204 Search Results for "Leonardi, Stefano"


Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 132

46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)

ICALP 2019, July 9-12, 2019, Patras, Greece

Editors: Christel Baier, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis, Paola Flocchini, and Stefano Leonardi

Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 100

9th International Conference on Fun with Algorithms (FUN 2018)

FUN 2018, June 13-15, 2018, La Maddalena, Italy

Editors: Hiro Ito, Stefano Leonardi, Linda Pagli, and Giuseppe Prencipe

Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Truthful Matching with Online Items and Offline Agents

Authors: Michal Feldman, Federico Fusco, Simon Mauras, and Rebecca Reiffenhäuser

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
We study truthful mechanisms for welfare maximization in online bipartite matching. In our (multi-parameter) setting, every buyer is associated with a (possibly private) desired set of items, and has a private value for being assigned an item in her desired set. Unlike most online matching settings, where agents arrive online, in our setting the items arrive online in an adversarial order while the buyers are present for the entire duration of the process. This poses a significant challenge to the design of truthful mechanisms, due to the ability of buyers to strategize over future rounds. We provide an almost full picture of the competitive ratios in different scenarios, including myopic vs. non-myopic agents, tardy vs. prompt payments, and private vs. public desired sets. Among other results, we identify the frontier up to which the celebrated e/(e-1) competitive ratio for the vertex-weighted online matching of Karp, Vazirani and Vazirani extends to truthful agents and online items.

Cite as

Michal Feldman, Federico Fusco, Simon Mauras, and Rebecca Reiffenhäuser. Truthful Matching with Online Items and Offline Agents. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 58:1-58:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{feldman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.58,
  author =	{Feldman, Michal and Fusco, Federico and Mauras, Simon and Reiffenh\"{a}user, Rebecca},
  title =	{{Truthful Matching with Online Items and Offline Agents}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{58:1--58:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181106},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online matching, Karp-Vazirani-Vazirani, truthfulness}
}
Document
Complete Volume
LIPIcs, Volume 132, ICALP'19, Complete Volume

Authors: Christel Baier, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis, Paola Flocchini, and Stefano Leonardi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
LIPIcs, Volume 132, ICALP'19, Complete Volume

Cite as

46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{baier_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019,
  title =	{{LIPIcs, Volume 132, ICALP'19, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108644},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019},
  annote =	{Keywords: Theory of computation}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Christel Baier, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis, Paola Flocchini, and Stefano Leonardi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 0:i-0:xxxviii, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{baier_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.0,
  author =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:xxxviii},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105765},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Auction Design under Interdependent Values (Invited Talk)

Authors: Michal Feldman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
We study combinatorial auctions with interdependent valuations. In such settings, every agent has a private signal, and every agent has a valuation function that depends on the private signals of all the agents. Interdependent valuations capture settings where agents lack information to determine their own valuations. Examples include auctions for artwork or oil drilling rights. For single item auctions and assume some restrictive conditions (the so-called single-crossing condition), full welfare can be achieved. However, in general, there are strong impossibility results on welfare maximization in the interdependent setting. This is in contrast to settings where agents are aware of their own valuations, where the optimal welfare can always be obtained by an incentive compatible mechanism. Motivated by these impossibility results, we study welfare maximization for interdependent valuations through the lens of approximation. We introduce two valuation properties that enable positive results. The first is a relaxed, parameterized version of single crossing; the second is a submodularity condition over the signals. We obtain a host of approximation guarantees under these two notions for various scenarios. Related publications: [Alon Eden et al., 2018; Alon Eden et al., 2019]

Cite as

Michal Feldman. Auction Design under Interdependent Values (Invited Talk). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, p. 1:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{feldman:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.1,
  author =	{Feldman, Michal},
  title =	{{Auction Design under Interdependent Values}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105778},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Combinatorial auctions, Interdependent values, Welfare approximation}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Symmetry and Similarity (Invited Talk)

Authors: Martin Grohe

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Deciding if two graphs are isomorphic, or equivalently, computing the symmetries of a graph, is a fundamental algorithmic problem. It has many interesting applications, and it is one of the few natural problems in the class NP whose complexity status is still unresolved. Three years ago, Babai (STOC 2016) gave a quasi-polynomial time isomorphism algorithm. Despite of this breakthrough, the question for a polynomial algorithm remains wide open. Related to the isomorphism problem is the problem of determining the similarity between graphs. Variations of this problems are known as robust graph isomorphism or graph matching (the latter in the machine learning and computer vision literature). This problem is significantly harder than the isomorphism problem, both from a complexity theoretical and from a practical point of view, but for many applications it is the more relevant problem. My talk will be a survey of recent progress on the isomorphism and on the similarity problem. I will focus on generic algorithmic strategies (as opposed to algorithms tailored towards specific graph classes) that have proved to be useful and interesting in various context, both theoretical and practical.

Cite as

Martin Grohe. Symmetry and Similarity (Invited Talk). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, p. 2:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{grohe:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.2,
  author =	{Grohe, Martin},
  title =	{{Symmetry and Similarity}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105787},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Isomorphism, Graph Similarity, Graph Matching}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Approximately Good and Modern Matchings (Invited Talk)

Authors: Ola Svensson

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
The matching problem is one of our favorite benchmark problems. Work on it has contributed to the development of many core concepts of computer science, including the equation of efficiency with polynomial time computation in the groundbreaking work by Edmonds in 1965. However, half a century later, we still do not have full understanding of the complexity of the matching problem in several models of computation such as parallel, online, and streaming algorithms. In this talk we survey some of the major challenges and report some recent progress.

Cite as

Ola Svensson. Approximately Good and Modern Matchings (Invited Talk). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, p. 3:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{svensson:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.3,
  author =	{Svensson, Ola},
  title =	{{Approximately Good and Modern Matchings}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105797},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Algorithms, Matchings, Computational Complexity}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Automata Learning and Galois Connections (Invited Talk)

Authors: Frits Vaandrager

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Automata learning is emerging as an effective technique for obtaining state machine models of software and hardware systems. I will present an overview of recent work in which we used active automata learning to find standard violations and security vulnerabilities in implementations of network protocols such as TCP and SSH. Also, I will discuss applications of automata learning to support refactoring of legacy control software and identifying job patterns in manufacturing systems. As a guiding theme in my presentation, I will show how Galois connections (adjunctions) help us to scale the application of learning algorithms to practical problems.

Cite as

Frits Vaandrager. Automata Learning and Galois Connections (Invited Talk). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, p. 4:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{vaandrager:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.4,
  author =	{Vaandrager, Frits},
  title =	{{Automata Learning and Galois Connections}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105800},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Automaton Learning, Model Learning, Protocol Verification, Applications of Automata Learning, Galois Connections}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Fixed Point Computation Problems and Facets of Complexity (Invited Talk)

Authors: Mihalis Yannakakis

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Many problems from a wide variety of areas can be formulated mathematically as the problem of computing a fixed point of a suitable given multivariate function. Examples include a variety of problems from game theory, economics, optimization, stochastic analysis, verification, and others. In some problems there is a unique fixed point (for example if the function is a contraction); in others there may be multiple fixed points and any one of them is an acceptable solution; while in other cases the desired object is a specific fixed point (for example the least fixed point or greatest fixed point of a monotone function). In this talk we will discuss several types of fixed point computation problems, their complexity, and some of the common themes that have emerged: classes of problems for which there are efficient algorithms, and other classes for which there seem to be serious obstacles.

Cite as

Mihalis Yannakakis. Fixed Point Computation Problems and Facets of Complexity (Invited Talk). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, p. 5:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{yannakakis:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.5,
  author =	{Yannakakis, Mihalis},
  title =	{{Fixed Point Computation Problems and Facets of Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105812},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fixed Point, Polynomial Time Algorithm, Computational Complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Complexity-Theoretic Limitations on Blind Delegated Quantum Computation

Authors: Scott Aaronson, Alexandru Cojocaru, Alexandru Gheorghiu, and Elham Kashefi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Blind delegation protocols allow a client to delegate a computation to a server so that the server learns nothing about the input to the computation apart from its size. For the specific case of quantum computation we know, from work over the past decade, that blind delegation protocols can achieve information-theoretic security (provided the client and the server exchange some amount of quantum information). In this paper we prove, provided certain complexity-theoretic conjectures are true, that the power of information-theoretically secure blind delegation protocols for quantum computation (ITS-BQC protocols) is in a number of ways constrained. In the first part of our paper we provide some indication that ITS-BQC protocols for delegating polynomial-time quantum computations in which the client and the server interact only classically are unlikely to exist. We first show that having such a protocol in which the client and the server exchange O(n^d) bits of communication, implies that BQP subset MA/O(n^d). We conjecture that this containment is unlikely by proving that there exists an oracle relative to which BQP not subset MA/O(n^d). We then show that if an ITS-BQC protocol exists in which the client and the server interact only classically and which allows the client to delegate quantum sampling problems to the server (such as BosonSampling) then there exist non-uniform circuits of size 2^{n - Omega(n/log(n))}, making polynomially-sized queries to an NP^{NP} oracle, for computing the permanent of an n x n matrix. The second part of our paper concerns ITS-BQC protocols in which the client and the server engage in one round of quantum communication and then exchange polynomially many classical messages. First, we provide a complexity-theoretic upper bound on the types of functions that could be delegated in such a protocol by showing that they must be contained in QCMA/qpoly cap coQCMA/qpoly. Then, we show that having such a protocol for delegating NP-hard functions implies coNP^{NP^{NP}} subseteq NP^{NP^{PromiseQMA}}.

Cite as

Scott Aaronson, Alexandru Cojocaru, Alexandru Gheorghiu, and Elham Kashefi. Complexity-Theoretic Limitations on Blind Delegated Quantum Computation. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 6:1-6:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{aaronson_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.6,
  author =	{Aaronson, Scott and Cojocaru, Alexandru and Gheorghiu, Alexandru and Kashefi, Elham},
  title =	{{Complexity-Theoretic Limitations on Blind Delegated Quantum Computation}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105826},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum cryptography, Complexity theory, Delegated quantum computation, Computing on encrypted data}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Faster Algorithms for All-Pairs Bounded Min-Cuts

Authors: Amir Abboud, Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Robert Krauthgamer, Nikos Parotsidis, Ohad Trabelsi, Przemysław Uznański, and Daniel Wolleb-Graf

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
The All-Pairs Min-Cut problem (aka All-Pairs Max-Flow) asks to compute a minimum s-t cut (or just its value) for all pairs of vertices s,t. We study this problem in directed graphs with unit edge/vertex capacities (corresponding to edge/vertex connectivity). Our focus is on the k-bounded case, where the algorithm has to find all pairs with min-cut value less than k, and report only those. The most basic case k=1 is the Transitive Closure (TC) problem, which can be solved in graphs with n vertices and m edges in time O(mn) combinatorially, and in time O(n^{omega}) where omega<2.38 is the matrix-multiplication exponent. These time bounds are conjectured to be optimal. We present new algorithms and conditional lower bounds that advance the frontier for larger k, as follows: - A randomized algorithm for vertex capacities that runs in time {O}((nk)^{omega}). This is only a factor k^omega away from the TC bound, and nearly matches it for all k=n^{o(1)}. - Two deterministic algorithms for edge capacities (which is more general) that work in DAGs and further reports a minimum cut for each pair. The first algorithm is combinatorial (does not involve matrix multiplication) and runs in time {O}(2^{{O}(k^2)}* mn). The second algorithm can be faster on dense DAGs and runs in time {O}((k log n)^{4^{k+o(k)}}* n^{omega}). Previously, Georgiadis et al. [ICALP 2017], could match the TC bound (up to n^{o(1)} factors) only when k=2, and now our two algorithms match it for all k=o(sqrt{log n}) and k=o(log log n). - The first super-cubic lower bound of n^{omega-1-o(1)} k^2 time under the 4-Clique conjecture, which holds even in the simplest case of DAGs with unit vertex capacities. It improves on the previous (SETH-based) lower bounds even in the unbounded setting k=n. For combinatorial algorithms, our reduction implies an n^{2-o(1)} k^2 conditional lower bound. Thus, we identify new settings where the complexity of the problem is (conditionally) higher than that of TC. Our three sets of results are obtained via different techniques. The first one adapts the network coding method of Cheung, Lau, and Leung [SICOMP 2013] to vertex-capacitated digraphs. The second set exploits new insights on the structure of latest cuts together with suitable algebraic tools. The lower bounds arise from a novel reduction of a different structure than the SETH-based constructions.

Cite as

Amir Abboud, Loukas Georgiadis, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Robert Krauthgamer, Nikos Parotsidis, Ohad Trabelsi, Przemysław Uznański, and Daniel Wolleb-Graf. Faster Algorithms for All-Pairs Bounded Min-Cuts. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 7:1-7:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abboud_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.7,
  author =	{Abboud, Amir and Georgiadis, Loukas and Italiano, Giuseppe F. and Krauthgamer, Robert and Parotsidis, Nikos and Trabelsi, Ohad and Uzna\'{n}ski, Przemys{\l}aw and Wolleb-Graf, Daniel},
  title =	{{Faster Algorithms for All-Pairs Bounded Min-Cuts}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105833},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: All-pairs min-cut, k-reachability, network coding, Directed graphs, fine-grained complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Fine-Grained Reductions and Quantum Speedups for Dynamic Programming

Authors: Amir Abboud

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
This paper points at a connection between certain (classical) fine-grained reductions and the question: Do quantum algorithms offer an advantage for problems whose (classical) best solution is via dynamic programming? A remarkable recent result of Ambainis et al. [SODA 2019] indicates that the answer is positive for some fundamental problems such as Set-Cover and Travelling Salesman. They design a quantum O^*(1.728^n) time algorithm whereas the dynamic programming O^*(2^n) time algorithms are conjectured to be classically optimal. In this paper, fine-grained reductions are extracted from their algorithms giving the first lower bounds for problems in P that are based on the intriguing Set-Cover Conjecture (SeCoCo) of Cygan et al. [CCC 2010]. In particular, the SeCoCo implies: - a super-linear Omega(n^{1.08}) lower bound for 3-SUM on n integers, - an Omega(n^{k/(c_k)-epsilon}) lower bound for k-SUM on n integers and k-Clique on n-node graphs, for any integer k >= 3, where c_k <= log_2{k}+1.4427. While far from being tight, these lower bounds are significantly stronger than what is known to follow from the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis (SETH); the well-known n^{Omega(k)} ETH-based lower bounds for k-Clique and k-SUM are vacuous when k is constant. Going in the opposite direction, this paper observes that some "sequential" problems with previously known fine-grained reductions to a "parallelizable" core also enjoy quantum speedups over their classical dynamic programming solutions. Examples include RNA Folding and Least-Weight Subsequence.

Cite as

Amir Abboud. Fine-Grained Reductions and Quantum Speedups for Dynamic Programming. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 8:1-8:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abboud:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.8,
  author =	{Abboud, Amir},
  title =	{{Fine-Grained Reductions and Quantum Speedups for Dynamic Programming}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105846},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fine-Grained Complexity, Set-Cover, 3-SUM, k-Clique, k-SUM, Dynamic Programming, Quantum Algorithms}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Geometric Multicut

Authors: Mikkel Abrahamsen, Panos Giannopoulos, Maarten Löffler, and Günter Rote

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
We study the following separation problem: Given a collection of colored objects in the plane, compute a shortest "fence" F, i.e., a union of curves of minimum total length, that separates every two objects of different colors. Two objects are separated if F contains a simple closed curve that has one object in the interior and the other in the exterior. We refer to the problem as GEOMETRIC k-CUT, where k is the number of different colors, as it can be seen as a geometric analogue to the well-studied multicut problem on graphs. We first give an O(n^4 log^3 n)-time algorithm that computes an optimal fence for the case where the input consists of polygons of two colors and n corners in total. We then show that the problem is NP-hard for the case of three colors. Finally, we give a (2-4/3k)-approximation algorithm.

Cite as

Mikkel Abrahamsen, Panos Giannopoulos, Maarten Löffler, and Günter Rote. Geometric Multicut. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 9:1-9:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abrahamsen_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.9,
  author =	{Abrahamsen, Mikkel and Giannopoulos, Panos and L\"{o}ffler, Maarten and Rote, G\"{u}nter},
  title =	{{Geometric Multicut}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105850},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: multicut, clustering, Steiner tree}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Lower Bounds for Multiplication via Network Coding

Authors: Peyman Afshani, Casper Benjamin Freksen, Lior Kamma, and Kasper Green Larsen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Multiplication is one of the most fundamental computational problems, yet its true complexity remains elusive. The best known upper bound, very recently proved by Harvey and van der Hoeven (2019), shows that two n-bit numbers can be multiplied via a boolean circuit of size O(n lg n). In this work, we prove that if a central conjecture in the area of network coding is true, then any constant degree boolean circuit for multiplication must have size Omega(n lg n), thus almost completely settling the complexity of multiplication circuits. We additionally revisit classic conjectures in circuit complexity, due to Valiant, and show that the network coding conjecture also implies one of Valiant’s conjectures.

Cite as

Peyman Afshani, Casper Benjamin Freksen, Lior Kamma, and Kasper Green Larsen. Lower Bounds for Multiplication via Network Coding. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 10:1-10:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{afshani_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.10,
  author =	{Afshani, Peyman and Freksen, Casper Benjamin and Kamma, Lior and Larsen, Kasper Green},
  title =	{{Lower Bounds for Multiplication via Network Coding}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105861},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Circuit Complexity, Circuit Lower Bounds, Multiplication, Network Coding, Fine-Grained Complexity}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 11 Leonardi, Stefano
  • 4 Demaine, Erik D.
  • 4 Gupta, Anupam
  • 4 Lokshtanov, Daniel
  • 4 Lynch, Jayson
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 23 Theory of computation → Problems, reductions and completeness
  • 12 Theory of computation → Design and analysis of algorithms
  • 11 Theory of computation → Approximation algorithms analysis
  • 11 Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
  • 10 Mathematics of computing → Graph algorithms
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 10 approximation algorithms
  • 5 computational complexity
  • 5 fine-grained complexity
  • 5 lower bounds
  • 5 parameterized complexity
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 202 document
  • 2 volume

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 154 2019
  • 35 2018
  • 8 2006
  • 2 2010
  • 1 2005
  • Show More...

Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail