274 Search Results for "Dawar, Anuj"


Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 254

40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)

STACS 2023, March 7-9, 2023, Hamburg, Germany

Editors: Petra Berenbrink, Patricia Bouyer, Anuj Dawar, and Mamadou Moustapha Kanté

Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 250

42nd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2022)

FSTTCS 2022, December 18-20, 2022, IIT Madras, Chennai, India

Editors: Anuj Dawar and Venkatesan Guruswami

Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 168

47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)

ICALP 2020, July 8-11, 2020, Saarbrücken, Germany (Virtual Conference)

Editors: Artur Czumaj, Anuj Dawar, and Emanuela Merelli

Document
Quantifiers Closed Under Partial Polymorphisms

Authors: Anuj Dawar and Lauri Hella

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 288, 32nd EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2024)


Abstract
We study Lindström quantifiers that satisfy certain closure properties which are motivated by the study of polymorphisms in the context of constraint satisfaction problems (CSP). When the algebra of polymorphisms of a finite structure 𝔅 satisfies certain equations, this gives rise to a natural closure condition on the class of structures that map homomorphically to 𝔅. The collection of quantifiers that satisfy closure conditions arising from a fixed set of equations are rather more general than those arising as CSP. For any such conditions 𝒫, we define a pebble game that delimits the distinguishing power of the infinitary logic with all quantifiers that are 𝒫-closed. We use the pebble game to show that the problem of deciding whether a system of linear equations is solvable in ℤ / 2ℤ is not expressible in the infinitary logic with all quantifiers closed under a near-unanimity condition.

Cite as

Anuj Dawar and Lauri Hella. Quantifiers Closed Under Partial Polymorphisms. In 32nd EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 288, pp. 23:1-23:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{dawar_et_al:LIPIcs.CSL.2024.23,
  author =	{Dawar, Anuj and Hella, Lauri},
  title =	{{Quantifiers Closed Under Partial Polymorphisms}},
  booktitle =	{32nd EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2024)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-310-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{288},
  editor =	{Murano, Aniello and Silva, Alexandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2024.23},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-196662},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2024.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: generalized quantifiers, constraint satisfaction problems, pebble games, finite variable logics, descriptive complexity theory}
}
Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
Monadic NIP in Monotone Classes of Relational Structures

Authors: Samuel Braunfeld, Anuj Dawar, Ioannis Eleftheriadis, and Aris Papadopoulos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
We prove that for any monotone class of finite relational structures, the first-order theory of the class is NIP in the sense of stability theory if, and only if, the collection of Gaifman graphs of structures in this class is nowhere dense. This generalises results previously known for graphs to relational structures and answers an open question posed by Adler and Adler (2014). The result is established by the application of Ramsey-theoretic techniques and shows that the property of being NIP is highly robust for monotone classes. We also show that the model-checking problem for first-order logic is intractable on any monotone class of structures that is not (monadically) NIP. This is a contribution towards the conjecture that the hereditary classes of structures admitting fixed-parameter tractable model-checking are precisely those that are monadically NIP.

Cite as

Samuel Braunfeld, Anuj Dawar, Ioannis Eleftheriadis, and Aris Papadopoulos. Monadic NIP in Monotone Classes of Relational Structures. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 119:1-119:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{braunfeld_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.119,
  author =	{Braunfeld, Samuel and Dawar, Anuj and Eleftheriadis, Ioannis and Papadopoulos, Aris},
  title =	{{Monadic NIP in Monotone Classes of Relational Structures}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{119:1--119:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.119},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181712},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.119},
  annote =	{Keywords: Model theory, finite model theory, structural graph theory, model-checking}
}
Document
Complete Volume
LIPIcs, Volume 254, STACS 2023, Complete Volume

Authors: Petra Berenbrink, Patricia Bouyer, Anuj Dawar, and Mamadou Moustapha Kanté

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
LIPIcs, Volume 254, STACS 2023, Complete Volume

Cite as

40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 1-1026, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@Proceedings{berenbrink_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023,
  title =	{{LIPIcs, Volume 254, STACS 2023, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{1--1026},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176515},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023},
  annote =	{Keywords: LIPIcs, Volume 254, STACS 2023, Complete Volume}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Petra Berenbrink, Patricia Bouyer, Anuj Dawar, and Mamadou Moustapha Kanté

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 0:i-0:xxii, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{berenbrink_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.0,
  author =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:xxii},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176525},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Invited Talk
A Brief History of History-Determinism (Invited Talk)

Authors: Karoliina Lehtinen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
Most nondeterministic automata models are more expressive, or at least more succinct, than their deterministic counterparts; however, this comes at a cost, as deterministic automata tend to have better algorithmic properties. History-deterministic automata are an intermediate model that allows a restricted form of nondeterminism: all nondeterministic choices must be resolvable on-the-fly, with only the knowledge of the word prefix read so far - as opposed to general nondeterminism, which allows for guessing the future of the word. History-deterministic automata combine some of the algorithmic benefits of determinism with some of the increased power of nondeterminism, thus enjoying (some of) the best of both worlds. History-determinism, as it is understood today, has its roots in several independently invented notions: Kupferman, Safra and Vardi’s automata recognising tree languages derived from word languages [Kupferman et al., 2006] (a notion that has been later referred to as automata that are good-for-trees [Udi Boker et al., 2013]), Henzinger and Piterman’s good-for-games automata [Thomas Henzinger and Nir Piterman, 2006], and Colcombet’s history-deterministic automata, introduced in his work on regular cost-automata [Colcombet, 2009]. In the ω-regular setting, where they were initially most studied, the notions of good-for-trees, good-for-games and history-determinism are equivalent, despite differences in their definitions. The key algorithmic appeal of these automata is that like deterministic automata, they have good compositional properties. This makes them particularly useful for applications such as reactive synthesis, where composition of games and automata is at the heart of effective solutions. Since then, history-determinism has received its fair share of attention, not least because of its relevance to synthesis. Indeed it turns out to be a natural and useful form of nondeterminism more broadly, and can be generalised to all sorts of different automata models: alternating automata [Udi Boker and Karoliina Lehtinen, 2019], pushdown automata [Enzo Erlich et al., 2022; Enzo Erlich et al., 2022], timed automata [Thomas A. Henzinger et al., 2022; Sougata Bose et al., 2022], Parikh automata [Enzo Erlich et al., 2022], and quantiative automata [Udi Boker and Karoliina Lehtinen, 2021], to name a few. In each of these models, history-determinism offers some trade-offs between the power of nondeterminism and the algorithmic properties of determinism. In particular, depending on the model, they can be either more expressive or more succinct than their deterministic counterparts, while retaining better algorithmic properties - in particular with respect to deciding universality, language inclusion and games - than fully nondeterministic automata. The drive to extend history-determinism to more powerful automata models has also lead to a better understanding of the properties of these automata, of how they compare to related notions (such as good-for-games automata and determinisability by pruning), and of the various games and tools used to study them. This talk aims to give a broad introduction to the notion of history determinism as well as an overview of some of the recent developements on the topic. It will also highlight some of the many problems that remain open. It is loosely based on a recent survey, written jointly with Udi Boker, which gives an informal presentation of what are, in our view, the key aspects of history-determinism [Udi Boker and Karoliina Lehtinen, 2023].

Cite as

Karoliina Lehtinen. A Brief History of History-Determinism (Invited Talk). In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 1:1-1:2, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{lehtinen:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.1,
  author =	{Lehtinen, Karoliina},
  title =	{{A Brief History of History-Determinism}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:2},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176535},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: History-determinism, nondeterminism, automata, good-for-games}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Amortised Analysis of Dynamic Data Structures (Invited Talk)

Authors: Eva Rotenberg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
In dynamic data structures, one is interested in efficiently facilitating queries to a data set, while being able to efficiently perform updates as the data set undergoes changes. Often, relaxing the efficiency measure to the amortised setting allows for simpler algorithms. A well-known example of a data structure with amortised guarantees is the splay tree by Sleator and Tarjan [Daniel D. Sleator and Robert E. Tarjan, 1985]. Similarly, in data structures for dynamic graphs, one is interested in efficiently maintaining some information about the graph, or facilitating queries, as the graph undergoes changes in the form of insertion and deletion of edges. Examples of such information include connectivity, planarity, and approximate sparsity of the graph: is the graph presently connected? Is it planar? Has its arboricity grossly exceeded some specified number α̃? The related queries could be: is a connected to b? Are the edges uv and uw consecutive in the ordering around u in its current planar embedding? Or, report the O(α) out-edges of vertex x. In this talk, we will see Brodal and Fagerberg’s amortised algorithm for orienting sparse graphs (i.e. of arboricity ≤ α), so that each vertex has O(α) out-edges [Gerth Stølting Brodal and Rolf Fagerberg, 1999]. The algorithm itself is extremely simple, and uses an elegant amortised argument in its analysis. Then, we will visit the problem of dynamic planarity testing: is the graph presently planar? Here, we will see an elegant amortised reduction to the seemingly easier problem, where planarity-violating edges may be detected and rejected [Eppstein et al., 1996]. We will see a sketch of how the current state-of-the-art algorithm for efficient planarity testing [Jacob Holm and Eva Rotenberg, 2020] uses ideas similar to those in [Gerth Stølting Brodal and Rolf Fagerberg, 1999] to analyse the behaviour of a greedy algorithm via a possibly inefficient algorithm with provably low recourse [Jacob Holm and Eva Rotenberg, 2020]. If time permits, we will touch upon a recent simple amortised data structure for maintaining information in dynamic forests [Jacob Holm et al., 2023], which builds on ideas from splay trees. The talk concludes with some open questions in the area.

Cite as

Eva Rotenberg. Amortised Analysis of Dynamic Data Structures (Invited Talk). In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 2:1-2:2, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{rotenberg:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.2,
  author =	{Rotenberg, Eva},
  title =	{{Amortised Analysis of Dynamic Data Structures}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:2},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176547},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Amortised analysis, splaying, dynamic graphs, planarity testing}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Logical Algorithmics: From Theory to Practice (Invited Talk)

Authors: Moshe Y. Vardi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
The standard approach to algorithm development is to focus on a specific problem and develop for it a specific algorithm. Codd’s introduction of the relational model in 1970 included two fundamental ideas: (1) Relations provide a universal data representation formalism, and (2) Relational databases can be queried using first-order logic. Realizing these ideas required the development of a meta-algorithm, which takes a declarative query and executes it with respect to a database. In this talk, I will describe this approach, which I call Logical Algorithmics, in detail, and explore its profound ramification.

Cite as

Moshe Y. Vardi. Logical Algorithmics: From Theory to Practice (Invited Talk). In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, p. 3:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{vardi:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.3,
  author =	{Vardi, Moshe Y.},
  title =	{{Logical Algorithmics: From Theory to Practice}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176555},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Logic, Algorithms}
}
Document
The Complexity of Checking Quasi-Identities over Finite Algebras with a Mal'cev Term

Authors: Erhard Aichinger and Simon Grünbacher

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
We consider finite algebraic structures and ask whether every solution of a given system of equations satisfies some other equation. This can be formulated as checking the validity of certain first order formulae called quasi-identities. Checking the validity of quasi-identities is closely linked to solving systems of equations. For systems of equations over finite algebras with finitely many fundamental operations, a complete P/NPC dichotomy is known, while the situation appears to be more complicated for single equations. The complexity of checking the validity of a quasi-identity lies between the complexity of term equivalence (checking whether two terms induce the same function) and the complexity of solving systems of polynomial equations. We prove that for each finite algebra with a Mal'cev term and finitely many fundamental operations, checking the validity of quasi-identities is coNP-complete if the algebra is not abelian, and in P when the algebra is abelian.

Cite as

Erhard Aichinger and Simon Grünbacher. The Complexity of Checking Quasi-Identities over Finite Algebras with a Mal'cev Term. In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 4:1-4:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{aichinger_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.4,
  author =	{Aichinger, Erhard and Gr\"{u}nbacher, Simon},
  title =	{{The Complexity of Checking Quasi-Identities over Finite Algebras with a Mal'cev Term}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176560},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: quasi-identities, conditional identities, systems of equations}
}
Document
Packing Odd Walks and Trails in Multiterminal Networks

Authors: Maxim Akhmedov and Maxim Babenko

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
Let G be an undirected network with a distinguished set of terminals T ⊆ V(G) and edge capacities cap: E(G) → ℝ_+. By an odd T-walk we mean a walk in G (with possible vertex and edge self-intersections) connecting two distinct terminals and consisting of an odd number of edges. Inspired by the work of Schrijver and Seymour on odd path packing for two terminals, we consider packings of odd T-walks subject to capacities cap. First, we present a strongly polynomial time algorithm for constructing a maximum fractional packing of odd T-walks. For even integer capacities, our algorithm constructs a packing that is half-integer. Additionally, if cap(δ(v)) is divisible by 4 for any v ∈ V(G)-T, our algorithm constructs an integer packing. Second, we establish and prove the corresponding min-max relation. Third, if G is inner Eulerian (i.e. degrees of all nodes in V(G)-T are even) and cap(e) = 2 for all e ∈ E, we show that there exists an integer packing of odd T-trails (i.e. odd T-walks with no repeated edges) of the same value as in case of odd T-walks, and this packing can be found in polynomial time. To achieve the above goals, we establish a connection between packings of odd T-walks and T-trails and certain multiflow problems in undirected and bidirected graphs.

Cite as

Maxim Akhmedov and Maxim Babenko. Packing Odd Walks and Trails in Multiterminal Networks. In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 5:1-5:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{akhmedov_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.5,
  author =	{Akhmedov, Maxim and Babenko, Maxim},
  title =	{{Packing Odd Walks and Trails in Multiterminal Networks}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176570},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Odd path, signed and bidirected graph, multiflow, polynomial algorithm}
}
Document
Improved Weighted Matching in the Sliding Window Model

Authors: Cezar-Mihail Alexandru, Pavel Dvořák, Christian Konrad, and Kheeran K. Naidu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
We consider the Maximum-weight Matching (MWM) problem in the streaming sliding window model of computation. In this model, the input consists of a sequence of weighted edges on a given vertex set V of size n. The objective is to maintain an approximation of a maximum-weight matching in the graph spanned by the L most recent edges, for some integer L, using as little space as possible. Prior to our work, the state-of-the-art results were a (3.5+ε)-approximation algorithm for MWM by Biabani et al. [ISAAC'21] and a (3+ε)-approximation for (unweighted) Maximum Matching (MM) by Crouch et al. [ESA'13]. Both algorithms use space Õ(n). We give the following results: 1) We give a (2+ε)-approximation algorithm for MWM with space Õ(√{nL}). Under the reasonable assumption that the graphs spanned by the edges in each sliding window are simple, our algorithm uses space Õ(n √n). 2) In the Õ(n) space regime, we give a (3+ε)-approximation algorithm for MWM, thereby closing the gap between the best-known approximation ratio for MWM and MM. Similar to Biabani et al.’s MWM algorithm, both our algorithms execute multiple instances of the (2+ε)-approximation Õ(n)-space streaming algorithm for MWM by Paz and Schwartzman [SODA'17] on different portions of the stream. Our improvements are obtained by selecting these substreams differently. Furthermore, our (2+ε)-approximation algorithm runs the Paz-Schwartzman algorithm in reverse direction over some parts of the stream, and in forward direction over other parts, which allows for an improved approximation guarantee at the cost of increased space requirements.

Cite as

Cezar-Mihail Alexandru, Pavel Dvořák, Christian Konrad, and Kheeran K. Naidu. Improved Weighted Matching in the Sliding Window Model. In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 6:1-6:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{alexandru_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.6,
  author =	{Alexandru, Cezar-Mihail and Dvo\v{r}\'{a}k, Pavel and Konrad, Christian and Naidu, Kheeran K.},
  title =	{{Improved Weighted Matching in the Sliding Window Model}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176585},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sliding window algorithms, Streaming algorithms, Maximum-weight matching}
}
Document
Approximate Sampling and Counting of Graphs with Near-Regular Degree Intervals

Authors: Georgios Amanatidis and Pieter Kleer

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
The approximate uniform sampling of graphs with a given degree sequence is a well-known, extensively studied problem in theoretical computer science and has significant applications, e.g., in the analysis of social networks. In this work we study a generalization of the problem, where degree intervals are specified instead of a single degree sequence. We are interested in sampling and counting graphs whose degree sequences satisfy the corresponding degree interval constraints. A natural scenario where this problem arises is in hypothesis testing on networks that are only partially observed. We provide the first fully polynomial almost uniform sampler (FPAUS) as well as the first fully polynomial randomized approximation scheme (FPRAS) for sampling and counting, respectively, graphs with near-regular degree intervals, i.e., graphs in which every node has a degree from an interval not too far away from a given r ∈ ℕ. In order to design our FPAUS, we rely on various state-of-the-art tools from Markov chain theory and combinatorics. In particular, by carefully using Markov chain decomposition and comparison arguments, we reduce part of our problem to the recent breakthrough of Anari, Liu, Oveis Gharan, and Vinzant (2019) on sampling a base of a matroid under a strongly log-concave probability distribution, and we provide the first non-trivial algorithmic application of a breakthrough asymptotic enumeration formula of Liebenau and Wormald (2017). As a more direct approach, we also study a natural Markov chain recently introduced by Rechner, Strowick and Müller-Hannemann (2018), based on three local operations - switches, hinge flips, and additions/deletions of an edge. We obtain the first theoretical results for this Markov chain, showing it is rapidly mixing for the case of near-regular degree intervals of size at most one.

Cite as

Georgios Amanatidis and Pieter Kleer. Approximate Sampling and Counting of Graphs with Near-Regular Degree Intervals. In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 7:1-7:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{amanatidis_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.7,
  author =	{Amanatidis, Georgios and Kleer, Pieter},
  title =	{{Approximate Sampling and Counting of Graphs with Near-Regular Degree Intervals}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176596},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph sampling, degree interval, degree sequence, Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, switch Markov chain}
}
Document
Enumerating Regular Languages with Bounded Delay

Authors: Antoine Amarilli and Mikaël Monet

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 254, 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)


Abstract
We study the task, for a given language L, of enumerating the (generally infinite) sequence of its words, without repetitions, while bounding the delay between two consecutive words. To allow for delay bounds that do not depend on the current word length, we assume a model where we produce each word by editing the preceding word with a small edit script, rather than writing out the word from scratch. In particular, this witnesses that the language is orderable, i.e., we can write its words as an infinite sequence such that the Levenshtein edit distance between any two consecutive words is bounded by a value that depends only on the language. For instance, (a+b)^* is orderable (with a variant of the Gray code), but a^* + b^* is not. We characterize which regular languages are enumerable in this sense, and show that this can be decided in PTIME in an input deterministic finite automaton (DFA) for the language. In fact, we show that, given a DFA A, we can compute in PTIME automata A₁, …, A_t such that L(A) is partitioned as L(A₁) ⊔ … ⊔ L(A_t) and every L(A_i) is orderable in this sense. Further, we show that the value of t obtained is optimal, i.e., we cannot partition L(A) into less than t orderable languages. In the case where L(A) is orderable (i.e., t = 1), we show that the ordering can be produced by a bounded-delay algorithm: specifically, the algorithm runs in a suitable pointer machine model, and produces a sequence of bounded-length edit scripts to visit the words of L(A) without repetitions, with bounded delay - exponential in |A| - between each script. In fact, we show that we can achieve this while only allowing the edit operations push and pop at the beginning and end of the word, which implies that the word can in fact be maintained in a double-ended queue. By contrast, when fixing the distance bound d between consecutive words and the number of classes of the partition, it is NP-hard in the input DFA A to decide if L(A) is orderable in this sense, already for finite languages. Last, we study the model where push-pop edits are only allowed at the end of the word, corresponding to a case where the word is maintained on a stack. We show that these operations are strictly weaker and that the slender languages are precisely those that can be partitioned into finitely many languages that are orderable in this sense. For the slender languages, we can again characterize the minimal number of languages in the partition, and achieve bounded-delay enumeration.

Cite as

Antoine Amarilli and Mikaël Monet. Enumerating Regular Languages with Bounded Delay. In 40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 254, pp. 8:1-8:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{amarilli_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2023.8,
  author =	{Amarilli, Antoine and Monet, Mika\"{e}l},
  title =	{{Enumerating Regular Languages with Bounded Delay}},
  booktitle =	{40th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2023)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-266-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{254},
  editor =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Bouyer, Patricia and Dawar, Anuj and Kant\'{e}, Mamadou Moustapha},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176609},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2023.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Regular language, constant-delay enumeration, edit distance}
}
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