). In 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 57, pp. 1:1-1:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{georgiadis_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2016.1, author = {Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Parotsidis, Nikos}, title = {{2-Connectivity in Directed Graphs}}, booktitle = {24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)}, pages = {1:1--1:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-015-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {57}, editor = {Sankowski, Piotr and Zaroliagis, Christos}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.1}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-63451}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.1}, annote = {Keywords: 2-edge and 2-vertex connectivity on directed graphs, graph algorithms, dominator trees} }

Document

**Published in:** Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 6, Issue 1 (2016)

This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 16022 "Geometric and Graph-based Approaches to Collective Motion".
The seminar brought together a group of enthusiastic researchers with a diverse background. To create a shared body of knowledge the seminar featured a number of survey talks that were planned early in the week. The survey talks were rather engaging: the audience learned for instance at what scale one should look at a painting of Van Gogh, how bats chase each other, what size of clumps mussels make and why, and how to interact with a computational geometer.

Giuseppe F. Italiano, Marc van Kreveld, Bettina Speckmann, and Guy Theraulaz. Geometric and Graph-based Approaches to Collective Motion (Dagstuhl Seminar 16022). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp. 55-68, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@Article{italiano_et_al:DagRep.6.1.55, author = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and van Kreveld, Marc and Speckmann, Bettina and Theraulaz, Guy}, title = {{Geometric and Graph-based Approaches to Collective Motion (Dagstuhl Seminar 16022)}}, pages = {55--68}, journal = {Dagstuhl Reports}, ISSN = {2192-5283}, year = {2016}, volume = {6}, number = {1}, editor = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and van Kreveld, Marc and Speckmann, Bettina and Theraulaz, Guy}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.6.1.55}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-58095}, doi = {10.4230/DagRep.6.1.55}, annote = {Keywords: Geometry, Graph, Interaction, Motion, Pattern, Trajectory} }

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Complete Volume

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 48, 15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2015)

OASIcs, Volume 48, ATMOS'15, Complete Volume

15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2015). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 48, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)

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@Proceedings{italiano_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2015, title = {{OASIcs, Volume 48, ATMOS'15, Complete Volume}}, booktitle = {15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2015)}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-99-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2015}, volume = {48}, editor = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Schmidt, Marie}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2015}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-54712}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2015}, annote = {Keywords: Analysis of Algorithms and Problem Complexity, Optimization, Combinatorics, Graph Theory, Applications} }

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Front Matter

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 48, 15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2015)

Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Organization

15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2015). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 48, pp. i-x, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)

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@InProceedings{italiano_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2015.i, author = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Schmidt, Marie}, title = {{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Organization}}, booktitle = {15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2015)}, pages = {i--x}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-99-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2015}, volume = {48}, editor = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Schmidt, Marie}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2015.i}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-54505}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2015.i}, annote = {Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Organization} }

Document

**Published in:** Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 4, Issue 5 (2014)

This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 14201 "Horn formulas, directed hypergraphs, lattices and closure systems: related formalisms and applications". The seminar brought together researchers working in various areas of mathematics and computer science, mostly in algebra, logic, date base theory, artificial intelligence and data mining. A key objective of the seminar has been to bring together a critical mass of researchers and to provide a platform for personal contacts and scientific interchange between the different disciplines in an atmosphere that will stimulate collaboration and lead to new partnerships. The goal was to crystallize the main research directions and to disseminate challenging open problems across the different research areas.

Kira V. Adaricheva, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Hans Kleine Büning, and György Turán. Horn formulas, directed hypergraphs, lattices and closure systems: related formalisms and applications (Dagstuhl Seminar 14201). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp. 1-26, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)

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@Article{adaricheva_et_al:DagRep.4.5.1, author = {Adaricheva, Kira V. and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Kleine B\"{u}ning, Hans and Tur\'{a}n, Gy\"{o}rgy}, title = {{Horn formulas, directed hypergraphs, lattices and closure systems: related formalisms and applications (Dagstuhl Seminar 14201)}}, pages = {1--26}, journal = {Dagstuhl Reports}, ISSN = {2192-5283}, year = {2014}, volume = {4}, number = {5}, editor = {Adaricheva, Kira V. and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Kleine B\"{u}ning, Hans and Tur\'{a}n, Gy\"{o}rgy}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.4.5.1}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-46193}, doi = {10.4230/DagRep.4.5.1}, annote = {Keywords: Horn formulas, directed hypergraphs, lattices, closure system, data bases, implicational systems and concept analysis} }

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**Published in:** Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 3, Issue 9 (2014)

This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 13391 "Algorithm Engineering". The algorithm engineering approach consists of a cycle of algorithm design, analysis, implementation, and experimental evaluation, with the aim of bridging the gap between theory and practice in the area of algorithms. This cycle of phases is driven by falsifiable hypotheses validated by experiments. Moreover, real-world instances often have direct impact on this cycle since they often expose modeling and analysis shortcomings. Algorithm engineering touches other research areas such as algorithm theory, combinatorial optimization, computer architecture, parallel and distributed
computing, high-performance computing, and operations research. Prominent success stories in algorithm engineering include the linear program solver CPLEX, the traveling salesman suite CONCORDE, speed-up techniques for shortest paths computation, for example, in route planning, as well as graph partitioning and the computation of Steiner trees. All these topics are driven by the need for efficient algorithms and libraries for problems that appear frequently in real-world applications.
In the last fifteen years, this approach to algorithmic research has gained increasing attention. There is an ACM Journal on Experimental Algorithmics
and several annual conferences (WAE/ESA applied track since 1997, Alenex since 1998, and WEA/SEA since 2001) and the series of DIMACS implementation challenges where people meet to compare implementations for a specific problem. From 2007 to 2013 the German Research Foundation also funded a special priority program on algorithm engineering (DFG SPP 1307).

Andrew V. Goldberg, Giuseppe F. Italiano, David S. Johnson, and Dorothea Wagner. Algorithm Engineering (Dagstuhl Seminar 13391). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 3, Issue 9, pp. 169-189, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)

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@Article{goldberg_et_al:DagRep.3.9.169, author = {Goldberg, Andrew V. and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Johnson, David S. and Wagner, Dorothea}, title = {{Algorithm Engineering (Dagstuhl Seminar 13391)}}, pages = {169--189}, journal = {Dagstuhl Reports}, ISSN = {2192-5283}, year = {2014}, volume = {3}, number = {9}, editor = {Goldberg, Andrew V. and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Johnson, David S. and Wagner, Dorothea}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.3.9.169}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-44214}, doi = {10.4230/DagRep.3.9.169}, annote = {Keywords: Algorithm Engineering, Science of Algorithmics, Manycore Algorithms, Certifying Algorithms, Web Search, Large Graphs} }

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**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 33, 13th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (2013)

Current route planning algorithms for public transport networks are mostly based on timetable information only, i.e., they compute shortest routes under the assumption that all transit vehicles (e.g., buses, subway trains) will incur in no delays throughout their trips. Unfortunately, unavoidable and unexpected delays often prevent transit vehicles to respect their originally planned schedule. In this paper, we try to measure empirically the quality of the solutions offered by timetabling routing in a real public transport network, where unpredictable delays may happen with a certain frequency, such as the public transport network of the metropolitan area of Rome. To accomplish this task, we take the time estimates required for trips provided by a timetabling-based route planner (such as Google Transit) and compare them against the times taken by the trips according to the actual tracking of transit vehicles in the transport network, measured through the GPS data made available by the transit agency. In our experiments, the movement of transit vehicles was only mildly correlated to the timetable, giving strong evidence that in such a case timetabled routing may fail to deliver optimal or even high-quality solutions.

Donatella Firmani, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Luigi Laura, and Federico Santaroni. Is Timetabling Routing Always Reliable for Public Transport?. In 13th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems. Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 33, pp. 15-26, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)

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@InProceedings{firmani_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2013.15, author = {Firmani, Donatella and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Laura, Luigi and Santaroni, Federico}, title = {{Is Timetabling Routing Always Reliable for Public Transport?}}, booktitle = {13th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems}, pages = {15--26}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-58-3}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2013}, volume = {33}, editor = {Frigioni, Daniele and Stiller, Sebastian}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2013.15}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-42415}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2013.15}, annote = {Keywords: Shortest Path Problems, Route Planning, Timetable-based Routing, Public Transport Networks} }

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**Published in:** Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 10261, Algorithm Engineering (2010)

From June 27 to July 2, the Dagstuhl Seminar 10261 ``Algorithm Engineering '' was held in Schloss Dagstuhl~--~Leibniz Center for Informatics.
During the seminar, several participants presented their current
research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of
the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of
seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section
describes the seminar topics and goals in general.
Links to extended abstracts or full papers are provided, if available.

Giuseppe F. Italiano, David S. Johnson, Petra Mutzel, and Peter Sanders. 10261 Abstracts Collection – Algorithm Engineering. In Algorithm Engineering. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 10261, pp. 1-10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

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@InProceedings{italiano_et_al:DagSemProc.10261.1, author = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Johnson, David S. and Mutzel, Petra and Sanders, Peter}, title = {{10261 Abstracts Collection – Algorithm Engineering}}, booktitle = {Algorithm Engineering}, pages = {1--10}, series = {Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)}, ISSN = {1862-4405}, year = {2010}, volume = {10261}, editor = {Giuseppe F. Italiano and David S. Johnson and Petra Mutzel and Peter Sanders}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.10261.1}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28179}, doi = {10.4230/DagSemProc.10261.1}, annote = {Keywords: Experimental algorithmics, Game theory, Parallel and distributed algorithms, Multi-core} }

Document

**Published in:** Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 10261, Algorithm Engineering (2010)

Algorithm engineering (AE) consists of the design,
theoretical analysis, implementation, and experimental
evaluation of algorithms, with the aim of bridging the gap between
theory and practice in the area of algorithms. In the last decade,
this approach to algorithmic research has gained increasing
attention.
The aim of this seminar was to bring together researchers with
different backgrounds, e.g., from combinatorial optimization, algorithmic
theory, and algorithm engineering, in order to strengthen and foster
collaborations in the area of algorithm engineering and to identify
key research directions for the future.

Giuseppe F. Italiano, David S. Johnson, Petra Mutzel, and Peter Sanders. 10261 Executive Summary – Algorithm Engineering. In Algorithm Engineering. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 10261, pp. 1-2, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

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@InProceedings{italiano_et_al:DagSemProc.10261.2, author = {Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Johnson, David S. and Mutzel, Petra and Sanders, Peter}, title = {{10261 Executive Summary – Algorithm Engineering}}, booktitle = {Algorithm Engineering}, pages = {1--2}, series = {Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)}, ISSN = {1862-4405}, year = {2010}, volume = {10261}, editor = {Giuseppe F. Italiano and David S. Johnson and Petra Mutzel and Peter Sanders}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.10261.2}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-27966}, doi = {10.4230/DagSemProc.10261.2}, annote = {Keywords: Experimental algorithmics, Game theory, Parallel and distributed algorithms, Multi-core} }

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