20 Search Results for "Nöllenburg, Martin"


Document
Separator Based Data Reduction for the Maximum Cut Problem

Authors: Jonas Charfreitag, Christine Dahn, Michael Kaibel, Philip Mayer, Petra Mutzel, and Lukas Schürmann

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 301, 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)


Abstract
Preprocessing is an important ingredient for solving the maximum cut problem to optimality on real-world graphs. In our work, we derive a new framework for data reduction rules based on vertex separators. Vertex separators are sets of vertices, whose removal increases the number of connected components of a graph. Certain small separators can be found in linear time, allowing for an efficient combination of our framework with existing data reduction rules. Additionally, we complement known data reduction rules for triangles with a new one. In our computational experiments on established benchmark instances, we clearly show the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed data reduction techniques. The resulting graphs are significantly smaller than in earlier studies and sometimes no vertex is left, so preprocessing has fully solved the instance to optimality. The introduced techniques are also shown to offer significant speedup potential for an exact state-of-the-art solver and to help a state-of-the-art heuristic to produce solutions of higher quality.

Cite as

Jonas Charfreitag, Christine Dahn, Michael Kaibel, Philip Mayer, Petra Mutzel, and Lukas Schürmann. Separator Based Data Reduction for the Maximum Cut Problem. In 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 301, pp. 4:1-4:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{charfreitag_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2024.4,
  author =	{Charfreitag, Jonas and Dahn, Christine and Kaibel, Michael and Mayer, Philip and Mutzel, Petra and Sch\"{u}rmann, Lukas},
  title =	{{Separator Based Data Reduction for the Maximum Cut Problem}},
  booktitle =	{22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-325-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{301},
  editor =	{Liberti, Leo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203698},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Data Reduction, Maximum Cut, Vertex Separators}
}
Document
Algorithms for Gradual Polyline Simplification

Authors: Nick Krumbholz, Stefan Funke, Peter Schäfer, and Sabine Storandt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 301, 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)


Abstract
Displaying line data is important in many visualization applications, and especially in the context of interactive geographical and cartographic visualization. When rendering linear features as roads, rivers or movement data on zoomable maps, the challenge is to display the data in an appropriate level of detail. A too detailed representation results in slow rendering and cluttered maps, while a too coarse representation might miss important data aspects. In this paper, we propose the gradual line simplification (GLS) problem, which aims to compute a fine-grained succession of consistent simplifications of a given input polyline with certain quality guarantees. The core concept of gradual simplification is to iteratively remove points from the polyline to obtain increasingly coarser representations. We devise two objective functions to guide this simplification process and present dynamic programs that compute the optimal solutions in 𝒪(n³) for an input line with n points. For practical application to large inputs, we also devise significantly faster greedy algorithms that provide constant factor guarantees for both problem variants at once. In an extensive experimental study on real-world data, we demonstrate that our algorithms are capable of producing simplification sequences of high quality within milliseconds on polylines consisting of over half a million points.

Cite as

Nick Krumbholz, Stefan Funke, Peter Schäfer, and Sabine Storandt. Algorithms for Gradual Polyline Simplification. In 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 301, pp. 19:1-19:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{krumbholz_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2024.19,
  author =	{Krumbholz, Nick and Funke, Stefan and Sch\"{a}fer, Peter and Storandt, Sabine},
  title =	{{Algorithms for Gradual Polyline Simplification}},
  booktitle =	{22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-325-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{301},
  editor =	{Liberti, Leo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203847},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Polyline simplification, Progressive simplification, Fr\'{e}chet distance}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A Tight Subexponential-Time Algorithm for Two-Page Book Embedding

Authors: Robert Ganian, Haiko Müller, Sebastian Ordyniak, Giacomo Paesani, and Mateusz Rychlicki

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
A book embedding of a graph is a drawing that maps vertices onto a line and edges to simple pairwise non-crossing curves drawn into "pages", which are half-planes bounded by that line. Two-page book embeddings, i.e., book embeddings into 2 pages, are of special importance as they are both NP-hard to compute and have specific applications. We obtain a 2^𝒪(√n) algorithm for computing a book embedding of an n-vertex graph on two pages - a result which is asymptotically tight under the Exponential Time Hypothesis. As a key tool in our approach, we obtain a single-exponential fixed-parameter algorithm for the same problem when parameterized by the treewidth of the input graph. We conclude by establishing the fixed-parameter tractability of computing minimum-page book embeddings when parameterized by the feedback edge number, settling an open question arising from previous work on the problem.

Cite as

Robert Ganian, Haiko Müller, Sebastian Ordyniak, Giacomo Paesani, and Mateusz Rychlicki. A Tight Subexponential-Time Algorithm for Two-Page Book Embedding. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 68:1-68:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.68,
  author =	{Ganian, Robert and M\"{u}ller, Haiko and Ordyniak, Sebastian and Paesani, Giacomo and Rychlicki, Mateusz},
  title =	{{A Tight Subexponential-Time Algorithm for Two-Page Book Embedding}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{68:1--68:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.68},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202114},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.68},
  annote =	{Keywords: book embedding, page number, subexponential algorithms, subhamiltonicity, feedback edge number}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Constrained Level Planarity Is FPT with Respect to the Vertex Cover Number

Authors: Boris Klemz and Marie Diana Sieper

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The problem Level Planarity asks for a crossing-free drawing of a graph in the plane such that vertices are placed at prescribed y-coordinates (called levels) and such that every edge is realized as a y-monotone curve. In the variant Constrained Level Planarity, each level y is equipped with a partial order ≺_y on its vertices and in the desired drawing the left-to-right order of vertices on level y has to be a linear extension of ≺_y. Constrained Level Planarity is known to be a remarkably difficult problem: previous results by Klemz and Rote [ACM Trans. Alg.'19] and by Brückner and Rutter [SODA'17] imply that it remains NP-hard even when restricted to graphs whose tree-depth and feedback vertex set number are bounded by a constant and even when the instances are additionally required to be either proper, meaning that each edge spans two consecutive levels, or ordered, meaning that all given partial orders are total orders. In particular, these results rule out the existence of FPT-time (even XP-time) algorithms with respect to these and related graph parameters (unless P=NP). However, the parameterized complexity of Constrained Level Planarity with respect to the vertex cover number of the input graph remained open. In this paper, we show that Constrained Level Planarity can be solved in FPT-time when parameterized by the vertex cover number. In view of the previous intractability statements, our result is best-possible in several regards: a speed-up to polynomial time or a generalization to the aforementioned smaller graph parameters is not possible, even if restricting to proper or ordered instances.

Cite as

Boris Klemz and Marie Diana Sieper. Constrained Level Planarity Is FPT with Respect to the Vertex Cover Number. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 99:1-99:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{klemz_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.99,
  author =	{Klemz, Boris and Sieper, Marie Diana},
  title =	{{Constrained Level Planarity Is FPT with Respect to the Vertex Cover Number}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{99:1--99:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.99},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202428},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.99},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parameterized Complexity, Graph Drawing, Planar Poset Diagram, Level Planarity, Constrained Level Planarity, Vertex Cover, FPT, Computational Geometry}
}
Document
Fully Dynamic Maximum Independent Sets of Disks in Polylogarithmic Update Time

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Martin Nöllenburg, Csaba D. Tóth, and Jules Wulms

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 293, 40th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2024)


Abstract
A fundamental question is whether one can maintain a maximum independent set (MIS) in polylogarithmic update time for a dynamic collection of geometric objects in Euclidean space. For a set of intervals, it is known that no dynamic algorithm can maintain an exact MIS in sublinear update time. Therefore, the typical objective is to explore the trade-off between update time and solution size. Substantial efforts have been made in recent years to understand this question for various families of geometric objects, such as intervals, hypercubes, hyperrectangles, and fat objects. We present the first fully dynamic approximation algorithm for disks of arbitrary radii in the plane that maintains a constant-factor approximate MIS in polylogarithmic expected amortized update time. Moreover, for a fully dynamic set of n unit disks in the plane, we show that a 12-approximate MIS can be maintained with worst-case update time O(log n), and optimal output-sensitive reporting. This result generalizes to fat objects of comparable sizes in any fixed dimension d, where the approximation ratio depends on the dimension and the fatness parameter. Further, we note that, even for a dynamic set of disks of unit radius in the plane, it is impossible to maintain O(1+ε)-approximate MIS in truly sublinear update time, under standard complexity assumptions. Our results build on two recent technical tools: (i) The MIX algorithm by Cardinal et al. (ESA 2021) that can smoothly transition from one independent set to another; hence it suffices to maintain a family of independent sets where the largest one is an O(1)-approximate MIS. (ii) A dynamic nearest/farthest neighbor data structure for disks by Kaplan et al. (DCG 2020) and Liu (SICOMP 2022), which generalizes the dynamic convex hull data structure by Chan (JACM 2010), and quickly yields a "replacement" disk (if any) when a disk in one of our independent sets is deleted.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Martin Nöllenburg, Csaba D. Tóth, and Jules Wulms. Fully Dynamic Maximum Independent Sets of Disks in Polylogarithmic Update Time. In 40th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 293, pp. 19:1-19:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2024.19,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and T\'{o}th, Csaba D. and Wulms, Jules},
  title =	{{Fully Dynamic Maximum Independent Sets of Disks in Polylogarithmic Update Time}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2024)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-316-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{293},
  editor =	{Mulzer, Wolfgang and Phillips, Jeff M.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2024.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-199649},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2024.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dynamic algorithm, Independent set, Geometric intersection graph}
}
Document
New Frontiers of Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing (Dagstuhl Seminar 23162)

Authors: Robert Ganian, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Martin Nöllenburg, Meirav Zehavi, and Liana Khazaliya

Published in: Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 13, Issue 4 (2023)


Abstract
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 23162 "New Frontiers of Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing”. The seminar was held in-person from April 16 to April 21, 2023. It brought together 32 researchers from the Graph Drawing and the Parameterized Complexity research communities to discuss and explore new research frontiers on the interface between the two fields. The report collects the abstracts of talks and open problems presented in the seminar, as well as brief progress reports from the working groups.

Cite as

Robert Ganian, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Martin Nöllenburg, Meirav Zehavi, and Liana Khazaliya. New Frontiers of Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing (Dagstuhl Seminar 23162). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp. 58-97, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@Article{ganian_et_al:DagRep.13.4.58,
  author =	{Ganian, Robert and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Zehavi, Meirav and Khazaliya, Liana},
  title =	{{New Frontiers of Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing (Dagstuhl Seminar 23162)}},
  pages =	{58--97},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Reports},
  ISSN =	{2192-5283},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{13},
  number =	{4},
  editor =	{Ganian, Robert and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Zehavi, Meirav and Khazaliya, Liana},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.13.4.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-192393},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagRep.13.4.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: algorithm design, computational geometry, graph drawing, parameterized complexity}
}
Document
Transitions in Dynamic Point Labeling

Authors: Thomas Depian, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, and Jules Wulms

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 277, 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)


Abstract
The labeling of point features on a map is a well-studied topic. In a static setting, the goal is to find a non-overlapping label placement for (a subset of) point features. In a dynamic setting, the set of point features and their corresponding labels change, and the labeling has to adapt to such changes. To aid the user in tracking these changes, we can use morphs, here called transitions, to indicate how a labeling changes. Such transitions have not gained much attention yet, and we investigate different types of transitions for labelings of points, most notably consecutive transitions and simultaneous transitions. We give (tight) bounds on the number of overlaps that can occur during these transitions. When each label has a (non-negative) weight associated to it, and each overlap imposes a penalty proportional to the weight of the overlapping labels, we show that it is NP-complete to decide whether the penalty during a simultaneous transition has weight at most k. Finally, in a case study, we consider geotagged Twitter data on a map, by labeling points with rectangular labels showing tweets. We developed a prototype implementation to evaluate different transition styles in practice, measuring both number of overlaps and transition duration.

Cite as

Thomas Depian, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, and Jules Wulms. Transitions in Dynamic Point Labeling. In 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 277, pp. 2:1-2:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{depian_et_al:LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.2,
  author =	{Depian, Thomas and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Wulms, Jules},
  title =	{{Transitions in Dynamic Point Labeling}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-288-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{277},
  editor =	{Beecham, Roger and Long, Jed A. and Smith, Dianna and Zhao, Qunshan and Wise, Sarah},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-188971},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dynamic labels, Label overlaps, Morphs, NP-completeness, Case study}
}
Document
Extending Orthogonal Planar Graph Drawings Is Fixed-Parameter Tractable

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Robert Ganian, Liana Khazaliya, Fabrizio Montecchiani, and Martin Nöllenburg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 258, 39th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2023)


Abstract
The task of finding an extension to a given partial drawing of a graph while adhering to constraints on the representation has been extensively studied in the literature, with well-known results providing efficient algorithms for fundamental representations such as planar and beyond-planar topological drawings. In this paper, we consider the extension problem for bend-minimal orthogonal drawings of planar graphs, which is among the most fundamental geometric graph drawing representations. While the problem was known to be NP-hard, it is natural to consider the case where only a small part of the graph is still to be drawn. Here, we establish the fixed-parameter tractability of the problem when parameterized by the size of the missing subgraph. Our algorithm is based on multiple novel ingredients which intertwine geometric and combinatorial arguments. These include the identification of a new graph representation of bend-equivalent regions for vertex placement in the plane, establishing a bound on the treewidth of this auxiliary graph, and a global point-grid that allows us to discretize the possible placement of bends and vertices into locally bounded subgrids for each of the above regions.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Robert Ganian, Liana Khazaliya, Fabrizio Montecchiani, and Martin Nöllenburg. Extending Orthogonal Planar Graph Drawings Is Fixed-Parameter Tractable. In 39th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 258, pp. 18:1-18:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2023.18,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Ganian, Robert and Khazaliya, Liana and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin},
  title =	{{Extending Orthogonal Planar Graph Drawings Is Fixed-Parameter Tractable}},
  booktitle =	{39th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2023)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-273-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{258},
  editor =	{Chambers, Erin W. and Gudmundsson, Joachim},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2023.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-178689},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2023.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: orthogonal drawings, bend minimization, extension problems, parameterized complexity}
}
Document
Minimum Link Fencing

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Fabian Klute, Maarten Löffler, Martin Nöllenburg, Soeren Terziadis, and Anaïs Villedieu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)


Abstract
We study a variant of the geometric multicut problem, where we are given a set 𝒫 of colored and pairwise interior-disjoint polygons in the plane. The objective is to compute a set of simple closed polygon boundaries (fences) that separate the polygons in such a way that any two polygons that are enclosed by the same fence have the same color, and the total number of links of all fences is minimized. We call this the minimum link fencing (MLF) problem and consider the natural case of bounded minimum link fencing (BMLF), where 𝒫 contains a polygon Q that is unbounded in all directions and can be seen as an outer polygon. We show that BMLF is NP-hard in general and that it is XP-time solvable when each fence contains at most two polygons and the number of segments per fence is the parameter. Finally, we present an O(n log n)-time algorithm for the case that the convex hull of 𝒫⧵{Q} does not intersect Q.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Fabian Klute, Maarten Löffler, Martin Nöllenburg, Soeren Terziadis, and Anaïs Villedieu. Minimum Link Fencing. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 34:1-34:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.34,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Klute, Fabian and L\"{o}ffler, Maarten and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Terziadis, Soeren and Villedieu, Ana\"{i}s},
  title =	{{Minimum Link Fencing}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-258-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{248},
  editor =	{Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173191},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: computational geometry, polygon nesting, polygon separation}
}
Document
Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing (Dagstuhl Seminar 21293)

Authors: Robert Ganian, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Martin Nöllenburg, and Meirav Zehavi

Published in: Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 11, Issue 6 (2021)


Abstract
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 21293 "Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing". The seminar was held mostly in-person from July 18 to July 23, 2021. It brought together 28 researchers from the Graph Drawing and the Parameterized Complexity research communities with the aim to discuss and explore open research questions on the interface between the two fields. The report collects the abstracts of talks and open problems presented in the seminar, as well as brief progress reports from the working groups.

Cite as

Robert Ganian, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Martin Nöllenburg, and Meirav Zehavi. Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing (Dagstuhl Seminar 21293). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp. 82-123, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@Article{ganian_et_al:DagRep.11.6.82,
  author =	{Ganian, Robert and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Zehavi, Meirav},
  title =	{{Parameterized Complexity in Graph Drawing (Dagstuhl Seminar 21293)}},
  pages =	{82--123},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Reports},
  ISSN =	{2192-5283},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{11},
  number =	{6},
  editor =	{Ganian, Robert and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Zehavi, Meirav},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.11.6.82},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-155817},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagRep.11.6.82},
  annote =	{Keywords: exact computation, graph algorithms, graph drawing, parameterized complexity}
}
Document
Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, Ignaz Rutter, and Hsiang-Yun Wu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 212, 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)


Abstract
We consider the problem of untangling a given (non-planar) straight-line circular drawing δ_G of an outerplanar graph G = (V,E) into a planar straight-line circular drawing by shifting a minimum number of vertices to a new position on the circle. For an outerplanar graph G, it is clear that such a crossing-free circular drawing always exists and we define the circular shifting number shift°(δ_G) as the minimum number of vertices that need to be shifted to resolve all crossings of δ_G. We show that the problem Circular Untangling, asking whether shift°(δ_G) ≤ K for a given integer K, is NP-complete. Based on this result we study Circular Untangling for almost-planar circular drawings, in which a single edge is involved in all the crossings. In this case we provide a tight upper bound shift°(δ_G) ≤ ⌊n/2⌋-1, where n is the number of vertices in G, and present a polynomial-time algorithm to compute the circular shifting number of almost-planar drawings.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, Martin Nöllenburg, Ignaz Rutter, and Hsiang-Yun Wu. Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity. In 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 212, pp. 19:1-19:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Rutter, Ignaz and Wu, Hsiang-Yun},
  title =	{{Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-214-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{212},
  editor =	{Ahn, Hee-Kap and Sadakane, Kunihiko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154528},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph drawing, straight-line drawing, outerplanarity, NP-hardness, untangling}
}
Document
An Algorithmic Study of Fully Dynamic Independent Sets for Map Labeling

Authors: Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, and Martin Nöllenburg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 173, 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020)


Abstract
Map labeling is a classical problem in cartography and geographic information systems (GIS) that asks to place labels for area, line, and point features, with the goal to select and place the maximum number of independent, i.e., overlap-free, labels. A practically interesting case is point labeling with axis-parallel rectangular labels of common size. In a fully dynamic setting, at each time step, either a new label appears or an existing label disappears. Then, the challenge is to maintain a maximum cardinality subset of pairwise independent labels with sub-linear update time. Motivated by this, we study the maximal independent set (MIS) and maximum independent set (Max-IS) problems on fully dynamic (insertion/deletion model) sets of axis-parallel rectangles of two types - (i) uniform height and width and (ii) uniform height and arbitrary width; both settings can be modeled as rectangle intersection graphs. We present the first deterministic algorithm for maintaining a MIS (and thus a 4-approximate Max-IS) of a dynamic set of uniform rectangles with amortized sub-logarithmic update time. This breaks the natural barrier of Ω(Δ) update time (where Δ is the maximum degree in the graph) for vertex updates presented by Assadi et al. (STOC 2018). We continue by investigating Max-IS and provide a series of deterministic dynamic approximation schemes. For uniform rectangles, we first give an algorithm that maintains a 4-approximate Max-IS with O(1) update time. In a subsequent algorithm, we establish the trade-off between approximation quality 2(1+1/k) and update time O(k²log n), for k ∈ ℕ. We conclude with an algorithm that maintains a 2-approximate Max-IS for dynamic sets of unit-height and arbitrary-width rectangles with O(ω log n) update time, where ω is the maximum size of an independent set of rectangles stabbed by any horizontal line. We have implemented our algorithms and report the results of an experimental comparison exploring the trade-off between solution quality and update time for synthetic and real-world map labeling instances.

Cite as

Sujoy Bhore, Guangping Li, and Martin Nöllenburg. An Algorithmic Study of Fully Dynamic Independent Sets for Map Labeling. In 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 173, pp. 19:1-19:24, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{bhore_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2020.19,
  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin},
  title =	{{An Algorithmic Study of Fully Dynamic Independent Sets for Map Labeling}},
  booktitle =	{28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-162-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{173},
  editor =	{Grandoni, Fabrizio and Herman, Grzegorz and Sanders, Peter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-128856},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Independent Sets, Dynamic Algorithms, Rectangle Intersection Graphs, Approximation Algorithms, Experimental Evaluation}
}
Document
Layered Fan-Planar Graph Drawings

Authors: Therese Biedl, Steven Chaplick, Michael Kaufmann, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Martin Nöllenburg, and Chrysanthi Raftopoulou

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)


Abstract
In a fan-planar drawing of a graph an edge can cross only edges with a common end-vertex. In this paper, we study fan-planar drawings that use h (horizontal) layers and are proper, i.e., edges connect adjacent layers. We show that if the embedding of the graph is fixed, then testing the existence of such drawings is fixed-parameter tractable in h, via a reduction to a similar result for planar graphs by Dujmović et al. If the embedding is not fixed, then we give partial results for h = 2: It was already known how to test the existence of fan-planar proper 2-layer drawings for 2-connected graphs, and we show here how to test this for trees. Along the way, we exhibit other interesting results for graphs with a fan-planar proper h-layer drawing; in particular we bound their pathwidth and show that they have a bar-1-visibility representation.

Cite as

Therese Biedl, Steven Chaplick, Michael Kaufmann, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Martin Nöllenburg, and Chrysanthi Raftopoulou. Layered Fan-Planar Graph Drawings. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 14:1-14:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{biedl_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.14,
  author =	{Biedl, Therese and Chaplick, Steven and Kaufmann, Michael and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Raftopoulou, Chrysanthi},
  title =	{{Layered Fan-Planar Graph Drawings}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-159-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{170},
  editor =	{Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126835},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Drawing, Parameterized Complexity, Beyond Planar Graphs}
}
Document
Extending Nearly Complete 1-Planar Drawings in Polynomial Time

Authors: Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Fabian Klute, and Martin Nöllenburg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)


Abstract
The problem of extending partial geometric graph representations such as plane graphs has received considerable attention in recent years. In particular, given a graph G, a connected subgraph H of G and a drawing H of H, the extension problem asks whether H can be extended into a drawing of G while maintaining some desired property of the drawing (e.g., planarity). In their breakthrough result, Angelini et al. [ACM TALG 2015] showed that the extension problem is polynomial-time solvable when the aim is to preserve planarity. Very recently we considered this problem for partial 1-planar drawings [ICALP 2020], which are drawings in the plane that allow each edge to have at most one crossing. The most important question identified and left open in that work is whether the problem can be solved in polynomial time when H can be obtained from G by deleting a bounded number of vertices and edges. In this work, we answer this question positively by providing a constructive polynomial-time decision algorithm.

Cite as

Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Fabian Klute, and Martin Nöllenburg. Extending Nearly Complete 1-Planar Drawings in Polynomial Time. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 31:1-31:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{eiben_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.31,
  author =	{Eiben, Eduard and Ganian, Robert and Hamm, Thekla and Klute, Fabian and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin},
  title =	{{Extending Nearly Complete 1-Planar Drawings in Polynomial Time}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)},
  pages =	{31:1--31:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-159-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{170},
  editor =	{Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.31},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126998},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.31},
  annote =	{Keywords: Extension problems, 1-planarity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Extending Partial 1-Planar Drawings

Authors: Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Fabian Klute, and Martin Nöllenburg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
Algorithmic extension problems of partial graph representations such as planar graph drawings or geometric intersection representations are of growing interest in topological graph theory and graph drawing. In such an extension problem, we are given a tuple (G,H,ℋ) consisting of a graph G, a connected subgraph H of G and a drawing ℋ of H, and the task is to extend ℋ into a drawing of G while maintaining some desired property of the drawing, such as planarity. In this paper we study the problem of extending partial 1-planar drawings, which are drawings in the plane that allow each edge to have at most one crossing. In addition we consider the subclass of IC-planar drawings, which are 1-planar drawings with independent crossings. Recognizing 1-planar graphs as well as IC-planar graphs is NP-complete and the NP-completeness easily carries over to the extension problem. Therefore, our focus lies on establishing the tractability of such extension problems in a weaker sense than polynomial-time tractability. Here, we show that both problems are fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the number of edges missing from H, i.e., the edge deletion distance between H and G. The second part of the paper then turns to a more powerful parameterization which is based on measuring the vertex+edge deletion distance between the partial and complete drawing, i.e., the minimum number of vertices and edges that need to be deleted to obtain H from G.

Cite as

Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Fabian Klute, and Martin Nöllenburg. Extending Partial 1-Planar Drawings. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 43:1-43:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{eiben_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.43,
  author =	{Eiben, Eduard and Ganian, Robert and Hamm, Thekla and Klute, Fabian and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin},
  title =	{{Extending Partial 1-Planar Drawings}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{43:1--43:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.43},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-124509},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.43},
  annote =	{Keywords: Extension problems, 1-planarity, parameterized algorithms}
}
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