9 Search Results for "Wang, Hung-Lung"


Document
Polynomial Pass Semi-Streaming Lower Bounds for K-Cores and Degeneracy

Authors: Sepehr Assadi, Prantar Ghosh, Bruno Loff, Parth Mittal, and Sagnik Mukhopadhyay

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 300, 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)


Abstract
The following question arises naturally in the study of graph streaming algorithms: Is there any graph problem which is "not too hard", in that it can be solved efficiently with total communication (nearly) linear in the number n of vertices, and for which, nonetheless, any streaming algorithm with Õ(n) space (i.e., a semi-streaming algorithm) needs a polynomial n^Ω(1) number of passes? Assadi, Chen, and Khanna [STOC 2019] were the first to prove that this is indeed the case. However, the lower bounds that they obtained are for rather non-standard graph problems. Our first main contribution is to present the first polynomial-pass lower bounds for natural "not too hard" graph problems studied previously in the streaming model: k-cores and degeneracy. We devise a novel communication protocol for both problems with near-linear communication, thus showing that k-cores and degeneracy are natural examples of "not too hard" problems. Indeed, previous work have developed single-pass semi-streaming algorithms for approximating these problems. In contrast, we prove that any semi-streaming algorithm for exactly solving these problems requires (almost) Ω(n^{1/3}) passes. The lower bound follows by a reduction from a generalization of the hidden pointer chasing (HPC) problem of Assadi, Chen, and Khanna, which is also the basis of their earlier semi-streaming lower bounds. Our second main contribution is improved round-communication lower bounds for the underlying communication problems at the basis of these reductions: - We improve the previous lower bound of Assadi, Chen, and Khanna for HPC to achieve optimal bounds for this problem. - We further observe that all current reductions from HPC can also work with a generalized version of this problem that we call MultiHPC, and prove an even stronger and optimal lower bound for this generalization. These two results collectively allow us to improve the resulting pass lower bounds for semi-streaming algorithms by a polynomial factor, namely, from n^{1/5} to n^{1/3} passes.

Cite as

Sepehr Assadi, Prantar Ghosh, Bruno Loff, Parth Mittal, and Sagnik Mukhopadhyay. Polynomial Pass Semi-Streaming Lower Bounds for K-Cores and Degeneracy. In 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 300, pp. 7:1-7:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{assadi_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2024.7,
  author =	{Assadi, Sepehr and Ghosh, Prantar and Loff, Bruno and Mittal, Parth and Mukhopadhyay, Sagnik},
  title =	{{Polynomial Pass Semi-Streaming Lower Bounds for K-Cores and Degeneracy}},
  booktitle =	{39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-331-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{300},
  editor =	{Santhanam, Rahul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204035},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph streaming, Lower bounds, Communication complexity, k-Cores and degeneracy}
}
Document
Baby PIH: Parameterized Inapproximability of Min CSP

Authors: Venkatesan Guruswami, Xuandi Ren, and Sai Sandeep

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 300, 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)


Abstract
The Parameterized Inapproximability Hypothesis (PIH) is the analog of the PCP theorem in the world of parameterized complexity. It asserts that no FPT algorithm can distinguish a satisfiable 2CSP instance from one which is only (1-ε)-satisfiable (where the parameter is the number of variables) for some constant 0 < ε < 1. We consider a minimization version of CSPs (Min-CSP), where one may assign r values to each variable, and the goal is to ensure that every constraint is satisfied by some choice among the r × r pairs of values assigned to its variables (call such a CSP instance r-list-satisfiable). We prove the following strong parameterized inapproximability for Min CSP: For every r ≥ 1, it is W[1]-hard to tell if a 2CSP instance is satisfiable or is not even r-list-satisfiable. We refer to this statement as "Baby PIH", following the recently proved Baby PCP Theorem (Barto and Kozik, 2021). Our proof adapts the combinatorial arguments underlying the Baby PCP theorem, overcoming some basic obstacles that arise in the parameterized setting. Furthermore, our reduction runs in time polynomially bounded in both the number of variables and the alphabet size, and thus implies the Baby PCP theorem as well.

Cite as

Venkatesan Guruswami, Xuandi Ren, and Sai Sandeep. Baby PIH: Parameterized Inapproximability of Min CSP. In 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 300, pp. 27:1-27:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{guruswami_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2024.27,
  author =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan and Ren, Xuandi and Sandeep, Sai},
  title =	{{Baby PIH: Parameterized Inapproximability of Min CSP}},
  booktitle =	{39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)},
  pages =	{27:1--27:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-331-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{300},
  editor =	{Santhanam, Rahul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.27},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204237},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.27},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parameterized Inapproximability Hypothesis, Constraint Satisfaction Problems}
}
Document
Optimizing Per-Core Priorities to Minimize End-To-End Latencies

Authors: Francesco Paladino, Alessandro Biondi, Enrico Bini, and Paolo Pazzaglia

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 298, 36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024)


Abstract
Logical Execution Time (LET) allows decoupling the schedule of real-time periodic tasks from their communication, with the advantage of isolating the communication pattern from the variability of the schedule. However, when such tasks are organized in chains, the usage of LET at the task level does not necessarily transfer the same LET properties to the chain level. In this paper, we extend a LET-like model from tasks to chains spanning over multiple cores. We leverage the designed constant latency chains to optimize per-core priority assignment. Finally, we also provide a set of heuristic algorithms, that are compared in a large-scale experimental evaluation.

Cite as

Francesco Paladino, Alessandro Biondi, Enrico Bini, and Paolo Pazzaglia. Optimizing Per-Core Priorities to Minimize End-To-End Latencies. In 36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 298, pp. 6:1-6:25, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{paladino_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.6,
  author =	{Paladino, Francesco and Biondi, Alessandro and Bini, Enrico and Pazzaglia, Paolo},
  title =	{{Optimizing Per-Core Priorities to Minimize End-To-End Latencies}},
  booktitle =	{36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-324-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{298},
  editor =	{Pellizzoni, Rodolfo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203094},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Cause-Effect Chains, Logical Execution Time, End-to-End Latency, Design Optimization, Task Priorities, Data Age, Reaction Time}
}
Document
GCAPS: GPU Context-Aware Preemptive Priority-Based Scheduling for Real-Time Tasks

Authors: Yidi Wang, Cong Liu, Daniel Wong, and Hyoseung Kim

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 298, 36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024)


Abstract
Scheduling real-time tasks that utilize GPUs with analyzable guarantees poses a significant challenge due to the intricate interaction between CPU and GPU resources, as well as the complex GPU hardware and software stack. While much research has been conducted in the real-time research community, several limitations persist, including the absence or limited availability of GPU-level preemption, extended blocking times, and/or the need for extensive modifications to program code. In this paper, we propose GCAPS, a GPU Context-Aware Preemptive Scheduling approach for real-time GPU tasks. Our approach exerts control over GPU context scheduling at the device driver level and enables preemption of GPU execution based on task priorities by simply adding one-line macros to GPU segment boundaries. In addition, we provide a comprehensive response time analysis of GPU-using tasks for both our proposed approach as well as the default Nvidia GPU driver scheduling that follows a work-conserving round-robin policy. Through empirical evaluations and case studies, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches in improving taskset schedulability and response time. The results highlight significant improvements over prior work as well as the default scheduling approach, with up to 40% higher schedulability, while also achieving predictable worst-case behavior on Nvidia Jetson embedded platforms.

Cite as

Yidi Wang, Cong Liu, Daniel Wong, and Hyoseung Kim. GCAPS: GPU Context-Aware Preemptive Priority-Based Scheduling for Real-Time Tasks. In 36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 298, pp. 14:1-14:25, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{wang_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.14,
  author =	{Wang, Yidi and Liu, Cong and Wong, Daniel and Kim, Hyoseung},
  title =	{{GCAPS: GPU Context-Aware Preemptive Priority-Based Scheduling for Real-Time Tasks}},
  booktitle =	{36th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2024)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-324-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{298},
  editor =	{Pellizzoni, Rodolfo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203170},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2024.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Real-time systems, GPU scheduling}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
It’s Hard to HAC Average Linkage!

Authors: MohammadHossein Bateni, Laxman Dhulipala, Kishen N. Gowda, D. Ellis Hershkowitz, Rajesh Jayaram, and Jakub Łącki

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
Average linkage Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering (HAC) is an extensively studied and applied method for hierarchical clustering. Recent applications to massive datasets have driven significant interest in near-linear-time and efficient parallel algorithms for average linkage HAC. We provide hardness results that rule out such algorithms. On the sequential side, we establish a runtime lower bound of n^{3/2-ε} on n node graphs for sequential combinatorial algorithms under standard fine-grained complexity assumptions. This essentially matches the best-known running time for average linkage HAC. On the parallel side, we prove that average linkage HAC likely cannot be parallelized even on simple graphs by showing that it is CC-hard on trees of diameter 4. On the possibility side, we demonstrate that average linkage HAC can be efficiently parallelized (i.e., it is in NC) on paths and can be solved in near-linear time when the height of the output cluster hierarchy is small.

Cite as

MohammadHossein Bateni, Laxman Dhulipala, Kishen N. Gowda, D. Ellis Hershkowitz, Rajesh Jayaram, and Jakub Łącki. It’s Hard to HAC Average Linkage!. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 18:1-18:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bateni_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.18,
  author =	{Bateni, MohammadHossein and Dhulipala, Laxman and Gowda, Kishen N. and Hershkowitz, D. Ellis and Jayaram, Rajesh and {\L}\k{a}cki, Jakub},
  title =	{{It’s Hard to HAC Average Linkage!}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201613},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: Clustering, Hierarchical Graph Clustering, HAC, Fine-Grained Complexity, Parallel Algorithms, CC}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
The Discrepancy of Shortest Paths

Authors: Greg Bodwin, Chengyuan Deng, Jie Gao, Gary Hoppenworth, Jalaj Upadhyay, and Chen Wang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The hereditary discrepancy of a set system is a quantitative measure of the pseudorandom properties of the system. Roughly speaking, hereditary discrepancy measures how well one can 2-color the elements of the system so that each set contains approximately the same number of elements of each color. Hereditary discrepancy has numerous applications in computational geometry, communication complexity and derandomization. More recently, the hereditary discrepancy of the set system of shortest paths has found applications in differential privacy [Chen et al. SODA 23]. The contribution of this paper is to improve the upper and lower bounds on the hereditary discrepancy of set systems of unique shortest paths in graphs. In particular, we show that any system of unique shortest paths in an undirected weighted graph has hereditary discrepancy O(n^{1/4}), and we construct lower bound examples demonstrating that this bound is tight up to polylog n factors. Our lower bounds hold even for planar graphs and bipartite graphs, and improve a previous lower bound of Ω(n^{1/6}) obtained by applying the trace bound of Chazelle and Lvov [SoCG'00] to a classical point-line system of Erdős. As applications, we improve the lower bound on the additive error for differentially-private all pairs shortest distances from Ω(n^{1/6}) [Chen et al. SODA 23] to Ω̃(n^{1/4}), and we improve the lower bound on additive error for the differentially-private all sets range queries problem to Ω̃(n^{1/4}), which is tight up to polylog n factors [Deng et al. WADS 23].

Cite as

Greg Bodwin, Chengyuan Deng, Jie Gao, Gary Hoppenworth, Jalaj Upadhyay, and Chen Wang. The Discrepancy of Shortest Paths. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 27:1-27:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bodwin_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.27,
  author =	{Bodwin, Greg and Deng, Chengyuan and Gao, Jie and Hoppenworth, Gary and Upadhyay, Jalaj and Wang, Chen},
  title =	{{The Discrepancy of Shortest Paths}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{27:1--27:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.27},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201705},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.27},
  annote =	{Keywords: Discrepancy, hereditary discrepancy, shortest paths, differential privacy}
}
Document
Position
Grounding Stream Reasoning Research

Authors: Pieter Bonte, Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Daniel de Leng, Daniele Dell'Aglio, Emanuele Della Valle, Thomas Eiter, Federico Giannini, Fredrik Heintz, Konstantin Schekotihin, Danh Le-Phuoc, Alessandra Mileo, Patrik Schneider, Riccardo Tommasini, Jacopo Urbani, and Giacomo Ziffer

Published in: TGDK, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2024): Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge, Volume 2, Issue 1


Abstract
In the last decade, there has been a growing interest in applying AI technologies to implement complex data analytics over data streams. To this end, researchers in various fields have been organising a yearly event called the "Stream Reasoning Workshop" to share perspectives, challenges, and experiences around this topic. In this paper, the previous organisers of the workshops and other community members provide a summary of the main research results that have been discussed during the first six editions of the event. These results can be categorised into four main research areas: The first is concerned with the technological challenges related to handling large data streams. The second area aims at adapting and extending existing semantic technologies to data streams. The third and fourth areas focus on how to implement reasoning techniques, either considering deductive or inductive techniques, to extract new and valuable knowledge from the data in the stream. This summary is written not only to provide a crystallisation of the field, but also to point out distinctive traits of the stream reasoning community. Moreover, it also provides a foundation for future research by enumerating a list of use cases and open challenges, to stimulate others to join this exciting research area.

Cite as

Pieter Bonte, Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Daniel de Leng, Daniele Dell'Aglio, Emanuele Della Valle, Thomas Eiter, Federico Giannini, Fredrik Heintz, Konstantin Schekotihin, Danh Le-Phuoc, Alessandra Mileo, Patrik Schneider, Riccardo Tommasini, Jacopo Urbani, and Giacomo Ziffer. Grounding Stream Reasoning Research. In Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge (TGDK), Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 2:1-2:47, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Article{bonte_et_al:TGDK.2.1.2,
  author =	{Bonte, Pieter and Calbimonte, Jean-Paul and de Leng, Daniel and Dell'Aglio, Daniele and Della Valle, Emanuele and Eiter, Thomas and Giannini, Federico and Heintz, Fredrik and Schekotihin, Konstantin and Le-Phuoc, Danh and Mileo, Alessandra and Schneider, Patrik and Tommasini, Riccardo and Urbani, Jacopo and Ziffer, Giacomo},
  title =	{{Grounding Stream Reasoning Research}},
  journal =	{Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge},
  pages =	{2:1--2:47},
  ISSN =	{2942-7517},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{2},
  number =	{1},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/TGDK.2.1.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-198597},
  doi =		{10.4230/TGDK.2.1.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Stream Reasoning, Stream Processing, RDF streams, Streaming Linked Data, Continuous query processing, Temporal Logics, High-performance computing, Databases}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Parallel Self-Testing of EPR Pairs Under Computational Assumptions

Authors: Honghao Fu, Daochen Wang, and Qi Zhao

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
Self-testing is a fundamental feature of quantum mechanics that allows a classical verifier to force untrusted quantum devices to prepare certain states and perform certain measurements on them. The standard approach assumes at least two spatially separated devices. Recently, Metger and Vidick [Metger and Vidick, 2021] showed that a single EPR pair of a single quantum device can be self-tested under computational assumptions. In this work, we generalize their results to give the first parallel self-test of N EPR pairs and measurements on them in the single-device setting under the same computational assumptions. We show that our protocol can be passed with probability negligibly close to 1 by an honest quantum device using poly(N) resources. Moreover, we show that any quantum device that fails our protocol with probability at most ε must be poly(N,ε)-close to being honest in the appropriate sense. In particular, our protocol can test any distribution over tensor products of computational or Hadamard basis measurements, making it suitable for applications such as device-independent quantum key distribution [Metger et al., 2021] under computational assumptions. Moreover, a simplified version of our protocol is the first that can efficiently certify an arbitrary number of qubits of a single cloud quantum computer using only classical communication.

Cite as

Honghao Fu, Daochen Wang, and Qi Zhao. Parallel Self-Testing of EPR Pairs Under Computational Assumptions. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 64:1-64:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{fu_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.64,
  author =	{Fu, Honghao and Wang, Daochen and Zhao, Qi},
  title =	{{Parallel Self-Testing of EPR Pairs Under Computational Assumptions}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{64:1--64:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.64},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181160},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.64},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum complexity theory, self-testing, LWE}
}
Document
The Complexity of Packing Edge-Disjoint Paths

Authors: Jan Dreier, Janosch Fuchs, Tim A. Hartmann, Philipp Kuinke, Peter Rossmanith, Bjoern Tauer, and Hung-Lung Wang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 148, 14th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2019)


Abstract
We introduce and study the complexity of Path Packing. Given a graph G and a list of paths, the task is to embed the paths edge-disjoint in G. This generalizes the well known Hamiltonian-Path problem. Since Hamiltonian Path is efficiently solvable for graphs of small treewidth, we study how this result translates to the much more general Path Packing. On the positive side, we give an FPT-algorithm on trees for the number of paths as parameter. Further, we give an XP-algorithm with the combined parameters maximal degree, number of connected components and number of nodes of degree at least three. Surprisingly the latter is an almost tight result by runtime and parameterization. We show an ETH lower bound almost matching our runtime. Moreover, if two of the three values are constant and one is unbounded the problem becomes NP-hard. Further, we study restrictions to the given list of paths. On the positive side, we present an FPT-algorithm parameterized by the sum of the lengths of the paths. Packing paths of length two is polynomial time solvable, while packing paths of length three is NP-hard. Finally, even the spacial case Exact Path Packing where the paths have to cover every edge in G exactly once is already NP-hard for two paths on 4-regular graphs.

Cite as

Jan Dreier, Janosch Fuchs, Tim A. Hartmann, Philipp Kuinke, Peter Rossmanith, Bjoern Tauer, and Hung-Lung Wang. The Complexity of Packing Edge-Disjoint Paths. In 14th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 148, pp. 10:1-10:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dreier_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2019.10,
  author =	{Dreier, Jan and Fuchs, Janosch and Hartmann, Tim A. and Kuinke, Philipp and Rossmanith, Peter and Tauer, Bjoern and Wang, Hung-Lung},
  title =	{{The Complexity of Packing Edge-Disjoint Paths}},
  booktitle =	{14th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2019)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-129-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{148},
  editor =	{Jansen, Bart M. P. and Telle, Jan Arne},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2019.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114710},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2019.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: parameterized complexity, embedding, packing, covering, Hamiltonian path, unary binpacking, path-perfect graphs}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 1 Assadi, Sepehr
  • 1 Bateni, MohammadHossein
  • 1 Bini, Enrico
  • 1 Biondi, Alessandro
  • 1 Bodwin, Greg
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 2 Computer systems organization → Embedded and cyber-physical systems
  • 2 Computer systems organization → Real-time systems
  • 2 Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
  • 2 Theory of computation → Streaming, sublinear and near linear time algorithms
  • 1 Computing methodologies → Description logics
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 1 CC
  • 1 Cause-Effect Chains
  • 1 Clustering
  • 1 Communication complexity
  • 1 Constraint Satisfaction Problems
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 9 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 7 2024
  • 1 2019
  • 1 2023