7 Search Results for "Brand, Sebastian"


Document
Practical Minimum Path Cover

Authors: Manuel Cáceres, Brendan Mumey, Santeri Toivonen, and Alexandru I. Tomescu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 301, 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)


Abstract
Computing a minimum path cover (MPC) of a directed acyclic graph (DAG) is a fundamental problem with a myriad of applications, including reachability. Although it is known how to solve the problem by a simple reduction to minimum flow, recent theoretical advances exploit this idea to obtain algorithms parameterized by the number of paths of an MPC, known as the width. These results obtain fast [Mäkinen et al., TALG 2019] and even linear time [Cáceres et al., SODA 2022] algorithms in the small-width regime. In this paper, we present the first publicly available high-performance implementation of state-of-the-art MPC algorithms, including the parameterized approaches. Our experiments on random DAGs show that parameterized algorithms are orders-of-magnitude faster on dense graphs. Additionally, we present new fast pre-processing heuristics based on transitive edge sparsification. We show that our heuristics improve MPC-solvers by orders of magnitude.

Cite as

Manuel Cáceres, Brendan Mumey, Santeri Toivonen, and Alexandru I. Tomescu. Practical Minimum Path Cover. In 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 301, pp. 3:1-3:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{caceres_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2024.3,
  author =	{C\'{a}ceres, Manuel and Mumey, Brendan and Toivonen, Santeri and Tomescu, Alexandru I.},
  title =	{{Practical Minimum Path Cover}},
  booktitle =	{22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-325-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{301},
  editor =	{Liberti, Leo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203687},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: minimum path cover, directed acyclic graph, maximum flow, parameterized algorithms, edge sparsification, algorithm engineering}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
High-Accuracy Multicommodity Flows via Iterative Refinement

Authors: Li Chen and Mingquan Ye

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The multicommodity flow problem is a classic problem in network flow and combinatorial optimization, with applications in transportation, communication, logistics, and supply chain management, etc. Existing algorithms often focus on low-accuracy approximate solutions, while high-accuracy algorithms typically rely on general linear program solvers. In this paper, we present efficient high-accuracy algorithms for a broad family of multicommodity flow problems on undirected graphs, demonstrating improved running times compared to general linear program solvers. Our main result shows that we can solve the 𝓁_{q, p}-norm multicommodity flow problem to a (1 + ε) approximation in time O_{q, p}(m^{1+o(1)} k² log(1/ε)), where k is the number of commodities, and O_{q, p}(⋅) hides constants depending only on q or p. As q and p approach to 1 and ∞ respectively, 𝓁_{q, p}-norm flow tends to maximum concurrent flow. We introduce the first iterative refinement framework for 𝓁_{q, p}-norm minimization problems, which reduces the problem to solving a series of decomposable residual problems. In the case of k-commodity flow, each residual problem can be decomposed into k single commodity convex flow problems, each of which can be solved in almost-linear time. As many classical variants of multicommodity flows were shown to be complete for linear programs in the high-accuracy regime [Ding-Kyng-Zhang, ICALP'22], our result provides new directions for studying more efficient high-accuracy multicommodity flow algorithms.

Cite as

Li Chen and Mingquan Ye. High-Accuracy Multicommodity Flows via Iterative Refinement. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 45:1-45:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.45,
  author =	{Chen, Li and Ye, Mingquan},
  title =	{{High-Accuracy Multicommodity Flows via Iterative Refinement}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{45:1--45:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.45},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201887},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.45},
  annote =	{Keywords: High-accuracy multicommodity flow, Iterative refinement framework, Convex flow solver}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Fully Dynamic Strongly Connected Components in Planar Digraphs

Authors: Adam Karczmarz and Marcin Smulewicz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In this paper we consider maintaining strongly connected components (SCCs) of a directed planar graph subject to edge insertions and deletions. We show a data structure maintaining an implicit representation of the SCCs within Õ(n^{6/7}) worst-case time per update. The data structure supports, in O(log²{n}) time, reporting vertices of any specified SCC (with constant overhead per reported vertex) and aggregating vertex information (e.g., computing the maximum label) over all the vertices of that SCC. Furthermore, it can maintain global information about the structure of SCCs, such as the number of SCCs, or the size of the largest SCC. To the best of our knowledge, no fully dynamic SCCs data structures with sublinear update time have been previously known for any major subclass of digraphs. Our result should be contrasted with the n^{1-o(1)} amortized update time lower bound conditional on SETH, which holds even for dynamically maintaining whether a general digraph has more than two SCCs.

Cite as

Adam Karczmarz and Marcin Smulewicz. Fully Dynamic Strongly Connected Components in Planar Digraphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 95:1-95:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{karczmarz_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.95,
  author =	{Karczmarz, Adam and Smulewicz, Marcin},
  title =	{{Fully Dynamic Strongly Connected Components in Planar Digraphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{95:1--95:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.95},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202388},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.95},
  annote =	{Keywords: dynamic strongly connected components, dynamic strong connectivity, dynamic reachability, planar graphs}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Better Decremental and Fully Dynamic Sensitivity Oracles for Subgraph Connectivity

Authors: Yaowei Long and Yunfan Wang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study the sensitivity oracles problem for subgraph connectivity in the decremental and fully dynamic settings. In the fully dynamic setting, we preprocess an n-vertices m-edges undirected graph G with n_{off} deactivated vertices initially and the others are activated. Then we receive a single update D ⊆ V(G) of size |D| = d ≤ d_{⋆}, representing vertices whose states will be switched. Finally, we get a sequence of queries, each of which asks the connectivity of two given vertices u and v in the activated subgraph. The decremental setting is a special case when there is no deactivated vertex initially, and it is also known as the vertex-failure connectivity oracles problem. We present a better deterministic vertex-failure connectivity oracle with Ô(d_{⋆}m) preprocessing time, Õ(m) space, Õ(d²) update time and O(d) query time, which improves the update time of the previous almost-optimal oracle [Long and Saranurak, 2022] from Ô(d²) to Õ(d²). We also present a better deterministic fully dynamic sensitivity oracle for subgraph connectivity with Ô(min{m(n_{off} + d_{⋆}),n^{ω}}) preprocessing time, Õ(min{m(n_{off} + d_{⋆}),n²}) space, Õ(d²) update time and O(d) query time, which significantly improves the update time of the state of the art [Bingbing Hu et al., 2023] from Õ(d⁴) to Õ(d²). Furthermore, our solution is even almost-optimal assuming popular fine-grained complexity conjectures.

Cite as

Yaowei Long and Yunfan Wang. Better Decremental and Fully Dynamic Sensitivity Oracles for Subgraph Connectivity. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 109:1-109:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{long_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.109,
  author =	{Long, Yaowei and Wang, Yunfan},
  title =	{{Better Decremental and Fully Dynamic Sensitivity Oracles for Subgraph Connectivity}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{109:1--109:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.109},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202523},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.109},
  annote =	{Keywords: connectivity, sensitivity}
}
Document
Survey
Towards Representing Processes and Reasoning with Process Descriptions on the Web

Authors: Andreas Harth, Tobias Käfer, Anisa Rula, Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Eduard Kamburjan, and Martin Giese

Published in: TGDK, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2024): Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge, Volume 2, Issue 1


Abstract
We work towards a vocabulary to represent processes and temporal logic specifications as graph-structured data. Different fields use incompatible terminologies for describing essentially the same process-related concepts. In addition, processes can be represented from different perspectives and levels of abstraction: both state-centric and event-centric perspectives offer distinct insights into the underlying processes. In this work, we strive to unify the representation of processes and related concepts by leveraging the power of knowledge graphs. We survey approaches to representing processes and reasoning with process descriptions from different fields and provide a selection of scenarios to help inform the scope of a unified representation of processes. We focus on processes that can be executed and observed via web interfaces. We propose to provide a representation designed to combine state-centric and event-centric perspectives while incorporating temporal querying and reasoning capabilities on temporal logic specifications. A standardised vocabulary and representation for processes and temporal specifications would contribute towards bridging the gap between the terminologies from different fields and fostering the broader application of methods involving temporal logics, such as formal verification and program synthesis.

Cite as

Andreas Harth, Tobias Käfer, Anisa Rula, Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Eduard Kamburjan, and Martin Giese. Towards Representing Processes and Reasoning with Process Descriptions on the Web. In Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge (TGDK), Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 1:1-1:32, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@Article{harth_et_al:TGDK.2.1.1,
  author =	{Harth, Andreas and K\"{a}fer, Tobias and Rula, Anisa and Calbimonte, Jean-Paul and Kamburjan, Eduard and Giese, Martin},
  title =	{{Towards Representing Processes and Reasoning with Process Descriptions on the Web}},
  journal =	{Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge},
  pages =	{1:1--1:32},
  ISSN =	{2942-7517},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{2},
  number =	{1},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/TGDK.2.1.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-198583},
  doi =		{10.4230/TGDK.2.1.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Process modelling, Process ontology, Temporal logic, Web services}
}
Document
Constraints in Non-Boolean Contexts

Authors: Leslie De Koninck, Sebastian Brand, and Peter J. Stuckey

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 11, Technical Communications of the 27th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'11) (2011)


Abstract
In high-level constraint modelling languages, constraints can occur in non-Boolean contexts: implicitly, in the form of partial functions, or more explicitly, in the form of constraints on local variables in non-Boolean expressions. Specifications using these facilities are often more succinct. However, these specifications are typically executed on solvers that only support questions of the form of existentially quantified conjunctions of constraints. We show how we can translate expressions with constraints appearing in non-Boolean contexts into conjunctions of ordinary constraints. The translation is clearly structured into constrained type elimination, local variable lifting and partial function elimination. We explain our approach in the context of the modelling language Zinc. An implementation of it is an integral part of our Zinc compiler.

Cite as

Leslie De Koninck, Sebastian Brand, and Peter J. Stuckey. Constraints in Non-Boolean Contexts. In Technical Communications of the 27th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'11). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 11, pp. 117-127, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)


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@InProceedings{dekoninck_et_al:LIPIcs.ICLP.2011.117,
  author =	{De Koninck, Leslie and Brand, Sebastian and Stuckey, Peter J.},
  title =	{{Constraints in Non-Boolean Contexts}},
  booktitle =	{Technical Communications of the 27th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'11)},
  pages =	{117--127},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-31-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2011},
  volume =	{11},
  editor =	{Gallagher, John P. and Gelfond, Michael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2011.117},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-31685},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2011.117},
  annote =	{Keywords: Constraint modelling languages, model transformation, partial functions}
}
Document
Branch-and-Price Solving in G12

Authors: Jakob Puchinger, Peter Stuckey, Mark Wallace, and Sebastian Brand

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 9261, Models and Algorithms for Optimization in Logistics (2009)


Abstract
The G12 project is developing a software environment for stating and solving combinatorial problems by mapping a high-level model of the problem to an efficient combination of solving methods. Model annotations are used to control this process. In this paper we explain the mapping to branch-and-price solving. G12 supports the selection of specialised subproblem solvers, the aggregation of identical subproblems, automatic disaggregation when required by search, and the use of specialised branching rules. We demonstrate the benefits of the G12 framework on three examples: a trucking problem, cutting stock, and two-dimensional bin packing.

Cite as

Jakob Puchinger, Peter Stuckey, Mark Wallace, and Sebastian Brand. Branch-and-Price Solving in G12. In Models and Algorithms for Optimization in Logistics. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 9261, pp. 1-3, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)


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@InProceedings{puchinger_et_al:DagSemProc.09261.6,
  author =	{Puchinger, Jakob and Stuckey, Peter and Wallace, Mark and Brand, Sebastian},
  title =	{{Branch-and-Price Solving in G12}},
  booktitle =	{Models and Algorithms for Optimization in Logistics},
  pages =	{1--3},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2009},
  volume =	{9261},
  editor =	{Cynthia Barnhart and Uwe Clausen and Ulrich Lauther and Rolf H. M\"{o}hring},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.09261.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-21641},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.09261.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Combinatorial optimization, branch-and-price, software}
}
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