17 Search Results for "Alon, Noga"


Document
An Improved Lower Bound for Matroid Intersection Prophet Inequalities

Authors: Raghuvansh R. Saxena, Santhoshini Velusamy, and S. Matthew Weinberg

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 251, 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)


Abstract
We consider prophet inequalities subject to feasibility constraints that are the intersection of q matroids. The best-known algorithms achieve a Θ(q)-approximation, even when restricted to instances that are the intersection of q partition matroids, and with i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables [José R. Correa et al., 2022; Moran Feldman et al., 2016; Marek Adamczyk and Michal Wlodarczyk, 2018]. The previous best-known lower bound is Θ(√q) due to a simple construction of [Robert Kleinberg and S. Matthew Weinberg, 2012] (which uses i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables, and writes the construction as the intersection of partition matroids). We establish an improved lower bound of q^{1/2+Ω(1/log log q)} by writing the construction of [Robert Kleinberg and S. Matthew Weinberg, 2012] as the intersection of asymptotically fewer partition matroids. We accomplish this via an improved upper bound on the product dimension of a graph with p^p disjoint cliques of size p, using recent techniques developed in [Noga Alon and Ryan Alweiss, 2020].

Cite as

Raghuvansh R. Saxena, Santhoshini Velusamy, and S. Matthew Weinberg. An Improved Lower Bound for Matroid Intersection Prophet Inequalities. In 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 251, pp. 95:1-95:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{saxena_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.95,
  author =	{Saxena, Raghuvansh R. and Velusamy, Santhoshini and Weinberg, S. Matthew},
  title =	{{An Improved Lower Bound for Matroid Intersection Prophet Inequalities}},
  booktitle =	{14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)},
  pages =	{95:1--95:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-263-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{251},
  editor =	{Tauman Kalai, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.95},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-175986},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.95},
  annote =	{Keywords: Prophet Inequalities, Intersection of Matroids}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Graph Coloring, Palette Sparsification, and Beyond (Invited Talk)

Authors: Sepehr Assadi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 246, 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)


Abstract
Graph coloring is a central problem in graph theory and has numerous applications in diverse areas of computer science. An important and well-studied case of graph coloring problems is the (Δ+1) (vertex) coloring problem where Δ is the maximum degree of the graph. Not only does every graph admit a (Δ + 1) coloring, but in fact we can find one quite easily in linear time and space via a greedy algorithm. But are there more efficient algorithms for (Δ+1) coloring that can process massive graphs that even this algorithm cannot handle? This talk overviews recent results that answer this question in affirmative across a variety of models dedicated to processing massive graphs - streaming, sublinear-time, massively parallel computation, distributed communication, etc. - via a single unified approach: Palette Sparsification. We survey the ideas behind these results and techniques, their generalizations to various other coloring problems and even beyond (e.g., to clustering problems), as well as their natural limitations. The talk is based on a series of joint works with Noga Alon, Andrew Chen, Yu Chen, Sanjeev Khanna, Pankaj Kumar, Parth Mittal, Glenn Sun, and Chen Wang.

Cite as

Sepehr Assadi. Graph Coloring, Palette Sparsification, and Beyond (Invited Talk). In 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 246, p. 1:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{assadi:LIPIcs.DISC.2022.1,
  author =	{Assadi, Sepehr},
  title =	{{Graph Coloring, Palette Sparsification, and Beyond}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-255-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{246},
  editor =	{Scheideler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-171920},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph coloring, Palette Sparsification, Sublinear Algorithms}
}
Document
Twin-Width and Polynomial Kernels

Authors: Édouard Bonnet, Eun Jung Kim, Amadeus Reinald, Stéphan Thomassé, and Rémi Watrigant

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 214, 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)


Abstract
We study the existence of polynomial kernels for parameterized problems without a polynomial kernel on general graphs, when restricted to graphs of bounded twin-width. It was previously observed in [Bonnet et al., ICALP'21] that the problem k-Independent Set allows no polynomial kernel on graph of bounded twin-width by a very simple argument, which extends to several other problems such as k-Independent Dominating Set, k-Path, k-Induced Path, k-Induced Matching. In this work, we examine the k-Dominating Set and variants of k-Vertex Cover for the existence of polynomial kernels. As a main result, we show that k-Dominating Set does not admit a polynomial kernel on graphs of twin-width at most 4 under a standard complexity-theoretic assumption. The reduction is intricate, especially due to the effort to bring the twin-width down to 4, and it can be tweaked to work for Connected k-Dominating Set and Total k-Dominating Set with a slightly worse bound on the twin-width. On the positive side, we obtain a simple quadratic vertex kernel for Connected k-Vertex Cover and Capacitated k-Vertex Cover on graphs of bounded twin-width. These kernels rely on that graphs of bounded twin-width have Vapnik-Chervonenkis (VC) density 1, that is, for any vertex set X, the number of distinct neighborhoods in X is at most c⋅|X|, where c is a constant depending only on the twin-width. Interestingly the kernel applies to any graph class of VC density 1, and does not require a witness sequence. We also present a more intricate O(k^{1.5}) vertex kernel for Connected k-Vertex Cover. Finally we show that deciding if a graph has twin-width at most 1 can be done in polynomial time, and observe that most graph optimization/decision problems can be solved in polynomial time on graphs of twin-width at most 1.

Cite as

Édouard Bonnet, Eun Jung Kim, Amadeus Reinald, Stéphan Thomassé, and Rémi Watrigant. Twin-Width and Polynomial Kernels. In 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 214, pp. 10:1-10:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bonnet_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.10,
  author =	{Bonnet, \'{E}douard and Kim, Eun Jung and Reinald, Amadeus and Thomass\'{e}, St\'{e}phan and Watrigant, R\'{e}mi},
  title =	{{Twin-Width and Polynomial Kernels}},
  booktitle =	{16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-216-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{214},
  editor =	{Golovach, Petr A. and Zehavi, Meirav},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153932},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Twin-width, kernelization, lower bounds, Dominating Set}
}
Document
An Improved Protocol for the Exactly-N Problem

Authors: Nati Linial and Adi Shraibman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 200, 36th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2021)


Abstract
In the 3-players exactly-N problem the players need to decide whether x+y+z = N for inputs x,y,z and fixed N. This is the first problem considered in the multiplayer Number On the Forehead (NOF) model. Even though this is such a basic problem, no progress has been made on it throughout the years. Only recently have explicit protocols been found for the first time, yet no improvement in complexity has been achieved to date. The present paper offers the first improved protocol for the exactly-N problem. This improved protocol has also interesting consequences in additive combinatorics. As we explain below, it yields a higher lower bound on the possible density of corner-free sets in [N]×[N].

Cite as

Nati Linial and Adi Shraibman. An Improved Protocol for the Exactly-N Problem. In 36th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 200, pp. 2:1-2:8, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{linial_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2021.2,
  author =	{Linial, Nati and Shraibman, Adi},
  title =	{{An Improved Protocol for the Exactly-N Problem}},
  booktitle =	{36th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2021)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:8},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-193-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{200},
  editor =	{Kabanets, Valentine},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2021.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-142760},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2021.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Communication complexity, Number-On-the-Forehead, Corner-free sets}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Efficient Splitting of Necklaces

Authors: Noga Alon and Andrei Graur

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
We provide efficient approximation algorithms for the Necklace Splitting problem. The input consists of a sequence of beads of n types and an integer k. The objective is to split the necklace, with a small number of cuts made between consecutive beads, and distribute the resulting intervals into k collections so that the discrepancy between the shares of any two collections, according to each type, is at most 1. We also consider an approximate version where each collection should contain at least a (1-ε)/k and at most a (1+ε)/k fraction of the beads of each type. It is known that there is always a solution making at most n(k-1) cuts, and this number of cuts is optimal in general. The proof is topological and provides no efficient procedure for finding these cuts. It is also known that for k = 2, and some fixed positive ε, finding a solution with n cuts is PPAD-hard. We describe an efficient algorithm that produces an ε-approximate solution for k = 2 making n (2+log (1/ε)) cuts. This is an exponential improvement of a (1/ε)^O(n) bound of Bhatt and Leighton from the 80s. We also present an online algorithm for the problem (in its natural online model), in which the number of cuts made to produce discrepancy at most 1 on each type is Õ(m^{2/3} n), where m is the maximum number of beads of any type. Lastly, we establish a lower bound showing that for the online setup this is tight up to logarithmic factors. Similar results are obtained for k > 2.

Cite as

Noga Alon and Andrei Graur. Efficient Splitting of Necklaces. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 14:1-14:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{alon_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.14,
  author =	{Alon, Noga and Graur, Andrei},
  title =	{{Efficient Splitting of Necklaces}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140832},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: necklace splitting, necklace halving, approximation algorithms, online algorithms, discrepancy}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Breaking the 2ⁿ Barrier for 5-Coloring and 6-Coloring

Authors: Or Zamir

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
The coloring problem (i.e., computing the chromatic number of a graph) can be solved in O^*(2ⁿ) time, as shown by Björklund, Husfeldt and Koivisto in 2009. For k = 3,4, better algorithms are known for the k-coloring problem. 3-coloring can be solved in O(1.33ⁿ) time (Beigel and Eppstein, 2005) and 4-coloring can be solved in O(1.73ⁿ) time (Fomin, Gaspers and Saurabh, 2007). Surprisingly, for k > 4 no improvements over the general O^*(2ⁿ) are known. We show that both 5-coloring and 6-coloring can also be solved in O((2-ε) ⁿ) time for some ε > 0. As a crucial step, we obtain an exponential improvement for computing the chromatic number of a very large family of graphs. In particular, for any constants Δ,α > 0, the chromatic number of graphs with at least α⋅ n vertices of degree at most Δ can be computed in O((2-ε) ⁿ) time, for some ε = ε_{Δ,α} > 0. This statement generalizes previous results for bounded-degree graphs (Björklund, Husfeldt, Kaski, and Koivisto, 2010) and graphs with bounded average degree (Golovnev, Kulikov and Mihajlin, 2016). We generalize the aforementioned statement to List Coloring, for which no previous improvements are known even for the case of bounded-degree graphs.

Cite as

Or Zamir. Breaking the 2ⁿ Barrier for 5-Coloring and 6-Coloring. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 113:1-113:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{zamir:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.113,
  author =	{Zamir, Or},
  title =	{{Breaking the 2ⁿ Barrier for 5-Coloring and 6-Coloring}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{113:1--113:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.113},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141825},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.113},
  annote =	{Keywords: Algorithms, Graph Algorithms, Graph Coloring}
}
Document
Total Functions in the Polynomial Hierarchy

Authors: Robert Kleinberg, Oliver Korten, Daniel Mitropolsky, and Christos Papadimitriou

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 185, 12th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2021)


Abstract
We identify several genres of search problems beyond NP for which existence of solutions is guaranteed. One class that seems especially rich in such problems is PEPP (for "polynomial empty pigeonhole principle"), which includes problems related to existence theorems proved through the union bound, such as finding a bit string that is far from all codewords, finding an explicit rigid matrix, as well as a problem we call Complexity, capturing Complexity Theory’s quest. When the union bound is generous, in that solutions constitute at least a polynomial fraction of the domain, we have a family of seemingly weaker classes α-PEPP, which are inside FP^NP|poly. Higher in the hierarchy, we identify the constructive version of the Sauer-Shelah lemma and the appropriate generalization of PPP that contains it, as well as the problem of finding a king in a tournament (a vertex k such that all other vertices are defeated by k, or by somebody k defeated).

Cite as

Robert Kleinberg, Oliver Korten, Daniel Mitropolsky, and Christos Papadimitriou. Total Functions in the Polynomial Hierarchy. In 12th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 185, pp. 44:1-44:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{kleinberg_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2021.44,
  author =	{Kleinberg, Robert and Korten, Oliver and Mitropolsky, Daniel and Papadimitriou, Christos},
  title =	{{Total Functions in the Polynomial Hierarchy}},
  booktitle =	{12th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2021)},
  pages =	{44:1--44:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-177-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{185},
  editor =	{Lee, James R.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2021.44},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-135835},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2021.44},
  annote =	{Keywords: total complexity, polynomial hierarchy, pigeonhole principle}
}
Document
Improved Hardness of Approximation of Diameter in the CONGEST Model

Authors: Ofer Grossman, Seri Khoury, and Ami Paz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 179, 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)


Abstract
We study the problem of approximating the diameter D of an unweighted and undirected n-node graph in the congest model. Through a connection to extremal combinatorics, we show that a (6/11 + ε)-approximation requires Ω(n^{1/6}/log n) rounds, a (4/7 + ε)-approximation requires Ω(n^{1/4}/log n) rounds, and a (3/5 + ε)-approximation requires Ω(n^{1/3}/log n) rounds. These lower bounds are robust in the sense that they hold even against algorithms that are allowed to return an additional small additive error. Prior to our work, only lower bounds for (2/3 + ε)-approximation were known [Frischknecht et al. SODA 2012, Abboud et al. DISC 2016]. Furthermore, we prove that distinguishing graphs of diameter 3 from graphs of diameter 5 requires Ω(n/log n) rounds. This stands in sharp contrast to previous work: while there is an algorithm that returns an estimate ⌊ 2/3D ⌋ ≤ D̃ ≤ D in Õ(√n+D) rounds [Holzer et al. DISC 2014], our lower bound implies that any algorithm for returning an estimate 2/3D ≤ D̃ ≤ D requires ̃Ω(n) rounds.

Cite as

Ofer Grossman, Seri Khoury, and Ami Paz. Improved Hardness of Approximation of Diameter in the CONGEST Model. In 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 179, pp. 19:1-19:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{grossman_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2020.19,
  author =	{Grossman, Ofer and Khoury, Seri and Paz, Ami},
  title =	{{Improved Hardness of Approximation of Diameter in the CONGEST Model}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-168-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{179},
  editor =	{Attiya, Hagit},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-130972},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed graph algorithms, Approximation algorithms, Lower bounds}
}
Document
RANDOM
Palette Sparsification Beyond (Δ+1) Vertex Coloring

Authors: Noga Alon and Sepehr Assadi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 176, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020)


Abstract
A recent palette sparsification theorem of Assadi, Chen, and Khanna [SODA'19] states that in every n-vertex graph G with maximum degree Δ, sampling O(log n) colors per each vertex independently from Δ+1 colors almost certainly allows for proper coloring of G from the sampled colors. Besides being a combinatorial statement of its own independent interest, this theorem was shown to have various applications to design of algorithms for (Δ+1) coloring in different models of computation on massive graphs such as streaming or sublinear-time algorithms. In this paper, we focus on palette sparsification beyond (Δ+1) coloring, in both regimes when the number of available colors is much larger than (Δ+1), and when it is much smaller. In particular, - We prove that for (1+ε) Δ coloring, sampling only O_ε(√{log n}) colors per vertex is sufficient and necessary to obtain a proper coloring from the sampled colors - this shows a separation between (1+ε) Δ and (Δ+1) coloring in the context of palette sparsification. - A natural family of graphs with chromatic number much smaller than (Δ+1) are triangle-free graphs which are O(Δ/ln Δ) colorable. We prove a palette sparsification theorem tailored to these graphs: Sampling O(Δ^γ + √{log n}) colors per vertex is sufficient and necessary to obtain a proper O_γ(Δ/ln Δ) coloring of triangle-free graphs. - We also consider the "local version" of graph coloring where every vertex v can only be colored from a list of colors with size proportional to the degree deg(v) of v. We show that sampling O_ε(log n) colors per vertex is sufficient for proper coloring of any graph with high probability whenever each vertex is sampling from a list of (1+ε) ⋅ deg(v) arbitrary colors, or even only deg(v)+1 colors when the lists are the sets {1,…,deg(v)+1}. Our new palette sparsification results naturally lead to a host of new and/or improved algorithms for vertex coloring in different models including streaming and sublinear-time algorithms.

Cite as

Noga Alon and Sepehr Assadi. Palette Sparsification Beyond (Δ+1) Vertex Coloring. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 176, pp. 6:1-6:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{alon_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.6,
  author =	{Alon, Noga and Assadi, Sepehr},
  title =	{{Palette Sparsification Beyond (\Delta+1) Vertex Coloring}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-164-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{176},
  editor =	{Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Meka, Raghu},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126096},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph coloring, palette sparsification, sublinear algorithms, list-coloring}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
On the Degree of Boolean Functions as Polynomials over ℤ_m

Authors: Xiaoming Sun, Yuan Sun, Jiaheng Wang, Kewen Wu, Zhiyu Xia, and Yufan Zheng

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
Polynomial representations of Boolean functions over various rings such as ℤ and ℤ_m have been studied since Minsky and Papert (1969). From then on, they have been employed in a large variety of areas including communication complexity, circuit complexity, learning theory, coding theory and so on. For any integer m ≥ 2, each Boolean function has a unique multilinear polynomial representation over ring ℤ_m. The degree of such polynomial is called modulo-m degree, denoted as deg_m(⋅). In this paper, we investigate the lower bound of modulo-m degree of Boolean functions. When m = p^k (k ≥ 1) for some prime p, we give a tight lower bound deg_m(f) ≥ k(p-1) for any non-degenerate function f:{0,1}ⁿ → {0,1}, provided that n is sufficient large. When m contains two different prime factors p and q, we give a nearly optimal lower bound for any symmetric function f:{0,1}ⁿ → {0,1} that deg_m(f) ≥ n/{2+1/(p-1)+1/(q-1)}.

Cite as

Xiaoming Sun, Yuan Sun, Jiaheng Wang, Kewen Wu, Zhiyu Xia, and Yufan Zheng. On the Degree of Boolean Functions as Polynomials over ℤ_m. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 100:1-100:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{sun_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.100,
  author =	{Sun, Xiaoming and Sun, Yuan and Wang, Jiaheng and Wu, Kewen and Xia, Zhiyu and Zheng, Yufan},
  title =	{{On the Degree of Boolean Functions as Polynomials over \mathbb{Z}\underlinem}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{100:1--100:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.100},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125070},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.100},
  annote =	{Keywords: Boolean function, polynomial, modular degree, Ramsey theory}
}
Document
The ε-t-Net Problem

Authors: Noga Alon, Bruno Jartoux, Chaya Keller, Shakhar Smorodinsky, and Yelena Yuditsky

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 164, 36th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2020)


Abstract
We study a natural generalization of the classical ε-net problem (Haussler - Welzl 1987), which we call the ε-t-net problem: Given a hypergraph on n vertices and parameters t and ε ≥ t/n, find a minimum-sized family S of t-element subsets of vertices such that each hyperedge of size at least ε n contains a set in S. When t=1, this corresponds to the ε-net problem. We prove that any sufficiently large hypergraph with VC-dimension d admits an ε-t-net of size O((1+log t)d/ε log 1/ε). For some families of geometrically-defined hypergraphs (such as the dual hypergraph of regions with linear union complexity), we prove the existence of O(1/ε)-sized ε-t-nets. We also present an explicit construction of ε-t-nets (including ε-nets) for hypergraphs with bounded VC-dimension. In comparison to previous constructions for the special case of ε-nets (i.e., for t=1), it does not rely on advanced derandomization techniques. To this end we introduce a variant of the notion of VC-dimension which is of independent interest.

Cite as

Noga Alon, Bruno Jartoux, Chaya Keller, Shakhar Smorodinsky, and Yelena Yuditsky. The ε-t-Net Problem. In 36th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 164, pp. 5:1-5:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{alon_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2020.5,
  author =	{Alon, Noga and Jartoux, Bruno and Keller, Chaya and Smorodinsky, Shakhar and Yuditsky, Yelena},
  title =	{{The \epsilon-t-Net Problem}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2020)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-143-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{164},
  editor =	{Cabello, Sergio and Chen, Danny Z.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2020.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-121639},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2020.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: epsilon-nets, geometric hypergraphs, VC-dimension, linear union complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Deterministic Combinatorial Replacement Paths and Distance Sensitivity Oracles

Authors: Noga Alon, Shiri Chechik, and Sarel Cohen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
In this work we derandomize two central results in graph algorithms, replacement paths and distance sensitivity oracles (DSOs) matching in both cases the running time of the randomized algorithms. For the replacement paths problem, let G = (V,E) be a directed unweighted graph with n vertices and m edges and let P be a shortest path from s to t in G. The replacement paths problem is to find for every edge e in P the shortest path from s to t avoiding e. Roditty and Zwick [ICALP 2005] obtained a randomized algorithm with running time of O~(m sqrt{n}). Here we provide the first deterministic algorithm for this problem, with the same O~(m sqrt{n}) time. Due to matching conditional lower bounds of Williams et al. [FOCS 2010], our deterministic combinatorial algorithm for the replacement paths problem is optimal up to polylogarithmic factors (unless the long standing bound of O~(mn) for the combinatorial boolean matrix multiplication can be improved). This also implies a deterministic algorithm for the second simple shortest path problem in O~(m sqrt{n}) time, and a deterministic algorithm for the k-simple shortest paths problem in O~(k m sqrt{n}) time (for any integer constant k > 0). For the problem of distance sensitivity oracles, let G = (V,E) be a directed graph with real-edge weights. An f-Sensitivity Distance Oracle (f-DSO) gets as input the graph G=(V,E) and a parameter f, preprocesses it into a data-structure, such that given a query (s,t,F) with s,t in V and F subseteq E cup V, |F| <=f being a set of at most f edges or vertices (failures), the query algorithm efficiently computes the distance from s to t in the graph G \ F (i.e., the distance from s to t in the graph G after removing from it the failing edges and vertices F). For weighted graphs with real edge weights, Weimann and Yuster [FOCS 2010] presented several randomized f-DSOs. In particular, they presented a combinatorial f-DSO with O~(mn^{4-alpha}) preprocessing time and subquadratic O~(n^{2-2(1-alpha)/f}) query time, giving a tradeoff between preprocessing and query time for every value of 0 < alpha < 1. We derandomize this result and present a combinatorial deterministic f-DSO with the same asymptotic preprocessing and query time.

Cite as

Noga Alon, Shiri Chechik, and Sarel Cohen. Deterministic Combinatorial Replacement Paths and Distance Sensitivity Oracles. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 12:1-12:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{alon_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.12,
  author =	{Alon, Noga and Chechik, Shiri and Cohen, Sarel},
  title =	{{Deterministic Combinatorial Replacement Paths and Distance Sensitivity Oracles}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-105882},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: replacement paths, distance sensitivity oracles, derandomization}
}
Document
On Weak epsilon-Nets and the Radon Number

Authors: Shay Moran and Amir Yehudayoff

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 129, 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)


Abstract
We show that the Radon number characterizes the existence of weak nets in separable convexity spaces (an abstraction of the Euclidean notion of convexity). The construction of weak nets when the Radon number is finite is based on Helly’s property and on metric properties of VC classes. The lower bound on the size of weak nets when the Radon number is large relies on the chromatic number of the Kneser graph. As an application, we prove an amplification result for weak epsilon-nets.

Cite as

Shay Moran and Amir Yehudayoff. On Weak epsilon-Nets and the Radon Number. In 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 129, pp. 51:1-51:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{moran_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.51,
  author =	{Moran, Shay and Yehudayoff, Amir},
  title =	{{On Weak epsilon-Nets and the Radon Number}},
  booktitle =	{35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)},
  pages =	{51:1--51:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-104-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{129},
  editor =	{Barequet, Gill and Wang, Yusu},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.51},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104551},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.51},
  annote =	{Keywords: abstract convexity, weak epsilon nets, Radon number, VC dimension, Haussler packing lemma, Kneser graphs}
}
Document
Unbalancing Sets and an Almost Quadratic Lower Bound for Syntactically Multilinear Arithmetic Circuits

Authors: Noga Alon, Mrinal Kumar, and Ben Lee Volk

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 102, 33rd Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2018)


Abstract
We prove a lower bound of Omega(n^2/log^2 n) on the size of any syntactically multilinear arithmetic circuit computing some explicit multilinear polynomial f(x_1, ..., x_n). Our approach expands and improves upon a result of Raz, Shpilka and Yehudayoff ([Ran Raz et al., 2008]), who proved a lower bound of Omega(n^{4/3}/log^2 n) for the same polynomial. Our improvement follows from an asymptotically optimal lower bound for a generalized version of Galvin's problem in extremal set theory.

Cite as

Noga Alon, Mrinal Kumar, and Ben Lee Volk. Unbalancing Sets and an Almost Quadratic Lower Bound for Syntactically Multilinear Arithmetic Circuits. In 33rd Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 102, pp. 11:1-11:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{alon_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2018.11,
  author =	{Alon, Noga and Kumar, Mrinal and Volk, Ben Lee},
  title =	{{Unbalancing Sets and an Almost Quadratic Lower Bound for Syntactically Multilinear Arithmetic Circuits}},
  booktitle =	{33rd Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2018)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-069-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{102},
  editor =	{Servedio, Rocco A.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2018.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-88799},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2018.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Algebraic Complexity, Multilinear Circuits, Circuit Lower Bounds}
}
Document
Efficient Removal Lemmas for Matrices

Authors: Noga Alon and Omri Ben-Eliezer

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 81, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)


Abstract
The authors and Fischer recently proved that any hereditary property of two-dimensional matrices (where the row and column order is not ignored) over a finite alphabet is testable with a constant number of queries, by establishing an (ordered) matrix removal lemma, which states the following: If a matrix is far from satisfying some hereditary property, then a large enough constant-size random submatrix of it does not satisfy the property with probability at least 9/10. Here being far from the property means that one needs to modify a constant fraction of the entries of the matrix to make it satisfy the property. However, in the above general removal lemma, the required size of the random submatrix grows very fast as a function of the distance of the matrix from satisfying the property. In this work we establish much more efficient removal lemmas for several special cases of the above problem. In particular, we show the following: If an epsilon-fraction of the entries of a binary matrix M can be covered by pairwise-disjoint copies of some (s x t) matrix A, then a delta-fraction of the (s x t)-submatrices of M are equal to A, where delta is polynomial in epsilon. We generalize the work of Alon, Fischer and Newman [SICOMP'07] and make progress towards proving one of their conjectures. The proofs combine their efficient conditional regularity lemma for matrices with additional combinatorial and probabilistic ideas.

Cite as

Noga Alon and Omri Ben-Eliezer. Efficient Removal Lemmas for Matrices. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 81, pp. 25:1-25:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{alon_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.25,
  author =	{Alon, Noga and Ben-Eliezer, Omri},
  title =	{{Efficient Removal Lemmas for Matrices}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)},
  pages =	{25:1--25:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-044-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{81},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Rolim, Jos\'{e} D. P. and Williamson, David P. and Vempala, Santosh S.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.25},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-75744},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.25},
  annote =	{Keywords: Property Testing, Removal Lemma, Matrix Regularity Lemma, Binary Matrix}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 8 Alon, Noga
  • 2 Assadi, Sepehr
  • 2 Shraibman, Adi
  • 1 Ben-Eliezer, Omri
  • 1 Bonnet, Édouard
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 3 Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
  • 2 Theory of computation → Computational complexity and cryptography
  • 2 Theory of computation → Computational geometry
  • 1 Mathematics of computing → Approximation algorithms
  • 1 Mathematics of computing → Combinatorial algorithms
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 2 Approximation algorithms
  • 2 Graph coloring
  • 2 VC dimension
  • 1 Algebraic Complexity
  • 1 Algorithms
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 17 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 5 2021
  • 4 2020
  • 2 2019
  • 1 2010
  • 1 2014
  • Show More...

Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail