4 Search Results for "Soos, Mate"


Document
Algorithms Transcending the SAT-Symmetry Interface

Authors: Markus Anders, Pascal Schweitzer, and Mate Soos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 271, 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)


Abstract
Dedicated treatment of symmetries in satisfiability problems (SAT) is indispensable for solving various classes of instances arising in practice. However, the exploitation of symmetries usually takes a black box approach. Typically, off-the-shelf external, general-purpose symmetry detection tools are invoked to compute symmetry groups of a formula. The groups thus generated are a set of permutations passed to a separate tool to perform further analyzes to understand the structure of the groups. The result of this second computation is in turn used for tasks such as static symmetry breaking or dynamic pruning of the search space. Within this pipeline of tools, the detection and analysis of symmetries typically incurs the majority of the time overhead for symmetry exploitation. In this paper we advocate for a more holistic view of what we call the SAT-symmetry interface. We formulate a computational setting, centered around a new concept of joint graph/group pairs, to analyze and improve the detection and analysis of symmetries. Using our methods, no information is lost performing computational tasks lying on the SAT-symmetry interface. Having access to the entire input allows for simpler, yet efficient algorithms. Specifically, we devise algorithms and heuristics for computing finest direct disjoint decompositions, finding equivalent orbits, and finding natural symmetric group actions. Our algorithms run in what we call instance-quasi-linear time, i.e., almost linear time in terms of the input size of the original formula and the description length of the symmetry group returned by symmetry detection tools. Our algorithms improve over both heuristics used in state-of-the-art symmetry exploitation tools, as well as theoretical general-purpose algorithms.

Cite as

Markus Anders, Pascal Schweitzer, and Mate Soos. Algorithms Transcending the SAT-Symmetry Interface. In 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 271, pp. 1:1-1:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{anders_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2023.1,
  author =	{Anders, Markus and Schweitzer, Pascal and Soos, Mate},
  title =	{{Algorithms Transcending the SAT-Symmetry Interface}},
  booktitle =	{26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-286-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{271},
  editor =	{Mahajan, Meena and Slivovsky, Friedrich},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-184635},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: boolean satisfiability, symmetry exploitation, computational group theory}
}
Document
AllSAT for Combinational Circuits

Authors: Dror Fried, Alexander Nadel, and Yogev Shalmon

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 271, 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)


Abstract
Motivated by the need to improve the scalability of Intel’s in-house Static Timing Analysis (STA) tool, we consider the problem of enumerating all the solutions of a single-output combinational Boolean circuit, called AllSAT-CT. While AllSAT-CT is immediately reducible to enumerating the solutions of a Boolean formula in Conjunctive Normal Form (AllSAT-CNF), our experiments had shown that such a reduction, followed by applying state-of-the-art AllSAT-CNF tools, does not scale well on neither our industrial AllSAT-CT instances nor generic circuits, both when the user requires the solutions to be disjoint or when they can be non-disjoint. We focused on understanding the reasons for this phenomenon for the well-known iterative blocking family of AllSAT-CNF algorithms. We realized that existing blocking AllSAT-CNF algorithms fail to generalize efficiently for AllSAT-CT, since they are restricted to Boolean logic. Consequently, we introduce three dedicated AllSAT-CT algorithms that are ternary-logic-aware: a ternary simulation-based algorithm TALE, a dual-rail&MaxSAT-based algorithm MARS, and their combination. Specifically, we introduce in MARS two novel blocking clause generation approaches for the disjoint and non-disjoint cases. We implemented our algorithms in our new tool HALL. We show that HALL scales substantially better than any reduction to existing AllSAT-CNF tools on our industrial STA instances as well as on publicly available families of combinational circuits for both the disjoint and the non-disjoint cases.

Cite as

Dror Fried, Alexander Nadel, and Yogev Shalmon. AllSAT for Combinational Circuits. In 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 271, pp. 9:1-9:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{fried_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2023.9,
  author =	{Fried, Dror and Nadel, Alexander and Shalmon, Yogev},
  title =	{{AllSAT for Combinational Circuits}},
  booktitle =	{26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-286-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{271},
  editor =	{Mahajan, Meena and Slivovsky, Friedrich},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-184717},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: AllSAT, SAT, Circuits}
}
Document
Explaining SAT Solving Using Causal Reasoning

Authors: Jiong Yang, Arijit Shaw, Teodora Baluta, Mate Soos, and Kuldeep S. Meel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 271, 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)


Abstract
The past three decades have witnessed notable success in designing efficient SAT solvers, with modern solvers capable of solving industrial benchmarks containing millions of variables in just a few seconds. The success of modern SAT solvers owes to the widely-used CDCL algorithm, which lacks comprehensive theoretical investigation. Furthermore, it has been observed that CDCL solvers still struggle to deal with specific classes of benchmarks comprising only hundreds of variables, which contrasts with their widespread use in real-world applications. Consequently, there is an urgent need to uncover the inner workings of these seemingly weak yet powerful black boxes. In this paper, we present a first step towards this goal by introducing an approach called {CausalSAT}, which employs causal reasoning to gain insights into the functioning of modern SAT solvers. {CausalSAT} initially generates observational data from the execution of SAT solvers and learns a structured graph representing the causal relationships between the components of a SAT solver. Subsequently, given a query such as whether a clause with low literals blocks distance (LBD) has a higher clause utility, {CausalSAT} calculates the causal effect of LBD on clause utility and provides an answer to the question. We use {CausalSAT} to quantitatively verify hypotheses previously regarded as "rules of thumb" or empirical findings, such as the query above or the notion that clauses with high LBD experience a rapid drop in utility over time. Moreover, {CausalSAT} can address previously unexplored questions, like which branching heuristic leads to greater clause utility in order to study the relationship between branching and clause management. Experimental evaluations using practical benchmarks demonstrate that {CausalSAT} effectively fits the data, verifies four "rules of thumb", and provides answers to three questions closely related to implementing modern solvers.

Cite as

Jiong Yang, Arijit Shaw, Teodora Baluta, Mate Soos, and Kuldeep S. Meel. Explaining SAT Solving Using Causal Reasoning. In 26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 271, pp. 28:1-28:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{yang_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2023.28,
  author =	{Yang, Jiong and Shaw, Arijit and Baluta, Teodora and Soos, Mate and Meel, Kuldeep S.},
  title =	{{Explaining SAT Solving Using Causal Reasoning}},
  booktitle =	{26th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2023)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-286-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{271},
  editor =	{Mahajan, Meena and Slivovsky, Friedrich},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.28},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-184909},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2023.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: Satisfiability, Causality, SAT solver, Clause management}
}
Document
On Quantitative Testing of Samplers

Authors: Mate Soos, Priyanka Golia, Sourav Chakraborty, and Kuldeep S. Meel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 235, 28th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2022)


Abstract
The problem of uniform sampling is, given a formula F, sample solutions of F uniformly at random from the solution space of F. Uniform sampling is a fundamental problem with widespread applications, including configuration testing, bug synthesis, function synthesis, and many more. State-of-the-art approaches for uniform sampling have a trade-off between scalability and theoretical guarantees. Many state of the art uniform samplers do not provide any theoretical guarantees on the distribution of samples generated, however, empirically they have shown promising results. In such cases, the main challenge is to test whether the distribution according to which samples are generated is indeed uniform or not. Recently, Chakraborty and Meel (2019) designed the first scalable sampling tester, Barbarik, based on a grey-box sampling technique for testing if the distribution, according to which the given sampler is sampling, is close to the uniform or far from uniform. They were able to show that many off-the-self samplers are far from a uniform sampler. The availability of Barbarik increased the test-driven development of samplers. More recently, Golia, Soos, Chakraborty and Meel (2021), designed a uniform like sampler, CMSGen, which was shown to be accepted by Barbarik on all the instances. However, CMSGen does not provide any theoretical analysis of the sampling quality. CMSGen leads us to observe the need for a tester to provide a quantitative answer to determine the quality of underlying samplers instead of merely a qualitative answer of Accept or Reject. Towards this goal, we design a computational hardness-based tester ScalBarbarik that provides a more nuanced analysis of the quality of a sampler. ScalBarbarik allows more expressive measurement of the quality of the underlying samplers. We empirically show that the state-of-the-art sampler, CMSGen is not accepted as a uniform-like sampler by ScalBarbarik. Furthermore, we show that ScalBarbarik can be used to design a sampler that can achieve balance between scalability and uniformity.

Cite as

Mate Soos, Priyanka Golia, Sourav Chakraborty, and Kuldeep S. Meel. On Quantitative Testing of Samplers. In 28th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 235, pp. 36:1-36:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{soos_et_al:LIPIcs.CP.2022.36,
  author =	{Soos, Mate and Golia, Priyanka and Chakraborty, Sourav and Meel, Kuldeep S.},
  title =	{{On Quantitative Testing of Samplers}},
  booktitle =	{28th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2022)},
  pages =	{36:1--36:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-240-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{235},
  editor =	{Solnon, Christine},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2022.36},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-166655},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2022.36},
  annote =	{Keywords: SAT Sampling, Testing of Samplers, SAT Solvers}
}
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