313 Search Results for "Puppis, Gabriele"


Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 297

51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)

ICALP 2024, July 8-12, 2024, Tallinn, Estonia

Editors: Karl Bringmann, Martin Grohe, Gabriele Puppis, and Ola Svensson

Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 261

50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)

ICALP 2023, July 10-14, 2023, Paderborn, Germany

Editors: Kousha Etessami, Uriel Feige, and Gabriele Puppis

Document
Explicit Time and Space Efficient Encoders Exist Only with Random Access

Authors: Joshua Cook and Dana Moshkovitz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 300, 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)


Abstract
We give the first explicit constant rate, constant relative distance, linear codes with an encoder that runs in time n^{1 + o(1)} and space polylog(n) provided random access to the message. Prior to this work, the only such codes were non-explicit, for instance repeat accumulate codes [Divsalar et al., 1998] and the codes described in [Gál et al., 2013]. To construct our codes, we also give explicit, efficiently invertible, lossless condensers with constant entropy gap and polylogarithmic seed length. In contrast to encoders with random access to the message, we show that encoders with sequential access to the message can not run in almost linear time and polylogarithmic space. Our notion of sequential access is much stronger than streaming access.

Cite as

Joshua Cook and Dana Moshkovitz. Explicit Time and Space Efficient Encoders Exist Only with Random Access. In 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 300, pp. 5:1-5:54, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{cook_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2024.5,
  author =	{Cook, Joshua and Moshkovitz, Dana},
  title =	{{Explicit Time and Space Efficient Encoders Exist Only with Random Access}},
  booktitle =	{39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:54},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-331-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{300},
  editor =	{Santhanam, Rahul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204015},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Time-Space Trade Offs, Error Correcting Codes, Encoders, Explicit Constructions, Streaming Lower Bounds, Sequential Access, Time-Space Lower Bounds, Lossless Condensers, Invertible Condensers, Condensers}
}
Document
Information Dissemination via Broadcasts in the Presence of Adversarial Noise

Authors: Klim Efremenko, Gillat Kol, Dmitry Paramonov, Ran Raz, and Raghuvansh R. Saxena

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 300, 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)


Abstract
We initiate the study of error correcting codes over the multi-party adversarial broadcast channel. Specifically, we consider the classic information dissemination problem where n parties, each holding an input bit, wish to know each other’s input. For this, they communicate in rounds, where, in each round, one designated party sends a bit to all other parties over a channel governed by an adversary that may corrupt a constant fraction of the received communication. We mention that the dissemination problem was studied in the stochastic noise model since the 80’s. While stochastic noise in multi-party channels has received quite a bit of attention, the case of adversarial noise has largely been avoided, as such channels cannot handle more than a 1/n-fraction of errors. Indeed, this many errors allow an adversary to completely corrupt the incoming or outgoing communication for one of the parties and fail the protocol. Curiously, we show that by eliminating these "trivial" attacks, one can get a simple protocol resilient to a constant fraction of errors. Thus, a model that rules out such attacks is both necessary and sufficient to get a resilient protocol. The main shortcoming of our dissemination protocol is its length: it requires Θ(n²) communication rounds whereas n rounds suffice in the absence of noise. Our main result is a matching lower bound of Ω(n²) on the length of any dissemination protocol in our model. Our proof first "gets rid" of the channel noise by converting it to a form of "input noise", showing that a noisy dissemination protocol implies a (noiseless) protocol for a version of the direct sum gap-majority problem. We conclude the proof with a tight lower bound for the latter problem, which may be of independent interest.

Cite as

Klim Efremenko, Gillat Kol, Dmitry Paramonov, Ran Raz, and Raghuvansh R. Saxena. Information Dissemination via Broadcasts in the Presence of Adversarial Noise. In 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 300, pp. 19:1-19:33, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{efremenko_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2024.19,
  author =	{Efremenko, Klim and Kol, Gillat and Paramonov, Dmitry and Raz, Ran and Saxena, Raghuvansh R.},
  title =	{{Information Dissemination via Broadcasts in the Presence of Adversarial Noise}},
  booktitle =	{39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:33},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-331-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{300},
  editor =	{Santhanam, Rahul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204159},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Radio Networks, Interactive Coding, Error Correcting Codes}
}
Document
The Computational Advantage of MIP^∗ Vanishes in the Presence of Noise

Authors: Yangjing Dong, Honghao Fu, Anand Natarajan, Minglong Qin, Haochen Xu, and Penghui Yao

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 300, 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)


Abstract
The class MIP^* of quantum multiprover interactive proof systems with entanglement is much more powerful than its classical counterpart MIP [Babai et al., 1991; Zhengfeng Ji et al., 2020; Zhengfeng Ji et al., 2020]: while MIP = NEXP, the quantum class MIP^* is equal to RE, a class including the halting problem. This is because the provers in MIP^* can share unbounded quantum entanglement. However, recent works [Qin and Yao, 2021; Qin and Yao, 2023] have shown that this advantage is significantly reduced if the provers' shared state contains noise. This paper attempts to exactly characterize the effect of noise on the computational power of quantum multiprover interactive proof systems. We investigate the quantum two-prover one-round interactive system MIP^*[poly,O(1)], where the verifier sends polynomially many bits to the provers and the provers send back constantly many bits. We show noise completely destroys the computational advantage given by shared entanglement in this model. Specifically, we show that if the provers are allowed to share arbitrarily many EPR states, where each EPR state is affected by an arbitrarily small constant amount of noise, the resulting complexity class is equivalent to NEXP = MIP. This improves significantly on the previous best-known bound of NEEEXP (nondeterministic triply exponential time) [Qin and Yao, 2021]. We also show that this collapse in power is due to the noise, rather than the O(1) answer size, by showing that allowing for noiseless EPR states gives the class the full power of RE = MIP^*[poly, poly]. Along the way, we develop two technical tools of independent interest. First, we give a new, deterministic tester for the positivity of an exponentially large matrix, provided it has a low-degree Fourier decomposition in terms of Pauli matrices. Secondly, we develop a new invariance principle for smooth matrix functions having bounded third-order Fréchet derivatives or which are Lipschitz continuous.

Cite as

Yangjing Dong, Honghao Fu, Anand Natarajan, Minglong Qin, Haochen Xu, and Penghui Yao. The Computational Advantage of MIP^∗ Vanishes in the Presence of Noise. In 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 300, pp. 30:1-30:71, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dong_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2024.30,
  author =	{Dong, Yangjing and Fu, Honghao and Natarajan, Anand and Qin, Minglong and Xu, Haochen and Yao, Penghui},
  title =	{{The Computational Advantage of MIP^∗ Vanishes in the Presence of Noise}},
  booktitle =	{39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:71},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-331-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{300},
  editor =	{Santhanam, Rahul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.30},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204263},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: Interactive proofs, Quantum complexity theory, Quantum entanglement, Fourier analysis, Matrix analysis, Invariance principle, Derandomization, PCP, Locally testable code, Positivity testing}
}
Document
Complete Volume
LIPIcs, Volume 297, ICALP 2024, Complete Volume

Authors: Karl Bringmann, Martin Grohe, Gabriele Puppis, and Ola Svensson

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
LIPIcs, Volume 297, ICALP 2024, Complete Volume

Cite as

51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 1-2938, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{bringmann_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024,
  title =	{{LIPIcs, Volume 297, ICALP 2024, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{1--2938},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201424},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024},
  annote =	{Keywords: LIPIcs, Volume 297, ICALP 2024, Complete Volume}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Authors: Karl Bringmann, Martin Grohe, Gabriele Puppis, and Ola Svensson

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Cite as

51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 0:i-0:xl, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bringmann_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.0,
  author =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:xl},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201437},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Limits of Symmetric Computation (Invited Talk)

Authors: Anuj Dawar

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
I survey recent work on symmetric computation. A number of strands of work, from logic, circuit complexity, combinatorial optimization and other areas have converged on similar notions of symmetry in computation. This write-up of an invited talk gives a whirlwind tour through the results and pointers to the relevant literature.

Cite as

Anuj Dawar. Limits of Symmetric Computation (Invited Talk). In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 1:1-1:8, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dawar:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.1,
  author =	{Dawar, Anuj},
  title =	{{Limits of Symmetric Computation}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:8},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201444},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Logic, Complexity Theory, Symmetric Computation}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Group Fairness: Multiwinner Voting and Beyond (Invited Talk)

Authors: Edith Elkind

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In multiwinner voting with approval ballots the agents are presented with a set of alternatives, each agent indicates which of these alternatives they approve, and the goal is to select a fixed-size subset of the alternatives, in a way that reflects the voters' preferences. This framework captures a variety of group decision-making scenarios, from choosing a list of speakers for an event to appointing a set of validators in a proof-of-stake blockchain. An important concern in many of these scenarios is group fairness: every sufficiently large group of agents with similar preferences should be represented in the winning set of alternatives. In this talk, we discuss how to formalise this idea and whether the resulting axioms can be satisfied by efficiently computable voting rules. We also discuss extensions of our framework to the more expressive setting of participatory budgeting, where the agents are presented with a slate of projects (which may have different costs) and the goal is to select a subset of projects subject to a budget constraint.

Cite as

Edith Elkind. Group Fairness: Multiwinner Voting and Beyond (Invited Talk). In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, p. 2:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{elkind:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.2,
  author =	{Elkind, Edith},
  title =	{{Group Fairness: Multiwinner Voting and Beyond}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201459},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: multiwinner voting, participatory budgeting, justified representation}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Cross-Paradigm Graph Algorithms (Invited Talk)

Authors: Danupon Nanongkai

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
A goal of the theory of graph algorithms is algorithmic techniques that enable computing devices to process graph data with little resources (time, space, communication overhead, etc.). This led to extensive studies of graph algorithms in various models of computation (sequential algorithms, distributed algorithms, streaming algorithms, etc.) by many sub-communities. Cross-paradigm graph algorithms is an effort to attack the same problem in many models of computation simultaneously, with the goal to generate new insights that may not emerge from the isolated viewpoint of a single model and to ultimately develop techniques that can be used to solve graph problems near-optimally across many models of computation. In this talk, I will discuss some recent advances in graph algorithmic techniques for basic graph problems (e.g. minimum cut, shortest path, and maximum flow) in connection to this research program, especially some insights that led to cross-paradigm algorithms and to answering notorious open questions. No background will be assumed from the audience beyond familiarity with textbook graph algorithms.

Cite as

Danupon Nanongkai. Cross-Paradigm Graph Algorithms (Invited Talk). In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, p. 3:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{nanongkai:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.3,
  author =	{Nanongkai, Danupon},
  title =	{{Cross-Paradigm Graph Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201467},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Algorithms and Complexity, Efficient Algorithms, Models of Computation}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Graphs Shortcuts: New Bounds and Algorithms (Invited Talk)

Authors: Merav Parter

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
For an n-vertex digraph G = (V,E), a shortcut set is a (small) subset of edges H taken from the transitive closure of G that, when added to G guarantees that the diameter of G ∪ H is small. Shortcut sets, introduced by Thorup in 1993, have a wide range of applications in algorithm design, especially in the context of parallel, distributed and dynamic computation on directed graphs. A folklore result in this context shows that every n-vertex digraph admits a shortcut set of linear size (i.e., of O(n) edges) that reduces the diameter to Õ(√n). Despite extensive research over the years, the question of whether one can reduce the diameter to o(√n) with Õ(n) shortcut edges has been left open. In this talk, I will present the first improved diameter-sparsity tradeoff for this problem, breaking the √n diameter barrier. Specifically, we show an O(n^ω)-time randomized algorithm for computing a linear shortcut set that reduces the diameter of the digraph to Õ(n^{1/3}). I also present time efficient algorithms for computing these shortcuts and explain the limitations of the current approaches. Finally, I will draw some connections between shortcuts and several forms of graph sparsification (e.g., reachability preservers, spanners). Based on a joint work with Shimon Kogan (SODA 2022, ICALP 2022, FOCS 2022, SODA 2023).

Cite as

Merav Parter. Graphs Shortcuts: New Bounds and Algorithms (Invited Talk). In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, p. 4:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{parter:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.4,
  author =	{Parter, Merav},
  title =	{{Graphs Shortcuts: New Bounds and Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201476},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Shortcuts, Spanners, Distance Preservers}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location

Authors: Fateme Abbasi, Marek Adamczyk, Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Jarosław Byrka, Fabrizio Grandoni, Krzysztof Sornat, and Antoine Tinguely

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the Submodular Facility Location problem (SFL) we are given a collection of n clients and m facilities in a metric space. A feasible solution consists of an assignment of each client to some facility. For each client, one has to pay the distance to the associated facility. Furthermore, for each facility f to which we assign the subset of clients S^f, one has to pay the opening cost g(S^f), where g() is a monotone submodular function with g(emptyset)=0. SFL is APX-hard since it includes the classical (metric uncapacitated) Facility Location problem (with uniform facility costs) as a special case. Svitkina and Tardos [SODA'06] gave the current-best O(log n) approximation algorithm for SFL. The same authors pose the open problem whether SFL admits a constant approximation and provide such an approximation for a very restricted special case of the problem. We make some progress towards the solution of the above open problem by presenting an O(loglog n) approximation. Our approach is rather flexible and can be easily extended to generalizations and variants of SFL. In more detail, we achieve the same approximation factor for the natural generalizations of SFL where the opening cost of each facility f is of the form p_f + g(S^f) or w_f * g(S^f), where p_f, w_f >= 0 are input values. We also obtain an improved approximation algorithm for the related Universal Stochastic Facility Location problem. In this problem one is given a classical (metric) facility location instance and has to a priori assign each client to some facility. Then a subset of active clients is sampled from some given distribution, and one has to pay (a posteriori) only the connection and opening costs induced by the active clients. The expected opening cost of each facility f can be modelled with a submodular function of the set of clients assigned to f.

Cite as

Fateme Abbasi, Marek Adamczyk, Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Jarosław Byrka, Fabrizio Grandoni, Krzysztof Sornat, and Antoine Tinguely. An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 5:1-5:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abbasi_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5,
  author =	{Abbasi, Fateme and Adamczyk, Marek and Bosch-Calvo, Miguel and Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Grandoni, Fabrizio and Sornat, Krzysztof and Tinguely, Antoine},
  title =	{{An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201488},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: approximation algorithms, facility location, submodular facility location, universal stochastic facility location}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Parameterized Approximation For Robust Clustering in Discrete Geometric Spaces

Authors: Fateme Abbasi, Sandip Banerjee, Jarosław Byrka, Parinya Chalermsook, Ameet Gadekar, Kamyar Khodamoradi, Dániel Marx, Roohani Sharma, and Joachim Spoerhase

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We consider the well-studied Robust (k,z)-Clustering problem, which generalizes the classic k-Median, k-Means, and k-Center problems and arises in the domains of robust optimization [Anthony, Goyal, Gupta, Nagarajan, Math. Oper. Res. 2010] and in algorithmic fairness [Abbasi, Bhaskara, Venkatasubramanian, 2021 & Ghadiri, Samadi, Vempala, 2022]. Given a constant z ≥ 1, the input to Robust (k,z)-Clustering is a set P of n points in a metric space (M,δ), a weight function w: P → ℝ_{≥ 0} and a positive integer k. Further, each point belongs to one (or more) of the m many different groups S_1,S_2,…,S_m ⊆ P. Our goal is to find a set X of k centers such that max_{i ∈ [m]} ∑_{p ∈ S_i} w(p) δ(p,X)^z is minimized. Complementing recent work on this problem, we give a comprehensive understanding of the parameterized approximability of the problem in geometric spaces where the parameter is the number k of centers. We prove the following results: [(i)] 1) For a universal constant η₀ > 0.0006, we devise a 3^z(1-η₀)-factor FPT approximation algorithm for Robust (k,z)-Clustering in discrete high-dimensional Euclidean spaces where the set of potential centers is finite. This shows that the lower bound of 3^z for general metrics [Goyal, Jaiswal, Inf. Proc. Letters, 2023] no longer holds when the metric has geometric structure. 2) We show that Robust (k,z)-Clustering in discrete Euclidean spaces is (√{3/2}- o(1))-hard to approximate for FPT algorithms, even if we consider the special case k-Center in logarithmic dimensions. This rules out a (1+ε)-approximation algorithm running in time f(k,ε)poly(m,n) (also called efficient parameterized approximation scheme or EPAS), giving a striking contrast with the recent EPAS for the continuous setting where centers can be placed anywhere in the space [Abbasi et al., FOCS'23]. 3) However, we obtain an EPAS for Robust (k,z)-Clustering in discrete Euclidean spaces when the dimension is sublogarithmic (for the discrete problem, earlier work [Abbasi et al., FOCS'23] provides an EPAS only in dimension o(log log n)). Our EPAS works also for metrics of sub-logarithmic doubling dimension.

Cite as

Fateme Abbasi, Sandip Banerjee, Jarosław Byrka, Parinya Chalermsook, Ameet Gadekar, Kamyar Khodamoradi, Dániel Marx, Roohani Sharma, and Joachim Spoerhase. Parameterized Approximation For Robust Clustering in Discrete Geometric Spaces. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 6:1-6:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abbasi_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.6,
  author =	{Abbasi, Fateme and Banerjee, Sandip and Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Chalermsook, Parinya and Gadekar, Ameet and Khodamoradi, Kamyar and Marx, D\'{a}niel and Sharma, Roohani and Spoerhase, Joachim},
  title =	{{Parameterized Approximation For Robust Clustering in Discrete Geometric Spaces}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201494},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Clustering, approximation algorithms, parameterized complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Finer-Grained Reductions in Fine-Grained Hardness of Approximation

Authors: Elie Abboud and Noga Ron-Zewi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We investigate the relation between δ and ε required for obtaining a (1+δ)-approximation in time N^{2-ε} for closest pair problems under various distance metrics, and for other related problems in fine-grained complexity. Specifically, our main result shows that if it is impossible to (exactly) solve the (bichromatic) inner product (IP) problem for vectors of dimension c log N in time N^{2-ε}, then there is no (1+δ)-approximation algorithm for (bichromatic) Euclidean Closest Pair running in time N^{2-2ε}, where δ ≈ (ε/c)² (where ≈ hides polylog factors). This improves on the prior result due to Chen and Williams (SODA 2019) which gave a smaller polynomial dependence of δ on ε, on the order of δ ≈ (ε/c)⁶. Our result implies in turn that no (1+δ)-approximation algorithm exists for Euclidean closest pair for δ ≈ ε⁴, unless an algorithmic improvement for IP is obtained. This in turn is very close to the approximation guarantee of δ ≈ ε³ for Euclidean closest pair, given by the best known algorithm of Almam, Chan, and Williams (FOCS 2016). By known reductions, a similar result follows for a host of other related problems in fine-grained hardness of approximation. Our reduction combines the hardness of approximation framework of Chen and Williams, together with an MA communication protocol for IP over a small alphabet, that is inspired by the MA protocol of Chen (Theory of Computing, 2020).

Cite as

Elie Abboud and Noga Ron-Zewi. Finer-Grained Reductions in Fine-Grained Hardness of Approximation. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 7:1-7:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abboud_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.7,
  author =	{Abboud, Elie and Ron-Zewi, Noga},
  title =	{{Finer-Grained Reductions in Fine-Grained Hardness of Approximation}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201507},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fine-grained complexity, conditional lower bound, fine-grained reduction, Approximation algorithms, Analysis of algorithms, Computational geometry, Computational and structural complexity theory}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Approximation Schemes for Geometric Knapsack for Packing Spheres and Fat Objects

Authors: Pritam Acharya, Sujoy Bhore, Aaryan Gupta, Arindam Khan, Bratin Mondal, and Andreas Wiese

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study the geometric knapsack problem in which we are given a set of d-dimensional objects (each with associated profits) and the goal is to find the maximum profit subset that can be packed non-overlappingly into a given d-dimensional (unit hypercube) knapsack. Even if d = 2 and all input objects are disks, this problem is known to be NP-hard [Demaine, Fekete, Lang, 2010]. In this paper, we give polynomial time (1+ε)-approximation algorithms for the following types of input objects in any constant dimension d: - disks and hyperspheres, - a class of fat convex polygons that generalizes regular k-gons for k ≥ 5 (formally, polygons with a constant number of edges, whose lengths are in a bounded range, and in which each angle is strictly larger than π/2), - arbitrary fat convex objects that are sufficiently small compared to the knapsack. We remark that in our PTAS for disks and hyperspheres, we output the computed set of objects, but for a O_ε(1) of them we determine their coordinates only up to an exponentially small error. However, it is not clear whether there always exists a (1+ε)-approximate solution that uses only rational coordinates for the disks' centers. We leave this as an open problem which is related to well-studied geometric questions in the realm of circle packing.

Cite as

Pritam Acharya, Sujoy Bhore, Aaryan Gupta, Arindam Khan, Bratin Mondal, and Andreas Wiese. Approximation Schemes for Geometric Knapsack for Packing Spheres and Fat Objects. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 8:1-8:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{acharya_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.8,
  author =	{Acharya, Pritam and Bhore, Sujoy and Gupta, Aaryan and Khan, Arindam and Mondal, Bratin and Wiese, Andreas},
  title =	{{Approximation Schemes for Geometric Knapsack for Packing Spheres and Fat Objects}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201511},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation Algorithms, Polygon Packing, Circle Packing, Sphere Packing, Geometric Knapsack, Resource Augmentation}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 14 Puppis, Gabriele
  • 7 Muscholl, Anca
  • 4 Fomin, Fedor V.
  • 4 Golovach, Petr A.
  • 4 Pilipczuk, Michał
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 22 Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
  • 22 Theory of computation → Parameterized complexity and exact algorithms
  • 17 Mathematics of computing → Graph algorithms
  • 16 Theory of computation → Approximation algorithms analysis
  • 16 Theory of computation → Problems, reductions and completeness
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 8 approximation algorithms
  • 7 Approximation Algorithms
  • 7 graph algorithms
  • 5 Parameterized Complexity
  • 5 streaming algorithms
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 311 document
  • 2 volume

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 163 2024
  • 140 2023
  • 3 2019
  • 2 2018
  • 1 2010
  • Show More...