21 Search Results for "Censor-Hillel, Keren"


Document
Quantum Distributed Algorithms for Detection of Cliques

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Orr Fischer, François Le Gall, Dean Leitersdorf, and Rotem Oshman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 215, 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)


Abstract
The possibilities offered by quantum computing have drawn attention in the distributed computing community recently, with several breakthrough results showing quantum distributed algorithms that run faster than the fastest known classical counterparts, and even separations between the two models. A prime example is the result by Izumi, Le Gall, and Magniez [STACS 2020], who showed that triangle detection by quantum distributed algorithms is easier than triangle listing, while an analogous result is not known in the classical case. In this paper we present a framework for fast quantum distributed clique detection. This improves upon the state-of-the-art for the triangle case, and is also more general, applying to larger clique sizes. Our main technical contribution is a new approach for detecting cliques by encapsulating this as a search task for nodes that can be added to smaller cliques. To extract the best complexities out of our approach, we develop a framework for nested distributed quantum searches, which employ checking procedures that are quantum themselves. Moreover, we show a circuit-complexity barrier on proving a lower bound of the form Ω(n^{3/5+ε}) for K_p-detection for any p ≥ 4, even in the classical (non-quantum) distributed CONGEST setting.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Orr Fischer, François Le Gall, Dean Leitersdorf, and Rotem Oshman. Quantum Distributed Algorithms for Detection of Cliques. In 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 215, pp. 35:1-35:25, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.35,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Fischer, Orr and Le Gall, Fran\c{c}ois and Leitersdorf, Dean and Oshman, Rotem},
  title =	{{Quantum Distributed Algorithms for Detection of Cliques}},
  booktitle =	{13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)},
  pages =	{35:1--35:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-217-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{215},
  editor =	{Braverman, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.35},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156319},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.35},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed graph algorithms, quantum algorithms, cycles, cliques, Congested Clique, CONGEST}
}
Document
Distributed Vertex Cover Reconfiguration

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Yannic Maus, Shahar Romem-Peled, and Tigran Tonoyan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 215, 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)


Abstract
Reconfiguration schedules, i.e., sequences that gradually transform one solution of a problem to another while always maintaining feasibility, have been extensively studied. Most research has dealt with the decision problem of whether a reconfiguration schedule exists, and the complexity of finding one. A prime example is the reconfiguration of vertex covers. We initiate the study of batched vertex cover reconfiguration, which allows to reconfigure multiple vertices concurrently while requiring that any adversarial reconfiguration order within a batch maintains feasibility. The latter provides robustness, e.g., if the simultaneous reconfiguration of a batch cannot be guaranteed. The quality of a schedule is measured by the number of batches until all nodes are reconfigured, and its cost, i.e., the maximum size of an intermediate vertex cover. To set a baseline for batch reconfiguration, we show that for graphs belonging to one of the classes {{cycles, trees, forests, chordal, cactus, even-hole-free, claw-free}}, there are schedules that use O(ε^{-1}) batches and incur only a 1+ε multiplicative increase in cost over the best sequential schedules. Our main contribution is to compute such batch schedules in a distributed setting O(ε^{-1} {log^*} n) rounds, which we also show to be tight. Further, we show that once we step out of these graph classes we face a very different situation. There are graph classes on which no efficient distributed algorithm can obtain the best (or almost best) existing schedule. Moreover, there are classes of bounded degree graphs which do not admit any reconfiguration schedules without incurring a large multiplicative increase in the cost at all.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Yannic Maus, Shahar Romem-Peled, and Tigran Tonoyan. Distributed Vertex Cover Reconfiguration. In 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 215, pp. 36:1-36:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.36,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Maus, Yannic and Romem-Peled, Shahar and Tonoyan, Tigran},
  title =	{{Distributed Vertex Cover Reconfiguration}},
  booktitle =	{13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)},
  pages =	{36:1--36:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-217-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{215},
  editor =	{Braverman, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.36},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156327},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.36},
  annote =	{Keywords: reconfiguration, vertex cover, network decomposition}
}
Document
Lower Bounds for Induced Cycle Detection in Distributed Computing

Authors: François Le Gall and Masayuki Miyamoto

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 212, 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)


Abstract
The distributed subgraph detection asks, for a fixed graph H, whether the n-node input graph contains H as a subgraph or not. In the standard CONGEST model of distributed computing, the complexity of clique/cycle detection and listing has received a lot of attention recently. In this paper we consider the induced variant of subgraph detection, where the goal is to decide whether the n-node input graph contains H as an induced subgraph or not. We first show a Ω̃(n) lower bound for detecting the existence of an induced k-cycle for any k ≥ 4 in the CONGEST model. This lower bound is tight for k = 4, and shows that the induced variant of k-cycle detection is much harder than the non-induced version. This lower bound is proved via a reduction from two-party communication complexity. We complement this result by showing that for 5 ≤ k ≤ 7, this Ω̃(n) lower bound cannot be improved via the two-party communication framework. We then show how to prove stronger lower bounds for larger values of k. More precisely, we show that detecting an induced k-cycle for any k ≥ 8 requires Ω̃(n^{2-Θ{(1/k)}}) rounds in the CONGEST model, nearly matching the known upper bound Õ(n^{2-Θ{(1/k)}}) of the general k-node subgraph detection (which also applies to the induced version) by Eden, Fiat, Fischer, Kuhn, and Oshman [DISC 2019]. Finally, we investigate the case where H is the diamond (the diamond is obtained by adding an edge to a 4-cycle, or equivalently removing an edge from a 4-clique), and show non-trivial upper and lower bounds on the complexity of the induced version of diamond detecting and listing.

Cite as

François Le Gall and Masayuki Miyamoto. Lower Bounds for Induced Cycle Detection in Distributed Computing. In 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 212, pp. 58:1-58:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{legall_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.58,
  author =	{Le Gall, Fran\c{c}ois and Miyamoto, Masayuki},
  title =	{{Lower Bounds for Induced Cycle Detection in Distributed Computing}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)},
  pages =	{58:1--58:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-214-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{212},
  editor =	{Ahn, Hee-Kap and Sadakane, Kunihiko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154919},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed computing, Lower bounds, Subgraph detection}
}
Document
Locally Checkable Labelings with Small Messages

Authors: Alkida Balliu, Keren Censor-Hillel, Yannic Maus, Dennis Olivetti, and Jukka Suomela

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 209, 35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021)


Abstract
A rich line of work has been addressing the computational complexity of locally checkable labelings (LCLs), illustrating the landscape of possible complexities. In this paper, we study the landscape of LCL complexities under bandwidth restrictions. Our main results are twofold. First, we show that on trees, the CONGEST complexity of an LCL problem is asymptotically equal to its complexity in the LOCAL model. An analog statement for non-LCL problems is known to be false. Second, we show that for general graphs this equivalence does not hold, by providing an LCL problem for which we show that it can be solved in O(log n) rounds in the LOCAL model, but requires Ω̃(n^{1/2}) rounds in the CONGEST model.

Cite as

Alkida Balliu, Keren Censor-Hillel, Yannic Maus, Dennis Olivetti, and Jukka Suomela. Locally Checkable Labelings with Small Messages. In 35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 209, pp. 8:1-8:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{balliu_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2021.8,
  author =	{Balliu, Alkida and Censor-Hillel, Keren and Maus, Yannic and Olivetti, Dennis and Suomela, Jukka},
  title =	{{Locally Checkable Labelings with Small Messages}},
  booktitle =	{35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-210-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{209},
  editor =	{Gilbert, Seth},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2021.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-148109},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2021.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed graph algorithms, CONGEST, locally checkable labelings}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Distributed Subgraph Finding: Progress and Challenges (Invited Talk)

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
This is a survey of the exciting recent progress made in understanding the complexity of distributed subgraph finding problems. It overviews the results and techniques for assorted variants of subgraph finding problems in various models of distributed computing, and states intriguing open questions.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel. Distributed Subgraph Finding: Progress and Challenges (Invited Talk). In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 3:1-3:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.3,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren},
  title =	{{Distributed Subgraph Finding: Progress and Challenges}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140726},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed algorithms, subgraph finding, limited bandwidth}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Fault Tolerant Max-Cut

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Noa Marelly, Roy Schwartz, and Tigran Tonoyan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
In this work, we initiate the study of fault tolerant Max-Cut, where given an edge-weighted undirected graph G = (V,E), the goal is to find a cut S ⊆ V that maximizes the total weight of edges that cross S even after an adversary removes k vertices from G. We consider two types of adversaries: an adaptive adversary that sees the outcome of the random coin tosses used by the algorithm, and an oblivious adversary that does not. For any constant number of failures k we present an approximation of (0.878-ε) against an adaptive adversary and of α_{GW}≈ 0.8786 against an oblivious adversary (here α_{GW} is the approximation achieved by the random hyperplane algorithm of [Goemans-Williamson J. ACM `95]). Additionally, we present a hardness of approximation of α_{GW} against both types of adversaries, rendering our results (virtually) tight. The non-linear nature of the fault tolerant objective makes the design and analysis of algorithms harder when compared to the classic Max-Cut. Hence, we employ approaches ranging from multi-objective optimization to LP duality and the ellipsoid algorithm to obtain our results.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Noa Marelly, Roy Schwartz, and Tigran Tonoyan. Fault Tolerant Max-Cut. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 46:1-46:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.46,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Marelly, Noa and Schwartz, Roy and Tonoyan, Tigran},
  title =	{{Fault Tolerant Max-Cut}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{46:1--46:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.46},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141158},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.46},
  annote =	{Keywords: fault-tolerance, max-cut, approximation}
}
Document
Distance Computations in the Hybrid Network Model via Oracle Simulations

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Dean Leitersdorf, and Volodymyr Polosukhin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 187, 38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021)


Abstract
The Hybrid network model was introduced in [Augustine et al., SODA '20] for laying down a theoretical foundation for networks which combine two possible modes of communication: One mode allows high-bandwidth communication with neighboring nodes, and the other allows low-bandwidth communication over few long-range connections at a time. This fundamentally abstracts networks such as hybrid data centers, and class-based software-defined networks. Our technical contribution is a density-aware approach that allows us to simulate a set of oracles for an overlay skeleton graph over a Hybrid network. As applications of our oracle simulations, with additional machinery that we provide, we derive fast algorithms for fundamental distance-related tasks. One of our core contributions is an algorithm in the Hybrid model for computing exact weighted shortest paths from Õ(n^{1/3}) sources which completes in Õ(n^{1/3}) rounds w.h.p. This improves, in both the runtime and the number of sources, upon the algorithm of [Kuhn and Schneider, PODC ’20], which computes shortest paths from a single source in Õ(n^{2/5}) rounds w.h.p. We additionally show a 2-approximation for weighted diameter and a (1+ε)-approximation for unweighted diameter, both in Õ(n^{1/3}) rounds w.h.p., which is comparable to the ̃ Ω(n^{1/3}) lower bound of [Kuhn and Schneider, PODC ’20] for a (2-ε)-approximation for weighted diameter and an exact unweighted diameter. We also provide fast distance approximations from multiple sources and fast approximations for eccentricities.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Dean Leitersdorf, and Volodymyr Polosukhin. Distance Computations in the Hybrid Network Model via Oracle Simulations. In 38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 187, pp. 21:1-21:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2021.21,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Leitersdorf, Dean and Polosukhin, Volodymyr},
  title =	{{Distance Computations in the Hybrid Network Model via Oracle Simulations}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021)},
  pages =	{21:1--21:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-180-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{187},
  editor =	{Bl\"{a}ser, Markus and Monmege, Benjamin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2021.21},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-136663},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2021.21},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed graph algorithms, Hybrid network model, Distance computations}
}
Document
Fast Deterministic Algorithms for Highly-Dynamic Networks

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Neta Dafni, Victor I. Kolobov, Ami Paz, and Gregory Schwartzman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 184, 24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020)


Abstract
This paper provides an algorithmic framework for obtaining fast distributed algorithms for a highly-dynamic setting, in which arbitrarily many edge changes may occur in each round. Our algorithm significantly improves upon prior work in its combination of (1) having an O(1) amortized time complexity, (2) using only O(log{n})-bit messages, (3) not posing any restrictions on the dynamic behavior of the environment, (4) being deterministic, (5) having strong guarantees for intermediate solutions, and (6) being applicable for a wide family of tasks. The tasks for which we deduce such an algorithm are maximal matching, (degree+1)-coloring, 2-approximation for minimum weight vertex cover, and maximal independent set (which is the most subtle case). For some of these tasks, node insertions can also be among the allowed topology changes, and for some of them also abrupt node deletions.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Neta Dafni, Victor I. Kolobov, Ami Paz, and Gregory Schwartzman. Fast Deterministic Algorithms for Highly-Dynamic Networks. In 24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 184, pp. 28:1-28:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.28,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Dafni, Neta and Kolobov, Victor I. and Paz, Ami and Schwartzman, Gregory},
  title =	{{Fast Deterministic Algorithms for Highly-Dynamic Networks}},
  booktitle =	{24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-176-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{184},
  editor =	{Bramas, Quentin and Oshman, Rotem and Romano, Paolo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.28},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-135138},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: dynamic distributed algorithms}
}
Document
Distributed Distance Approximation

Authors: Bertie Ancona, Keren Censor-Hillel, Mina Dalirrooyfard, Yuval Efron, and Virginia Vassilevska Williams

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 184, 24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020)


Abstract
Diameter, radius and eccentricities are fundamental graph parameters, which are extensively studied in various computational settings. Typically, computing approximate answers can be much more efficient compared with computing exact solutions. In this paper, we give a near complete characterization of the trade-offs between approximation ratios and round complexity of distributed algorithms for approximating these parameters, with a focus on the weighted and directed variants. Furthermore, we study bi-chromatic variants of these parameters defined on a graph whose vertices are colored either red or blue, and one focuses only on distances for pairs of vertices that are colored differently. Motivated by applications in computational geometry, bi-chromatic diameter, radius and eccentricities have been recently studied in the sequential setting [Backurs et al. STOC'18, Dalirrooyfard et al. ICALP'19]. We provide the first distributed upper and lower bounds for such problems. Our technical contributions include introducing the notion of approximate pseudo-center, which extends the pseudo-centers of [Choudhary and Gold SODA'20], and presenting an efficient distributed algorithm for computing approximate pseudo-centers. On the lower bound side, our constructions introduce the usage of new functions into the framework of reductions from 2-party communication complexity to distributed algorithms.

Cite as

Bertie Ancona, Keren Censor-Hillel, Mina Dalirrooyfard, Yuval Efron, and Virginia Vassilevska Williams. Distributed Distance Approximation. In 24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 184, pp. 30:1-30:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{ancona_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.30,
  author =	{Ancona, Bertie and Censor-Hillel, Keren and Dalirrooyfard, Mina and Efron, Yuval and Vassilevska Williams, Virginia},
  title =	{{Distributed Distance Approximation}},
  booktitle =	{24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-176-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{184},
  editor =	{Bramas, Quentin and Oshman, Rotem and Romano, Paolo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.30},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-135150},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed Computing, Distance Computation, Algorithms, Lower Bounds}
}
Document
Fast Distributed Algorithms for Girth, Cycles and Small Subgraphs

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Orr Fischer, Tzlil Gonen, François Le Gall, Dean Leitersdorf, and Rotem Oshman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 179, 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)


Abstract
In this paper we give fast distributed graph algorithms for detecting and listing small subgraphs, and for computing or approximating the girth. Our algorithms improve upon the state of the art by polynomial factors, and for girth, we obtain a constant-time algorithm for additive +1 approximation in Congested Clique, and the first parametrized algorithm for exact computation in Congest. In the Congested Clique model, we first develop a technique for learning small neighborhoods, and apply it to obtain an O(1)-round algorithm that computes the girth with only an additive +1 error. Next, we introduce a new technique (the partition tree technique) allowing for efficiently listing all copies of any subgraph, which is deterministic and improves upon the state-of the-art for non-dense graphs. We give two concrete applications of the partition tree technique: First we show that for constant k, it is possible to solve C_{2k}-detection in O(1) rounds in the Congested Clique, improving on prior work, which used fast matrix multiplication and thus had polynomial round complexity. Second, we show that in triangle-free graphs, the girth can be exactly computed in time polynomially faster than the best known bounds for general graphs. We remark that no analogous result is currently known for sequential algorithms. In the Congest model, we describe a new approach for finding cycles, and instantiate it in two ways: first, we show a fast parametrized algorithm for girth with round complexity Õ(min{g⋅ n^{1-1/Θ(g)},n}) for any girth g; and second, we show how to find small even-length cycles C_{2k} for k = 3,4,5 in O(n^{1-1/k}) rounds. This is a polynomial improvement upon the previous running times; for example, our C₆-detection algorithm runs in O(n^{2/3}) rounds, compared to O(n^{3/4}) in prior work. Finally, using our improved C₆-freeness algorithm, and the barrier on proving lower bounds on triangle-freeness of Eden et al., we show that improving the current ̃Ω(√n) lower bound for C₆-freeness of Korhonen et al. by any polynomial factor would imply strong circuit complexity lower bounds.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Orr Fischer, Tzlil Gonen, François Le Gall, Dean Leitersdorf, and Rotem Oshman. Fast Distributed Algorithms for Girth, Cycles and Small Subgraphs. In 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 179, pp. 33:1-33:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2020.33,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Fischer, Orr and Gonen, Tzlil and Le Gall, Fran\c{c}ois and Leitersdorf, Dean and Oshman, Rotem},
  title =	{{Fast Distributed Algorithms for Girth, Cycles and Small Subgraphs}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)},
  pages =	{33:1--33:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-168-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{179},
  editor =	{Attiya, Hagit},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.33},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131115},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.33},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed graph algorithms, cycles, girth, Congested Clique, CONGEST}
}
Document
Keynote Abstract
Distributed Optimization And Approximation: How Difficult Can It Be? (Keynote Abstract)

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 153, 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)


Abstract
We know that exact distributed algorithms for optimization problems cannot be fast. To overcome these barriers, very efficient approximation algorithms have been designed in various distributed settings. But for very small approximation factors, a mystery remains: Why do we not have fast distributed algorithms for very small approximations factors in bandwidth restricted settings? This talk will overview the state-of-the-art of distributed optimization and approximation algorithms and discuss the major challenges in determining the complexity of small approximations.

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Keren Censor-Hillel. Distributed Optimization And Approximation: How Difficult Can It Be? (Keynote Abstract). In 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 153, p. 2:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.2,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren},
  title =	{{Distributed Optimization And Approximation: How Difficult Can It Be?}},
  booktitle =	{23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-133-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{153},
  editor =	{Felber, Pascal and Friedman, Roy and Gilbert, Seth and Miller, Avery},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117886},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed graph algorithms, Optimization and approximations}
}
Document
Parameterized Distributed Algorithms

Authors: Ran Ben-Basat, Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi, and Gregory Schwartzman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 146, 33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)


Abstract
In this work, we initiate a thorough study of graph optimization problems parameterized by the output size in the distributed setting. In such a problem, an algorithm decides whether a solution of size bounded by k exists and if so, it finds one. We study fundamental problems, including Minimum Vertex Cover (MVC), Maximum Independent Set (MaxIS), Maximum Matching (MaxM), and many others, in both the LOCAL and CONGEST distributed computation models. We present lower bounds for the round complexity of solving parameterized problems in both models, together with optimal and near-optimal upper bounds. Our results extend beyond the scope of parameterized problems. We show that any LOCAL (1+epsilon)-approximation algorithm for the above problems must take Omega(epsilon^{-1}) rounds. Joined with the (epsilon^{-1}log n)^{O(1)} rounds algorithm of [Ghaffari et al., 2017] and the Omega (sqrt{(log n)/(log log n)}) lower bound of [Fabian Kuhn et al., 2016], the lower bounds match the upper bound up to polynomial factors in both parameters. We also show that our parameterized approach reduces the runtime of exact and approximate CONGEST algorithms for MVC and MaxM if the optimal solution is small, without knowing its size beforehand. Finally, we propose the first o(n^2) rounds CONGEST algorithms that approximate MVC within a factor strictly smaller than 2.

Cite as

Ran Ben-Basat, Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi, and Gregory Schwartzman. Parameterized Distributed Algorithms. In 33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 146, pp. 6:1-6:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{benbasat_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2019.6,
  author =	{Ben-Basat, Ran and Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi and Schwartzman, Gregory},
  title =	{{Parameterized Distributed Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-126-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{146},
  editor =	{Suomela, Jukka},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-113135},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed Algorithms, Approximation Algorithms, Parameterized Algorithms}
}
Document
Erasure Correction for Noisy Radio Networks

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel, Bernhard Haeupler, D. Ellis Hershkowitz, and Goran Zuzic

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 146, 33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)


Abstract
The radio network model is a well-studied model of wireless, multi-hop networks. However, radio networks make the strong assumption that messages are delivered deterministically. The recently introduced noisy radio network model relaxes this assumption by dropping messages independently at random. In this work we quantify the relative computational power of noisy radio networks and classic radio networks. In particular, given a non-adaptive protocol for a fixed radio network we show how to reliably simulate this protocol if noise is introduced with a multiplicative cost of poly(log Delta, log log n) rounds where n is the number nodes in the network and Delta is the max degree. Moreover, we demonstrate that, even if the simulated protocol is not non-adaptive, it can be simulated with a multiplicative O(Delta log ^2 Delta) cost in the number of rounds. Lastly, we argue that simulations with a multiplicative overhead of o(log Delta) are unlikely to exist by proving that an Omega(log Delta) multiplicative round overhead is necessary under certain natural assumptions.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel, Bernhard Haeupler, D. Ellis Hershkowitz, and Goran Zuzic. Erasure Correction for Noisy Radio Networks. In 33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 146, pp. 10:1-10:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2019.10,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Haeupler, Bernhard and Hershkowitz, D. Ellis and Zuzic, Goran},
  title =	{{Erasure Correction for Noisy Radio Networks}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-126-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{146},
  editor =	{Suomela, Jukka},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-113170},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: radio networks, erasure correction, noisy radio networks, protocol simulation, distributed computing models}
}
Document
Track C: Foundations of Networks and Multi-Agent Systems: Models, Algorithms and Information Management
Distributed Detection of Cliques in Dynamic Networks

Authors: Matthias Bonne and Keren Censor-Hillel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
This paper provides an in-depth study of the fundamental problems of finding small subgraphs in distributed dynamic networks. While some problems are trivially easy to handle, such as detecting a triangle that emerges after an edge insertion, we show that, perhaps somewhat surprisingly, other problems exhibit a wide range of complexities in terms of the trade-offs between their round and bandwidth complexities. In the case of triangles, which are only affected by the topology of the immediate neighborhood, some end results are: - The bandwidth complexity of 1-round dynamic triangle detection or listing is Theta(1). - The bandwidth complexity of 1-round dynamic triangle membership listing is Theta(1) for node/edge deletions, Theta(n^{1/2}) for edge insertions, and Theta(n) for node insertions. - The bandwidth complexity of 1-round dynamic triangle membership detection is Theta(1) for node/edge deletions, O(log n) for edge insertions, and Theta(n) for node insertions. Most of our upper and lower bounds are tight. Additionally, we provide almost always tight upper and lower bounds for larger cliques.

Cite as

Matthias Bonne and Keren Censor-Hillel. Distributed Detection of Cliques in Dynamic Networks. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 132:1-132:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{bonne_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.132,
  author =	{Bonne, Matthias and Censor-Hillel, Keren},
  title =	{{Distributed Detection of Cliques in Dynamic Networks}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{132:1--132:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.132},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107082},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.132},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed computing, subgraph detection, dynamic graphs}
}
Document
Track C: Foundations of Networks and Multi-Agent Systems: Models, Algorithms and Information Management
Distributed Reconfiguration of Maximal Independent Sets

Authors: Keren Censor-Hillel and Mikaël Rabie

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
In this paper, we investigate a distributed maximal independent set (MIS) reconfiguration problem, in which there are two maximal independent sets for which every node is given its membership status, and the nodes need to communicate with their neighbors in order to find a reconfiguration schedule that switches from the first MIS to the second. Such a schedule is a list of independent sets that is restricted by forbidding two neighbors to change their membership status at the same step. In addition, these independent sets should provide some covering guarantee. We show that obtaining an actual MIS (and even a 3-dominating set) in each intermediate step is impossible. However, we provide efficient solutions when the intermediate sets are only required to be independent and 4-dominating, which is almost always possible, as we fully characterize. Consequently, our goal is to pin down the tradeoff between the possible length of the schedule and the number of communication rounds. We prove that a constant length schedule can be found in O(MIS+R32) rounds, where MIS is the complexity of finding an MIS in a worst-case graph and R32 is the complexity of finding a (3,2)-ruling set. For bounded degree graphs, this is O(log^*n) rounds and we show that it is necessary. On the other extreme, we show that with a constant number of rounds we can find a linear length schedule.

Cite as

Keren Censor-Hillel and Mikaël Rabie. Distributed Reconfiguration of Maximal Independent Sets. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 135:1-135:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.135,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Rabie, Mika\"{e}l},
  title =	{{Distributed Reconfiguration of Maximal Independent Sets}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{135:1--135:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.135},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107111},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.135},
  annote =	{Keywords: distributed graph algorithms, reconfiguration, maximal independent set}
}
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