13 Search Results for "Srinivasan, Aravind"


Document
Baby PIH: Parameterized Inapproximability of Min CSP

Authors: Venkatesan Guruswami, Xuandi Ren, and Sai Sandeep

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 300, 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)


Abstract
The Parameterized Inapproximability Hypothesis (PIH) is the analog of the PCP theorem in the world of parameterized complexity. It asserts that no FPT algorithm can distinguish a satisfiable 2CSP instance from one which is only (1-ε)-satisfiable (where the parameter is the number of variables) for some constant 0 < ε < 1. We consider a minimization version of CSPs (Min-CSP), where one may assign r values to each variable, and the goal is to ensure that every constraint is satisfied by some choice among the r × r pairs of values assigned to its variables (call such a CSP instance r-list-satisfiable). We prove the following strong parameterized inapproximability for Min CSP: For every r ≥ 1, it is W[1]-hard to tell if a 2CSP instance is satisfiable or is not even r-list-satisfiable. We refer to this statement as "Baby PIH", following the recently proved Baby PCP Theorem (Barto and Kozik, 2021). Our proof adapts the combinatorial arguments underlying the Baby PCP theorem, overcoming some basic obstacles that arise in the parameterized setting. Furthermore, our reduction runs in time polynomially bounded in both the number of variables and the alphabet size, and thus implies the Baby PCP theorem as well.

Cite as

Venkatesan Guruswami, Xuandi Ren, and Sai Sandeep. Baby PIH: Parameterized Inapproximability of Min CSP. In 39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 300, pp. 27:1-27:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{guruswami_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2024.27,
  author =	{Guruswami, Venkatesan and Ren, Xuandi and Sandeep, Sai},
  title =	{{Baby PIH: Parameterized Inapproximability of Min CSP}},
  booktitle =	{39th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2024)},
  pages =	{27:1--27:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-331-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{300},
  editor =	{Santhanam, Rahul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.27},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-204237},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2024.27},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parameterized Inapproximability Hypothesis, Constraint Satisfaction Problems}
}
Document
Practical Computation of Graph VC-Dimension

Authors: David Coudert, Mónika Csikós, Guillaume Ducoffe, and Laurent Viennot

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 301, 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)


Abstract
For any set system ℋ = (V,ℛ), ℛ ⊆ 2^V, a subset S ⊆ V is called shattered if every S' ⊆ S results from the intersection of S with some set in ℛ. The VC-dimension of ℋ is the size of a largest shattered set in V. In this paper, we focus on the problem of computing the VC-dimension of graphs. In particular, given a graph G = (V,E), the VC-dimension of G is defined as the VC-dimension of (V, N), where N contains each subset of V that can be obtained as the closed neighborhood of some vertex v ∈ V in G. Our main contribution is an algorithm for computing the VC-dimension of any graph, whose effectiveness is shown through experiments on various types of practical graphs, including graphs with millions of vertices. A key aspect of its efficiency resides in the fact that practical graphs have small VC-dimension, up to 8 in our experiments. As a side-product, we present several new bounds relating the graph VC-dimension to other classical graph theoretical notions. We also establish the W[1]-hardness of the graph VC-dimension problem by extending a previous result for arbitrary set systems.

Cite as

David Coudert, Mónika Csikós, Guillaume Ducoffe, and Laurent Viennot. Practical Computation of Graph VC-Dimension. In 22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 301, pp. 8:1-8:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{coudert_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2024.8,
  author =	{Coudert, David and Csik\'{o}s, M\'{o}nika and Ducoffe, Guillaume and Viennot, Laurent},
  title =	{{Practical Computation of Graph VC-Dimension}},
  booktitle =	{22nd International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2024)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-325-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{301},
  editor =	{Liberti, Leo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-203731},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2024.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: VC-dimension, graph, algorithm}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location

Authors: Fateme Abbasi, Marek Adamczyk, Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Jarosław Byrka, Fabrizio Grandoni, Krzysztof Sornat, and Antoine Tinguely

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In the Submodular Facility Location problem (SFL) we are given a collection of n clients and m facilities in a metric space. A feasible solution consists of an assignment of each client to some facility. For each client, one has to pay the distance to the associated facility. Furthermore, for each facility f to which we assign the subset of clients S^f, one has to pay the opening cost g(S^f), where g() is a monotone submodular function with g(emptyset)=0. SFL is APX-hard since it includes the classical (metric uncapacitated) Facility Location problem (with uniform facility costs) as a special case. Svitkina and Tardos [SODA'06] gave the current-best O(log n) approximation algorithm for SFL. The same authors pose the open problem whether SFL admits a constant approximation and provide such an approximation for a very restricted special case of the problem. We make some progress towards the solution of the above open problem by presenting an O(loglog n) approximation. Our approach is rather flexible and can be easily extended to generalizations and variants of SFL. In more detail, we achieve the same approximation factor for the natural generalizations of SFL where the opening cost of each facility f is of the form p_f + g(S^f) or w_f * g(S^f), where p_f, w_f >= 0 are input values. We also obtain an improved approximation algorithm for the related Universal Stochastic Facility Location problem. In this problem one is given a classical (metric) facility location instance and has to a priori assign each client to some facility. Then a subset of active clients is sampled from some given distribution, and one has to pay (a posteriori) only the connection and opening costs induced by the active clients. The expected opening cost of each facility f can be modelled with a submodular function of the set of clients assigned to f.

Cite as

Fateme Abbasi, Marek Adamczyk, Miguel Bosch-Calvo, Jarosław Byrka, Fabrizio Grandoni, Krzysztof Sornat, and Antoine Tinguely. An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 5:1-5:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{abbasi_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5,
  author =	{Abbasi, Fateme and Adamczyk, Marek and Bosch-Calvo, Miguel and Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Grandoni, Fabrizio and Sornat, Krzysztof and Tinguely, Antoine},
  title =	{{An O(loglog n)-Approximation for Submodular Facility Location}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201488},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: approximation algorithms, facility location, submodular facility location, universal stochastic facility location}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Streaming Edge Coloring with Subquadratic Palette Size

Authors: Shiri Chechik, Doron Mukhtar, and Tianyi Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
In this paper, we study the problem of computing an edge-coloring in the (one-pass) W-streaming model. In this setting, the edges of an n-node graph arrive in an arbitrary order to a machine with a relatively small space, and the goal is to design an algorithm that outputs, as a stream, a proper coloring of the edges using the fewest possible number of colors. Behnezhad et al. [Behnezhad et al., 2019] devised the first non-trivial algorithm for this problem, which computes in Õ(n) space a proper O(Δ²)-coloring w.h.p. (here Δ is the maximum degree of the graph). Subsequent papers improved upon this result, where latest of them [Ansari et al., 2022] showed that it is possible to deterministically compute an O(Δ²/s)-coloring in O(ns) space. However, none of the improvements succeeded in reducing the number of colors to O(Δ^{2-ε}) while keeping the same space bound of Õ(n). In particular, no progress was made on the question of whether computing an O(Δ)-coloring is possible with roughly O(n) space, which was stated in [Behnezhad et al., 2019] to be an interesting open problem. In this paper we bypass the quadratic bound by presenting a new randomized Õ(n)-space algorithm that uses Õ(Δ^{1.5}) colors.

Cite as

Shiri Chechik, Doron Mukhtar, and Tianyi Zhang. Streaming Edge Coloring with Subquadratic Palette Size. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 40:1-40:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{chechik_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.40,
  author =	{Chechik, Shiri and Mukhtar, Doron and Zhang, Tianyi},
  title =	{{Streaming Edge Coloring with Subquadratic Palette Size}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{40:1--40:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.40},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201831},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.40},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph algorithms, streaming algorithms, edge coloring}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Fundamental Problems on Bounded-Treewidth Graphs: The Real Source of Hardness

Authors: Barış Can Esmer, Jacob Focke, Dániel Marx, and Paweł Rzążewski

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
It is known for many algorithmic problems that if a tree decomposition of width t is given in the input, then the problem can be solved with exponential dependence on t. A line of research initiated by Lokshtanov, Marx, and Saurabh [SODA 2011] produced lower bounds showing that in many cases known algorithms already achieve the best possible exponential dependence on t, assuming the Strong Exponential-Time Hypothesis (SETH). The main message of this paper is showing that the same lower bounds can already be obtained in a much more restricted setting: informally, a graph consisting of a block of t vertices connected to components of constant size already has the same hardness as a general tree decomposition of width t. Formally, a (σ,δ)-hub is a set Q of vertices such that every component of Q has size at most σ and is adjacent to at most δ vertices of Q. We explore if the known tight lower bounds parameterized by the width of the given tree decomposition remain valid if we parameterize by the size of the given hub. - For every ε > 0, there are σ,δ > 0 such that Independent Set (equivalently Vertex Cover) cannot be solved in time (2-ε)^p⋅ n, even if a (σ, δ)-hub of size p is given in the input, assuming the SETH. This matches the earlier tight lower bounds parameterized by width of the tree decomposition. Similar tight bounds are obtained for Odd Cycle Transversal, Max Cut, q-Coloring, and edge/vertex deletions versions of q-Coloring. - For every ε > 0, there are σ,δ > 0 such that △-Partition cannot be solved in time (2-ε)^p ⋅ n, even if a (σ, δ)-hub of size p is given in the input, assuming the Set Cover Conjecture (SCC). In fact, we prove that this statement is equivalent to the SCC, thus it is unlikely that this could be proved assuming the SETH. - For Dominating Set, we can prove a non-tight lower bound ruling out (2-ε)^p ⋅ n^𝒪(1) algorithms, assuming either the SETH or the SCC, but this does not match the 3^p⋅ n^{𝒪(1)} upper bound. Thus our results reveal that, for many problems, the research on lower bounds on the dependence on tree width was never really about tree decompositions, but the real source of hardness comes from a much simpler structure. Additionally, we study if the same lower bounds can be obtained if σ and δ are fixed universal constants (not depending on ε). We show that lower bounds of this form are possible for Max Cut and the edge-deletion version of q-Coloring, under the Max 3-Sat Hypothesis (M3SH). However, no such lower bounds are possible for Independent Set, Odd Cycle Transversal, and the vertex-deletion version of q-Coloring: better than brute force algorithms are possible for every fixed (σ,δ).

Cite as

Barış Can Esmer, Jacob Focke, Dániel Marx, and Paweł Rzążewski. Fundamental Problems on Bounded-Treewidth Graphs: The Real Source of Hardness. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 34:1-34:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{canesmer_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.34,
  author =	{Can Esmer, Bar{\i}\c{s} and Focke, Jacob and Marx, D\'{a}niel and Rz\k{a}\.{z}ewski, Pawe{\l}},
  title =	{{Fundamental Problems on Bounded-Treewidth Graphs: The Real Source of Hardness}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201772},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parameterized Complexity, Tight Bounds, Hub, Treewidth, Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis, Vertex Coloring, Vertex Deletion, Edge Deletion, Triangle Packing, Triangle Partition, Set Cover Hypothesis, Dominating Set}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An FPRAS for Two Terminal Reliability in Directed Acyclic Graphs

Authors: Weiming Feng and Heng Guo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
We give a fully polynomial-time randomized approximation scheme (FPRAS) for two terminal reliability in directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). In contrast, we also show the complementing problem of approximating two terminal unreliability in DAGs is #BIS-hard.

Cite as

Weiming Feng and Heng Guo. An FPRAS for Two Terminal Reliability in Directed Acyclic Graphs. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 62:1-62:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{feng_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.62,
  author =	{Feng, Weiming and Guo, Heng},
  title =	{{An FPRAS for Two Terminal Reliability in Directed Acyclic Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{62:1--62:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.62},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202057},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.62},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximate counting, Network reliability, Sampling algorithm}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Low-Memory Algorithms for Online Edge Coloring

Authors: Prantar Ghosh and Manuel Stoeckl

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)


Abstract
For edge coloring, the online and the W-streaming models seem somewhat orthogonal: the former needs edges to be assigned colors immediately after insertion, typically without any space restrictions, while the latter limits memory to be sublinear in the input size but allows an edge’s color to be announced any time after its insertion. We aim for the best of both worlds by designing small-space online algorithms for edge coloring. Our online algorithms significantly improve upon the memory used by prior ones while achieving an O(1)-competitive ratio. We study the problem under both (adversarial) edge arrivals and vertex arrivals. Under vertex arrivals of any n-node graph with maximum vertex-degree Δ, our online O(Δ)-coloring algorithm uses only semi-streaming space (i.e., Õ(n) space, where the Õ(.) notation hides polylog(n) factors). Under edge arrivals, we obtain an online O(Δ)-coloring in Õ(n√Δ) space. We also achieve a smooth color-space tradeoff: for any t = O(Δ), we get an O(Δt(log²Δ))-coloring in Õ(n√{Δ/t}) space, improving upon the state of the art that used Õ(nΔ/t) space for the same number of colors. The improvements stem from extensive use of random permutations that enable us to avoid previously used colors. Most of our algorithms can be derandomized and extended to multigraphs, where edge coloring is known to be considerably harder than for simple graphs.

Cite as

Prantar Ghosh and Manuel Stoeckl. Low-Memory Algorithms for Online Edge Coloring. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 71:1-71:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@InProceedings{ghosh_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.71,
  author =	{Ghosh, Prantar and Stoeckl, Manuel},
  title =	{{Low-Memory Algorithms for Online Edge Coloring}},
  booktitle =	{51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)},
  pages =	{71:1--71:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-322-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{297},
  editor =	{Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.71},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202146},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.71},
  annote =	{Keywords: Edge coloring, streaming model, online algorithms}
}
Document
Property B: Two-Coloring Non-Uniform Hypergraphs

Authors: Jaikumar Radhakrishnan and Aravind Srinivasan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 213, 41st IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2021)


Abstract
The following is a classical question of Erdős (Nordisk Matematisk Tidskrift, 1963) and of Erdős and Lovász (Colloquia Mathematica Societatis János Bolyai, vol. 10, 1975). Given a hypergraph ℱ with minimum edge-size k, what is the largest function g(k) such that if the expected number of monochromatic edges in ℱ is at most g(k) when the vertices of ℱ are colored red and blue randomly and independently, then we are guaranteed that ℱ is two-colorable? Duraj, Gutowski and Kozik (ICALP 2018) have shown that g(k) ≥ Ω(log k). On the other hand, if ℱ is k-uniform, the lower bound on g(k) is much higher: g(k) ≥ Ω(√{k / log k}) (Radhakrishnan and Srinivasan, Rand. Struct. Alg., 2000). In order to bridge this gap, we define a family of locally-almost-uniform hypergraphs, for which we show, via the randomized algorithm of Cherkashin and Kozik (Rand. Struct. Alg., 2015), that g(k) can be much higher than Ω(log k), e.g., 2^Ω(√{log k}) under suitable conditions.

Cite as

Jaikumar Radhakrishnan and Aravind Srinivasan. Property B: Two-Coloring Non-Uniform Hypergraphs. In 41st IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 213, pp. 31:1-31:8, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{radhakrishnan_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2021.31,
  author =	{Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar and Srinivasan, Aravind},
  title =	{{Property B: Two-Coloring Non-Uniform Hypergraphs}},
  booktitle =	{41st IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2021)},
  pages =	{31:1--31:8},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-215-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{213},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Chekuri, Chandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2021.31},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-155428},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2021.31},
  annote =	{Keywords: Hypergraph coloring, Propery B}
}
Document
APPROX
Approximating Two-Stage Stochastic Supplier Problems

Authors: Brian Brubach, Nathaniel Grammel, David G. Harris, Aravind Srinivasan, Leonidas Tsepenekas, and Anil Vullikanti

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 207, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021)


Abstract
The main focus of this paper is radius-based (supplier) clustering in the two-stage stochastic setting with recourse, where the inherent stochasticity of the model comes in the form of a budget constraint. We also explore a number of variants where additional constraints are imposed on the first-stage decisions, specifically matroid and multi-knapsack constraints. Our eventual goal is to provide results for supplier problems in the most general distributional setting, where there is only black-box access to the underlying distribution. To that end, we follow a two-step approach. First, we develop algorithms for a restricted version of each problem, in which all possible scenarios are explicitly provided; second, we employ a novel scenario-discarding variant of the standard Sample Average Approximation (SAA) method, in which we crucially exploit properties of the restricted-case algorithms. We finally note that the scenario-discarding modification to the SAA method is necessary in order to optimize over the radius.

Cite as

Brian Brubach, Nathaniel Grammel, David G. Harris, Aravind Srinivasan, Leonidas Tsepenekas, and Anil Vullikanti. Approximating Two-Stage Stochastic Supplier Problems. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 207, pp. 23:1-23:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{brubach_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.23,
  author =	{Brubach, Brian and Grammel, Nathaniel and Harris, David G. and Srinivasan, Aravind and Tsepenekas, Leonidas and Vullikanti, Anil},
  title =	{{Approximating Two-Stage Stochastic Supplier Problems}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-207-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{207},
  editor =	{Wootters, Mary and Sanit\`{a}, Laura},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.23},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-147163},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation Algorithms, Stochastic Optimization, Two-Stage Recourse Model, Clustering Problems, Knapsack Supplier}
}
Document
A Lottery Model for Center-Type Problems with Outliers

Authors: David G. Harris, Thomas Pensyl, Aravind Srinivasan, and Khoa Trinh

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 81, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)


Abstract
In this paper, we give tight approximation algorithms for the k-center and matroid center problems with outliers. Unfairness arises naturally in this setting: certain clients could always be considered as outliers. To address this issue, we introduce a lottery model in which each client is allowed to submit a parameter indicating the lower-bound on the probability that it should be covered and we look for a random solution that satisfies all the given requests. Out techniques include a randomized rounding procedure to round a point inside a matroid intersection polytope to a basis plus at most one extra item such that all marginal probabilities are preserved and such that a certain linear function of the variables does not decrease in the process with probability one.

Cite as

David G. Harris, Thomas Pensyl, Aravind Srinivasan, and Khoa Trinh. A Lottery Model for Center-Type Problems with Outliers. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 81, pp. 10:1-10:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{harris_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.10,
  author =	{Harris, David G. and Pensyl, Thomas and Srinivasan, Aravind and Trinh, Khoa},
  title =	{{A Lottery Model for Center-Type Problems with Outliers}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-044-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{81},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Rolim, Jos\'{e} D. P. and Williamson, David P. and Vempala, Santosh S.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-75596},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: approximation algorithms, randomized rounding, clustering problems}
}
Document
Better Greedy Sequence Clustering with Fast Banded Alignment

Authors: Brian Brubach, Jay Ghurye, Mihai Pop, and Aravind Srinivasan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 88, 17th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2017)


Abstract
Comparing a string to a large set of sequences is a key subroutine in greedy heuristics for clustering genomic data. Clustering 16S rRNA gene sequences into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) is a common method used in studying microbial communities. We present a new approach to greedy clustering using a trie-like data structure and Four Russians speedup. We evaluate the running time of our method in terms of the number of comparisons it makes during clustering and show in experimental results that the number of comparisons grows linearly with the size of the dataset as opposed to the quadratic running time of other methods. We compare the clusters output by our method to the popular greedy clustering tool UCLUST. We show that the clusters we generate can be both tighter and larger.

Cite as

Brian Brubach, Jay Ghurye, Mihai Pop, and Aravind Srinivasan. Better Greedy Sequence Clustering with Fast Banded Alignment. In 17th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 88, pp. 3:1-3:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{brubach_et_al:LIPIcs.WABI.2017.3,
  author =	{Brubach, Brian and Ghurye, Jay and Pop, Mihai and Srinivasan, Aravind},
  title =	{{Better Greedy Sequence Clustering with Fast Banded Alignment}},
  booktitle =	{17th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2017)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-050-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{88},
  editor =	{Schwartz, Russell and Reinert, Knut},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2017.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-76425},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2017.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sequence Clustering, Metagenomics, String Algorithms}
}
Document
New Algorithms, Better Bounds, and a Novel Model for Online Stochastic Matching

Authors: Brian Brubach, Karthik Abinav Sankararaman, Aravind Srinivasan, and Pan Xu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 57, 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)


Abstract
Online matching has received significant attention over the last 15 years due to its close connection to Internet advertising. As the seminal work of Karp, Vazirani, and Vazirani has an optimal (1 - 1/epsilon) competitive ratio in the standard adversarial online model, much effort has gone into developing useful online models that incorporate some stochasticity in the arrival process. One such popular model is the "known I.I.D. model" where different customer-types arrive online from a known distribution. We develop algorithms with improved competitive ratios for some basic variants of this model with integral arrival rates, including: (a) the case of general weighted edges, where we improve the best-known ratio of 0.667 due to [Haeupler, Mirrokni and Zadimoghaddam WINE 2011] to 0.705; and (b) the vertex-weighted case, where we improve the 0.7250 ratio of [Jaillet and Lu Math. Oper. Res 2013] to 0.7299. We also consider two extensions, one is "known I.I.D." with non-integral arrival rate and stochastic rewards; the other is "known I.I.D." b-matching with non-integral arrival rate and stochastic rewards. We present a simple non-adaptive algorithm which works well simultaneously on the two extensions. One of the key ingredients of our improvement is the following (offline) approach to bipartite-matching polytopes with additional constraints. We first add several valid constraints in order to get a good fractional solution f; however, these give us less control over the structure of f. We next remove all these additional constraints and randomly move from f to a feasible point on the matching polytope with all coordinates being from the set {0, 1/k, 2/k,..., 1} for a chosen integer k. The structure of this solution is inspired by [Jaillet and Lu Math. Oper. Res 2013] and is a tractable structure for algorithm design and analysis. The appropriate random move preserves many of the removed constraints (approximately [exactly] with high probability [in expectation]). This underlies some of our improvements, and, we hope, could be of independent interest.

Cite as

Brian Brubach, Karthik Abinav Sankararaman, Aravind Srinivasan, and Pan Xu. New Algorithms, Better Bounds, and a Novel Model for Online Stochastic Matching. In 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 57, pp. 24:1-24:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{brubach_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2016.24,
  author =	{Brubach, Brian and Sankararaman, Karthik Abinav and Srinivasan, Aravind and Xu, Pan},
  title =	{{New Algorithms, Better Bounds, and a Novel Model for Online Stochastic Matching}},
  booktitle =	{24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)},
  pages =	{24:1--24:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-015-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{57},
  editor =	{Sankowski, Piotr and Zaroliagis, Christos},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.24},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-63753},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.24},
  annote =	{Keywords: Ad-Allocation, Online Matching, Randomized Algorithms}
}
Document
Improved Bounds in Stochastic Matching and Optimization

Authors: Alok Baveja, Amit Chavan, Andrei Nikiforov, Aravind Srinivasan, and Pan Xu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 40, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015)


Abstract
We consider two fundamental problems in stochastic optimization: approximation algorithms for stochastic matching, and sampling bounds in the black-box model. For the former, we improve the current-best bound of 3.709 due to Adamczyk et al. (2015), to 3.224; we also present improvements on Bansal et al. (2012) for hypergraph matching and for relaxed versions of the problem. In the context of stochastic optimization, we improve upon the sampling bounds of Charikar et al. (2005).

Cite as

Alok Baveja, Amit Chavan, Andrei Nikiforov, Aravind Srinivasan, and Pan Xu. Improved Bounds in Stochastic Matching and Optimization. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 40, pp. 124-134, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{baveja_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.124,
  author =	{Baveja, Alok and Chavan, Amit and Nikiforov, Andrei and Srinivasan, Aravind and Xu, Pan},
  title =	{{Improved Bounds in Stochastic Matching and Optimization}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2015)},
  pages =	{124--134},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-89-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{40},
  editor =	{Garg, Naveen and Jansen, Klaus and Rao, Anup and Rolim, Jos\'{e} D. P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.124},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-52991},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2015.124},
  annote =	{Keywords: stochastic matching, approximation algorithms, sampling complexity}
}
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