8 Search Results for "Li, Yuhao"


Document
Testing Intersecting and Union-Closed Families

Authors: Xi Chen, Anindya De, Yuhao Li, Shivam Nadimpalli, and Rocco A. Servedio

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 287, 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)


Abstract
Inspired by the classic problem of Boolean function monotonicity testing, we investigate the testability of other well-studied properties of combinatorial finite set systems, specifically intersecting families and union-closed families. A function f: {0,1}ⁿ → {0,1} is intersecting (respectively, union-closed) if its set of satisfying assignments corresponds to an intersecting family (respectively, a union-closed family) of subsets of [n]. Our main results are that - in sharp contrast with the property of being a monotone set system - the property of being an intersecting set system, and the property of being a union-closed set system, both turn out to be information-theoretically difficult to test. We show that: - For ε ≥ Ω(1/√n), any non-adaptive two-sided ε-tester for intersectingness must make 2^{Ω(n^{1/4}/√{ε})} queries. We also give a 2^{Ω(√{n log(1/ε)})}-query lower bound for non-adaptive one-sided ε-testers for intersectingness. - For ε ≥ 1/2^{Ω(n^{0.49})}, any non-adaptive two-sided ε-tester for union-closedness must make n^{Ω(log(1/ε))} queries. Thus, neither intersectingness nor union-closedness shares the poly(n,1/ε)-query non-adaptive testability that is enjoyed by monotonicity. To complement our lower bounds, we also give a simple poly(n^{√{nlog(1/ε)}},1/ε)-query, one-sided, non-adaptive algorithm for ε-testing each of these properties (intersectingness and union-closedness). We thus achieve nearly tight upper and lower bounds for two-sided testing of intersectingness when ε = Θ(1/√n), and for one-sided testing of intersectingness when ε = Θ(1).

Cite as

Xi Chen, Anindya De, Yuhao Li, Shivam Nadimpalli, and Rocco A. Servedio. Testing Intersecting and Union-Closed Families. In 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 287, pp. 33:1-33:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.33,
  author =	{Chen, Xi and De, Anindya and Li, Yuhao and Nadimpalli, Shivam and Servedio, Rocco A.},
  title =	{{Testing Intersecting and Union-Closed Families}},
  booktitle =	{15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)},
  pages =	{33:1--33:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-309-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{287},
  editor =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.33},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-195610},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.33},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sublinear algorithms, property testing, computational complexity, monotonicity, intersecting families, union-closed families}
}
Document
TFNP Intersections Through the Lens of Feasible Disjunction

Authors: Pavel Hubáček, Erfan Khaniki, and Neil Thapen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 287, 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)


Abstract
The complexity class CLS was introduced by Daskalakis and Papadimitriou (SODA 2010) to capture the computational complexity of important TFNP problems solvable by local search over continuous domains and, thus, lying in both PLS and PPAD. It was later shown that, e.g., the problem of computing fixed points guaranteed by Banach’s fixed point theorem is CLS-complete by Daskalakis et al. (STOC 2018). Recently, Fearnley et al. (J. ACM 2023) disproved the plausible conjecture of Daskalakis and Papadimitriou that CLS is a proper subclass of PLS∩PPAD by proving that CLS = PLS∩PPAD. To study the possibility of other collapses in TFNP, we connect classes formed as the intersection of existing subclasses of TFNP with the phenomenon of feasible disjunction in propositional proof complexity; where a proof system has the feasible disjunction property if, whenever a disjunction F ∨ G has a small proof, and F and G have no variables in common, then either F or G has a small proof. Based on some known and some new results about feasible disjunction, we separate the classes formed by intersecting the classical subclasses PLS, PPA, PPAD, PPADS, PPP and CLS. We also give the first examples of proof systems which have the feasible interpolation property, but not the feasible disjunction property.

Cite as

Pavel Hubáček, Erfan Khaniki, and Neil Thapen. TFNP Intersections Through the Lens of Feasible Disjunction. In 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 287, pp. 63:1-63:24, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hubacek_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.63,
  author =	{Hub\'{a}\v{c}ek, Pavel and Khaniki, Erfan and Thapen, Neil},
  title =	{{TFNP Intersections Through the Lens of Feasible Disjunction}},
  booktitle =	{15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)},
  pages =	{63:1--63:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-309-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{287},
  editor =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.63},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-195917},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.63},
  annote =	{Keywords: TFNP, feasible disjunction, proof complexity, TFNP intersection classes}
}
Document
Intersection Classes in TFNP and Proof Complexity

Authors: Yuhao Li, William Pires, and Robert Robere

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 287, 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)


Abstract
A recent breakthrough in the theory of total NP search problems (TFNP) by Fearnley, Goldberg, Hollender, and Savani has shown that CLS = PLS ∩ PPAD, or, in other words, the class of problems reducible to gradient descent are exactly those problems in the intersection of the complexity classes PLS and PPAD. Since this result, two more intersection theorems have been discovered in this theory: EOPL = PLS ∩ PPAD and SOPL = PLS ∩ PPADS. It is natural to wonder if this exhausts the list of intersection classes in TFNP, or, if other intersections exist. In this work, we completely classify all intersection classes involved among the classical TFNP classes PLS, PPAD, and PPA, giving new complete problems for the newly-introduced intersections. Following the close links between the theory of TFNP and propositional proof complexity, we develop new proof systems - each of which is a generalization of the classical Resolution proof system - that characterize all of the classes, in the sense that a query total search problem is in the intersection class if and only if a tautology associated with the search problem has a short proof in the proof system. We complement these new characterizations with black-box separations between all of the newly introduced classes and prior classes, thus giving strong evidence that no further collapse occurs. Finally, we characterize arbitrary intersections and joins of the PPA_q classes for q ≥ 2 in terms of the Nullstellensatz proof systems.

Cite as

Yuhao Li, William Pires, and Robert Robere. Intersection Classes in TFNP and Proof Complexity. In 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 287, pp. 74:1-74:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{li_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.74,
  author =	{Li, Yuhao and Pires, William and Robere, Robert},
  title =	{{Intersection Classes in TFNP and Proof Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)},
  pages =	{74:1--74:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-309-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{287},
  editor =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.74},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-196023},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.74},
  annote =	{Keywords: TFNP, Proof Complexity, Intersection Classes}
}
Document
Total NP Search Problems with Abundant Solutions

Authors: Jiawei Li

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 287, 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)


Abstract
We define a new complexity class TFAP to capture TFNP problems that possess abundant solutions for each input. We identify several problems across diverse fields that belong to TFAP, including WeakPigeon (finding a collision in a mapping from [2n] pigeons to [n] holes), Yamakawa-Zhandry’s problem [Takashi Yamakawa and Mark Zhandry, 2022], and all problems in TFZPP. Conversely, we introduce the notion of "semi-gluability" to characterize TFNP problems that could have a unique or a very limited number of solutions for certain inputs. We prove that there is no black-box reduction from any "semi-gluable" problems to any TFAP problems. Furthermore, it can be extended to rule out randomized black-box reduction in most cases. We identify that the majority of common TFNP subclasses, including PPA, PPAD, PPADS, PPP, PLS, CLS, SOPL, and UEOPL, are "semi-gluable". This leads to a broad array of oracle separation results within TFNP regime. As a corollary, UEOPL^O ⊈ PWPP^O relative to an oracle O.

Cite as

Jiawei Li. Total NP Search Problems with Abundant Solutions. In 15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 287, pp. 75:1-75:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{li:LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.75,
  author =	{Li, Jiawei},
  title =	{{Total NP Search Problems with Abundant Solutions}},
  booktitle =	{15th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2024)},
  pages =	{75:1--75:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-309-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{287},
  editor =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.75},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-196031},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2024.75},
  annote =	{Keywords: TFNP, Pigeonhole Principle}
}
Document
On the Perturbation Function of Ranking and Balance for Weighted Online Bipartite Matching

Authors: Jingxun Liang, Zhihao Gavin Tang, Yixuan Even Xu, Yuhao Zhang, and Renfei Zhou

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
Ranking and Balance are arguably the two most important algorithms in the online matching literature. They achieve the same optimal competitive ratio of 1-1/e for the integral version and fractional version of online bipartite matching by Karp, Vazirani, and Vazirani (STOC 1990) respectively. The two algorithms have been generalized to weighted online bipartite matching problems, including vertex-weighted online bipartite matching and AdWords, by utilizing a perturbation function. The canonical choice of the perturbation function is f(x) = 1-e^{x-1} as it leads to the optimal competitive ratio of 1-1/e in both settings. We advance the understanding of the weighted generalizations of Ranking and Balance in this paper, with a focus on studying the effect of different perturbation functions. First, we prove that the canonical perturbation function is the unique optimal perturbation function for vertex-weighted online bipartite matching. In stark contrast, all perturbation functions achieve the optimal competitive ratio of 1-1/e in the unweighted setting. Second, we prove that the generalization of Ranking to AdWords with unknown budgets using the canonical perturbation function is at most 0.624 competitive, refuting a conjecture of Vazirani (2021). More generally, as an application of the first result, we prove that no perturbation function leads to the prominent competitive ratio of 1-1/e by establishing an upper bound of 1-1/e-0.0003. Finally, we propose the online budget-additive welfare maximization problem that is intermediate between AdWords and AdWords with unknown budgets, and we design an optimal 1-1/e competitive algorithm by generalizing Balance.

Cite as

Jingxun Liang, Zhihao Gavin Tang, Yixuan Even Xu, Yuhao Zhang, and Renfei Zhou. On the Perturbation Function of Ranking and Balance for Weighted Online Bipartite Matching. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 80:1-80:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{liang_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.80,
  author =	{Liang, Jingxun and Tang, Zhihao Gavin and Xu, Yixuan Even and Zhang, Yuhao and Zhou, Renfei},
  title =	{{On the Perturbation Function of Ranking and Balance for Weighted Online Bipartite Matching}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{80:1--80:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.80},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187334},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.80},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online Matching, AdWords, Ranking, Water-Filling}
}
Document
Improved Algorithms for Online Rent Minimization Problem Under Unit-Size Jobs

Authors: Enze Sun, Zonghan Yang, and Yuhao Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
We consider the Online Rent Minimization problem, where online jobs with release times, deadlines, and processing times must be scheduled on machines that can be rented for a fixed length period of T. The objective is to minimize the number of machine rents. This problem generalizes the Online Machine Minimization problem where machines can be rented for an infinite period, and both problems have an asymptotically optimal competitive ratio of O(log(p_max/p_min)) for general processing times, where p_max and p_min are the maximum and minimum processing times respectively. However, for small values of p_max/p_min, a better competitive ratio can be achieved by assuming unit-size jobs. Under this assumption, Devanur et al. (2014) gave an optimal e-competitive algorithm for Online Machine Minimization, and Chen and Zhang (2022) gave a (3e+7) ≈ 15.16-competitive algorithm for Online Rent Minimization. In this paper, we significantly improve the competitive ratio of the Online Rent Minimization problem under unit size to 6, by using a clean oracle-based online algorithm framework.

Cite as

Enze Sun, Zonghan Yang, and Yuhao Zhang. Improved Algorithms for Online Rent Minimization Problem Under Unit-Size Jobs. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 97:1-97:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{sun_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.97,
  author =	{Sun, Enze and Yang, Zonghan and Zhang, Yuhao},
  title =	{{Improved Algorithms for Online Rent Minimization Problem Under Unit-Size Jobs}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{97:1--97:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.97},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187500},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.97},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online Algorithm, Scheduling, Machine Minimization, Rent Minimization}
}
Document
Reducing Tarski to Unique Tarski (In the Black-Box Model)

Authors: Xi Chen, Yuhao Li, and Mihalis Yannakakis

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 264, 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)


Abstract
We study the problem of finding a Tarski fixed point over the k-dimensional grid [n]^k. We give a black-box reduction from the Tarski problem to the same problem with an additional promise that the input function has a unique fixed point. It implies that the Tarski problem and the unique Tarski problem have exactly the same query complexity. Our reduction is based on a novel notion of partial-information functions which we use to fool algorithms for the unique Tarski problem as if they were working on a monotone function with a unique fixed point.

Cite as

Xi Chen, Yuhao Li, and Mihalis Yannakakis. Reducing Tarski to Unique Tarski (In the Black-Box Model). In 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 264, pp. 21:1-21:23, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2023.21,
  author =	{Chen, Xi and Li, Yuhao and Yannakakis, Mihalis},
  title =	{{Reducing Tarski to Unique Tarski (In the Black-Box Model)}},
  booktitle =	{38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)},
  pages =	{21:1--21:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-282-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{264},
  editor =	{Ta-Shma, Amnon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.21},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182919},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.21},
  annote =	{Keywords: Tarski fixed point, Query complexity, TFNP}
}
Document
Minimizing the Maximum Flow Time in the Online Food Delivery Problem

Authors: Xiangyu Guo, Kelin Luo, Shi Li, and Yuhao Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)


Abstract
We study a common delivery problem encountered in nowadays online food-ordering platforms: Customers order dishes online, and the restaurant delivers the food after receiving the order. Specifically, we study a problem where k vehicles of capacity c are serving a set of requests ordering food from one restaurant. After a request arrives, it can be served by a vehicle moving from the restaurant to its delivery location. We are interested in serving all requests while minimizing the maximum flow-time, i.e., the maximum time length a customer waits to receive his/her food after submitting the order. We show that the problem is hard in both offline and online settings even when k = 1 and c = ∞: There is a hardness of approximation of Ω(n) for the offline problem, and a lower bound of Ω(n) on the competitive ratio of any online algorithm, where n is number of points in the metric. We circumvent the strong negative results in two directions. Our main result is an O(1)-competitive online algorithm for the uncapacitated (i.e, c = ∞) food delivery problem on tree metrics; we also have negative result showing that the condition c = ∞ is needed. Then we explore the speed-augmentation model where our online algorithm is allowed to use vehicles with faster speed. We show that a moderate speeding factor leads to a constant competitive ratio, and we prove a tight trade-off between the speeding factor and the competitive ratio.

Cite as

Xiangyu Guo, Kelin Luo, Shi Li, and Yuhao Zhang. Minimizing the Maximum Flow Time in the Online Food Delivery Problem. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 33:1-33:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{guo_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.33,
  author =	{Guo, Xiangyu and Luo, Kelin and Li, Shi and Zhang, Yuhao},
  title =	{{Minimizing the Maximum Flow Time in the Online Food Delivery Problem}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)},
  pages =	{33:1--33:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-258-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{248},
  editor =	{Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.33},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173181},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.33},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online algorithm, Capacitated Vehicle Routing, Flow Time Optimization}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 3 Li, Yuhao
  • 3 Zhang, Yuhao
  • 2 Chen, Xi
  • 1 De, Anindya
  • 1 Guo, Xiangyu
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 3 Theory of computation → Complexity classes
  • 3 Theory of computation → Online algorithms
  • 2 Theory of computation → Problems, reductions and completeness
  • 2 Theory of computation → Proof complexity
  • 1 Mathematics of computing → Combinatorics
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 4 TFNP
  • 1 AdWords
  • 1 Capacitated Vehicle Routing
  • 1 Flow Time Optimization
  • 1 Intersection Classes
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 8 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 4 2024
  • 3 2023
  • 1 2022

Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail