7 Search Results for "Zhang, Le"


Document
Position
Grounding Stream Reasoning Research

Authors: Pieter Bonte, Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Daniel de Leng, Daniele Dell'Aglio, Emanuele Della Valle, Thomas Eiter, Federico Giannini, Fredrik Heintz, Konstantin Schekotihin, Danh Le-Phuoc, Alessandra Mileo, Patrik Schneider, Riccardo Tommasini, Jacopo Urbani, and Giacomo Ziffer

Published in: TGDK, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2024): Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge, Volume 2, Issue 1


Abstract
In the last decade, there has been a growing interest in applying AI technologies to implement complex data analytics over data streams. To this end, researchers in various fields have been organising a yearly event called the "Stream Reasoning Workshop" to share perspectives, challenges, and experiences around this topic. In this paper, the previous organisers of the workshops and other community members provide a summary of the main research results that have been discussed during the first six editions of the event. These results can be categorised into four main research areas: The first is concerned with the technological challenges related to handling large data streams. The second area aims at adapting and extending existing semantic technologies to data streams. The third and fourth areas focus on how to implement reasoning techniques, either considering deductive or inductive techniques, to extract new and valuable knowledge from the data in the stream. This summary is written not only to provide a crystallisation of the field, but also to point out distinctive traits of the stream reasoning community. Moreover, it also provides a foundation for future research by enumerating a list of use cases and open challenges, to stimulate others to join this exciting research area.

Cite as

Pieter Bonte, Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Daniel de Leng, Daniele Dell'Aglio, Emanuele Della Valle, Thomas Eiter, Federico Giannini, Fredrik Heintz, Konstantin Schekotihin, Danh Le-Phuoc, Alessandra Mileo, Patrik Schneider, Riccardo Tommasini, Jacopo Urbani, and Giacomo Ziffer. Grounding Stream Reasoning Research. In Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge (TGDK), Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 2:1-2:47, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@Article{bonte_et_al:TGDK.2.1.2,
  author =	{Bonte, Pieter and Calbimonte, Jean-Paul and de Leng, Daniel and Dell'Aglio, Daniele and Della Valle, Emanuele and Eiter, Thomas and Giannini, Federico and Heintz, Fredrik and Schekotihin, Konstantin and Le-Phuoc, Danh and Mileo, Alessandra and Schneider, Patrik and Tommasini, Riccardo and Urbani, Jacopo and Ziffer, Giacomo},
  title =	{{Grounding Stream Reasoning Research}},
  journal =	{Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge},
  pages =	{2:1--2:47},
  ISSN =	{2942-7517},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{2},
  number =	{1},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/TGDK.2.1.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-198597},
  doi =		{10.4230/TGDK.2.1.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Stream Reasoning, Stream Processing, RDF streams, Streaming Linked Data, Continuous query processing, Temporal Logics, High-performance computing, Databases}
}
Document
Quantum Distributed Algorithm for Triangle Finding in the CONGEST Model

Authors: Taisuke Izumi, François Le Gall, and Frédéric Magniez

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 154, 37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020)


Abstract
This paper considers the triangle finding problem in the CONGEST model of distributed computing. Recent works by Izumi and Le Gall (PODC'17), Chang, Pettie and Zhang (SODA'19) and Chang and Saranurak (PODC'19) have successively reduced the classical round complexity of triangle finding (as well as triangle listing) from the trivial upper bound O(n) to Õ(n^{1/3}), where n denotes the number of vertices in the graph. In this paper we present a quantum distributed algorithm that solves the triangle finding problem in Õ(n^{1/4}) rounds in the CONGEST model. This gives another example of quantum algorithm beating the best known classical algorithms in distributed computing. Our result also exhibits an interesting phenomenon: while in the classical setting the best known upper bounds for the triangle finding and listing problems are identical, in the quantum setting the round complexities of these two problems are now Õ(n^{1/4}) and Θ~(n^{1/3}), respectively. Our result thus shows that triangle finding is easier than triangle listing in the quantum CONGEST model.

Cite as

Taisuke Izumi, François Le Gall, and Frédéric Magniez. Quantum Distributed Algorithm for Triangle Finding in the CONGEST Model. In 37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 154, pp. 23:1-23:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{izumi_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2020.23,
  author =	{Izumi, Taisuke and Le Gall, Fran\c{c}ois and Magniez, Fr\'{e}d\'{e}ric},
  title =	{{Quantum Distributed Algorithm for Triangle Finding in the CONGEST Model}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-140-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{154},
  editor =	{Paul, Christophe and Bl\"{a}ser, Markus},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2020.23},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-118840},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2020.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum computing, distributed computing, CONGEST model}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Faster Algorithms for All Pairs Non-Decreasing Paths Problem

Authors: Ran Duan, Ce Jin, and Hongxun Wu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
In this paper, we present an improved algorithm for the All Pairs Non-decreasing Paths (APNP) problem on weighted simple digraphs, which has running time O~(n^{{3 + omega}/{2}}) = O~(n^{2.686}). Here n is the number of vertices, and omega < 2.373 is the exponent of time complexity of fast matrix multiplication [Williams 2012, Le Gall 2014]. This matches the current best upper bound for (max, min)-matrix product [Duan, Pettie 2009] which is reducible to APNP. Thus, further improvement for APNP will imply a faster algorithm for (max, min)-matrix product. The previous best upper bound for APNP on weighted digraphs was O~(n^{1/2(3 + {3 - omega}/{omega + 1} + omega)}) = O~(n^{2.78}) [Duan, Gu, Zhang 2018]. We also show an O~(n^2) time algorithm for APNP in undirected simple graphs which also reaches optimal within logarithmic factors.

Cite as

Ran Duan, Ce Jin, and Hongxun Wu. Faster Algorithms for All Pairs Non-Decreasing Paths Problem. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 48:1-48:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{duan_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.48,
  author =	{Duan, Ran and Jin, Ce and Wu, Hongxun},
  title =	{{Faster Algorithms for All Pairs Non-Decreasing Paths Problem}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{48:1--48:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.48},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-106241},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.48},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph optimization, matrix multiplication, non-decreasing paths}
}
Document
Improved Time Bounds for All Pairs Non-decreasing Paths in General Digraphs

Authors: Ran Duan, Yong Gu, and Le Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 107, 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)


Abstract
We present improved algorithms for solving the All Pairs Non-decreasing Paths (APNP) problem on weighted digraphs. Currently, the best upper bound on APNP is O~(n^{(9+omega)/4})=O(n^{2.844}), obtained by Vassilevska Williams [TALG 2010 and SODA'08], where omega<2.373 is the usual exponent of matrix multiplication. Our first algorithm improves the time bound to O~(n^{2+omega/3})=O(n^{2.791}). The algorithm determines, for every pair of vertices s, t, the minimum last edge weight on a non-decreasing path from s to t, where a non-decreasing path is a path on which the edge weights form a non-decreasing sequence. The algorithm proposed uses the combinatorial properties of non-decreasing paths. Also a slightly improved algorithm with running time O(n^{2.78}) is presented.

Cite as

Ran Duan, Yong Gu, and Le Zhang. Improved Time Bounds for All Pairs Non-decreasing Paths in General Digraphs. In 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 107, pp. 44:1-44:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{duan_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.44,
  author =	{Duan, Ran and Gu, Yong and Zhang, Le},
  title =	{{Improved Time Bounds for All Pairs Non-decreasing Paths in General Digraphs}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)},
  pages =	{44:1--44:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-076-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{107},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Kaklamanis, Christos and Marx, D\'{a}niel and Sannella, Donald},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.44},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90487},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.44},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph algorithms, Matrix multiplication, Non-decreasing paths}
}
Document
A (1.4 + epsilon)-Approximation Algorithm for the 2-Max-Duo Problem

Authors: Yao Xu, Yong Chen, Guohui Lin, Tian Liu, Taibo Luo, and Peng Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 92, 28th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2017)


Abstract
The maximum duo-preservation string mapping (Max-Duo) problem is the complement of the well studied minimum common string partition (MCSP) problem, both of which have applications in many fields including text compression and bioinformatics. k-Max-Duo is the restricted version of Max-Duo, where every letter of the alphabet occurs at most k times in each of the strings, which is readily reduced into the well known maximum independent set (MIS) problem on a graph of maximum degree \Delta \le 6(k-1). In particular, 2-Max-Duo can then be approximated arbitrarily close to 1.8 using the state-of-the-art approximation algorithm for the MIS problem. 2-Max-Duo was proved APX-hard and very recently a (1.6 + \epsilon)-approximation was claimed, for any \epsilon > 0. In this paper, we present a vertex-degree reduction technique, based on which, we show that 2-Max-Duo can be approximated arbitrarily close to 1.4.

Cite as

Yao Xu, Yong Chen, Guohui Lin, Tian Liu, Taibo Luo, and Peng Zhang. A (1.4 + epsilon)-Approximation Algorithm for the 2-Max-Duo Problem. In 28th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 92, pp. 66:1-66:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{xu_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.66,
  author =	{Xu, Yao and Chen, Yong and Lin, Guohui and Liu, Tian and Luo, Taibo and Zhang, Peng},
  title =	{{A (1.4 + epsilon)-Approximation Algorithm for the 2-Max-Duo Problem}},
  booktitle =	{28th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2017)},
  pages =	{66:1--66:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-054-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{92},
  editor =	{Okamoto, Yoshio and Tokuyama, Takeshi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.66},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-82120},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.66},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation algorithm, duo-preservation string mapping, string partition, independent set}
}
Document
Quantum Communication Complexity of Distributed Set Joins

Authors: Stacey Jeffery and François Le Gall

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 58, 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)


Abstract
Computing set joins of two inputs is a common task in database theory. Recently, Van Gucht, Williams, Woodruff and Zhang [PODS 2015] considered the complexity of such problems in the natural model of (classical) two-party communication complexity and obtained tight bounds for the complexity of several important distributed set joins. In this paper we initiate the study of the quantum communication complexity of distributed set joins. We design a quantum protocol for distributed Boolean matrix multiplication, which corresponds to computing the composition join of two databases, showing that the product of two n times n Boolean matrices, each owned by one of two respective parties, can be computed with widetilde-O(sqrt{n} ell^{3/4}) qubits of communication, where ell denotes the number of non-zero entries of the product. Since Van Gucht et al. showed that the classical communication complexity of this problem is widetilde-Theta(n sqrt{ell}), our quantum algorithm outperforms classical protocols whenever the output matrix is sparse. We also show a quantum lower bound and a matching classical upper bound on the communication complexity of distributed matrix multiplication over F_2. Besides their applications to database theory, the communication complexity of set joins is interesting due to its connections to direct product theorems in communication complexity. In this work we also introduce a notion of all-pairs product theorem, and relate this notion to standard direct product theorems in communication complexity.

Cite as

Stacey Jeffery and François Le Gall. Quantum Communication Complexity of Distributed Set Joins. In 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 58, pp. 54:1-54:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{jeffery_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.54,
  author =	{Jeffery, Stacey and Le Gall, Fran\c{c}ois},
  title =	{{Quantum Communication Complexity of Distributed Set Joins}},
  booktitle =	{41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)},
  pages =	{54:1--54:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-016-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{58},
  editor =	{Faliszewski, Piotr and Muscholl, Anca and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.54},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-64663},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.54},
  annote =	{Keywords: quantum communication complexity, distributed quantum computing, database joins}
}
Document
P2P XQuery and the StreetTiVo application

Authors: Peter A. Boncz and Yi Zhang

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 6431, Scalable Data Management in Evolving Networks (2007)


Abstract
MonetDB/XQuery* is a fully functional publicly available XML DBMS that has been extended with distributed and P2P data management functionality. Our (minimal) XQuery language extension XRPC adds the concept of RPC to XQuery, and we outlined our approach to include the services offered by diverse P2P network structures (such as DHTs), in a way that avoids any further intrusion in the XQuery language and semantics. We also discussed the StreetTiVo application were mxq is being used for data management in a large P2P environment. new construct called XRPC.

Cite as

Peter A. Boncz and Yi Zhang. P2P XQuery and the StreetTiVo application. In Scalable Data Management in Evolving Networks. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 6431, p. 1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2007)


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@InProceedings{boncz_et_al:DagSemProc.06431.6,
  author =	{Boncz, Peter A. and Zhang, Yi},
  title =	{{P2P XQuery and the StreetTiVo application}},
  booktitle =	{Scalable Data Management in Evolving Networks},
  pages =	{1--1},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2007},
  volume =	{6431},
  editor =	{Stefan B\"{o}ttcher and Le Gruenwald and Pedro Jose Marr\'{o}n and Evaggelia Pitoura},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.06431.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-9499},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.06431.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed XQuery, P2P, DHT}
}
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