100 Search Results for "Buchin, Kevin"


Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 189

37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)

SoCG 2021, June 7-11, 2021, Buffalo, NY, USA (Virtual Conference)

Editors: Kevin Buchin and Éric Colin de Verdière

Document
Computing a Subtrajectory Cluster from c-Packed Trajectories

Authors: Joachim Gudmundsson, Zijin Huang, André van Renssen, and Sampson Wong

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)


Abstract
We present a near-linear time approximation algorithm for the subtrajectory cluster problem of c-packed trajectories. Given a trajectory T of complexity n, an approximation factor ε, and a desired distance d, the problem involves finding m subtrajectories of T such that their pair-wise Fréchet distance is at most (1 + ε)d. At least one subtrajectory must be of length l or longer. A trajectory T is c-packed if the intersection of T and any ball B with radius r is at most c⋅r in length. Previous results by Gudmundsson and Wong [Gudmundsson and Wong, 2022] established an Ω(n³) lower bound unless the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis fails, and they presented an O(n³ log² n) time algorithm. We circumvent this conditional lower bound by studying subtrajectory cluster on c-packed trajectories, resulting in an algorithm with an O((c² n/ε²)log(c/ε)log(n/ε)) time complexity.

Cite as

Joachim Gudmundsson, Zijin Huang, André van Renssen, and Sampson Wong. Computing a Subtrajectory Cluster from c-Packed Trajectories. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 34:1-34:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{gudmundsson_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.34,
  author =	{Gudmundsson, Joachim and Huang, Zijin and van Renssen, Andr\'{e} and Wong, Sampson},
  title =	{{Computing a Subtrajectory Cluster from c-Packed Trajectories}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-289-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{283},
  editor =	{Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193364},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: Subtrajectory cluster, c-packed trajectories, Computational geometry}
}
Document
Oriented Spanners

Authors: Kevin Buchin, Joachim Gudmundsson, Antonia Kalb, Aleksandr Popov, Carolin Rehs, André van Renssen, and Sampson Wong

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
Given a point set P in the Euclidean plane and a parameter t, we define an oriented t-spanner as an oriented subgraph of the complete bi-directed graph such that for every pair of points, the shortest cycle in G through those points is at most a factor t longer than the shortest oriented cycle in the complete bi-directed graph. We investigate the problem of computing sparse graphs with small oriented dilation. As we can show that minimising oriented dilation for a given number of edges is NP-hard in the plane, we first consider one-dimensional point sets. While obtaining a 1-spanner in this setting is straightforward, already for five points such a spanner has no plane embedding with the leftmost and rightmost point on the outer face. This leads to restricting to oriented graphs with a one-page book embedding on the one-dimensional point set. For this case we present a dynamic program to compute the graph of minimum oriented dilation that runs in 𝒪(n⁸) time for n points, and a greedy algorithm that computes a 5-spanner in 𝒪(nlog n) time. Expanding these results finally gives us a result for two-dimensional point sets: we prove that for convex point sets the greedy triangulation results in an oriented 𝒪(1)-spanner.

Cite as

Kevin Buchin, Joachim Gudmundsson, Antonia Kalb, Aleksandr Popov, Carolin Rehs, André van Renssen, and Sampson Wong. Oriented Spanners. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 26:1-26:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.26,
  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and Gudmundsson, Joachim and Kalb, Antonia and Popov, Aleksandr and Rehs, Carolin and van Renssen, Andr\'{e} and Wong, Sampson},
  title =	{{Oriented Spanners}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.26},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186796},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: computational geometry, spanner, oriented graph, greedy triangulation}
}
Document
Segment Visibility Counting Queries in Polygons

Authors: Kevin Buchin, Bram Custers, Ivor van der Hoog, Maarten Löffler, Aleksandr Popov, Marcel Roeloffzen, and Frank Staals

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)


Abstract
Let P be a simple polygon with n vertices, and let A be a set of m points or line segments inside P. We develop data structures that can efficiently count the objects from A that are visible to a query point or a query segment. Our main aim is to obtain fast, O(polylog nm), query times, while using as little space as possible. In case the query is a single point, a simple visibility-polygon-based solution achieves O(log nm) query time using O(nm²) space. In case A also contains only points, we present a smaller, O(n + m^{2+ε} log n)-space, data structure based on a hierarchical decomposition of the polygon. Building on these results, we tackle the case where the query is a line segment and A contains only points. The main complication here is that the segment may intersect multiple regions of the polygon decomposition, and that a point may see multiple such pieces. Despite these issues, we show how to achieve O(log n log nm) query time using only O(nm^{2+ε} + n²) space. Finally, we show that we can even handle the case where the objects in A are segments with the same bounds.

Cite as

Kevin Buchin, Bram Custers, Ivor van der Hoog, Maarten Löffler, Aleksandr Popov, Marcel Roeloffzen, and Frank Staals. Segment Visibility Counting Queries in Polygons. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 58:1-58:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.58,
  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and Custers, Bram and van der Hoog, Ivor and L\"{o}ffler, Maarten and Popov, Aleksandr and Roeloffzen, Marcel and Staals, Frank},
  title =	{{Segment Visibility Counting Queries in Polygons}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)},
  pages =	{58:1--58:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-258-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{248},
  editor =	{Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173431},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: Visibility, Data Structure, Polygons, Complexity}
}
Document
On Cyclic Solutions to the Min-Max Latency Multi-Robot Patrolling Problem

Authors: Peyman Afshani, Mark de Berg, Kevin Buchin, Jie Gao, Maarten Löffler, Amir Nayyeri, Benjamin Raichel, Rik Sarkar, Haotian Wang, and Hao-Tsung Yang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 224, 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)


Abstract
We consider the following surveillance problem: Given a set P of n sites in a metric space and a set R of k robots with the same maximum speed, compute a patrol schedule of minimum latency for the robots. Here a patrol schedule specifies for each robot an infinite sequence of sites to visit (in the given order) and the latency L of a schedule is the maximum latency of any site, where the latency of a site s is the supremum of the lengths of the time intervals between consecutive visits to s. When k = 1 the problem is equivalent to the travelling salesman problem (TSP) and thus it is NP-hard. For k ≥ 2 (which is the version we are interested in) the problem becomes even more challenging; for example, it is not even clear if the decision version of the problem is decidable, in particular in the Euclidean case. We have two main results. We consider cyclic solutions in which the set of sites must be partitioned into 𝓁 groups, for some 𝓁 ≤ k, and each group is assigned a subset of the robots that move along the travelling salesman tour of the group at equal distance from each other. Our first main result is that approximating the optimal latency of the class of cyclic solutions can be reduced to approximating the optimal travelling salesman tour on some input, with only a 1+ε factor loss in the approximation factor and an O((k/ε) ^k) factor loss in the runtime, for any ε > 0. Our second main result shows that an optimal cyclic solution is a 2(1-1/k)-approximation of the overall optimal solution. Note that for k = 2 this implies that an optimal cyclic solution is optimal overall. We conjecture that this is true for k ≥ 3 as well. The results have a number of consequences. For the Euclidean version of the problem, for instance, combining our results with known results on Euclidean TSP, yields a PTAS for approximating an optimal cyclic solution, and it yields a (2(1-1/k)+ε)-approximation of the optimal unrestricted (not necessarily cyclic) solution. If the conjecture mentioned above is true, then our algorithm is actually a PTAS for the general problem in the Euclidean setting. Similar results can be obtained by combining our results with other known TSP algorithms in non-Euclidean metrics.

Cite as

Peyman Afshani, Mark de Berg, Kevin Buchin, Jie Gao, Maarten Löffler, Amir Nayyeri, Benjamin Raichel, Rik Sarkar, Haotian Wang, and Hao-Tsung Yang. On Cyclic Solutions to the Min-Max Latency Multi-Robot Patrolling Problem. In 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 224, pp. 2:1-2:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{afshani_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.2,
  author =	{Afshani, Peyman and de Berg, Mark and Buchin, Kevin and Gao, Jie and L\"{o}ffler, Maarten and Nayyeri, Amir and Raichel, Benjamin and Sarkar, Rik and Wang, Haotian and Yang, Hao-Tsung},
  title =	{{On Cyclic Solutions to the Min-Max Latency Multi-Robot Patrolling Problem}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-227-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{224},
  editor =	{Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160109},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation, Motion Planning, Scheduling}
}
Document
Unlabeled Multi-Robot Motion Planning with Tighter Separation Bounds

Authors: Bahareh Banyassady, Mark de Berg, Karl Bringmann, Kevin Buchin, Henning Fernau, Dan Halperin, Irina Kostitsyna, Yoshio Okamoto, and Stijn Slot

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 224, 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)


Abstract
We consider the unlabeled motion-planning problem of m unit-disc robots moving in a simple polygonal workspace of n edges. The goal is to find a motion plan that moves the robots to a given set of m target positions. For the unlabeled variant, it does not matter which robot reaches which target position as long as all target positions are occupied in the end. If the workspace has narrow passages such that the robots cannot fit through them, then the free configuration space, representing all possible unobstructed positions of the robots, will consist of multiple connected components. Even if in each component of the free space the number of targets matches the number of start positions, the motion-planning problem does not always have a solution when the robots and their targets are positioned very densely. In this paper, we prove tight bounds on how much separation between start and target positions is necessary to always guarantee a solution. Moreover, we describe an algorithm that always finds a solution in time O(n log n + mn + m²) if the separation bounds are met. Specifically, we prove that the following separation is sufficient: any two start positions are at least distance 4 apart, any two target positions are at least distance 4 apart, and any pair of a start and a target positions is at least distance 3 apart. We further show that when the free space consists of a single connected component, the separation between start and target positions is not necessary.

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Bahareh Banyassady, Mark de Berg, Karl Bringmann, Kevin Buchin, Henning Fernau, Dan Halperin, Irina Kostitsyna, Yoshio Okamoto, and Stijn Slot. Unlabeled Multi-Robot Motion Planning with Tighter Separation Bounds. In 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 224, pp. 12:1-12:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{banyassady_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.12,
  author =	{Banyassady, Bahareh and de Berg, Mark and Bringmann, Karl and Buchin, Kevin and Fernau, Henning and Halperin, Dan and Kostitsyna, Irina and Okamoto, Yoshio and Slot, Stijn},
  title =	{{Unlabeled Multi-Robot Motion Planning with Tighter Separation Bounds}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-227-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{224},
  editor =	{Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160203},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: motion planning, computational geometry, simple polygon}
}
Document
Computing Continuous Dynamic Time Warping of Time Series in Polynomial Time

Authors: Kevin Buchin, André Nusser, and Sampson Wong

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 224, 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)


Abstract
Dynamic Time Warping is arguably the most popular similarity measure for time series, where we define a time series to be a one-dimensional polygonal curve. The drawback of Dynamic Time Warping is that it is sensitive to the sampling rate of the time series. The Fréchet distance is an alternative that has gained popularity, however, its drawback is that it is sensitive to outliers. Continuous Dynamic Time Warping (CDTW) is a recently proposed alternative that does not exhibit the aforementioned drawbacks. CDTW combines the continuous nature of the Fréchet distance with the summation of Dynamic Time Warping, resulting in a similarity measure that is robust to sampling rate and to outliers. In a recent experimental work of Brankovic et al., it was demonstrated that clustering under CDTW avoids the unwanted artifacts that appear when clustering under Dynamic Time Warping and under the Fréchet distance. Despite its advantages, the major shortcoming of CDTW is that there is no exact algorithm for computing CDTW, in polynomial time or otherwise. In this work, we present the first exact algorithm for computing CDTW of one-dimensional curves. Our algorithm runs in time 𝒪(n⁵) for a pair of one-dimensional curves, each with complexity at most n. In our algorithm, we propagate continuous functions in the dynamic program for CDTW, where the main difficulty lies in bounding the complexity of the functions. We believe that our result is an important first step towards CDTW becoming a practical similarity measure between curves.

Cite as

Kevin Buchin, André Nusser, and Sampson Wong. Computing Continuous Dynamic Time Warping of Time Series in Polynomial Time. In 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 224, pp. 22:1-22:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.22,
  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and Nusser, Andr\'{e} and Wong, Sampson},
  title =	{{Computing Continuous Dynamic Time Warping of Time Series in Polynomial Time}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)},
  pages =	{22:1--22:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-227-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{224},
  editor =	{Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.22},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160307},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.22},
  annote =	{Keywords: Computational Geometry, Curve Similarity, Fr\'{e}chet distance, Dynamic Time Warping, Continuous Dynamic Time Warping}
}
Document
Dots & Boxes Is PSPACE-Complete

Authors: Kevin Buchin, Mart Hagedoorn, Irina Kostitsyna, and Max van Mulken

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 202, 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)


Abstract
Exactly 20 years ago at MFCS, Demaine posed the open problem whether the game of Dots & Boxes is PSPACE-complete. Dots & Boxes has been studied extensively, with for instance a chapter in Berlekamp et al. Winning Ways for Your Mathematical Plays, a whole book on the game The Dots and Boxes Game: Sophisticated Child’s Play by Berlekamp, and numerous articles in the Games of No Chance series. While known to be NP-hard, the question of its complexity remained open. We resolve this question, proving that the game is PSPACE-complete by a reduction from a game played on propositional formulas.

Cite as

Kevin Buchin, Mart Hagedoorn, Irina Kostitsyna, and Max van Mulken. Dots & Boxes Is PSPACE-Complete. In 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 202, pp. 25:1-25:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.25,
  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and Hagedoorn, Mart and Kostitsyna, Irina and van Mulken, Max},
  title =	{{Dots \& Boxes Is PSPACE-Complete}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)},
  pages =	{25:1--25:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-201-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{202},
  editor =	{Bonchi, Filippo and Puglisi, Simon J.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.25},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-144657},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.25},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dots \& Boxes, PSPACE-complete, combinatorial game}
}
Document
Uncertain Curve Simplification

Authors: Kevin Buchin, Maarten Löffler, Aleksandr Popov, and Marcel Roeloffzen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 202, 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)


Abstract
We study the problem of polygonal curve simplification under uncertainty, where instead of a sequence of exact points, each uncertain point is represented by a region which contains the (unknown) true location of the vertex. The regions we consider are disks, line segments, convex polygons, and discrete sets of points. We are interested in finding the shortest subsequence of uncertain points such that no matter what the true location of each uncertain point is, the resulting polygonal curve is a valid simplification of the original polygonal curve under the Hausdorff or the Fréchet distance. For both these distance measures, we present polynomial-time algorithms for this problem.

Cite as

Kevin Buchin, Maarten Löffler, Aleksandr Popov, and Marcel Roeloffzen. Uncertain Curve Simplification. In 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 202, pp. 26:1-26:22, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.26,
  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and L\"{o}ffler, Maarten and Popov, Aleksandr and Roeloffzen, Marcel},
  title =	{{Uncertain Curve Simplification}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-201-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{202},
  editor =	{Bonchi, Filippo and Puglisi, Simon J.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.26},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-144666},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: Curves, Uncertainty, Simplification, Fr\'{e}chet Distance, Hausdorff Distance}
}
Document
Complete Volume
LIPIcs, Volume 189, SoCG 2021, Complete Volume

Authors: Kevin Buchin and Éric Colin de Verdière

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
LIPIcs, Volume 189, SoCG 2021, Complete Volume

Cite as

Kevin Buchin and Éric Colin de Verdière. LIPIcs, Volume 189, SoCG 2021, Complete Volume. In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, pp. 1-978, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@Proceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021,
  title =	{{LIPIcs, Volume 189, SoCG 2021, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{1--978},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-137987},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021},
  annote =	{Keywords: LIPIcs, Volume 189, SoCG 2021, Complete Volume}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Kevin Buchin and Éric Colin de Verdière

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

Kevin Buchin and Éric Colin de Verdière. Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization. In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, pp. 0:i-0:xviii, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{buchin_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.0,
  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:xviii},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-137993},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Invited Talk
On Laplacians (Invited Talk)

Authors: Robert Ghrist

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
This talk outlines recent creations and implementations of Laplacians for distributed systems.

Cite as

Robert Ghrist. On Laplacians (Invited Talk). In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, p. 1:1, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{ghrist:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.1,
  author =	{Ghrist, Robert},
  title =	{{On Laplacians}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-138003},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Laplacian, sheaf theory, applied topology}
}
Document
Invited Talk
3SUM and Related Problems in Fine-Grained Complexity (Invited Talk)

Authors: Virginia Vassilevska Williams

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
3SUM is a simple to state problem: given a set S of n numbers, determine whether S contains three a,b,c so that a+b+c = 0. The fastest algorithms for the problem run in n² poly(log log n)/(log n)² time both when the input numbers are integers [Ilya Baran et al., 2005] (in the word RAM model with O(log n) bit words) and when they are real numbers [Timothy M. Chan, 2020] (in the real RAM model). A hypothesis that is now central in Fine-Grained Complexity (FGC) states that 3SUM requires n^{2-o(1)} time (on the real RAM for real inputs and on the word RAM with O(log n) bit numbers for integer inputs). This hypothesis was first used in Computational Geometry by Gajentaan and Overmars [A. Gajentaan and M. Overmars, 1995] who built a web of reductions showing that many geometric problems are hard, assuming that 3SUM is hard. The web of reductions within computational geometry has grown considerably since then (see some citations in [V. Vassilevska Williams, 2018]). A seminal paper by Pǎtraşcu [Mihai Pǎtraşcu, 2010] showed that the integer version of the 3SUM hypothesis can be used to prove polynomial conditional lower bounds for several problems in data structures and graph algorithms as well, extending the implications of the hypothesis to outside computational geometry. Pǎtraşcu proved an important tight equivalence between (integer) 3SUM and a problem called 3SUM-Convolution (see also [Timothy M. Chan and Qizheng He, 2020]) that is easier to use in reductions: given an integer array a of length n, do there exist i,j ∈ [n] so that a[i]+a[j] = a[i+j]. From 3SUM-Convolution, many 3SUM-based hardness results have been proven: e.g. to listing graphs in triangles, dynamically maintaining shortest paths or bipartite matching, subset intersection and many more. It is interesting to consider more runtime-equivalent formulations of 3SUM, with the goal of uncovering more relationships to different problems. The talk will outline some such equivalences. For instance, 3SUM (over the reals or the integers) is equivalent to All-Numbers-3SUM: given a set S of n numbers, determine for every a ∈ S whether there are b,c ∈ S with a+b+c = 0 (e.g. [V. Vassilevska Williams and R. Williams, 2018]). The equivalences between 3SUM, 3SUM-Convolution and All-Numbers 3SUM are (n²,n²)-fine-grained equivalences that imply that if there is an O(n^{2-ε}) time algorithm for one of the problems for ε > 0, then there is also an O(n^{2-ε'}) time algorithm for the other problems for some ε' > 0. More generally, for functions a(n),b(n), there is an (a,b)-fine-grained reduction [V. Vassilevska Williams, 2018; V. Vassilevska Williams and R. Williams, 2010; V. Vassilevska Williams and R. Williams, 2018] from problem A to problem B if for every ε > 0 there is a δ > 0 and an O(a(n)^{1-δ}) time algorithm for A that does oracle calls to instances of B of sizes n₁,…,n_k (for some k) so that ∑_{j = 1}^k b(n_j)^{1-ε} ≤ a(n)^{1-δ}. With such a reduction, an O(b(n)^{1-ε}) time algorithm for B can be converted into an O(a(n)^{1-δ}) time algorithm for A by replacing the oracle calls by calls to the B algorithm. A and B are (a,b)-fine-grained equivalent if A (a,b)-reduces to B and B (b,a)-reduces to A. One of the main open problems in FGC is to determine the relationship between 3SUM and the other central FGC problems, in particular All-Pairs Shortest Paths (APSP). A classical graph problem, APSP in n node graphs has been known to be solvable in O(n³) time since the 1950s. Its fastest known algorithm runs in n³/exp(√{log n}) time [Ryan Williams, 2014]. The APSP Hypothesis states that n^{3-o(1)} time is needed to solve APSP in graphs with integer edge weights in the word-RAM model with O(log n) bit words. It is unknown whether APSP and 3SUM are fine-grained reducible to each other, in either direction. The two problems are very similar. Problems such as (min,+)-convolution (believed to require n^{2-o(1)} time) have tight fine-grained reductions to both APSP and 3SUM, and both 3SUM and APSP have tight fine-grained reductions to problems such as Exact Triangle [V. Vassilevska Williams and R. Williams, 2018; V. Vassilevska and R. Williams, 2009; V. Vassilevska Williams and Ryan Williams, 2013] and (since very recently) Listing triangles in sparse graphs [Mihai Pǎtraşcu, 2010; Tsvi Kopelowitz et al., 2016; V. Vassilevska Williams and Yinzhan Xu, 2020]. The talk will discuss these relationships and some of their implications, e.g. to dynamic algorithms.

Cite as

Virginia Vassilevska Williams. 3SUM and Related Problems in Fine-Grained Complexity (Invited Talk). In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, pp. 2:1-2:2, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{vassilevskawilliams:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.2,
  author =	{Vassilevska Williams, Virginia},
  title =	{{3SUM and Related Problems in Fine-Grained Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:2},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-138014},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: fine-grained complexity}
}
Document
Classifying Convex Bodies by Their Contact and Intersection Graphs

Authors: Anders Aamand, Mikkel Abrahamsen, Jakob Bæk Tejs Knudsen, and Peter Michael Reichstein Rasmussen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
Let A be a convex body in the plane and A₁,…,A_n be translates of A. Such translates give rise to an intersection graph of A, G = (V,E), with vertices V = {1,… ,n} and edges E = {uv∣ A_u ∩ A_v ≠ ∅}. The subgraph G' = (V, E') satisfying that E' ⊂ E is the set of edges uv for which the interiors of A_u and A_v are disjoint is a unit distance graph of A. If furthermore G' = G, i.e., if the interiors of A_u and A_v are disjoint whenever u≠ v, then G is a contact graph of A. In this paper, we study which pairs of convex bodies have the same contact, unit distance, or intersection graphs. We say that two convex bodies A and B are equivalent if there exists a linear transformation B' of B such that for any slope, the longest line segments with that slope contained in A and B', respectively, are equally long. For a broad class of convex bodies, including all strictly convex bodies and linear transformations of regular polygons, we show that the contact graphs of A and B are the same if and only if A and B are equivalent. We prove the same statement for unit distance and intersection graphs.

Cite as

Anders Aamand, Mikkel Abrahamsen, Jakob Bæk Tejs Knudsen, and Peter Michael Reichstein Rasmussen. Classifying Convex Bodies by Their Contact and Intersection Graphs. In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, pp. 3:1-3:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{aamand_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.3,
  author =	{Aamand, Anders and Abrahamsen, Mikkel and Knudsen, Jakob B{\ae}k Tejs and Rasmussen, Peter Michael Reichstein},
  title =	{{Classifying Convex Bodies by Their Contact and Intersection Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-138024},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: convex body, contact graph, intersection graph}
}
Document
Approximate Nearest-Neighbor Search for Line Segments

Authors: Ahmed Abdelkader and David M. Mount

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
Approximate nearest-neighbor search is a fundamental algorithmic problem that continues to inspire study due its essential role in numerous contexts. In contrast to most prior work, which has focused on point sets, we consider nearest-neighbor queries against a set of line segments in ℝ^d, for constant dimension d. Given a set S of n disjoint line segments in ℝ^d and an error parameter ε > 0, the objective is to build a data structure such that for any query point q, it is possible to return a line segment whose Euclidean distance from q is at most (1+ε) times the distance from q to its nearest line segment. We present a data structure for this problem with storage O((n²/ε^d) log (Δ/ε)) and query time O(log (max(n,Δ)/ε)), where Δ is the spread of the set of segments S. Our approach is based on a covering of space by anisotropic elements, which align themselves according to the orientations of nearby segments.

Cite as

Ahmed Abdelkader and David M. Mount. Approximate Nearest-Neighbor Search for Line Segments. In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, pp. 4:1-4:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{abdelkader_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.4,
  author =	{Abdelkader, Ahmed and Mount, David M.},
  title =	{{Approximate Nearest-Neighbor Search for Line Segments}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-138039},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximate nearest-neighbor searching, Approximate Voronoi diagrams, Line segments, Macbeath regions}
}
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