92 Search Results for "Chekuri, Chandra"


Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 213

41st IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2021)

FSTTCS 2021, December 15-17, 2021, Virtual Conference

Editors: Mikołaj Bojańczyk and Chandra Chekuri

Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location

Authors: Fateme Abbasi, Marek Adamczyk, Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Jarosław Byrka, Fabrizio Grandoni, Krzysztof Sornat, and Antoine Tinguely

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the Submodular Facility Location problem (SFL) we are given a collection of n clients and m facilities in a metric space. A feasible solution consists of an assignment of each client to some facility. For each client, one has to pay the distance to the associated facility. Furthermore, for each facility f to which we assign the subset of clients S^f, one has to pay the opening cost g(S^f), where g() is a monotone submodular function with g(emptyset)=0. SFL is APX-hard since it includes the classical (metric uncapacitated) Facility Location problem (with uniform facility costs) as a special case. Svitkina and Tardos [SODA'06] gave the current-best O(log n) approximation algorithm for SFL. The same authors pose the open problem whether SFL admits a constant approximation and provide such an approximation for a very restricted special case of the problem. We make some progress towards the solution of the above open problem by presenting an O(loglog n) approximation. Our approach is rather flexible and can be easily extended to generalizations and variants of SFL. In more detail, we achieve the same approximation factor for the natural generalizations of SFL where the opening cost of each facility f is of the form p_f + g(S^f) or w_f * g(S^f), where p_f, w_f >= 0 are input values. We also obtain an improved approximation algorithm for the related Universal Stochastic Facility Location problem. In this problem one is given a classical (metric) facility location instance and has to a priori assign each client to some facility. Then a subset of active clients is sampled from some given distribution, and one has to pay (a posteriori) only the connection and opening costs induced by the active clients. The expected opening cost of each facility f can be modelled with a submodular function of the set of clients assigned to f.

Cite as

Fateme Abbasi, Marek Adamczyk, Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Jarosław Byrka, Fabrizio Grandoni, Krzysztof Sornat, and Antoine Tinguely. An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 5:1-5:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{abbasi_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5,
  author =	{Abbasi, Fateme and Adamczyk, Marek and Bosch-Calvo, Miguel and Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Grandoni, Fabrizio and Sornat, Krzysztof and Tinguely, Antoine},
  title =	{{An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201488},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: approximation algorithms, facility location, submodular facility location, universal stochastic facility location}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
List Update with Delays or Time Windows

Authors: Yossi Azar, Shahar Lewkowicz, and Danny Vainstein

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We address the problem of List Update, which is considered one of the fundamental problems in online algorithms and competitive analysis. In this context, we are presented with a list of elements and receive requests for these elements over time. Our objective is to fulfill these requests, incurring a cost proportional to their position in the list. Additionally, we can swap any two consecutive elements at a cost of 1. The renowned "Move to Front" algorithm, introduced by Sleator and Tarjan, immediately moves any requested element to the front of the list. They demonstrated that this algorithm achieves a competitive ratio of 2. While this bound is impressive, the actual cost of the algorithm’s solution can be excessively high. For example, if we request the last half of the list, the resulting solution cost becomes quadratic in the list’s length. To address this issue, we consider a more generalized problem called List Update with Time Windows. In this variant, each request arrives with a specific deadline by which it must be served, rather than being served immediately. Moreover, we allow the algorithm to process multiple requests simultaneously, accessing the corresponding elements in a single pass. The cost incurred in this case is determined by the position of the furthest element accessed, leading to a significant reduction in the total solution cost. We introduce this problem to explore lower solution costs, but it necessitates the development of new algorithms. For instance, Move-to-Front fails when handling the simple scenario of requesting the last half of the list with overlapping time windows. In our work, we present a natural O(1) competitive algorithm for this problem. While the algorithm itself is intuitive, its analysis is intricate, requiring the use of a novel potential function. Additionally, we delve into a more general problem called List Update with Delays, where the fixed deadlines are replaced with arbitrary delay functions. In this case, the cost includes not only the access and swapping costs, but also penalties for the delays incurred until the requests are served. This problem encompasses a special case known as the prize collecting version, where a request may go unserved up to a given deadline, resulting in a specified penalty. For this more comprehensive problem, we establish an O(1) competitive algorithm. However, the algorithm for the delay version is more complex, and its analysis involves significantly more intricate considerations.

Cite as

Yossi Azar, Shahar Lewkowicz, and Danny Vainstein. List Update with Delays or Time Windows. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 15:1-15:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{azar_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.15,
  author =	{Azar, Yossi and Lewkowicz, Shahar and Vainstein, Danny},
  title =	{{List Update with Delays or Time Windows}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.15},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201583},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online, List Update, Delay, Time Window, Deadline}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Lower Bounds on 0-Extension with Steiner Nodes

Authors: Yu Chen and Zihan Tan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the 0-Extension problem, we are given an edge-weighted graph G = (V,E,c), a set T ⊆ V of its vertices called terminals, and a semi-metric D over T, and the goal is to find an assignment f of each non-terminal vertex to a terminal, minimizing the sum, over all edges (u,v) ∈ E, the product of the edge weight c(u,v) and the distance D(f(u),f(v)) between the terminals that u,v are mapped to. Current best approximation algorithms on 0-Extension are based on rounding a linear programming relaxation called the semi-metric LP relaxation. The integrality gap of this LP, is upper bounded by O(log|T|/log log|T|) and lower bounded by Ω((log|T|)^{2/3}), has been shown to be closely related to the quality of cut and flow vertex sparsifiers. We study a variant of the 0-Extension problem where Steiner vertices are allowed. Specifically, we focus on the integrality gap of the same semi-metric LP relaxation to this new problem. Following from previous work, this new integrality gap turns out to be closely related to the quality achievable by cut/flow vertex sparsifiers with Steiner nodes, a major open problem in graph compression. We show that the new integrality gap stays superconstant Ω(log log |T|) even if we allow a super-linear O(|T|log^{1-ε}|T|) number of Steiner nodes.

Cite as

Yu Chen and Zihan Tan. Lower Bounds on 0-Extension with Steiner Nodes. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 47:1-47:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.47,
  author =	{Chen, Yu and Tan, Zihan},
  title =	{{Lower Bounds on 0-Extension with Steiner Nodes}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{47:1--47:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.47},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201905},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.47},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Algorithms, Zero Extension, Integrality Gap}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Additive Spanner Lower Bounds with Optimal Inner Graph Structure

Authors: Greg Bodwin, Gary Hoppenworth, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, Nicole Wein, and Zixuan Xu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We construct n-node graphs on which any O(n)-size spanner has additive error at least +Ω(n^{3/17}), improving on the previous best lower bound of Ω(n^{1/7}) [Bodwin-Hoppenworth FOCS '22]. Our construction completes the first two steps of a particular three-step research program, introduced in prior work and overviewed here, aimed at producing tight bounds for the problem by aligning aspects of the upper and lower bound constructions. More specifically, we develop techniques that enable the use of inner graphs in the lower bound framework whose technical properties are provably tight with the corresponding assumptions made in the upper bounds. As an additional application of our techniques, we improve the corresponding lower bound for O(n)-size additive emulators to +Ω(n^{1/14}).

Cite as

Greg Bodwin, Gary Hoppenworth, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, Nicole Wein, and Zixuan Xu. Additive Spanner Lower Bounds with Optimal Inner Graph Structure. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 28:1-28:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bodwin_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.28,
  author =	{Bodwin, Greg and Hoppenworth, Gary and Vassilevska Williams, Virginia and Wein, Nicole and Xu, Zixuan},
  title =	{{Additive Spanner Lower Bounds with Optimal Inner Graph Structure}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.28},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201715},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: Additive Spanners, Graph Theory}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Lower Bounds for Matroid Optimization Problems with a Linear Constraint

Authors: Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study a family of matroid optimization problems with a linear constraint (MOL). In these problems, we seek a subset of elements which optimizes (i.e., maximizes or minimizes) a linear objective function subject to (i) a matroid independent set, or a matroid basis constraint, (ii) additional linear constraint. A notable member in this family is budgeted matroid independent set (BM), which can be viewed as classic 0/1-Knapsack with a matroid constraint. While special cases of BM, such as knapsack with cardinality constraint and multiple-choice knapsack, admit a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme (Fully PTAS), the best known result for BM on a general matroid is an Efficient PTAS. Prior to this work, the existence of a Fully PTAS for BM, and more generally, for any problem in the family of MOL problems, has been open. In this paper, we answer this question negatively by showing that none of the (non-trivial) problems in this family admits a Fully PTAS. This resolves the complexity status of several well studied problems. Our main result is obtained by showing first that exact weight matroid basis (EMB) does not admit a pseudo-polynomial time algorithm. This distinguishes EMB from the special cases of k-subset sum and EMB on a linear matroid, which are solvable in pseudo-polynomial time. We then obtain unconditional hardness results for the family of MOL problems in the oracle model (even if randomization is allowed), and show that the same results hold when the matroids are encoded as part of the input, assuming P ≠ NP. For the hardness proof of EMB, we introduce the Π-matroid family. This intricate subclass of matroids, which exploits the interaction between a weight function and the matroid constraint, may find use in tackling other matroid optimization problems.

Cite as

Ilan Doron-Arad, Ariel Kulik, and Hadas Shachnai. Lower Bounds for Matroid Optimization Problems with a Linear Constraint. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 56:1-56:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{doronarad_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.56,
  author =	{Doron-Arad, Ilan and Kulik, Ariel and Shachnai, Hadas},
  title =	{{Lower Bounds for Matroid Optimization Problems with a Linear Constraint}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{56:1--56:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.56},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201990},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.56},
  annote =	{Keywords: matroid optimization, budgeted problems, knapsack, approximation schemes}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths

Authors: Michal Dory, Sebastian Forster, Yasamin Nazari, and Tijn de Vos

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We provide new tradeoffs between approximation and running time for the decremental all-pairs shortest paths (APSP) problem. For undirected graphs with m edges and n nodes undergoing edge deletions, we provide four new approximate decremental APSP algorithms, two for weighted and two for unweighted graphs. Our first result is (2+ε)-APSP with total update time Õ(m^{1/2}n^{3/2}) (when m = n^{1+c} for any constant 0 < c < 1). Prior to our work the fastest algorithm for weighted graphs with approximation at most 3 had total Õ(mn) update time for (1+ε)-APSP [Bernstein, SICOMP 2016]. Our second result is (2+ε, W_{u,v})-APSP with total update time Õ(nm^{3/4}), where the second term is an additive stretch with respect to W_{u,v}, the maximum weight on the shortest path from u to v. Our third result is (2+ε)-APSP for unweighted graphs in Õ(m^{7/4}) update time, which for sparse graphs (m = o(n^{8/7})) is the first subquadratic (2+ε)-approximation. Our last result for unweighted graphs is (1+ε, 2(k-1))-APSP, for k ≥ 2, with Õ(n^{2-1/k}m^{1/k}) total update time (when m = n^{1+c} for any constant c > 0). For comparison, in the special case of (1+ε, 2)-approximation, this improves over the state-of-the-art algorithm by [Henzinger, Krinninger, Nanongkai, SICOMP 2016] with total update time of Õ(n^{2.5}). All of our results are randomized, work against an oblivious adversary, and have constant query time.

Cite as

Michal Dory, Sebastian Forster, Yasamin Nazari, and Tijn de Vos. New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 58:1-58:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dory_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58,
  author =	{Dory, Michal and Forster, Sebastian and Nazari, Yasamin and de Vos, Tijn},
  title =	{{New Tradeoffs for Decremental Approximate All-Pairs Shortest Paths}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{58:1--58:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202012},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.58},
  annote =	{Keywords: Decremental Shortest Path, All-Pairs Shortest Paths}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Subexponential Parameterized Directed Steiner Network Problems on Planar Graphs: A Complete Classification

Authors: Esther Galby, Sándor Kisfaludi-Bak, Dániel Marx, and Roohani Sharma

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the Directed Steiner Network problem, the input is a directed graph G, a set T ⊆ V(G) of k terminals, and a demand graph D on T. The task is to find a subgraph H ⊆ G with the minimum number of edges such that for every (s,t) ∈ E(D), the solution H contains a directed s → t path. The goal of this paper is to investigate how the complexity of the problem depends on the demand pattern in planar graphs. Formally, if 𝒟 is a class of directed graphs, then the 𝒟-Steiner Network (𝒟-DSN) problem is the special case where the demand graph D is restricted to be from 𝒟. We give a complete characterization of the behavior of every 𝒟-DSN problem on planar graphs. We classify every class 𝒟 closed under transitive equivalence and identification of vertices into three cases: assuming ETH, either the problem is 1) solvable in time 2^O(k)⋅n^O(1), i.e., FPT parameterized by the number k of terminals, but not solvable in time 2^o(k)⋅n^O(1), 2) solvable in time f(k)⋅n^O(√k), but cannot be solved in time f(k)⋅n^o(√k), or 3) solvable in time f(k)⋅n^O(k), but cannot be solved in time f(k)⋅n^o(k). Our result is a far-reaching generalization and unification of earlier results on Directed Steiner Tree, Directed Steiner Network, and Strongly Connected Steiner Subgraph on planar graphs. As an important step of our lower bound proof, we discover a rare example of a genuinely planar problem (i.e., described by a planar graph and two sets of vertices) that cannot be solved in time f(k)⋅n^o(k): given two sets of terminals S and T with |S|+|T| = k, find a subgraph with minimum number of edges such that every vertex of T is reachable from every vertex of S.

Cite as

Esther Galby, Sándor Kisfaludi-Bak, Dániel Marx, and Roohani Sharma. Subexponential Parameterized Directed Steiner Network Problems on Planar Graphs: A Complete Classification. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 67:1-67:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{galby_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.67,
  author =	{Galby, Esther and Kisfaludi-Bak, S\'{a}ndor and Marx, D\'{a}niel and Sharma, Roohani},
  title =	{{Subexponential Parameterized Directed Steiner Network Problems on Planar Graphs: A Complete Classification}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{67:1--67:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.67},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202104},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.67},
  annote =	{Keywords: Directed Steiner Network, Sub-exponential algorithm}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Streaming Algorithms for Connectivity Augmentation

Authors: Ce Jin, Michael Kapralov, Sepideh Mahabadi, and Ali Vakilian

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We study the k-connectivity augmentation problem (k-CAP) in the single-pass streaming model. Given a (k-1)-edge connected graph G = (V,E) that is stored in memory, and a stream of weighted edges (also called links) L with weights in {0,1,… ,W}, the goal is to choose a minimum weight subset L' ⊆ L of the links such that G' = (V,E∪ L') is k-edge connected. We give a (2+ε)-approximation algorithm for this problem which requires to store O(ε^{-1} nlog n) words. Moreover, we show the tightness of our result: Any algorithm with better than 2-approximation for the problem requires Ω(n²) bits of space even when k = 2. This establishes a gap between the optimal approximation factor one can obtain in the streaming vs the offline setting for k-CAP. We further consider a natural generalization to the fully streaming model where both E and L arrive in the stream in an arbitrary order. We show that this problem has a space lower bound that matches the best possible size of a spanner of the same approximation ratio. Following this, we give improved results for spanners on weighted graphs: We show a streaming algorithm that finds a (2t-1+ε)-approximate weighted spanner of size at most O(ε^{-1} n^{1+1/t}log n) for integer t, whereas the best prior streaming algorithm for spanner on weighted graphs had size depending on log W. We believe that this result is of independent interest. Using our spanner result, we provide an optimal O(t)-approximation for k-CAP in the fully streaming model with O(nk + n^{1+1/t}) words of space. Finally we apply our results to network design problems such as Steiner tree augmentation problem (STAP), k-edge connected spanning subgraph (k-ECSS) and the general Survivable Network Design problem (SNDP). In particular, we show a single-pass O(tlog k)-approximation for SNDP using O(kn^{1+1/t}) words of space, where k is the maximum connectivity requirement.

Cite as

Ce Jin, Michael Kapralov, Sepideh Mahabadi, and Ali Vakilian. Streaming Algorithms for Connectivity Augmentation. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 93:1-93:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{jin_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.93,
  author =	{Jin, Ce and Kapralov, Michael and Mahabadi, Sepideh and Vakilian, Ali},
  title =	{{Streaming Algorithms for Connectivity Augmentation}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{93:1--93:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.93},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202367},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.93},
  annote =	{Keywords: streaming algorithms, connectivity augmentation}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Subquadratic Submodular Maximization with a General Matroid Constraint

Authors: Yusuke Kobayashi and Tatsuya Terao

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We consider fast algorithms for monotone submodular maximization with a general matroid constraint. We present a randomized (1 - 1/e - ε)-approximation algorithm that requires Õ_{ε}(√r n) independence oracle and value oracle queries, where n is the number of elements in the matroid and r ≤ n is the rank of the matroid. This improves upon the previously best algorithm by Buchbinder-Feldman-Schwartz [Mathematics of Operations Research 2017] that requires Õ_{ε}(r² + √rn) queries. Our algorithm is based on continuous relaxation, as with other submodular maximization algorithms in the literature. To achieve subquadratic query complexity, we develop a new rounding algorithm, which is our main technical contribution. The rounding algorithm takes as input a point represented as a convex combination of t bases of a matroid and rounds it to an integral solution. Our rounding algorithm requires Õ(r^{3/2} t) independence oracle queries, while the previously best rounding algorithm by Chekuri-Vondrák-Zenklusen [FOCS 2010] requires O(r² t) independence oracle queries. A key idea in our rounding algorithm is to use a directed cycle of arbitrary length in an auxiliary graph, while the algorithm of Chekuri-Vondrák-Zenklusen focused on directed cycles of length two.

Cite as

Yusuke Kobayashi and Tatsuya Terao. Subquadratic Submodular Maximization with a General Matroid Constraint. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 100:1-100:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{kobayashi_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.100,
  author =	{Kobayashi, Yusuke and Terao, Tatsuya},
  title =	{{Subquadratic Submodular Maximization with a General Matroid Constraint}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{100:1--100:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.100},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202437},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.100},
  annote =	{Keywords: submodular maximization, matroid constraint, approximation algorithm, rounding algorithm, query complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Polylogarithmic Approximations for Robust s-t Path

Authors: Shi Li, Chenyang Xu, and Ruilong Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The paper revisits the Robust s-t Path problem, one of the most fundamental problems in robust optimization. In the problem, we are given a directed graph with n vertices and k distinct cost functions (scenarios) defined over edges, and aim to choose an s-t path such that the total cost of the path is always provable no matter which scenario is realized. Viewing each cost function as an agent, our goal is to find a fair s-t path, which minimizes the maximum cost among all agents. The problem is NP-hard to approximate within a factor of o(log k) unless NP ⊆ DTIME(n^{polylog n}), and the best-known approximation ratio is Õ(√n), which is based on the natural flow linear program. A longstanding open question is whether we can achieve a polylogarithmic approximation for the problem; it remains open even if a quasi-polynomial running time is allowed. Our main result is a O(log n log k) approximation for the Robust s-t Path problem in quasi-polynomial time, solving the open question in the quasi-polynomial time regime. The algorithm is built on a novel linear program formulation for a decision-tree-type structure, which enables us to overcome the Ω(√n) integrality gap for the natural flow LP. Furthermore, we show that for graphs with bounded treewidth, the quasi-polynomial running time can be improved to a polynomial. We hope our techniques can offer new insights into this problem and other related problems in robust optimization.

Cite as

Shi Li, Chenyang Xu, and Ruilong Zhang. Polylogarithmic Approximations for Robust s-t Path. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 106:1-106:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{li_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.106,
  author =	{Li, Shi and Xu, Chenyang and Zhang, Ruilong},
  title =	{{Polylogarithmic Approximations for Robust s-t Path}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{106:1--106:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.106},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202497},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.106},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation Algorithm, Randomized LP Rounding, Robust s-t Path}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Refuting Approaches to the Log-Rank Conjecture for XOR Functions

Authors: Hamed Hatami, Kaave Hosseini, Shachar Lovett, and Anthony Ostuni

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
The log-rank conjecture, a longstanding problem in communication complexity, has persistently eluded resolution for decades. Consequently, some recent efforts have focused on potential approaches for establishing the conjecture in the special case of XOR functions, where the communication matrix is lifted from a boolean function, and the rank of the matrix equals the Fourier sparsity of the function, which is the number of its nonzero Fourier coefficients. In this note, we refute two conjectures. The first has origins in Montanaro and Osborne (arXiv'09) and is considered in Tsang, Wong, Xie, and Zhang (FOCS'13), and the second is due to Mande and Sanyal (FSTTCS'20). These conjectures were proposed in order to improve the best-known bound of Lovett (STOC'14) regarding the log-rank conjecture in the special case of XOR functions. Both conjectures speculate that the set of nonzero Fourier coefficients of the boolean function has some strong additive structure. We refute these conjectures by constructing two specific boolean functions tailored to each.

Cite as

Hamed Hatami, Kaave Hosseini, Shachar Lovett, and Anthony Ostuni. Refuting Approaches to the Log-Rank Conjecture for XOR Functions. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 82:1-82:11, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hatami_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.82,
  author =	{Hatami, Hamed and Hosseini, Kaave and Lovett, Shachar and Ostuni, Anthony},
  title =	{{Refuting Approaches to the Log-Rank Conjecture for XOR Functions}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{82:1--82:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.82},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202252},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.82},
  annote =	{Keywords: Communication complexity, log-rank conjecture, XOR functions, additive structure}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Satisfiability to Coverage in Presence of Fairness, Matroid, and Global Constraints

Authors: Tanmay Inamdar, Pallavi Jain, Daniel Lokshtanov, Abhishek Sahu, Saket Saurabh, and Anannya Upasana

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the MaxSAT with Cardinality Constraint problem (CC-MaxSAT), we are given a CNF-formula Φ, and a positive integer k, and the goal is to find an assignment β with at most k variables set to true (also called a weight k-assignment) such that the number of clauses satisfied by β is maximized. Maximum Coverage can be seen as a special case of CC-MaxSat, where the formula Φ is monotone, i.e., does not contain any negative literals. CC-MaxSat and Maximum Coverage are extremely well-studied problems in the approximation algorithms as well as the parameterized complexity literature. Our first conceptual contribution is that CC-MaxSat and Maximum Coverage are equivalent to each other in the context of FPT-Approximation parameterized by k (here, the approximation is in terms of the number of clauses satisfied/elements covered). In particular, we give a randomized reduction from CC-MaxSat to Maximum Coverage running in time 𝒪(1/ε)^{k} ⋅ (m+n)^{𝒪(1)} that preserves the approximation guarantee up to a factor of (1-ε). Furthermore, this reduction also works in the presence of "fairness" constraints on the satisfied clauses, as well as matroid constraints on the set of variables that are assigned true. Here, the "fairness" constraints are modeled by partitioning the clauses of the formula Φ into r different colors, and the goal is to find an assignment that satisfies at least t_j clauses of each color 1 ≤ j ≤ r. Armed with this reduction, we focus on designing FPT-Approximation schemes (FPT-ASes) for Maximum Coverage and its generalizations. Our algorithms are based on a novel combination of a variety of ideas, including a carefully designed probability distribution that exploits sparse coverage functions. These algorithms substantially generalize the results in Jain et al. [SODA 2023] for CC-MaxSat and Maximum Coverage for K_{d,d}-free set systems (i.e., no d sets share d elements), as well as a recent FPT-AS for Matroid Constrained Maximum Coverage by Sellier [ESA 2023] for frequency-d set systems.

Cite as

Tanmay Inamdar, Pallavi Jain, Daniel Lokshtanov, Abhishek Sahu, Saket Saurabh, and Anannya Upasana. Satisfiability to Coverage in Presence of Fairness, Matroid, and Global Constraints. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 88:1-88:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{inamdar_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.88,
  author =	{Inamdar, Tanmay and Jain, Pallavi and Lokshtanov, Daniel and Sahu, Abhishek and Saurabh, Saket and Upasana, Anannya},
  title =	{{Satisfiability to Coverage in Presence of Fairness, Matroid, and Global Constraints}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{88:1--88:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.88},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202318},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.88},
  annote =	{Keywords: Partial Vertex Cover, Max SAT, FPT Approximation, Matroids}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
A Sublinear Time Tester for Max-Cut on Clusterable Graphs

Authors: Agastya Vibhuti Jha and Akash Kumar

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
One natural question in the area of sublinear time algorithms asks whether we can distinguish between graphs with max-cut value at least 1-ε from graphs with max-cut value at most 1/2+ε in the adjacency list model where we can make degree queries and neighbor queries. Chiplunkar, Kapralov, Khanna, Mousavifar, and Peres (FOCS' 18) showed that in graphs of bounded degree, one cannot hope for a factor 1/2+ε approximation to the max-cut value in time n^{1/2+o(ε)}. Recently, Peng and Yoshida (SODA '23) obtained o(n) time algorithms which can distinguish expanders with max-cut value at least 1-ε from expanders with small max-cut value (their running time is n^{1/2+O(ε)}). In this paper, going beyond the results of Peng-Yoshida, we develop sublinear time algorithms for this problem on clusterable graphs (which is a graph class with a good community structure). Our algorithms run in ≈ n^{0.5001+ O(ε)} time. A natural extension of Peng-Yoshida approach does not seem to work for clusterable graphs. Indeed, their random walk based technique tracks the 𝓁₂ length of random walk vectors and they exploit the difference in the length of these vectors to tell apart expanders with large cut value from expanders with small cut-value. Such approaches fail to be reliable when graph has loosely connected clusters. Taking inspiration from [Ashish Chiplunkar et al., 2018], we exploit the more refined geometry of spectra of clusterable graphs which leads to our sublinear time implementation. We prove a novel spectral lemma which shows that in a spectral expander 2 - λ_{n-1} ≥ Ω(λ₂). This lemma is leveraged to show that there is a suitable difference between spectra of clusterable graphs with large cut value and spectra of clusterable graphs with small cut value. We use this gap to obtain our sublinear time implementation. To do this, we obtain a nuanced understanding of the eigenvector structure of clusterable graphs and in particular, we show that the eigenvectors of the normalized Laplacian of a clusterable graph, corresponding to eigenvalues which are close to 2 have a small infinity norm.

Cite as

Agastya Vibhuti Jha and Akash Kumar. A Sublinear Time Tester for Max-Cut on Clusterable Graphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 91:1-91:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{jha_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.91,
  author =	{Jha, Agastya Vibhuti and Kumar, Akash},
  title =	{{A Sublinear Time Tester for Max-Cut on Clusterable Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{91:1--91:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.91},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202344},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.91},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sublinear Algorithms, Graph Algorithms, Clusterable Graphs, Property Testung}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Approximation Algorithms for 𝓁_p-Shortest Path and 𝓁_p-Group Steiner Tree

Authors: Yury Makarychev, Max Ovsiankin, and Erasmo Tani

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We present polylogarithmic approximation algorithms for variants of the Shortest Path, Group Steiner Tree, and Group ATSP problems with vector costs. In these problems, each edge e has a vector cost c_e ∈ ℝ_{≥0}^𝓁. For a feasible solution - a path, subtree, or tour (respectively) - we find the total vector cost of all the edges in the solution and then compute the 𝓁_p-norm of the obtained cost vector (we assume that p ≥ 1 is an integer). Our algorithms for series-parallel graphs run in polynomial time and those for arbitrary graphs run in quasi-polynomial time. To obtain our results, we introduce and use new flow-based Sum-of-Squares relaxations. We also obtain a number of hardness results.

Cite as

Yury Makarychev, Max Ovsiankin, and Erasmo Tani. Approximation Algorithms for 𝓁_p-Shortest Path and 𝓁_p-Group Steiner Tree. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 111:1-111:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{makarychev_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.111,
  author =	{Makarychev, Yury and Ovsiankin, Max and Tani, Erasmo},
  title =	{{Approximation Algorithms for 𝓁\underlinep-Shortest Path and 𝓁\underlinep-Group Steiner Tree}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{111:1--111:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.111},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202542},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.111},
  annote =	{Keywords: Shortest Path, Asymmetric Group Steiner Tree, Sum-of-Squares}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 18 Chekuri, Chandra
  • 8 Quanrud, Kent
  • 3 Lokshtanov, Daniel
  • 3 Saurabh, Saket
  • 2 Bajpai, Tanvi
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 10 Theory of computation → Graph algorithms analysis
  • 7 Theory of computation → Approximation algorithms analysis
  • 6 Theory of computation → Problems, reductions and completeness
  • 5 Theory of computation
  • 5 Theory of computation → Logic and verification
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 4 Approximation
  • 4 Approximation Algorithms
  • 3 Edit Distance
  • 3 XOR functions
  • 2 Approximation algorithms
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 91 document
  • 1 volume

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 59 2021
  • 16 2024
  • 5 2023
  • 3 2018
  • 2 2008
  • Show More...