6 Search Results for "Bonsma, Paul"


Document
Scalable Hard Instances for Independent Set Reconfiguration

Authors: Takehide Soh, Takumu Watanabe, Jun Kawahara, Akira Suzuki, and Takehiro Ito

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 301, 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)


Abstract
The Token Jumping problem, also known as the independent set reconfiguration problem under the token jumping model, is defined as follows: Given a graph and two same-sized independent sets, determine whether one can be transformed into the other via a sequence of independent sets. Token Jumping has been extensively studied, mainly from the viewpoint of algorithmic theory, but its practical study has just begun. To develop a practically good solver, it is important to construct benchmark datasets that are scalable and hard. Here, "scalable" means the ability to change the scale of the instance while maintaining its characteristics by adjusting the given parameters; and "hard" means that the instance can become so difficult that it cannot be solved within a practical time frame by a solver. In this paper, we propose four types of instance series for Token Jumping. Our instance series is scalable in the sense that instance scales are controlled by the number of vertices. To establish their hardness, we focus on the numbers of transformation steps; our instance series requires exponential numbers of steps with respect to the number of vertices. Interestingly, three types of instance series are constructed by importing theories developed by algorithmic research. We experimentally evaluate the scalability and hardness of the proposed instance series, using the SAT solver and award-winning solvers of the international competition for Token Jumping.

Cite as

Takehide Soh, Takumu Watanabe, Jun Kawahara, Akira Suzuki, and Takehiro Ito. Scalable Hard Instances for Independent Set Reconfiguration. In 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 301, pp. 26:1-26:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{soh_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2024.26,
  author =	{Soh, Takehide and Watanabe, Takumu and Kawahara, Jun and Suzuki, Akira and Ito, Takehiro},
  title =	{{Scalable Hard Instances for Independent Set Reconfiguration}},
  booktitle =	{22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-325-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{301},
  editor =	{Liberti, Leo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.26},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203913},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: Combinatorial reconfiguration, Benckmark dataset, Graph Algorithm, PSPACE-complete}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Solution Discovery via Reconfiguration for Problems in P

Authors: Mario Grobler, Stephanie Maaz, Nicole Megow, Amer E. Mouawad, Vijayaragunathan Ramamoorthi, Daniel Schmand, and Sebastian Siebertz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the recently introduced framework of solution discovery via reconfiguration [Fellows et al., ECAI 2023], we are given an initial configuration of k tokens on a graph and the question is whether we can transform this configuration into a feasible solution (for some problem) via a bounded number b of small modification steps. In this work, we study solution discovery variants of polynomial-time solvable problems, namely Spanning Tree Discovery, Shortest Path Discovery, Matching Discovery, and Vertex/Edge Cut Discovery in the unrestricted token addition/removal model, the token jumping model, and the token sliding model. In the unrestricted token addition/removal model, we show that all four discovery variants remain in P. For the token jumping model we also prove containment in P, except for Vertex/Edge Cut Discovery, for which we prove NP-completeness. Finally, in the token sliding model, almost all considered problems become NP-complete, the exception being Spanning Tree Discovery, which remains polynomial-time solvable. We then study the parameterized complexity of the NP-complete problems and provide a full classification of tractability with respect to the parameters solution size (number of tokens) k and transformation budget (number of steps) b. Along the way, we observe strong connections between the solution discovery variants of our base problems and their (weighted) rainbow variants as well as their red-blue variants with cardinality constraints.

Cite as

Mario Grobler, Stephanie Maaz, Nicole Megow, Amer E. Mouawad, Vijayaragunathan Ramamoorthi, Daniel Schmand, and Sebastian Siebertz. Solution Discovery via Reconfiguration for Problems in P. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 76:1-76:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{grobler_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.76,
  author =	{Grobler, Mario and Maaz, Stephanie and Megow, Nicole and Mouawad, Amer E. and Ramamoorthi, Vijayaragunathan and Schmand, Daniel and Siebertz, Sebastian},
  title =	{{Solution Discovery via Reconfiguration for Problems in P}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{76:1--76:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.76},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202195},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.76},
  annote =	{Keywords: solution discovery, reconfiguration, spanning tree, shortest path, matching, cut}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Optimal PSPACE-Hardness of Approximating Set Cover Reconfiguration

Authors: Shuichi Hirahara and Naoto Ohsaka

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the Minmax Set Cover Reconfiguration problem, given a set system ℱ over a universe 𝒰 and its two covers 𝒞^start and 𝒞^goal of size k, we wish to transform 𝒞^start into 𝒞^goal by repeatedly adding or removing a single set of ℱ while covering the universe 𝒰 in any intermediate state. Then, the objective is to minimize the maximum size of any intermediate cover during transformation. We prove that Minmax Set Cover Reconfiguration and Minmax Dominating Set Reconfiguration are PSPACE-hard to approximate within a factor of 2-(1/polyloglog N), where N is the size of the universe and the number of vertices in a graph, respectively, improving upon Ohsaka (SODA 2024) [Ohsaka, 2024] and Karthik C. S. and Manurangsi (2023) [Karthik C. S. and Manurangsi, 2023]. This is the first result that exhibits a sharp threshold for the approximation factor of any reconfiguration problem because both problems admit a 2-factor approximation algorithm as per Ito, Demaine, Harvey, Papadimitriou, Sideri, Uehara, and Uno (Theor. Comput. Sci., 2011) [Takehiro Ito et al., 2011]. Our proof is based on a reconfiguration analogue of the FGLSS reduction [Feige et al., 1996] from Probabilistically Checkable Reconfiguration Proofs of Hirahara and Ohsaka (STOC 2024) [Hirahara and Ohsaka, 2024]. We also prove that for any constant ε ∈ (0,1), Minmax Hypergraph Vertex Cover Reconfiguration on poly(ε^-1)-uniform hypergraphs is PSPACE-hard to approximate within a factor of 2-ε.

Cite as

Shuichi Hirahara and Naoto Ohsaka. Optimal PSPACE-Hardness of Approximating Set Cover Reconfiguration. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 85:1-85:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{hirahara_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.85,
  author =	{Hirahara, Shuichi and Ohsaka, Naoto},
  title =	{{Optimal PSPACE-Hardness of Approximating Set Cover Reconfiguration}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{85:1--85:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.85},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202283},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.85},
  annote =	{Keywords: reconfiguration problems, hardness of approximation, probabilistic proof systems, FGLSS reduction}
}
Document
Using Contracted Solution Graphs for Solving Reconfiguration Problems

Authors: Paul Bonsma and Daniël Paulusma

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 58, 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)


Abstract
We introduce a dynamic programming method for solving reconfiguration problems, based on contracted solution graphs, which are obtained from solution graphs by performing an appropriate series of edge contractions that decrease the graph size without losing any critical information needed to solve the reconfiguration problem under consideration. As an example, we consider a well-studied problem: given two k-colorings alpha and beta of a graph G, can alpha be modified into beta by recoloring one vertex of G at a time, while maintaining a k-coloring throughout? By applying our method in combination with a thorough exploitation of the graph structure we obtain a polynomial-time algorithm for (k-2)-connected chordal graphs.

Cite as

Paul Bonsma and Daniël Paulusma. Using Contracted Solution Graphs for Solving Reconfiguration Problems. In 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 58, pp. 20:1-20:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{bonsma_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.20,
  author =	{Bonsma, Paul and Paulusma, Dani\"{e}l},
  title =	{{Using Contracted Solution Graphs for Solving Reconfiguration Problems}},
  booktitle =	{41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-016-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{58},
  editor =	{Faliszewski, Piotr and Muscholl, Anca and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.20},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-64351},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: reconfiguration, contraction, dynamic programming, graph coloring}
}
Document
Rerouting shortest paths in planar graphs

Authors: Paul Bonsma

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 18, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)


Abstract
A rerouting sequence is a sequence of shortest st-paths such that consecutive paths differ in one vertex. We study the Shortest Path Rerouting Problem, which asks, given two shortest st-paths P and Q in a graph G, whether a rerouting sequence exists from P to Q. This problem is PSPACE-hard in general, but we show that it can be solved in polynomial time if G is planar. To this end, we introduce a dynamic programming method for reconfiguration problems.

Cite as

Paul Bonsma. Rerouting shortest paths in planar graphs. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 18, pp. 337-349, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)


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@InProceedings{bonsma:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.337,
  author =	{Bonsma, Paul},
  title =	{{Rerouting shortest paths in planar graphs}},
  booktitle =	{IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)},
  pages =	{337--349},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-47-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2012},
  volume =	{18},
  editor =	{D'Souza, Deepak and Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar and Telikepalli, Kavitha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.337},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-38715},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.337},
  annote =	{Keywords: shortest path, rerouting, reconfiguration problem, planar graph, polynomial time, dynamic programming}
}
Document
Surface Split Decompositions and Subgraph Isomorphism in Graphs on Surfaces

Authors: Paul Bonsma

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 14, 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)


Abstract
The Subgraph Isomorphism problem asks, given a host graph G on n vertices and a pattern graph P on k vertices, whether G contains a subgraph isomorphic to P. The restriction of this problem to planar graphs has often been considered. After a sequence of improvements, the current best algorithm for planar graphs is a linear time algorithm by Dorn (STACS '10), with complexity 2^{O(k)} O(n). We generalize this result, by giving an algorithm of the same complexity for graphs that can be embedded in surfaces of bounded genus. In addition, we simplify the algorithm and analysis. The key to these improvements is the introduction of surface split decompositions for bounded genus graphs, which generalize sphere cut decompositions for planar graphs. We extend the algorithm for the problem of counting and generating all subgraphs isomorphic to P, even for the case where P is disconnected. This answers an open question by Eppstein (JGAA '99).

Cite as

Paul Bonsma. Surface Split Decompositions and Subgraph Isomorphism in Graphs on Surfaces. In 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 14, pp. 531-542, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)


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@InProceedings{bonsma:LIPIcs.STACS.2012.531,
  author =	{Bonsma, Paul},
  title =	{{Surface Split Decompositions and Subgraph Isomorphism in Graphs on Surfaces}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)},
  pages =	{531--542},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-35-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2012},
  volume =	{14},
  editor =	{D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.531},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-34224},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.531},
  annote =	{Keywords: Analysis of algorithms, parameterized algorithms, graphs on surfaces, subgraph isomorphism, dynamic programming, branch decompositions, counting probl}
}
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