11 Search Results for "Nazari, Yasamin"


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths

Authors: Michal Dory, Sebastian Forster, Yasamin Nazari, and Tijn de Vos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We provide new tradeoffs between approximation and running time for the decremental all-pairs shortest paths (APSP) problem. For undirected graphs with m edges and n nodes undergoing edge deletions, we provide four new approximate decremental APSP algorithms, two for weighted and two for unweighted graphs. Our first result is (2+ε)-APSP with total update time Õ(m^{1/2}n^{3/2}) (when m = n^{1+c} for any constant 0 < c < 1). Prior to our work the fastest algorithm for weighted graphs with approximation at most 3 had total Õ(mn) update time for (1+ε)-APSP [Bernstein, SICOMP 2016]. Our second result is (2+ε, W_{u,v})-APSP with total update time Õ(nm^{3/4}), where the second term is an additive stretch with respect to W_{u,v}, the maximum weight on the shortest path from u to v. Our third result is (2+ε)-APSP for unweighted graphs in Õ(m^{7/4}) update time, which for sparse graphs (m = o(n^{8/7})) is the first subquadratic (2+ε)-approximation. Our last result for unweighted graphs is (1+ε, 2(k-1))-APSP, for k ≥ 2, with Õ(n^{2-1/k}m^{1/k}) total update time (when m = n^{1+c} for any constant c > 0). For comparison, in the special case of (1+ε, 2)-approximation, this improves over the state-of-the-art algorithm by [Henzinger, Krinninger, Nanongkai, SICOMP 2016] with total update time of Õ(n^{2.5}). All of our results are randomized, work against an oblivious adversary, and have constant query time.

Cite as

Michal Dory, Sebastian Forster, Yasamin Nazari, and Tijn de Vos. New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 58:1-58:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dory_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58,
  author =	{Dory, Michal and Forster, Sebastian and Nazari, Yasamin and de Vos, Tijn},
  title =	{{New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{58:1--58:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202012},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: Decremental Shortest Path, All-Pairs Shortest Paths}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Decremental Matching in General Weighted Graphs

Authors: Aditi Dudeja

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In this paper, we consider the problem of maintaining a (1-ε)-approximate maximum weight matching in a dynamic graph G, while the adversary makes changes to the edges of the graph. In the fully dynamic setting, where both edge insertions and deletions are allowed, Gupta and Peng [Manoj Gupta and Richard Peng, 2013] gave an algorithm for this problem with an update time of Õ_ε(√m). We study a natural relaxation of this problem, namely the decremental model, where the adversary is only allowed to delete edges. For the unweighted version of this problem in general (possibly, non-bipartite) graphs, [Sepehr Assadi et al., 2022] gave a decremental algorithm with update time O_ε(poly(log n)). However, beating Õ_ε(√m) update time remained an open problem for the weighted version in general graphs. In this paper, we bridge the gap between unweighted and weighted general graphs for the decremental setting. We give a O_ε(poly(log n)) update time algorithm that maintains a (1-ε) approximate maximum weight matching under adversarial deletions. Like the decremental algorithm of [Sepehr Assadi et al., 2022], our algorithm is randomized, but works against an adaptive adversary. It also matches the time bound for the unweighted version upto dependencies on ε and a log R factor, where R is the ratio between the maximum and minimum edge weight in G.

Cite as

Aditi Dudeja. Decremental Matching in General Weighted Graphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 59:1-59:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dudeja:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.59,
  author =	{Dudeja, Aditi},
  title =	{{Decremental Matching in General Weighted Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{59:1--59:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.59},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202020},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.59},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weighted Matching, Dynamic Algorithms, Adaptive Adversary}
}
Document
Bootstrapping Dynamic Distance Oracles

Authors: Sebastian Forster, Gramoz Goranci, Yasamin Nazari, and Antonis Skarlatos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
Designing approximate all-pairs distance oracles in the fully dynamic setting is one of the central problems in dynamic graph algorithms. Despite extensive research on this topic, the first result breaking the O(√n) barrier on the update time for any non-trivial approximation was introduced only recently by Forster, Goranci and Henzinger [SODA'21] who achieved m^{1/ρ+o(1)} amortized update time with a O(log n)^{3ρ-2} factor in the approximation ratio, for any parameter ρ ≥ 1. In this paper, we give the first constant-stretch fully dynamic distance oracle with small polynomial update and query time. Prior work required either at least a poly-logarithmic approximation or much larger update time. Our result gives a more fine-grained trade-off between stretch and update time, for instance we can achieve constant stretch of O(1/(ρ²))^{4/ρ} in amortized update time Õ(n^{ρ}), and query time Õ(n^{ρ/8}) for any constant parameter 0 < ρ < 1. Our algorithm is randomized and assumes an oblivious adversary. A core technical idea underlying our construction is to design a black-box reduction from decremental approximate hub-labeling schemes to fully dynamic distance oracles, which may be of independent interest. We then apply this reduction repeatedly to an existing decremental algorithm to bootstrap our fully dynamic solution.

Cite as

Sebastian Forster, Gramoz Goranci, Yasamin Nazari, and Antonis Skarlatos. Bootstrapping Dynamic Distance Oracles. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 50:1-50:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{forster_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.50,
  author =	{Forster, Sebastian and Goranci, Gramoz and Nazari, Yasamin and Skarlatos, Antonis},
  title =	{{Bootstrapping Dynamic Distance Oracles}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{50:1--50:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.50},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187031},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.50},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dynamic graph algorithms, Distance Oracles, Shortest Paths}
}
Document
Dynamic Graph Algorithms (Dagstuhl Seminar 22461)

Authors: Aaron Bernstein, Shiri Chechik, Sebastian Forster, Tsvi Kopelowitz, Yasamin Nazari, and Nicole Wein

Published in: Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 12, Issue 11 (2023)


Abstract
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 22461 “Dynamic Graph Algorithms”, which took place from November 13 to November 18, 2022. The field of dynamic graph algorithms studies algorithms for processing graphs that are changing over time. Formally, the goal is to process an interleaved sequence of update and query operations, where an update operation changes the input graph (e.g. inserts/deletes an edge), while the query operation is problem-specific and asks for some information about the current graph – for example, an s-t path, or a minimum spanning tree. The field has evolved rapidly over the past decade, and this Dagstuhl Seminar brought together leading researchers in dynamic algorithms and related areas of graph algorithms.

Cite as

Aaron Bernstein, Shiri Chechik, Sebastian Forster, Tsvi Kopelowitz, Yasamin Nazari, and Nicole Wein. Dynamic Graph Algorithms (Dagstuhl Seminar 22461). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 12, Issue 11, pp. 45-65, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Article{bernstein_et_al:DagRep.12.11.45,
  author =	{Bernstein, Aaron and Chechik, Shiri and Forster, Sebastian and Kopelowitz, Tsvi and Nazari, Yasamin and Wein, Nicole},
  title =	{{Dynamic Graph Algorithms (Dagstuhl Seminar 22461)}},
  pages =	{45--65},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Reports},
  ISSN =	{2192-5283},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{12},
  number =	{11},
  editor =	{Bernstein, Aaron and Chechik, Shiri and Forster, Sebastian and Kopelowitz, Tsvi and Nazari, Yasamin and Wein, Nicole},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.12.11.45},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-178354},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagRep.12.11.45},
  annote =	{Keywords: dynamic graphs, graph algorithms}
}
Document
Epic Fail: Emulators Can Tolerate Polynomially Many Edge Faults for Free

Authors: Greg Bodwin, Michael Dinitz, and Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 251, 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)


Abstract
A t-emulator of a graph G is a graph H that approximates its pairwise shortest path distances up to multiplicative t error. We study fault tolerant t-emulators, under the model recently introduced by Bodwin, Dinitz, and Nazari [ITCS 2022] for vertex failures. In this paper we consider the version for edge failures, and show that they exhibit surprisingly different behavior. In particular, our main result is that, for (2k-1)-emulators with k odd, we can tolerate a polynomial number of edge faults for free. For example: for any n-node input graph, we construct a 5-emulator (k = 3) on O(n^{4/3}) edges that is robust to f = O(n^{2/9}) edge faults. It is well known that Ω(n^{4/3}) edges are necessary even if the 5-emulator does not need to tolerate any faults. Thus we pay no extra cost in the size to gain this fault tolerance. We leave open the precise range of free fault tolerance for odd k, and whether a similar phenomenon can be proved for even k.

Cite as

Greg Bodwin, Michael Dinitz, and Yasamin Nazari. Epic Fail: Emulators Can Tolerate Polynomially Many Edge Faults for Free. In 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 251, pp. 20:1-20:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bodwin_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.20,
  author =	{Bodwin, Greg and Dinitz, Michael and Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Epic Fail: Emulators Can Tolerate Polynomially Many Edge Faults for Free}},
  booktitle =	{14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-263-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{251},
  editor =	{Tauman Kalai, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.20},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-175231},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: Emulators, Fault Tolerance, Girth Conjecture}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Near-Optimal Decremental Hopsets with Applications

Authors: Jakub Łącki and Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)


Abstract
Given a weighted undirected graph G = (V,E,w), a hopset H of hopbound β and stretch (1+ε) is a set of edges such that for any pair of nodes u, v ∈ V, there is a path in G ∪ H of at most β hops, whose length is within a (1+ε) factor from the distance between u and v in G. We show the first efficient decremental algorithm for maintaining hopsets with a polylogarithmic hopbound. The update time of our algorithm matches the best known static algorithm up to polylogarithmic factors. All the previous decremental hopset constructions had a superpolylogarithmic (but subpolynomial) hopbound of 2^{log^{Ω(1)} n} [Bernstein, FOCS'09; HKN, FOCS'14; Chechik, FOCS'18]. By applying our decremental hopset construction, we get improved or near optimal bounds for several distance problems. Most importantly, we show how to decrementally maintain (2k-1)(1+ε)-approximate all-pairs shortest paths (for any constant k ≥ 2), in Õ(n^{1/k}) amortized update time and O(k) query time. This improves (by a polynomial factor) over the update-time of the best previously known decremental algorithm in the constant query time regime. Moreover, it improves over the result of [Chechik, FOCS'18] that has a query time of O(log log(nW)), where W is the aspect ratio, and the amortized update time is n^{1/k}⋅(1/ε)^{Õ(√{log n})}). For sparse graphs our construction nearly matches the best known static running time / query time tradeoff. We also obtain near-optimal bounds for maintaining approximate multi-source shortest paths and distance sketches, and get improved bounds for approximate single-source shortest paths. Our algorithms are randomized and our bounds hold with high probability against an oblivious adversary.

Cite as

Jakub Łącki and Yasamin Nazari. Near-Optimal Decremental Hopsets with Applications. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 86:1-86:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{lacki_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.86,
  author =	{{\L}\k{a}cki, Jakub and Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Near-Optimal Decremental Hopsets with Applications}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{86:1--86:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.86},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164277},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.86},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dynamic Algorithms, Data Structures, Shortest Paths, Hopsets}
}
Document
Vertex Fault-Tolerant Emulators

Authors: Greg Bodwin, Michael Dinitz, and Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 215, 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)


Abstract
A k-spanner of a graph G is a sparse subgraph that preserves its shortest path distances up to a multiplicative stretch factor of k, and a k-emulator is similar but not required to be a subgraph of G. A classic theorem by Althöfer et al. [Disc. Comp. Geom. '93] and Thorup and Zwick [JACM '05] shows that, despite the extra flexibility available to emulators, the size/stretch tradeoffs for spanners and emulators are equivalent. Our main result is that this equivalence in tradeoffs no longer holds in the commonly-studied setting of graphs with vertex failures. That is: we introduce a natural definition of vertex fault-tolerant emulators, and then we show a three-way tradeoff between size, stretch, and fault-tolerance for these emulators that polynomially surpasses the tradeoff known to be optimal for spanners. We complement our emulator upper bound with a lower bound construction that is essentially tight (within log n factors of the upper bound) when the stretch is 2k-1 and k is either a fixed odd integer or 2. We also show constructions of fault-tolerant emulators with additive error, demonstrating that these also enjoy significantly improved tradeoffs over those available for fault-tolerant additive spanners.

Cite as

Greg Bodwin, Michael Dinitz, and Yasamin Nazari. Vertex Fault-Tolerant Emulators. In 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 215, pp. 25:1-25:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bodwin_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.25,
  author =	{Bodwin, Greg and Dinitz, Michael and Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Vertex Fault-Tolerant Emulators}},
  booktitle =	{13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)},
  pages =	{25:1--25:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-217-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{215},
  editor =	{Braverman, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.25},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156217},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.25},
  annote =	{Keywords: Emulators, Fault Tolerance, Girth Conjecture}
}
Document
Sparse Hopsets in Congested Clique

Authors: Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 153, 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)


Abstract
We give the first Congested Clique algorithm that computes a sparse hopset with polylogarithmic hopbound in polylogarithmic time. Given a graph G=(V,E), a (β,ε)-hopset H with "hopbound" β, is a set of edges added to G such that for any pair of nodes u and v in G there is a path with at most β hops in G ∪ H with length within (1+ε) of the shortest path between u and v in G. Our hopsets are significantly sparser than the recent construction of [Censor-Hillel et al., 2019], that constructs a hopset of size Õ (n^{3/2}), but with a smaller polylogarithmic hopbound. On the other hand, the previously known construction of sparse hopsets with polylogarithmic hopbound in the Congested Clique model, proposed by [Elkin and Neiman, 2018; Elkin and Neiman, 2019; Elkin and Neiman, 2019], all require polynomial rounds. One tool that we use is an efficient algorithm that constructs an l-limited neighborhood cover, that may be of independent interest. Finally, as a side result, we also give a hopset construction in a variant of the low-memory Massively Parallel Computation model, with improved running time over existing algorithms.

Cite as

Yasamin Nazari. Sparse Hopsets in Congested Clique. In 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 153, pp. 34:1-34:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{nazari:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.34,
  author =	{Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Sparse Hopsets in Congested Clique}},
  booktitle =	{23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-133-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{153},
  editor =	{Felber, Pascal and Friedman, Roy and Gilbert, Seth and Miller, Avery},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-118207},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: Hopsets, Congested Clique, Shortest Paths, Massively Parallel Computation}
}
Document
Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches

Authors: Michael Dinitz and Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 153, 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)


Abstract
Data structures that allow efficient distance estimation (distance oracles, distance sketches, etc.) have been extensively studied, and are particularly well studied in centralized models and classical distributed models such as CONGEST. We initiate their study in newer (and arguably more realistic) models of distributed computation: the Congested Clique model and the Massively Parallel Computation (MPC) model. We provide efficient constructions in both of these models, but our core results are for MPC. In MPC we give two main results: an algorithm that constructs stretch/space optimal distance sketches but takes a (small) polynomial number of rounds, and an algorithm that constructs distance sketches with worse stretch but that only takes polylogarithmic rounds. Along the way, we show that other useful combinatorial structures can also be computed in MPC. In particular, one key component we use to construct distance sketches are an MPC construction of the hopsets of [Elkin and Neiman, 2016]. This result has additional applications such as the first polylogarithmic time algorithm for constant approximate single-source shortest paths for weighted graphs in the low memory MPC setting.

Cite as

Michael Dinitz and Yasamin Nazari. Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches. In 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 153, pp. 35:1-35:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dinitz_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.35,
  author =	{Dinitz, Michael and Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches}},
  booktitle =	{23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)},
  pages =	{35:1--35:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-133-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{153},
  editor =	{Felber, Pascal and Friedman, Roy and Gilbert, Seth and Miller, Avery},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.35},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-118216},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.35},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distance Sketches, Massively Parallel Computation, Distance Oracles, Single-Source Shortest Paths}
}
Document
Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches

Authors: Michael Dinitz and Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 146, 33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)


Abstract
Data structures that allow efficient distance estimation have been extensively studied both in centralized models and classical distributed models. We initiate their study in newer (and arguably more realistic) models of distributed computation: the Congested Clique model and the Massively Parallel Computation (MPC) model. In MPC we give two main results: an algorithm that constructs stretch/space optimal distance sketches but takes a (small) polynomial number of rounds, and an algorithm that constructs distance sketches with worse stretch but that only takes polylogarithmic rounds. Along the way, we show that other useful combinatorial structures can also be computed in MPC. In particular, one key component we use is an MPC construction of the hopsets of Elkin and Neiman (2016). This result has additional applications such as the first polylogarithmic time algorithm for constant approximate single-source shortest paths for weighted graphs in the low memory MPC setting.

Cite as

Michael Dinitz and Yasamin Nazari. Brief Announcement: Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches. In 33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 146, pp. 42:1-42:3, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dinitz_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2019.42,
  author =	{Dinitz, Michael and Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)},
  pages =	{42:1--42:3},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-126-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{146},
  editor =	{Suomela, Jukka},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.42},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-113491},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.42},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distance Sketches, Massively Parallel Computation, Congested Clique}
}
Document
Distributed Distance-Bounded Network Design Through Distributed Convex Programming

Authors: Michael Dinitz and Yasamin Nazari

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 95, 21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2017)


Abstract
Solving linear programs is often a challenging task in distributed settings. While there are good algorithms for solving packing and covering linear programs in a distributed manner (Kuhn et al. 2006), this is essentially the only class of linear programs for which such an algorithm is known. In this work we provide a distributed algorithm for solving a different class of convex programs which we call “distance-bounded network design convex programs”. These can be thought of as relaxations of network design problems in which the connectivity requirement includes a distance constraint (most notably, graph spanners). Our algorithm runs in O((D/ε) log n) rounds in the LOCAL model and with high probability finds a (1+ε)-approximation to the optimal LP solution for any 0 < ε ≤ 1, where D is the largest distance constraint. While solving linear programs in a distributed setting is interesting in its own right, this class of convex programs is particularly important because solving them is often a crucial step when designing approximation algorithms. Hence we almost immediately obtain new and improved distributed approximation algorithms for a variety of network design problems, including Basic 3- and 4-Spanner, Directed k-Spanner, Lowest Degree k-Spanner, and Shallow-Light Steiner Network Design with a spanning demand graph. Our algorithms do not require any “heavy” computation and essentially match the best-known centralized approximation algorithms, while previous approaches which do not use heavy computation give approximations which are worse than the best-known centralized bounds.

Cite as

Michael Dinitz and Yasamin Nazari. Distributed Distance-Bounded Network Design Through Distributed Convex Programming. In 21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 95, pp. 5:1-5:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dinitz_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2017.5,
  author =	{Dinitz, Michael and Nazari, Yasamin},
  title =	{{Distributed Distance-Bounded Network Design Through Distributed Convex Programming}},
  booktitle =	{21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2017)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-061-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{95},
  editor =	{Aspnes, James and Bessani, Alysson and Felber, Pascal and Leit\~{a}o, Jo\~{a}o},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2017.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-86262},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2017.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed algorithms, approximation algorithms, convex programming}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 10 Nazari, Yasamin
  • 5 Dinitz, Michael
  • 3 Forster, Sebastian
  • 2 Bodwin, Greg
  • 1 Bernstein, Aaron
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 5 Theory of computation → Dynamic graph algorithms
  • 2 Theory of computation → Massively parallel algorithms
  • 2 Theory of computation → Sparsification and spanners
  • 1 Theory of computation → Distributed algorithms
  • 1 Theory of computation → Shortest paths

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 3 Massively Parallel Computation
  • 3 Shortest Paths
  • 2 Congested Clique
  • 2 Distance Oracles
  • 2 Distance Sketches
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 11 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 3 2023
  • 2 2020
  • 2 2022
  • 2 2024
  • 1 2018
  • Show More...

Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail