5 Search Results for "Xu, Chenyang"


Document
SlackCheck: A Linux Kernel Module to Verify Temporal Properties of a Task Schedule

Authors: Michele Castrovilli and Enrico Bini

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 298, 36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024)


Abstract
The Linux Kernel offers several scheduling classes. From SCHED_DEADLINE down to SCHED_FIFO, SCHED_RR and SCHED_OTHER, the scheduling classes can provide different responsiveness to very diverse user workloads. Still, Linux does not offer any mechanism to take some action upon the violation of temporal constraints at runtime. The lack of such a feature is also due to the difficulty of extending the established notion of deadline to workloads which are not releasing periodic/sporadic jobs. Exploiting the notion of supply functions for any resource schedule, we implemented SlackCheck, a kernel module which is capable to verify at runtime if a given task is assigned a desired amount of resource or not. SlackCheck adds a constant-time check at every scheduling decision and leverages the recent availability of a Runtime Verification engine in the kernel.

Cite as

Michele Castrovilli and Enrico Bini. SlackCheck: A Linux Kernel Module to Verify Temporal Properties of a Task Schedule. In 36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 298, pp. 2:1-2:24, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{castrovilli_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.2,
  author =	{Castrovilli, Michele and Bini, Enrico},
  title =	{{SlackCheck: A Linux Kernel Module to Verify Temporal Properties of a Task Schedule}},
  booktitle =	{36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-324-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{298},
  editor =	{Pellizzoni, Rodolfo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203054},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Linux scheduler, Runtime verification, bounded-delay resource partition, supply function, service curve, real-time calculus, network calculus}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Polylogarithmic Approximations for Robust s-t Path

Authors: Shi Li, Chenyang Xu, and Ruilong Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The paper revisits the Robust s-t Path problem, one of the most fundamental problems in robust optimization. In the problem, we are given a directed graph with n vertices and k distinct cost functions (scenarios) defined over edges, and aim to choose an s-t path such that the total cost of the path is always provable no matter which scenario is realized. Viewing each cost function as an agent, our goal is to find a fair s-t path, which minimizes the maximum cost among all agents. The problem is NP-hard to approximate within a factor of o(log k) unless NP ⊆ DTIME(n^{polylog n}), and the best-known approximation ratio is Õ(√n), which is based on the natural flow linear program. A longstanding open question is whether we can achieve a polylogarithmic approximation for the problem; it remains open even if a quasi-polynomial running time is allowed. Our main result is a O(log n log k) approximation for the Robust s-t Path problem in quasi-polynomial time, solving the open question in the quasi-polynomial time regime. The algorithm is built on a novel linear program formulation for a decision-tree-type structure, which enables us to overcome the Ω(√n) integrality gap for the natural flow LP. Furthermore, we show that for graphs with bounded treewidth, the quasi-polynomial running time can be improved to a polynomial. We hope our techniques can offer new insights into this problem and other related problems in robust optimization.

Cite as

Shi Li, Chenyang Xu, and Ruilong Zhang. Polylogarithmic Approximations for Robust s-t Path. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 106:1-106:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{li_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.106,
  author =	{Li, Shi and Xu, Chenyang and Zhang, Ruilong},
  title =	{{Polylogarithmic Approximations for Robust s-t Path}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{106:1--106:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.106},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202497},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.106},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation Algorithm, Randomized LP Rounding, Robust s-t Path}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Approximation Algorithms for 𝓁_p-Shortest Path and 𝓁_p-Group Steiner Tree

Authors: Yury Makarychev, Max Ovsiankin, and Erasmo Tani

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We present polylogarithmic approximation algorithms for variants of the Shortest Path, Group Steiner Tree, and Group ATSP problems with vector costs. In these problems, each edge e has a vector cost c_e ∈ ℝ_{≥0}^𝓁. For a feasible solution - a path, subtree, or tour (respectively) - we find the total vector cost of all the edges in the solution and then compute the 𝓁_p-norm of the obtained cost vector (we assume that p ≥ 1 is an integer). Our algorithms for series-parallel graphs run in polynomial time and those for arbitrary graphs run in quasi-polynomial time. To obtain our results, we introduce and use new flow-based Sum-of-Squares relaxations. We also obtain a number of hardness results.

Cite as

Yury Makarychev, Max Ovsiankin, and Erasmo Tani. Approximation Algorithms for 𝓁_p-Shortest Path and 𝓁_p-Group Steiner Tree. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 111:1-111:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{makarychev_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.111,
  author =	{Makarychev, Yury and Ovsiankin, Max and Tani, Erasmo},
  title =	{{Approximation Algorithms for 𝓁\underlinep-Shortest Path and 𝓁\underlinep-Group Steiner Tree}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{111:1--111:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.111},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202542},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.111},
  annote =	{Keywords: Shortest Path, Asymmetric Group Steiner Tree, Sum-of-Squares}
}
Document
Scheduling with a Limited Testing Budget: Tight Results for the Offline and Oblivious Settings

Authors: Christoph Damerius, Peter Kling, Minming Li, Chenyang Xu, and Ruilong Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
Scheduling with testing falls under the umbrella of the research on optimization with explorable uncertainty. In this model, each job has an upper limit on its processing time that can be decreased to a lower limit (possibly unknown) by some preliminary action (testing). Recently, [Christoph Dürr et al., 2020] has studied a setting where testing a job takes a unit time, and the goal is to minimize total completion time or makespan on a single machine. In this paper, we extend their problem to the budget setting in which each test consumes a job-specific cost, and we require that the total testing cost cannot exceed a given budget. We consider the offline variant (the lower processing time is known) and the oblivious variant (the lower processing time is unknown) and aim to minimize the total completion time or makespan on a single machine. For the total completion time objective, we show NP-hardness and derive a PTAS for the offline variant based on a novel LP rounding scheme. We give a (4+ε)-competitive algorithm for the oblivious variant based on a framework inspired by the worst-case lower-bound instance. For the makespan objective, we give an FPTAS for the offline variant and a (2+ε)-competitive algorithm for the oblivious variant. Our algorithms for the oblivious variants under both objectives run in time 𝒪(poly(n/ε)). Lastly, we show that our results are essentially optimal by providing matching lower bounds.

Cite as

Christoph Damerius, Peter Kling, Minming Li, Chenyang Xu, and Ruilong Zhang. Scheduling with a Limited Testing Budget: Tight Results for the Offline and Oblivious Settings. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 38:1-38:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{damerius_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.38,
  author =	{Damerius, Christoph and Kling, Peter and Li, Minming and Xu, Chenyang and Zhang, Ruilong},
  title =	{{Scheduling with a Limited Testing Budget: Tight Results for the Offline and Oblivious Settings}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{38:1--38:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.38},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186915},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.38},
  annote =	{Keywords: scheduling, total completion time, makespan, LP rounding, competitive analysis, approximation algorithm, NP hardness, PTAS}
}
Document
Learnable and Instance-Robust Predictions for Online Matching, Flows and Load Balancing

Authors: Thomas Lavastida, Benjamin Moseley, R. Ravi, and Chenyang Xu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 204, 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)


Abstract
We propose a new model for augmenting algorithms with predictions by requiring that they are formally learnable and instance robust. Learnability ensures that predictions can be efficiently constructed from a reasonable amount of past data. Instance robustness ensures that the prediction is robust to modest changes in the problem input, where the measure of the change may be problem specific. Instance robustness insists on a smooth degradation in performance as a function of the change. Ideally, the performance is never worse than worst-case bounds. This also allows predictions to be objectively compared. We design online algorithms with predictions for a network flow allocation problem and restricted assignment makespan minimization. For both problems, two key properties are established: high quality predictions can be learned from a small sample of prior instances and these predictions are robust to errors that smoothly degrade as the underlying problem instance changes.

Cite as

Thomas Lavastida, Benjamin Moseley, R. Ravi, and Chenyang Xu. Learnable and Instance-Robust Predictions for Online Matching, Flows and Load Balancing. In 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 204, pp. 59:1-59:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{lavastida_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2021.59,
  author =	{Lavastida, Thomas and Moseley, Benjamin and Ravi, R. and Xu, Chenyang},
  title =	{{Learnable and Instance-Robust Predictions for Online Matching, Flows and Load Balancing}},
  booktitle =	{29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)},
  pages =	{59:1--59:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-204-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{204},
  editor =	{Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.59},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146405},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.59},
  annote =	{Keywords: Learning-augmented algorithms, Online algorithms, Flow allocation}
}
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